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Profil Kreatinin dan Nitrogen Urea Darah pada Anak Sapi Friesian Holstein yang Disuplementasi Zn Sus Derthi Widhyari; Anita Esfandiari; Aditia Dwi Cahyono
Acta VETERINARIA Indonesiana Vol. 3 No. 2 (2015): Juli 2015
Publisher : IPB University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (150.41 KB) | DOI: 10.29244/avi.3.2.45-50

Abstract

Parameter kreatinin dan nitrogen urea darah atau blood urea nitrogen (BUN) dapat digunakan sebagai indikator untuk melihat adanya gangguan fungsi ginjal. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui kadar kreatinin dan BUN dalam serum anak sapi Friesian Holstein (FH) yang diberi suplementasi mineral Zn di dalam pakan. Penelitian ini menggunakan 9 ekor anak sapi FH yang sehat secara klinis dan umur berkisar antara 6-10 bulan. Hewan dibagi menjadi 3 kelompok, yaitu kelompok tanpa suplementasi Zn, kelompok yang diberi suplementasi Zn sebesar 60 ppm, dan kelompok yang diberi suplementasi Zn sebesar 120 ppm. Pengambilan sampel darah dilakukan melalui vena jugularis sebelum pemberian Zn dan setiap bulan setelah pemberian Zn selama 3 bulan. Sampel darah dalam bentuk serum dianalisis untuk kadar kreatinin dan BUN menggunakan alat spektrofotometer. Hasil pemeriksaan memperlihatkan bahwa kadar kreatinin darah berkisar antara 0,64 sampai 0,77 mg/dL, dan kadar BUN berkisar antara 8 sampai 19 mg/dL. Kadar kreatinin dan BUN darah pada anak sapi FH masih berada pada kisaran normal. Oleh karena itu suplementasi Zn 60 ppm maupun 120 ppm yang diberikan selama tiga bulan pada anak sapi FH relatif aman dan tidak menggangu fungsi ginjal.Kata kunci: mineral Zn, BUN, kreatinin, anak sapi Friesian Holstein. (Creatinin and Blood Urea Nitrogen Profiles on Friesian Holstein Calves Supplemented by Zn)Creatinine and blood urea nitrogen (BUN) can be used for indicator renal disfuction. The objective of this experiment was to study the concentration of creatinine and blood urea nitrogen in Friesian Holstein (FH) calves, received feed supplemented by Zn. Nine healthy Holstein calves, 6-10 months old were used in this experiment. The calves were devided into 3 groups, consisted of three calves, i.e. no supplementation (control), 60 ppm and 120 ppm of Zn supplementation. Blood sample were collected from jugular vein, before dan after supllementation Zn every month untill 3 months. Blood urea nitrogen and creatinine concentrations in serum were analysed using spectrophotometer. Results of the experiment had indicated that the creatinine and BUN concentration ranging between 0,64-0,77 mg/dL and 8-19 mg/dL, respectively. In conclusion, concentration of creatinine and Blood urea nitrogen were in a normal range. So the supplementation of Zn 60 and 120 ppm were given for three months in Friesian Holstein calves relatively safe for renal function.Keywords: zinc, blood urea nitrogen, creatinine, Friesian Holstein calves.
Profil Imunoglobulin-G Serum Kambing Peranakan Etawah Bunting yang Diberi Imbuhan Pakan Mineral Seng (SERUM IMUNOGLOBULIN-G LEVEL ON PREGNANT ETTAWAH CROSSBRED WERE GIVEN ZINC MINERAL) Sus Derthi Widhyari; Anita Esfandiari; I Ketut Sutama; Setyo Widodo; I Wayan Teguh Wibawan; Rizal Rahadian Ramdhany
Jurnal Veteriner Vol 18 No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Udayana University and Published in collaboration with the Indonesia Veterinarian Association

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (96.664 KB) | DOI: 10.19087/jveteriner.2017.18.1.24

