Burhanuddin Bahar
Bagian Gizi, Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat, Universitas Hasanuddin, Makassar 90245, Indonesia

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Global Longitudinal Strain and Global Circumferential Strain on Echo Heart Failure Score as 60-days Readmission Predictor in Congestive Heart Failure Patients with Left Ventricle Systolic Dysfunction in Makassar City Akhtar F. Muzakkir; Muzakkir Amir; Peter Kabo; Khalid Saleh; Burhanuddin Bahar; Aussie Fitriani Ghaznawie; Frizt A. Tandean; Idar Mappangara
Nusantara Medical Science Journal Volume 6 Issue 1, January - June 2021
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine, Hasanuddin University.

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20956/nmsj.v6i1.14674


Introduction: The readmission rate due to heart failure increases every year in South Sulawesi. A Frequently used method for assessing readmission is an echocardiographic examination by measuring ejection fraction. However, recent studies show that the speckle tracking parameters are more sensitive to predict readmission of heart failure patients. In this study, we assess the role of Global Longitudinal Strain (GLS) and Global Circumferential Strain (GCS) parameters on the Echo Heart Failure Score (EHFS) as a 60-days readmission predictor in heart failure patients. Methods: We included 175 patients admitted through the inpatient installation of Integrated Heart Center Dr. Wahidin Sudirohusodo General Hospital. In addition, we reviewed up to 60 days after outpatient prospectively by collecting data through medical records. The correlation between echocardiographic parameters and readmissions was analyzed using the Spearman Rank Correlation. To determine each echocardiographic parameter's cut-off point, sensitivity, and specificity, we use Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC) curve. Results:GLS and GCS are very sensitive and specific parameters in predicting 60-days readmission with an area under the curve (AUC) value > 0.7. This study shows that adding GLS and GCS parameters to the EHFS increases the predicted value (AUC 0.850 vs. 0.820) and sensitivity to 79%. Conclusion: GLS and GCS parameters additional on EHFS can help predict 60-days readmission of heart failure patients with sensitivity and specificity of 79% and 83%, respectively. The present study shows that with higher GLS and GCS scores on the EHFS, the risk of readmission in heart failure patients will increase.