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The Optimization Of Cellulose Content In Tobacco Stems (Nicotiana tabaccum L.) With Acid Extraction Method And Alkaline Extraction Method Andrew Setiawan Rusdianto; Winda Amilia; Vina Julie Dwi Sinta
International Journal on Food, Agriculture and Natural Resources Vol 2, No 2 (2021): IJ-FANRes
Publisher : Food, Agriculture and Natural Resources - NETWORKS

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.46676/ij-fanres.v2i2.28

Abstract

Tobacco stems are the agricultural waste of tobacco crops that have the potential to be utilized. Use of tobacco stems in general, only in the leave of disposal without handling. Tobacco stems have the opportunity as a source of cellulose because they have a relatively high content of cellulose. The use of proper methods also plays an important role in extracting cellulose on tobacco stems. The research aims to determine the efficiency levels of cellulose extract from tobacco stems (Nicotiana tabaccum L.) with acid extraction methods and alkaline extraction. The research used a complete randomized design with a repeated trial of 2 times. The results showed the alkaline method of producing the best results against the rendemen testing parameters, water content, hemicellulose content, cellulose content, lignin content and FTIR spectroscopy. Yield test, moisture content, hemicellulose content, cellulose content and lignin content was at the best in the alkaline extraction with a concentration of 12% the yield of 43.63%; water content of 7.54%; hemicellulose content 14.33%; cellulose content 46.17%; and 2.83% lignin content. FTIR spectroscopy test shows that all treatments have important and specific function groups on cellulose such as – OH, C-H, and-CH2, so that samples were identified of cellulose.
Product Quality Analysis of Pia Edamame Using Quality Function Deployment Method Ida Bagus Suryaningrat; Winda Amilia; Feby Rianti Mayasari; Andrew Setiawan Rusdianto
Industria: Jurnal Teknologi dan Manajemen Agroindustri Vol 9, No 2 (2020)
Publisher : Department of Agro-industrial Technology, University of Brawijaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21776/ub.industria.2020.009.02.4

Abstract

AbstractPia edamame attracts consumers as a typical food of Jember Regency. However, its development involves a high level of competition because of various types and quality of similar products with competitive prices. It then improves the opportunities for consumers in selecting the product according to their expectations to meet the satisfaction. Pia edamame of Said's Roti (SR), therefore, needs to develop its product to achieve high competitiveness as a typical food of Jember. This study aims to know the consumers attributes requirements and strategies to improve the competitive predominance of pia edamame SR. One of the methods used to assess and interpret consumer expectation is Quality Function Deployment (QFD). Application of QFD in this research, in the context of the process of quality improvement of pia edamame SR, provides various important information regarding consumer expectations and requirement. The results show that the goal values of attributes for consumer demand on packaging and flavor variant of pia edamame SR have not met the target, thus require improvement. Besides, the value of benchmarking was lower than its two competitors on the several technical responses. Hence, pia edamame SR requires a planning of competitive strategies by improving packaging and increasing the flavor variant.Keywords: pia edamame, quality, Quality Function Deployment, strategy AbstrakPia edamame sebagai makanan khas Jember memiliki daya tarik tersendiri bagi para konsumen. Potensi tersebut mengakibatkan tingginya tingkat persaingan antar pelaku bisnis serta munculnya berbagai macam produk sejenis dengan mutu dan harga yang bersaing. Hal tersebut memberikan peluang pada konsumen untuk lebih selektif memilih produk sesuai dengan selera dan kebutuhannya, sehingga konsumen mendapatkan kepuasan tersendiri. Oleh karena itu, pia edamame Said’s Roti (SR) perlu terus dikembangkan agar mampu bersaing di pasar sebagai makanan ciri khas Kabupaten Jember. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui atribut kebutuhan yang diinginkan oleh konsumen serta mengetahui strategi yang perlu dilakukan untuk meingkatkan keunggulan bersaing pia edamame SR. Salah satu metode yang dapat digunakan untuk menilai dan menerjemahkan keinginan konsumen adalah metode quality function deployment (QFD). Penerapan QFD pada penelitian ini terkait dengan proses peningkatan kualitas pia edamame SR yang dapat memberikan berbagai macam informasi penting mengenai kebutuan dan keinginan konsumen. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa nilai goal atribut kebutuhan konsumen terhadap kemasan dan varian rasa pia edamame SR belum mencapai target sehingga perbaikan harus dilakukan pada kedua atribut tersebut. Nilai benchmarking pia edamame SR juga masih di bawah kedua pesaingnya pada beberapa respon teknis sehingga diperlukan perancangan strategi bersaing pia edamame SR dengan memperbaiki kemasan dan menambah varian rasa.Kata kunci: kualitas, pia edamame, Quality Function Deployment, strategi
Edible Coatings to Reduce Postharvest Loss of Harumanis Mango (Mangifera indica L.) Winda Amilia; Andrew Setiawan Rusdianto; Sayidati Zulaikhah
Journal La Lifesci Vol. 1 No. 3 (2020): Journal La Lifesci
Publisher : Newinera Publisher