Abstract

The objective of this study was to find out the effect of zinc supplementation on the profile of immunoglobulin-G (IgG) in the pregnant etawah-cross ewes. Fifteen etawah-cross ewes (3-6 years old and 30-50 kg body weight) were used in this experiment and they were divided into three groups each of which consisted of 5 ewes. The first group (Zn40) received 40 ppm Zn as control, the second group (Zn60) received 60 ppm Zn, and the third group (Zn80) received 80 ppm Zn. Blood samples were collected from jugular vein every two weeks, started at twelve weeks of pregnancy up to eight weeks post partum for immunoglobulin-G analysis. IgG level were analyzed by competitive Enzyme Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA) technique. Results showed that there were no significant difference of immunoglobulin-G level (P>0,05) among the three treatment groups ( Zn40, Zn60, and Zn80). However, IgG level of Zn40 and Zn80 groups tended to decrease during the last staget of pregnancy until two weeks post partum. In conclusion, supplementation of 60 ppm Zn showed higher IgG level than Zn 80 ppm. ABSTRAK Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui efek suplementasi seng (Zn) terhadap imunoglobulin-G (IgG) pada kambing peranakan etawah (PE) bunting. Penelitian ini menggunakan 15 ekor kambing PE umur sekitar tiga sampai enam tahun, bobot badan sekitar 30-50 kg dibagi ke dalam tiga kelompok, masing-masing terdiri dari lima ekor. Kelompok Zn40 (kontrol) diberi pakan mengandung mineral Zn 40 ppm, kelompok Zn60 mengandung mineral Zn 60 ppm, dan kelompok Zn80 mengandung mineral Zn 80 ppm. Sampel darah diambil melalui vena jugularis untuk menganalisis konsentrasi IgG. Pengambilan sampel darah dilakukan setiap dua minggu mulai umur kebuntingan 12 minggu sampai delapan minggu setelah melahirkan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa konsentrasi IgG serum tidak menunjukkan perbedaan secara nyata antar kelompok (P>0,05) antara kelompok Zn 0, Zn 40 dan Zn 80 ppm. Kelompok Zn 40 ppm dan 80 ppm cendrung memperlihatkan konsentrasi IgG mengalami penurunan pada akhir kebuntingan sampai dua minggu setelah melahirkan. Pada kelompok Zn 60 ppm memperlihatkan konsentrasi IgG lebih tinggi dibanding kelompok Zn 80 ppm.
Dinamika Total Protein Serum Tikus Putih (Rattus novergicus) yang Diberi Mikrokapsul Imunoglobulin-G Anti-H5N1 (DYNAMICS OF TOTAL PROTEIN SERUM OF RATTUS NOVERGICUS GIVEN MICROCAPSULES OF IMMUNOGLOBULIN G ANTI H5N1) Kathirina Beatrik Riwu Wolo; Anita Esfandiari; Sri Murtini; Retno Wulansari
Jurnal Veteriner Vol 20 No 4 (2019)
Publisher : Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Udayana University and Published in collaboration with the Indonesia Veterinarian Association

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (106.729 KB) | DOI: 10.19087/jveteriner.2019.20.4.504

Abstract

Immunoglobulin G (IgG) from colostrum of hyperimmune colostrum obtained from vaccinated cattle with H5N1 vaccine is potential to be developed into passive immunotherapy product for “bird flu” infection. The administration of passive therapy can be done orally, but the environmental conditions of the digestive tract can cause IgG damage, so the microencapsulation technique was used in this study to protect IgG. This study aimed to evaluate the absobrption of H5N1 IgG anti-Avian Influenza which was microencapsulated using rats (Rattus novergicus) as animals model. This study was conducted using 108 adult male white rats (Rattus norvegicus), Wistar strain, approx. 250 grams of body weight. Rats were divided into three treatment groups (N = 36), i.e. control group (K) were given aqua distilled water, suspension group (S) were given anti-H5N1 IgG suspension, and microcapsules group (M) were given microcapsules equivalent to suspension with the titer of 25. Necropsy was carried out at four observation points (2, 4, 6 and 8 hours) to collected blood through the heart and collected in vacutainer without anticoagulants to obtain serum. The blood serum then analyzed for total protein and globulin and albumin/globulin ratio (A/ G). The results showed that the level of total protein and globulin group M was higher and significantly different (P> 0.05) compared to K and S at the end point of observation. The A/G ratio in group K showed a significant increase (P> 0.05) at the end point of observation while in group M there was a marked decrease (P> 0.05) at the time point of 2 hours to 4 hours and then constant until the end of observation. These results showed that administration of anti-H5N1 IgG microcapsules can increase total levels of protein and globulin in the blood.
Profil Elektrolit Serum Pedet Sapi yang Diinfeksi Escherichia coli K-99 dan Diberi Mikrokapsul Imunoglobulin-G Anti E. coli Arief Purwo Mihardi; Anita Esfandiari; Sus Derthi Widhyari; Sri Murtini
Jurnal Veteriner Vol 20 No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Udayana University and Published in collaboration with the Indonesia Veterinarian Association

