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nutritional composition and in vitro digestibility of indigofera sp at different interval and intensity of defoliations Andi Tarigan; L Abdullah; S.P Ginting; I.G Permana
Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Veteriner Vol 15, No 3 (2010): SEPTEMBER 2010
Publisher : Indonesian Center for Animal Research and Development (ICARD)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (206.435 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v15i3.657

Abstract

One of the main constraints in increasing livestock productivity in the tropical region is the scarcity of good quality feed throught the year, particularly during the long-dry season. Being a leguminous tree, Indigofera sp known to be tolerant to dry climate and salinity, should be considered as alternative fodder for ruminant animals. This study is aimed to investigate the productivity and some nutritional quality of Indigofera sp under different interval and hight of defoliation. The experiment was designed in a randomized block of factorial treatments. The factors were interval of defoliation (30, 60 and 90 days) and hight of defoliation (0.5, 1.0 and 1.5 m above ground level). Indigofera sp was planted in 4 x 3 m plots of 36 plots (4 replications) and were harvested at 8 months old. The DM production, chemical composition and in vitro digestibility were measured according to the treatments. The highest DM productivity was (33.25 t ha-1 y-1) at defoliation interval of 90 days and defoliation hight of 1.5 m, and was not different (P > 0.05) from the treatment combination of 60 days defoliation interval and 1,5 m defoliation hight (31.23 t ha-1 y-1). The highest leaf/stem ratio was 2.6 (P < 0.05) in the 30 day defoliation interval across the defoliation hight. The OM content of Indigofera sp was not affected by defoliation treatments and ranging from 884.6 to 906.8 g/kg. The highest NDF and ADF contents were (P < 0.05) in the 90-d defoliation interval and 1.0 m (387.9 and 272.6 g/kg, respectively) and were not different (P > 0.05) for the 90-d defoliation interval and 1.5 m defoliation hight (385.6 and 267.0 g/kg, respectively). The crude protein content was lowest (P < 0.05) in the 30-d defoliation interval across the defoliation hight ranging from 211.2 to 219.7 g/kg, and it was not different between the 60 and 90-d defoliation interval across the defoliation hight (255.0-258.1 g/kg and 230.3-236.0 g/kg, respectively). Defoliation hight did not affect (P > 0.05) the DM and OM in vitro digestibility. They were at the 90-d defoliation interval ranging from 680.2 to 706.8 g/kg and from 668.6 to 686.8 g/kg, respectively across the defoliation hight different. The DM and OM digestibility were not different (P > 0.05) between the 30 and 60-day defoliation intervals. It is concluded that when planted at low land of wet climate the combination of a 60-d defoliation interval and 1.5 m defoliation hight is an optimum cutting management in utilization of Indigofera sp as foliage for ruminant. Key Words: Defoliation, Nutritive Quality, Productivity, Indigofera sp
Morphological characteristics of forage crops indigofera zellongeriana at different levels drought stress and interval pruning Iwan Herdiawan; L Abdullah; D Sopandie; P.D.M.H Karti; N Hidayati
Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Veteriner Vol 17, No 4 (2012): DECEMBER 2012
Publisher : Indonesian Center for Animal Research and Development (ICARD)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (128.263 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v17i4.693

Abstract

The objectives of this experiment was to evaluate the effect of drought stress and defoliation interval on shoot and root morphologic characteristic of Indigofera zollingeriana. The experiment was arranged in a completely randomized design with two factors and four replications. The first factor consisted of 3 level of drought stress i.e: 100% field capacity (FC) (control), 50% FC, and 25% FC. The second factor comprised of 3 defoliation interval were interval defoliations of 60, 90 and 120 days. The observed variables were shoot, root dry weight, root/shoot ratio and root length. Data were analyzed by ANOVA and the differences between treatments were tested by LSD. The results shows that there were interactions (P < 0,05) between drought stress and defoliations interval on shoot dry weight, while root dry weight, root/shoot ratio, and root length was not. Drought treatment significantly (P < 0,05) decreased shoot, root dry weight, but increase of root/shoot ratio and root length. Defoliation interval significantly affected (P < 0,05) on shoot dry weight, but not on root dry weight, root/shoot ratio, and root length. Key Words: Indigofera zollingeriana, Drought Stress, Defoliation Interval, Shoot And Root Morphology
Herbage Yield and Quality of Two Vegetative Parts of Indigofera at Different Times of First Regrowth Defoliation L Abdullah; . Suharlina
Media Peternakan Vol. 33 No. 1 (2010): Media Peternakan
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Bogor Agricultural University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (251.589 KB)