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.37899/journallalifesci.v1i3.105

Abstract

Harumanis is type of mango in Indonesia that meets the needs of export or local markets. Harumanis mango have not been able to fully boost the rate of export of this Indonesian fresh fruit due to poor postharvest technology. This condition has an adverse impact as it increases postharvest loss. Thus, in these conditions there must be postharvet handling of harumanis mango, one of which is edible coating made from chitosan with the addition of starch. The difference in the value of amylose and amylopectin from starch resulted in differen results. The aim of this research was to determine the effect of addition of starch types in chitosan edible coating on the postharvest loss of harumanis mango based onthe physico-chemical tests. The experiment used completely randomized design with two factor. The parameters observed were physical test including weight loss, texture, and color. Chemical test including respiration rate, vitamin C, and total soluble solids. The result showed that the addition of starch on chitosan edible coating significantly affected postharvest loss to the results of physical and chemical tests. The best treatment was the addition of starh to edible coating with chitosan because it can provide physical and chemical defense during storage at room temperature.
Characteristics of Tobacco Stem Particleboard in Printing Load Variations and Storage Time Winda Amilia; Andrew Setiawan Rusdianto; Whina Sofiana
Journal La Lifesci Vol. 1 No. 3 (2020): Journal La Lifesci
Publisher : Newinera Publisher

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.37899/journallalifesci.v1i3.115

Abstract

Tobacco is an important commodity in the economy in Indonesia. Tobacco stems are worthless waste. Tobacco stems contain 56.10% cellulose, making it high potential as a particle board raw material. The process of making particleboard that affects quality is the pressing process during printing. Greater pressure printing presses make bonds between particles stronger. Strong bonding between particles is intended so that the board does not change during storage. The purpose of this study is to determine the characteristics of particleboard in various variations of printing pressure load and storage time and to find out the best treatment as a recommendation in the manufacture of tobacco stem particleboard. The research method was factorial CRD with a combination of treatments between 2 factors namely printing load (4 kg and 8 kg) and storage time (0, 12, and 24 days). The results showed 1.13 - 1.25 g.cm-3 for the density value, water content 4.97 - 12.57%, and water absorption 240.03 - 208.00%. MOE and MOR values ​​were 16000.13 - 36222.77 kgf. cm-2 and 824.47 - 1697.83 kgf.cm-2. The recommended treatment load is 8 kg printing pressure with 12 days of storage time.
Utilization Of Tobacco Stem (Nicotiana tabaccum L) As Tray Egg Filler Andrew Setiawan Rusdianto; Winda Amilia; Fatma Dewi
International Journal on Food, Agriculture and Natural Resources Vol 1, No 2 (2020): IJ-FANRes
Publisher : Food, Agriculture and Natural Resources - NETWORKS