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (58.791 KB) | DOI: 10.19087/jveteriner.2019.20.2.158

Abstract

Escherichia coli (E. coli) K-99 infection cause acute diarrhea in calves which may reduce electrolyte, such as sodium and potassium. The experiment was conducted to study the sodium and potassium profiles in calves infected by E. coli and received immunoglobulin G anti E. coli K99 microcapsules. Sixteen calves, 4 – 6 days years old, were grouped into four groups, consists of four calves, i.e. negative control/NC group (the calves were not infected by E. coli K-99 and no treatments); positive control/PC group (the calves were infected by E. coli K-99 and no treatments); treatment 1/P1 group (the calves were infected by E. coli K-99 and received colostrum suspension of IgG anti E. coli K-99); and treatment 2/P2 group (the calves were infected by E. coli K-99 and received microcapsules of IgG anti E. coli K-99). Escherichia coli K-99 were infected to all calves except the NC group orally with the dosage of 5 × 1010 cfu/ml. Suspension and microcapsules of IgG anti E. coli K-99 for each calf were given orally with dosage of 1.76 gram IgG anti E. coli K-99 per day. Serum were collected from jugular vein at 0, 24, 48, 72, and 168 hours after E. coli K99 infection. The sodium and potassium concentrastion were analyzed using a spectrophotometer. Results of the experiment indicated that the concentration of sodium and potassium were not significantly different among groups. Sodium concentration of P2 group was relatively higher than PC or P1 and showed increased concentration 168 hours after infection. Potassium concentration of P2 were higher than the PC group, but lower than NC and P1 group. In conclusion, the administration of IgG anti E. coli K-99 microcapsules was not significantly change the sodium and potassium concentration, but may maintain the stability of sodium level in calves infected by E. coli K-99.
Diare pada sapi neonatus yang ditantang Escherichia coli K-99 Anita Esfandiari; Sus Derthi Widhyari; Ali Hujarat
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol. 16 No. 3 (2011): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (779.636 KB)

Abstract

The objective of this experiment was to study the efficacy- of colostrum given to neonatal calves challenged by Escherichia coli (E. col!) K-99. Ten healthy calves devided into two groups i.e. colostrum group (given colostrum originated from cows vaccinated by E. coli) and non-colostrum group (given whole cow milk). Colostrum or milk were given to the calves at amounts of 10% of body weight directly after birth and Followed by the same amount every 12 h, for three days. Challenged were done orally to all newborn calves when they were 12 hours of ages, using live bacteria of E. coli K-99. Fecal samples were collected every 12 hours for one week. Results of the experiment indicated that all calves experienced diarrhea following challenge tests. However, the non colostrum group showed a frequent defecation, more liquid faeces, a longer length of diarrhea and more severe clinical signs of diarrhea. It was confirmed that E' coli found and every feacal Samples,collected. In conclusion, colostrums collected from cow vaccinated by E. coli showed protective properties against E. coli K-99 infection.
Tinjauan Penambahan Mineral Zn dalam Pakan Terhadap Kualitas Spermatozoa pada Sapi Frisian holstein Jantan Sus Derthi Widhyari; Anita Esfandiari; Agus Wijaya; Retno Wulansari; Setyo Widodo; Leni Maylina
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol. 20 No. 1 (2015): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (694.214 KB)