Abstract

A field experiment using Indigofera sp. was conducted at the Farm Research Station of Faculty of Animal Science, Bogor Agricultural University, Darmaga Campus, during 2008-2009. The objectives of this study were to identify the effect of defoliation time on herbage dry-matter production, protein, fiber contents, and in vitro digestibility of different vegetative parts of Indigofera sp.  Block randomized design comprising three levels of defoliation time at first regrowth after pruning (38, 68, and 88 days) with 3 replications were used in this experiment. Pruning was done 3 months after transplanted into the experimental plots. First defoliation was conducted after the plant had been pruned. Herbage was derived from different vegetative parts, i.e: leaves of branch base and all parts of shoot tips. The results revealed significant effect of defoliation time on dry matter (DM) production of both branch base and shoot tip herbages. Crude fiber (CF), neutral detergent fiber (NDF), acid detergent fiber (ADF) and in vitro organic matter digestibility (IVOMD) of branch base were influenced significantly by defoliation time, except crude protein (CP) and in vitro dry matter digestibility (IVDMD). Defoliation time significantly affected CP, CF, NDF, ADF, IVDMD and IVOMD of herbage derived from shoot tips.   Key words: Indigofera, defoliation time, herbage quality, herbage yield
Pola Pertumbuhan Rumput Signal (Brachiaria humidicola (Rendle) Schweick) pada Padang Penggembalaan dengan Aplikasi Sumber Nutrien Berbeda L Abdullah
Media Peternakan Vol. 32 No. 1 (2009): Media Peternakan
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Bogor Agricultural University

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Abstract

An investigation on growth behavior parameters and its dynamic pattern of signal grass (Brachiaria humidicola) grown under influence of inorganic and organic nutrient supply was conducted during period of wet and early dry seasons in 2004. Five sets of treatments consisted of control (P0), mulch originated from pasture weed biomass (Chromolaena odorata) (PC), animal dung (PF), combination of mulch and dung (PC+F) and inorganic fertilizer (PA) were applied to one year existing signalgrass plots. Block randomized design with 4 replications was used in this experiment. The results showed that application of PA produced the highest length of stolons, node and tiller numbers. There was an improvement of growth by application of PC, PF and PC+F, but at lower level than those of PA. Application of PA caused short growth period (6-8 weeks) to reach maximum length of stolon, node and tiller numbers, but less persistent (10-12 weeks) if the grass had not been defoliated. On the other hand, application of organic nutrient led to slow growing grass, but it showed more persistent. The application of organic nutrient supply (PC, PF and PC+F) resulted the best growth of signal grass in comparison with control and more persistent than that of inorganic fertilizer (PA). Key words: Brachiaria humidicola, stolon, tiller, node, mulch
Produksi dan Kualitas Rumput Brachiaria humidicola (Rend.) Sch, Digitaria decumbens Stent dan Stenotaphrum secundatum (Walter) O.Kunt. di Bawah Naungan Sengon, Karet dan Kelapa Sawit W Kurniawan; L Abdullah; M A Setiana
Media Peternakan Vol. 30 No. 1 (2007): Media Peternakan
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Bogor Agricultural University

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Abstract

The experiment was conducted to investigate the adaptive grasses growing under shading albizia, rubber and oil palm canopy. Three species of tropical grasses (Brachiaria humidicola (Rend.) Sch., Digitaria decumbens Stent, dan Stenotaphrum secundatum (Walter) O.Kunt. were cultivated for at least four months. The parameters of research were productivity (including tillering rate) and nutrient quality of each grass. Data were analyzed using Split-plot design and for the significant differences were further tested by Least Significant Different (LSD). The result showed that B. humidicola production was better than other species in plantation and forest shaded. This species producting higher fresh yield and crude protein, but its tillering rate was poor. S. secundatum, although its production was not as great as B. humidicola, this grass had the greatest tillering rates compared to the others. It can be recommended that S. secundatum is persistent species, and has a good productivity for a long periode of time under shading. Key words: tropical grasses, shading, tillering rates, persistent
Utilization of Swamp Forages from South Kalimantan on Local Goat Performances T Rostini; L Abdullah; K G Wiryawan; P D.M.H Karti
Media Peternakan Vol. 37 No. 1 (2014): Media Peternakan
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Bogor Agricultural University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (409.729 KB) | DOI: 10.5398/medpet.2014.37.1.50