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.46676/ij-fanres.v1i2.9

Abstract

Generally only used the leaves of tobacco plants as raw material for cigarette and stems discarded as waste. The use of waste tobacco rod has the potential to be converted into primary packaging such as trays range chicken eggs because it has a high cellulose content. Tobacco rod contains a relatively high amount of cellulose, reaching 56.10 percent of dried tobacco stalks. The process is done in making pulp fiber or tobacco stem malalui process of alkali (NaOH) with specific concentration to produce pulp that is good. The use of NaOH aims to degrade lignin by means of partial overhaul of bond. The existence of lignin in the pulp generally unfavorable effect on the quality of pulp for fiber becomes rigid, Statistical data analysis using ANOVA If treatment showed differences do a further test using Duncan's Multiple Range Test (DMRT) at significance level of 5 percent. The data generated is the highest grammage at 5 percent NaOH treatment amounted to 201.1 g.m-2 and the lowest 15 percent NaOH treatment 132.8 g.m-2, the highest thickness of 5 percent NaOH treatment of 2.509 mm and the lowest 15percent NaOH treatment of 1,835 mm. The highest density of 5 percent NaOH treatment of 80.81 kg.m-3 and the lowest at 10 percent NaOH treatment of 57.61 kg.m-3. While the highest tensile resistance in the treatment of 10percent NaOH 76.27 N.m-1 and the lowest at 5 percent NaOH treatment is 45.82 N.m-1, the highest thickness of 5percent NaOH treatment of 2.509 mm and the lowest 15 percent NaOH treatment of 1,835 mm. The highest density of 5 percent NaOH treatment of 80.81 kg.m-3 and the lowest at 10 percent NaOH treatment of 57.61 kg.m-3. While the highest tensile resistance in the treatment of 10 percent NaOH 76.27 N.m-1 and the lowest at 5 percent NaOH treatment is 45.82 N.m-1, the highest thickness of 5 percent NaOH treatment of 2.509 mm and the lowest 15 percent NaOH treatment of 1,835 mm. The highest density of 5 percent NaOH treatment of 80.81 kg.m-3 and the lowest at 10 percent NaOH treatment of 57.61 kg.m-3. While the highest tensile resistance in the treatment of 10 percent NaOH 76.27 N/m and the lowest at 5 percent NaOH treatment is 45.82 N.m-1
Physical, Chemical, and Sensory Characteristics of Frozen Salted Edamame During Storage at Room Temperature Winda Amilia; Andi Eko Wiyono; Dhifa Ferzia; Andrew Setiawan Rusdianto; Ida Bagus Suryaningrat; Nidya Shara Mahardika; Bertung Suryadarma
International Journal on Food, Agriculture and Natural Resources Vol 2, No 1 (2021): IJ-FANRes
Publisher : Food, Agriculture and Natural Resources - NETWORKS

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.46676/ij-fanres.v2i1.20

Abstract

Edamame soybeans are a superior product in Jember Regency. Edamame has the advantage of protein, calcium and iron content. In general, edamame soybeans are a perishable food commodity that must be processed immediately. One of the processed edamame products is frozen salted edamame which is a practical ready-to-eat snack. Frozen salted edamame has attracted the interest of the people of Jember and people outside the city. This product is popular with people outside the city, so they often buy it to take home as a souvenir from Jember Regency. Uncontrolled environmental conditions during the trip with sudden temperature changes without cold storage cause the potential for physical damage or deterioration of quality in frozen salted edamame. Therefore, further observations are needed to determine changes in the quality of frozen salted edamame products during the trip without cold storage at room temperature storage. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of room temperature storage time on physical quality, chemical quality, and organoleptic quality of frozen salted edamame products. The design of this study used a completely randomized design with a single factor, namely five treatments for different durations (0 hours, 12 hours, 24 hours, 36 hours, and 48 hours after removed from the freezer). The analyzes carried out in this study were the test of texture, color, pH, total dissolved solids, total acid, antioxidant activity, moisture content, and organoleptics. The results showed that the frozen salted edamame product decreased during storage time at room temperature. Based on the results of research, the duration of storage for frozen salted edamame products at room temperature has an effect on the value of color, pH, total dissolved solids, total acid, and water content, but does not affect the texture and antioxidant activity. The quality of the product also decreased in color, taste, aroma, and texture attributes.
Effectiveness of Hand Sanitizer Betel Leaf Extract in the Form of Spray And Gel as an Antiseptic Without Alcohol Andrew Setiawan Rusdianto; Giyarto Giyarto; Zhelma Rahmatika; Thabed Tholib Baladraf; Winda Amilia
Jurnal Penelitian Tanaman Industri Vol 27, No 2 (2021): December 2021
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Perkebunan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21082/jlittri.v27n2.2021.90-98

