Biyanto Biyanto
Institut Agama Islam Negeri Sunan Ampel Surabaya

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Muhammadiyah dan Problema Hubungan Agama-Budaya Biyanto, Biyanto
ISLAMICA: Jurnal Studi Keislaman Vol 5, No 1 (2010): Islamica
Publisher : Program Pascasarjana UIN Sunan Ampel Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (92.568 KB) | DOI: 10.15642/islamica.2010.5.1.88-99


This article deals with Muhammadiyah’s view of the inter-connection between religion and culture. Religion is a divine product while culture is a human invention. How these two different domains are inter-related will be a kind of formidable task to expose. To do this, the paper will discuss first the possible relation between Muhammadiyah and Salafiyah as far as theology is concerned. Many have contended that Muhammadiyah is an extension of this rabian theology. The paper will try to trace if there is any such theological relation between the two by appealing to some basic concepts that both Muhamadiyah and Salafiyah hold such as the concept of puritanism; that the Qur’an and the prophetic traditions are the sole sources for both religion and culture. But we also try to explore the unique aspect of each movement of which the other does not share. Thus, Muhammadiyah—unlike Salafiyah—has a good deal of awareness in culture and even adopts the “cultural approach” in propagating Islam. As a religious organization whose task lies mainly in calling people into Islam, Muhammadiyah has advocated what is commonly known as the “dakwah cultural”; a cultural approach in dakwah. For this purpose, Muhammadiyah has designed a guidebook on how “dakwah kultural” is carried out, its steps, and strategies. In writing his paper, we hope to shed a better light on the objective nature of Muhammadiyah and its view concerning religion and culture.
Suksesi Kepemimpinan Arab Pra-Islam dan Periode al-Khulafâ’ al-Râshidûn Biyanto, Biyanto
ISLAMICA: Jurnal Studi Keislaman Vol 1, No 1 (2006): Islamica
Publisher : Program Pascasarjana UIN Sunan Ampel Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (103.641 KB) | DOI: 10.15642/islamica.2006.1.1.76-85


This article analyses the character and nature of succession in the Pre-IslamicArabic society and in the period of al-Khulafâ’ al-Rashidûn. It assumes that both periodsshare a lot in common in terms of conditions of leadership, which include seniority,bravery, generosity, good and noble family background, and the ability to safeguard thetribe. The principle of consultation (mushâwarah), which Islam talks about on manyoccasions, is also present in the two periods. This is despite the fact that during theperiod of al-Khulafâ’ al-Râshidûn there were such practices as direct election –in the caseof Abû Bakr and ‘Alî b. Abî Tâlib-, appointment by the former caliph –in the case of‘Umar b. Khattâb- and election by a committee appointed by the caliph in the case of‘Uthmân b. ‘Affân.
Pengalaman Muhammadiyah Membumikan Nilai-nilai Pluralisme Biyanto, Biyanto
ISLAMICA: Jurnal Studi Keislaman Vol 7, No 2 (2013): Islamica
Publisher : Program Pascasarjana UIN Sunan Ampel Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (259.009 KB) | DOI: 10.15642/islamica.2013.7.2.318-339


This article deals with the issue of religious pluralism in the view of the leading authorities within Muhammadiyah. The paper argues that the scholars of the organization develop a unique view of religious pluralism in line with the vision of the founding fathers. Apart from some “discursive distortion” that these scholars might have undergone in the process of developing the discourse, their view deserves some appreciation for its depth and originality. The paper tries to show that there is indeed a tension between the cadres of the organization on the problem at hand. To dwell into this tension, the paper distinguishes between two major groups within the organization, namely that which accepts the notion of religious pluralism, and that which rejects it. The former includes such well-known scholars as Syafii Maarif, Amin Abdullah, Abdul Munir Mulkhan, and Moeslim Abdurrahman, whereas the latter includes the preachers and mosque-activists. Apart from these two groups, the paper will also look at the particular role that the Muhammadiyah’s Youth Movement has played in discourse-development among the members of the organization. Hence, the areas that the paper will cover include those that have been well-represented by the most admitted elements of the organization.
Berdamai dengan Pluralitas Paham Keberagamaan Biyanto, Biyanto
TEOSOFI: Jurnal Tasawuf dan Pemikiran Islam Vol. 5 No. 1 (2015): June
Publisher : Program Studi Filsafat Agama Fakultas Ushuluddin dan Filsafat UIN Sunan Ampel Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (477.242 KB) | DOI: 10.15642/teosofi.2015.5.1.164-189


