Renny Amalia Pratiwi
Universitas Sriwijaya

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Deep ensemble learning for skin lesions classification with convolutional neural network Renny Amalia Pratiwi; Siti Nurmaini; Dian Palupi Rini; Muhammad Naufal Rachmatullah; Annisa Darmawahyuni
IAES International Journal of Artificial Intelligence (IJ-AI) Vol 10, No 3: September 2021
Publisher : Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.11591/ijai.v10.i3.pp563-570


One type of skin cancer that is considered a malignant tumor is melanoma. Such a dangerous disease can cause a lot of death in the world. The early detection of skin lesions becomes an important task in the diagnosis of skin cancer. Recently, a machine learning paradigm emerged known as deep learning (DL) utilized for skin lesions classification. However, in some previous studies by using seven class images diagnostic of skin lesions classification based on a single DL approach with CNNs architecture does not produce a satisfying performance. The DL approach allows the development of a medical image analysis system for improving performance, such as the deep convolutional neural networks (DCNNs) method. In this study, we propose an ensemble learning approach that combines three DCNNs architectures such as Inception V3, Inception ResNet V2 and DenseNet 201 for improving the performance in terms of accuracy, sensitivity, specificity, precision, and F1-score. Seven classes of dermoscopy image categories of skin lesions are utilized with 10015 dermoscopy images from well-known the HAM10000 dataset. The proposed model produces good classification performance with 97.23% accuracy, 90.12% sensitivity, 97.73% specificity, 82.01% precision, and 85.01% F1-Score. This method gives promising results in classifying skin lesions for cancer diagnosis.
Skin Lesion Classification Based on Convolutional Neural Networks Renny Amalia Pratiwi; Siti Nurmaini; Dian Palupi Rini
Computer Engineering and Applications Journal Vol 8 No 3 (2019)
Publisher : Universitas Sriwijaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (490.711 KB) | DOI: 10.18495/comengapp.v8i3.290


Melanoma causes the majority of skin cancer deaths. The population level of melanoma has increased over the past 30 years. It kills around 9.320 people in the US every year. Melanoma can often be found early, when it is most likely to be cured. Medical diagnoses using digital imaging with machine learning methods have become popular because of their ability to recognize patterns in digital images. Image diagnosis accuracy allows disease cured at an early stage. This paper proposes a simulation that can be used for early detection of skin cancer that can help dermatologists to distinguish melanomas from other pigmented lesions on the skin. Some researchers have developed a system using machine learning algorithms used to classify skin lesions from dermoscopy images of human skin. In this study, we proposed Convolutional Neural Network (CNN) to our model. CNN is very efficient for image processing because feature extractors can be optimized, applied to each feature image position. The results of skin lesion classification of benign nevi and melanoma based on CNN models produces high accuracy (area under the receiver operator characteristics (ROC) curve (AUC) is 92.59 %, sensitivity is 89.47%, specificity is 100.0%, precision is 100 % and F1 score is 94.44 %).