Abstract

The use of hand sanitizers to maintain hand hygiene is a must in disease prevention. The addition of betel leaf extract is expected to increase the effectiveness of hand sanitizers in killing bacteria. The purpose of the study was to determine the effect of adding betel leaf extract on the effectiveness of hand sanitizer as a non-alcoholic antiseptic. The research was conducted at the Agroindustrial Technology and Management Laboratory and the Microbiology Laboratory of Food and Agricultural Products, Faculty of Agricultural Technology, University of Jember. This study used a Factorially Completely Randomized Design with two factors, namely concentration and preparation. This study used a factorial Complete Randomized Design with two factors, namely concentration and preparation. The treatments consist of A1B1 (addition of betel leaf extract 5% with gel preparation), A2B1 (addition of betel leaf extract 10% with gel preparation), A3B1 (addition of betel leaf extract 15% with gel preparation), A4B1 (addition of betel leaf extract 20 % with gel preparation), A1B1 (addition of betel leaf extract 5% with spray preparation), A1B2 (addition of 10% betel leaf extract with spray preparation), A1B3 (addition of 15% betel leaf extract with spray preparation), A1B4 (addition of betel leaf extract) betel 20% with spray preparations). Parameters observed were pH, antiseptic power, and organoleptic (color, odour, and shape). The result showed that the addition 5-20% of betel leaf extract in gel preparations and 5-15% in spray preparations are ineffective and does not comply with SNI requirements. Meanwhile, the addition of betel leaf extract in spray preparations with a concentration of 20% is effective as a natural antiseptic with a pH of 5.8 and an antibacterial of 2 colonies so that it complies with Indonesian National Standard.Keywords:   antibacterial, colony, organoleptic AbstrakEFEKTIVITAS HAND SANITIZER EKSTRAK DAUN SIRIH BENTUK SPRAY DAN GEL SEBAGAI ANTISEPTIK TANPA ALKOHOLPenggunaan hand sanitizer untuk menjaga kebersihan tangan merupakan salah satu keharusan dalam pencegahan penyakit. Penambahan ekstrak daun sirih diharapkan dapat menambah efektifitas hand sanitizer dalam membunuh bakteri. Tujuan penelitian adalah mengetahui pengaruh penambahan ekstrak daun sirih terhadap efektifitas hand sanitizer sebagai antiseptik tanpa alkohol. Penelitian dilaksanakan di Laboratorium Teknologi dan Manajemen Agroindustri dan Laboratorium Mikrobiologi Pangan dan Hasil Pertanian, Fakultas Teknologi Pertanian Universitas Jember. Penelitian ini menggunakan Rancangan Acak Lengkap faktorial dua faktor yaitu konsentrasi ekstrak daun sirih dan sediaan. Kombinasi perlakuan terdiri dari A1B1 (penambahan ekstrak daun sirih 5% dengan sediaan gel), A2B1 (penambahan ekstrak daun sirih 10% dengan sediaan gel), A3B1 (penambahan ekstrak daun sirih 15% dengan sediaan gel), A4B1 (penambahan ekstrak daun sirih 20% dengan sediaan gel), A1B1 (penambahan ekstrak daun sirih 5% dengan sediaan spray), A1B2 (penambahan ekstrak daun sirih 10% dengan sediaan spray), A1B3 (penambahan ekstrak daun sirih 15% dengan sediaan spray), A1B4 (penambahan ekstrak daun sirih 20% dengan sediaan spray). Parameter yang diamati yaitu pH, daya antiseptik, dan organoleptik (warna, bau dan bentuk). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan penambahan ekstrak daun sirih 5-20% pada sediaan gel dan 5-15% pada sediaan spray tidak efektif dan tidak sesuai Standar Nasional Indonesia (SNI). Penambahan ekstrak daun sirih 20% pada sediaan spray efektif digunakan sebagai antiseptik tanpa alkohol dengan pH 5,8 dan antibakteri 2 koloni sehingga sesuai standar SNI.Kata kunci : antibakteri, koloni, organoleptik
Effectiveness of Hand Sanitizer Betel Leaf Extract in the Form of Spray And Gel as an Antiseptic Without Alcohol Andrew Setiawan Rusdianto; Giyarto Giyarto; Zhelma Rahmatika; Thabed Tholib Baladraf; Winda Amilia
Jurnal Penelitian Tanaman Industri Vol 27, No 2 (2021): December 2021
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Perkebunan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21082/jlittri.v27n2.2021.90-98