Abstract

Bulls are expected to be able to produce a good quality and quantity of sperm. The objective of this experiment was to study the effect of Zn supplementation on the sperm quality, in Frisian holstein bulls. Ten bulls, 1618 months of age were used in this experiment. The experimental bulls were divided into two groups, i.e.,group without Zn supplementation (control) and group with 60 ppm of Zn supplementation. Zn supplementations were given everyday for a period of four months. Semen was collected by using artificial vaginaat the end of the experiment. Semen quality was evaluated macroscopically and microscopically. The variables measured were semen volume, semen pH, sperm motility, sperm concentration, sperm viability, and sperm abnormality. The results showed that Zn supplementation significantly increased sperm motility and sperm concentration (P<0.05), whereas there was no significant difference in other parameters.
KIVP-3 Pengamatan Performa Pada Sapi FH Jantan yang Diberi Suplementasi Mineral Zinc Sus Derthi Widhyai; Dondin Sajuthi; Setyo Widodo; Anita Esfandiari; Retno Wulansari; Agus Wijaya; Chusnul Choliq; Agus Lelana; Leni Maylina; Arief Purwo Mihardi
Hemera Zoa Proceedings of the 20th FAVA & the 15th KIVNAS PDHI 2018
Publisher : Hemera Zoa

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (501.391 KB)

Abstract

Permintaan dunia terhadap protein hewani sangat besar dan terus meningkat setiap tahunnya. Kebutuhan yang meningkat tidak dibarengi dengan kemampuan penyediaan protein hewani yang cukup sehingga sebagian besar dipenuhi melalui import. Pemenuhan protein dalam negeri diharapkan mampu meningkatkan kualitas maupun kuantitas daging melalui perbaikan mutu nutrisi sehingga mampu bersaing dengan pihak luar. Salah satu sumber protein hewani selain dari ternak potong, adalah memanfaatkan sapi jantan dari sapi perah FH. Oleh karena itu ternak jantan dapat digunakan sebagai alternatif sumber protein hewani dalam upaya untuk penyediaan pangan asal ternak.  Pembangunan peternakan diarahkan agar produk ternak dalam negeri mampu bersaing dengan produk ternak impor dalam rangka memantapkan ketahanan pangan nasional. Mineral Zn dilaporkan mampu memperbaiki skor marbling karkas [1].  Hal ini penting untuk memperbaiki kualitas karkas daging sebagai sumber protein hewani. Belum banyak informasi tentang efek suplementasi Zn terhadap pertambahan bobot badan terutama pada sapi FH jantan. Oleh karena itu pengamatan tentang suplementasi Zn terhadap performa (bobot badan) pada sapi FH jantan perlu dilakukan.
Aktivitas Aspartate Aminotransferase dan Gamma Glutamiltransferase Padi Sapi Pejantan Unggul Ida Zahidah Irfan; Anita Esfandiari
Jurnal Ilmu Ternak Vol 16, No 1 (2016)
Publisher : Fakultas Peternakan, Universitas Padjadjaran

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (351.465 KB) | DOI: 10.24198/jit.v16i1.9819

Abstract

Glutamyltransferase  (GGT)  dapat  digunakan  sebagai  alat  diagnostik  yang  penting  dalambiokimia klinis. Beberapa faktor dapat mempengaruhi aktivitas AST dan GGT. Tujuan daripenelitian ini  adalah  untuk  memperoleh profil  aktivitas  AST dan GGT  sapi pejantan  bibit berdasarkan bangsa, umur dan BCS (Body Condition Score) yang berbeda. Sampel darah dari160  sapi  pejantan  bibit    telah  dikoleksi.  Kimia  darah  dianalisis  dengan  prinsip  fotometer menggunakan kit komersial. Hasil analisis statistik menunjukkan bahwa bangsa, umur dan BCStidak berpengaruh nyata (P>0.05) terhadap aktivitas AST dan GGT.Kata kunci:  aktivitas Aspartate Aminotransferase dan Glutamyltransferase, sapi, bangsa, umur, Body Condition Score
Studi Histologi Tubulus Ginjal Tikus Model Hipertensi yang Diterapi Menggunakan Bone Marrow Mesenchymal Stem Cell Tiara Widyaputri; Erni Sulistiawati; Dondin Sajuthi; Anita Esfandiari; Setyo Widi Nugroho
Jurnal Veteriner Vol 22 No 3 (2021)
Publisher : Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Udayana University and Published in collaboration with the Indonesia Veterinarian Association