The article asserts that plurality?particularly with respect to religious understanding?is a certainty and an avoidable matter, which should be wisely addressed. This is a pivotal issue as the fact shows us that Indonesia, naturally and culturally, consists of various different ethnic groups. Bhinneka Tuggal Ika?as national watchword?affirms that Indonesia is founded on diversity and difference. However, Indonesian nation has to unite despite of its diversity. In addition, Indonesia is also called a colorful state. This statement refers to the fact that there are a vast number of different ethnic groups, cultures, and religions that live and exist in this country. Empirically, plurality has often caused social conflicts which involve interfaith groups with different religious understanding. The conflict occurs when these different groups are unprepared to live together harmoniously and build coexistence. Therefore, it is important to continuously promote the values of pluralism and multiculturalism in order to create a better life order based on acceptance, respect, and tolerance. To do so, emotional and intellectual intelligences?as ?social modal??are urgently required. The writer argues that this is a way?if not the sole?to bring about solution to the problem of religious plurality and religious understanding.
Positivisme dan Non-Positivisme dalam Jurisprudensi Biyanto, Biyanto
TEOSOFI: Jurnal Tasawuf dan Pemikiran Islam Vol. 3 No. 2 (2013): December
Publisher : Program Studi Filsafat Agama Fakultas Ushuluddin dan Filsafat UIN Sunan Ampel Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (613.856 KB) | DOI: 10.15642/teosofi.2013.3.2.483-502


This article discusses about trend positivism and non-positivism paradigm in jurisprudence. This topic is important because discourse in social philosophy always relies on the rationality of whole arguments. The argument of justification is preceded through deductive reasoning, starting from paradigmatic premise that will be used to justify conclusion. Paradigmatic premise is the basic principles of truth which is believed to be the real truth. The real truth derives from personal experience in reflecting facts found in daily activities. In contemporary context of jurisprudence, there is a fierce battle between legal profesionals with its positivist paradigm (legal or formal law approach) and legal profesionals with its non-positivistic paradigm (legal morale substance approach). Many critics on positivism were responded by efforts to reform law through social movements. Social realist movement derives from diverse reality of socio-cultural configuration, within national life, will be significant when the movement is massively done, and supported by two pilars of civil society and political power. This opposition movement shall be continuously done to against the established side. The well established community has authority upon whole legal institution and usually will utilize all its power structures in order to maintain their interest.
Promoting and practicing religious pluralism: Muhammadiyah experience Biyanto, Biyanto
Journal of Social Studies (JSS) Vol 16, No 2 (2020): Journal of Social Studies (JSS)
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21831/jss.v16i2.34711


This article aims to discuss about the experiences of Muhammadiyah in promoting and practicing values of religious pluralism in Indonesia. As one of the biggest modern Islamic organization in the world Muhammadiyah showed to take action in promoting values of religious pluralism. It was showed by education, preaching, social welfare, inter-faith dialogue and peace, and across culture, ethnic, and religious programs. For example, Muhammadiyah formed many schools and universities at all provinces in Indonesia. The network of Muhammadiyah’s schools and universities through in districts, in fact at villages. By education, Muhammadiyah taught and practiced values of religious pluralism. It was showed, particularly, by Muhammadiyah’s schools and universities at Muslim minority provinces. Province of Papua, West Papua, and East Nusa Tenggara, for example, percentage non-Muslim students and teacher at Muhammadiyah’s schools and universities through 75%-90%. Muhammadiyah also invited non-Muslim teachers to teach religion. Muhammadiyah gave freedom for every student to practice his religious teaching. By preaching, Muhammadiyah gave an emphasis that the diversity or plurality in the human life patterns is God’s wish and a scientific fact (natural of law, sunnatullah). Therefor everyone must celebrate and respect to diversity or plurality. Until now Muhammadiyah still active inter-faith dialogue and peace with religious leaders in Indonesia, even in the world. Muhammadiyah also does programs to against terrorism. The leaders of Muhammadiyah also involved peace building programs ini the world. Promoting values of religious pluralism by Muhammadiyah is very important because Indonesia is a multicultural state in ethnic, culture, and religion.