Abstract

Forages in swamp area consist of grass and legumes that have good productivity and nutrient quality. This research was aimed to evaluate the potency of swamp forage on digestibility and performance of goats. There were 24 local male goats aged 10-12 months with initial body weight of 13.10±1.55 kg, allocated into 6 treatments. Those were control (R0): 60% grass and 40% legumes; (R1): 60% swamp forages and 40% concentrate; (R2): 100% swamp forages; (R3): 100% swamp forage hay; (R4): 100% swamp forage silage; (R5): 100% haylage swamp forages. Results showed that silage treatment significantly increased (P<0.05) consumption and digestibility. Swamp forages could be utilized well by preservation (silage, hay, and haylage). Ensilage of swamp forages increased protein content  from 13.72% to 14.02%, protein intake (74.62 g/d), dry matter intake (532.11 g/d), nitrogen free extract intake (257.39 g/d), with total body weight gain (3.5 kg) in eight weeks and average daily gain (62.60 g/d). It is concluded that ensilage of swamp forages (R4) is very potential to be utilized as forage source for ruminants such as goats. Key words: body weight, goat, haylage, silage, swamp forage
Effect of light intencity on forages and seed production of Kalopo (Calopogonium muconoides) Achmad Fanindi; B.R Prawiradiputra; L Abdullah
Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Veteriner Vol 15, No 3 (2010): SEPTEMBER 2010
Publisher : Indonesian Center for Animal Research and Development (ICARD)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (160.794 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v15i3.659

Abstract

Kalopo (Calopogonium mucunoides) was used as cover crops in plantation. Besides, kalopo can be used as forage, esspecially in dry season. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of light intensity on forage and seed production. Research was conducted at Research Institute for Animal Production, Ciawi Bogor and Laboratory of Agrostology Faculty of Animal Husbandry, Bogor Agricultural University, for 16 months. Four levels of light intensity, namely: 100%, 80%,60% and 40% were applied, leguminous species of kalopo (Calopogonium mucunoides), was used. Block Randomized Design with 3 replications was applied in this research. Data collected was analyzed by ANOVA and Duncan’s Multiple Range Test. Forage production was evaluated within one year. The forage quality and digestibility (invitro) were investigated. Seed production was accumulated as seasonal seed production during one year. The results showed that light intensity affected (P < 0.05) forage and seed production, chlorophyll and total chlorophyll of kalopo, but did not affect (P > 0.05) quality and digestibility of kalopo. Seed production of kalopo was affected (P < 0.05) by light intensity, the highest forage and seed production of kalopo were obtained from treatment of full light intensity (100%). The seed quality of kalopo was affected by light intensity. The best seed quality of kalopo was achieved from 80% light intensity. The result shows that plots with light intensity of 100% was the best light intensity for forage and seed production of kalopo. Kalopo could grow well in the plots up to 80% light intensity. Key Words: Light Intensity, Forage, Seed, Kalopo
Pengaruh Pemberian Mulsa Chromolaena odorata (L.) Kings and Robins pada Kandungan Mineral P dan N Tanah Latosol dan Produktivitas Hijauan Jagung (Zea mays L.) N R Kumalasari; L Abdullah; S Jayadi
Media Peternakan Vol. 28 No. 1 (2005): Media Peternakan
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Bogor Agricultural University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (623.732 KB)