Abstract

The use of hand sanitizers to maintain hand hygiene is a must in disease prevention. The addition of betel leaf extract is expected to increase the effectiveness of hand sanitizers in killing bacteria. The purpose of the study was to determine the effect of adding betel leaf extract on the effectiveness of hand sanitizer as a non-alcoholic antiseptic. The research was conducted at the Agroindustrial Technology and Management Laboratory and the Microbiology Laboratory of Food and Agricultural Products, Faculty of Agricultural Technology, University of Jember. This study used a Factorially Completely Randomized Design with two factors, namely concentration and preparation. This study used a factorial Complete Randomized Design with two factors, namely concentration and preparation. The treatments consist of A1B1 (addition of betel leaf extract 5% with gel preparation), A2B1 (addition of betel leaf extract 10% with gel preparation), A3B1 (addition of betel leaf extract 15% with gel preparation), A4B1 (addition of betel leaf extract 20 % with gel preparation), A1B1 (addition of betel leaf extract 5% with spray preparation), A1B2 (addition of 10% betel leaf extract with spray preparation), A1B3 (addition of 15% betel leaf extract with spray preparation), A1B4 (addition of betel leaf extract) betel 20% with spray preparations). Parameters observed were pH, antiseptic power, and organoleptic (color, odour, and shape). The result showed that the addition 5-20% of betel leaf extract in gel preparations and 5-15% in spray preparations are ineffective and does not comply with SNI requirements. Meanwhile, the addition of betel leaf extract in spray preparations with a concentration of 20% is effective as a natural antiseptic with a pH of 5.8 and an antibacterial of 2 colonies so that it complies with Indonesian National Standard.Keywords:   antibacterial, colony, organoleptic AbstrakEFEKTIVITAS HAND SANITIZER EKSTRAK DAUN SIRIH BENTUK SPRAY DAN GEL SEBAGAI ANTISEPTIK TANPA ALKOHOLPenggunaan hand sanitizer untuk menjaga kebersihan tangan merupakan salah satu keharusan dalam pencegahan penyakit. Penambahan ekstrak daun sirih diharapkan dapat menambah efektifitas hand sanitizer dalam membunuh bakteri. Tujuan penelitian adalah mengetahui pengaruh penambahan ekstrak daun sirih terhadap efektifitas hand sanitizer sebagai antiseptik tanpa alkohol. Penelitian dilaksanakan di Laboratorium Teknologi dan Manajemen Agroindustri dan Laboratorium Mikrobiologi Pangan dan Hasil Pertanian, Fakultas Teknologi Pertanian Universitas Jember. Penelitian ini menggunakan Rancangan Acak Lengkap faktorial dua faktor yaitu konsentrasi ekstrak daun sirih dan sediaan. Kombinasi perlakuan terdiri dari A1B1 (penambahan ekstrak daun sirih 5% dengan sediaan gel), A2B1 (penambahan ekstrak daun sirih 10% dengan sediaan gel), A3B1 (penambahan ekstrak daun sirih 15% dengan sediaan gel), A4B1 (penambahan ekstrak daun sirih 20% dengan sediaan gel), A1B1 (penambahan ekstrak daun sirih 5% dengan sediaan spray), A1B2 (penambahan ekstrak daun sirih 10% dengan sediaan spray), A1B3 (penambahan ekstrak daun sirih 15% dengan sediaan spray), A1B4 (penambahan ekstrak daun sirih 20% dengan sediaan spray). Parameter yang diamati yaitu pH, daya antiseptik, dan organoleptik (warna, bau dan bentuk). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan penambahan ekstrak daun sirih 5-20% pada sediaan gel dan 5-15% pada sediaan spray tidak efektif dan tidak sesuai Standar Nasional Indonesia (SNI). Penambahan ekstrak daun sirih 20% pada sediaan spray efektif digunakan sebagai antiseptik tanpa alkohol dengan pH 5,8 dan antibakteri 2 koloni sehingga sesuai standar SNI.Kata kunci : antibakteri, koloni, organoleptik