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.19087/jveteriner.2021.22.3.422

Abstract

Akhir-akhir ini banyak peneliti yang mempelajari terapi berbasis sel sebagai terapi regeneratif untuk melindungi atau memperbaiki jaringan yang rusak. Bone marrow mesenchymal stem cell (BMMSC) memiliki kemampuan yang menjanjikan dalam memperbaiki ginjal. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui apakah induksi yang dilakukan dapat menyebabkan kerusakan tubulus ginjal dan BMMSC mampu melindungi atau memperbaiki kerusakan yang terjadi. Penelitian ini menggunakan dua belas tikus jantan umur 10-12 minggu dengan rata-rata tekanan darah sistolik minimum mencapai 140-150 mmHg yang dibagi menjadi kelompok kontrol dan kelompok terapi. Tekanan darah yang tinggi diinduksi dengan mengangkat ginjal kanan, mengikat arteri karotis komunis kiri, serta memberikan NaCl 1%, DOCA 2,5 mg/100gBB, dan BAPN 0,12%. Bone marrow mesenchymal stem cell disuntikkan setelah 16 minggu induksi. Evaluasi histopatologi ginjal yang didukung dengan evaluasi darah dilakukan dua minggu setelah injeksi BMMSC. Berdasarkan evaluasi histopatologi, kerusakan tubulus ginjal pada dua kelompok tidak menunjukkan hasil yang berbeda. Demikian juga regenerasi pada kedua kelompok menunjukkan hasil sama. Kadar blood urea nitrogen (BUN) dan kreatinin pada kedua kelompok berada dalam kisaran kadar normal. Hasil yang didapat menunjukkan bahwa kerusakan yang terjadi tidak parah dan BMMSC memperbaiki tubulus ginjal akan tetapi belum dapat melindungi tubulus ginjal dari kerusakan.
PF-4 Immune Response of Dry Holstein Vaccinated by Killed Avian Influenza H5N1 Vaccine Anita Esfandiari; Sri Murtini; Sus Derthi Widhyari; Retno Wulansari; Bayu Febram; Leni Maylina; Arief Purwo Mihardi
Hemera Zoa Proceedings of the 20th FAVA & the 15th KIVNAS PDHI 2018
Publisher : Hemera Zoa

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (422.039 KB)

Abstract

The establishment and spread of highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) viruses of the H5N1 subtype in birds and coincident infections in humans since 2003 have raised concerns that we may be facing an influenza pandemic caused by an H5N1 influenza virus [4]. Globally, from January 2003 to 2 March 2017, there were 860 cases of human infection with avian influenza A(H5N1) virus reported from 16 countries worldwide. Of these 860 cases, 454 were fatal (CFR of 53%). The last case was reported from Indonesia on 26 September 2017 [7]. Although the human cases of H5N1 in Indonesia has decreased significantly since 2010, according to WHO until 2017 there have been reported 200 cases H5N1 in  human with 168 cases of deaths. The last case was reported from Indonesia on 26 September 2017. This is indicate Indonesia as the highest fatal case of H5N1 globally. With continued incidence of avian influenza due to existing AI H5N1 viruses in poultry, the avian influenza H5N1 has been believed remain to threaten Indonesia [6].Passive immunization using specific antibody against AI H5N1 from bovine colostrum is one of an alternative to control H5N1 virus infection due to lack of H5N1 vaccine production for human. Bovine colostrums consider an ideal alternative antibody source, as the antibody in the bovine’s blood is transported to mammary gland easily and accumulates in the colostrum in large quantities. As a “biological factory”  and the source of natural antibody, bovine colostrum could be designed to produce the specific antibody against certain disease for animal and human by immunizing the dry cow (with the antigen of interest).Vaccine is an antigenic material used to produce active immunity against diseases. Vaccination is the administration of vaccine to the individual to generate immunity against a disease [2]. According to [1], the exposure of a dry cow against antigen (vaccine) will produce specific antibody in their blood circulation. Therefore, evaluation on the status of antibody against AI H5N1 following the vaccination of dry Holstein cows with killed AI H5N1 vaccine is needed.