Abstract

Corn is used as foodstuff and industrially utilized feed as a potential ingredient in animal ration. Green forage, baby corn and its cobs are used also as ruminants feed. Application of Chromolaena odorata on latosol as mulch material is expected to improve corn production by contributing organic nutrition. The objectives of this research were to recognize the effect of Chromolaena odorata on production and quality of green forage of high density corn, and to observe the contribution of phosphorous mineral from decomposition of Chromolaena odorata in the ground. This research was divided into two steps of experiment. The first experiment, consisted of two levels of treatments, i.e.: with and without Chromolaena odorata (12 ton/ha). The plants were fertilized with 60 kg K/ha and 225 kg N/ha. Plant was harvested at 40 days after planting. In the second experiment, corns were cultivated in the same area and the application of mulch (12 ton/ha) and P (60 kg/ha). Mulch increased significantly vertical height but there was no effect on production of green forage, mineral content in crop and uptake of P and N. In the second experiment, mulch addition improved vertical height of the crop, fresh and dry weight of green forage, content of P and N on the tissues of crop and also uptake of P and N between two treatments were not significant. Application of Chromolaena odorata mulch (2x12 ton/ha) was similar as the addition of P anorganic (60 kg/ha) in improving growth, production and quality of green forage of corn. In this research, the mulch improved the content of mineral P and N in the soil. Key words: mulch, Chromolaena odorata, mineral P, corn
Potency of fiber rumen bacterial isolates from local buffalo inoculated into Frisian Holstein calves during preweaning period Iwan Prihantoro; D Evvyernie; Suryani .; L Abdullah; N.S Yunitasari; A.P Sari; D Khairunisa; A Haziq; N Rahayu; T Toharmat
Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Veteriner Vol 17, No 4 (2012): DECEMBER 2012
Publisher : Indonesian Center for Animal Research and Development (ICARD)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (220.773 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v17i4.696

Abstract

Fiber-digesting bacteria are the main rumen bacteria that play an important role in digesting feed. These bacteria are adapted to low quality forage from agricultural byproduct. The aim of these study was to determine the potency of fiber-digesting bacteria consortium obtained from buffalo rumen inoculated to Frisian Holstein calves during preweaning on feed consumption, utilization, mineral uptake and physiological status. This study used 14 isolates of bacteria obtained from collection of Faculty of Animal Science, Bogor Agricultural University. The experimental unit consisted of six Frisian Holstein calves at two week old with the average body weight of 38.00 ± 6.23 kg. Calves were inoculated by 20 ml of fiber-digesting rumen bacterial isolates [4.56 x 109 cfu/ml] every morning for four weeks. Experimental design used was based on a completly randomized design with three calves received the respective inoculation (treatment group) and three calves without any inoculation (control group). Data were analyzed statistically using t-test method with α = 0.05 and 0.01. The results showed that fiber-digesting bacteria (FDB) from rumen buffalo have adapted in the calves rumen since preweaning periode. Inoculation FDB increased the number of rumen bacteria, digestibility of protein and P uptake calves at eight weeks old. Increased feed intake, uptake of Mg and cobalt calves at 14 weeks old. Without causing any negative effects on ADG, physiological status and rumen fermentability. Key Words: Fiber-Digesting Bacteria, Nutrient Intake, Rumen Fermentability
Grazing Pressure of Cattle on Mixed Pastures at Coal Mine Land Reclamation T P Daru; S Hardjosoewignjo; L Abdullah; Y Setiadi; . Riyanto
Media Peternakan Vol. 35 No. 1 (2012): Media Peternakan
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Bogor Agricultural University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (524.169 KB) | DOI: 10.5398/medpet.2012.35.1.54

Abstract

The objective of the research was to determine the grazing pressure in mix pasture of signal grass (Brachiaria decumbens) and puero (Pueraria phaseoloides) at coal mining reclamation. The experiment was arranged by randomized block design consisted of 5 stocking rate treatments, those were 12.56, 19.63, 28.26, 38.47, and 50.24 m2.animal-1.d-1 which were equal to length of tether rope of 2.0, 2.5, 3.0, 3.5, and 4.0 m, respectively. The rotation system was applied by modifying the tether. Each rotation period was 30 d of three-rotation period. Result of this experiment showed that average daily gain (ADG) was different (P2.animal-1.d-1 and decreased linearly with increasing length of rope from 254.29 to 100.17 kg.ha-1. Maximum dry matter consumption was achieved at length of tether rope of 3.32 m or grazing area 34.61 m2.animal-1.d-1. Average dry matter yield in this experiment was 235.39 g.m-2.d-1 or 2.35 ton.ha-1.mo-1. Botanical composition of signal grass, puero, and weeds before and after grazing was change with grazing pressure.