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Vascular Streak Dieback: Penyakit Baru Tanaman Kakao di Sumatera Barat Jumsu Trisno; Reflin Reflin; Martinius Martinius
Jurnal Fitopatologi Indonesia Vol. 12 No. 4 (2016)
Publisher : The Indonesian Phytopathological Society (Perhimpunan Fitopatologi Indonesia)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (316.046 KB) | DOI: 10.14692/jfi.12.4.142

Abstract

Vascular streak dieback (VSD) symptoms was reported recently in several cacao plantations in West Sumatera.  Disease incidence reached 58.82–100% with disease intensity of 24.29–44.71%.  In some cases, dead plant was also found. Fungal isolation was performed to identify the agents associated with VSD.  Plant samples showing VSD symptoms was collected from 3 locations of cacao production center in West Sumatera, i.e. Limapuluh Kota regency, Padang Pariaman regency, and Padang city.  Small pieces of leaf and twig were plated on water agar and potato dextrose agar medium for fungal isolation.  Morphology of hifa, basidiocarp, and basidiospora observed from fungi colonies indicated the presence of Ceratobasidium theobromae on infected plant samples.  This is the first report on the association of C. theobromae on cacao in West Sumatera. 
Keanekaragaman Serangga Air di Sawah Konvensional dan Organik di Kota Padang Hasmiandy Hamid; Martinius Martinius
JPT : JURNAL PROTEKSI TANAMAN (JOURNAL OF PLANT PROTECTION) Vol 1 No 2 (2017): Desember 2017
Publisher : Jurusan Hama dan Penyakit Tumbuhan Faperta Universitas Andalas

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (347.777 KB) | DOI: 10.25077/jpt.1.2.68-78.2017

Abstract

Study on diversity of aquatic insects in rice is important to determine the condition of the rice fields. The purpose of this research was to study the community of aquatic insects in two difference cultivations (organic and conventional) and sub districts (Koto Tangah dan Pauh) in Padang City. Purposive random sampling method was used. Samples were collected by using water insect nets and water bottle traps. The results showed that the aquatic insects found in the study site consisted of 5 orders (Coleoptera, Diptera, Ephemeroptera, Hemiptera, Odonata), 16 families, 51 species and 3808 individuals. Aquatic insect populations in organic farming was higher (5 orders, 15 families, 48 species and 3089 individuals) than conventional (4 orders, 9 families, 20 species and 719 individuals). Aquatic insects found were acting as predators (3718 individuals), detrivors (7 individuals), and omnivors (83 individuals). The diversity indexes of aquatic insects on two locations were classified as medium but the diversity in organic cultivation was higher than conventional.
Patogenisitas Cendawan Entomopatogen dari Rizosfir Kacang Tanah (Arachis hypogaea Linnaeus) terhadap Hama Penggerek Polong Etiella zinckenella Treitschke (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) Reflinaldon Reflinaldon; Martinius Martinius
JPT : JURNAL PROTEKSI TANAMAN (JOURNAL OF PLANT PROTECTION) Vol 1 No 2 (2017): Desember 2017
Publisher : Jurusan Hama dan Penyakit Tumbuhan Faperta Universitas Andalas

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (333.672 KB) | DOI: 10.25077/jpt.1.2.79-87.2017

Abstract

The objective of this study was to get entomopathogenic fungi isolates of bean plant rhizosphere derived from Nagari Sawah Tangah, District Pariangan, Tanah Datar Regency and to determine their pathogenicity on pod borer E. zinckenella. Isolation method was performed by diluting the soil samples in a serial dilution into 10-3 and cultured in PDA media. Furthermore, the purification was based on the shape and color of the fungus colonies. A total of 16 isolates obtained at the initial stage were selected by testing them against the fifth instar larvae Tenebrio molitor. Results showed that only 4 isolates (STA 1, STA 2.2, STA 5, and STB 3.1) could be further tested against E. zinckenella pod borer using completely randomized design (CRD). The highest pathogenicity isolates was exhibited by STA 1 belonged to Metarhizium genera.
Aktivitas Insektisida Campuran Ekstrak Air Buah Piper aduncum L. (Piperaceae) dan Batang Cymbopogon ciratrus (Dc.) Stapf (Poaceae) Terhadap Larva Crocidolomia pavonana F. (Lepidoptera: Crambidae) Eka Candra Lina; Adventus Supriadi; Yunisman Yunisman; Martinius Martinius
JPT : JURNAL PROTEKSI TANAMAN (JOURNAL OF PLANT PROTECTION) Vol 1 No 1 (2017): Juni 2017
Publisher : Jurusan Hama dan Penyakit Tumbuhan Faperta Universitas Andalas

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (207.733 KB) | DOI: 10.25077/jpt.1.1.34-41.2017

Abstract

Crocidolomia pavonana is an important pest in Brassicaceae. Botanical insecticides is pest control alternative which meet to eco-friendly manajement. This study aims to determine lethal concentration of single and mixture of water extract of Piper aduncum (Piperaceae) fruit and Cymbopogon cirtatus (Poaceae) stem against Crocidolomia pavonana larvae. The study was conducted in laboratory experiment through preliminary test and advance test using a completely randomized design (CRD). Observations were included to larval mortality, antifeedant effect, and duration of larval development. Bioassay was done against second instar larvae of C. pavonana using leaves immersion method during 48 hours. The results show that LC50 and LC95 value of mixture extract are 2.83% and 5.79% respectively. Based on index combination analysis, P. aduncum and C. citratus mixture extract were antagonistic at LC50 and additive at LC95 . Water extract of P. aduncum and C. citratus were relatively weak to influence feeding activity of C. pavonana larvae (41%). Mixture extract also extend larval development from second instar to third instar around 0.24 days and third instar to fourth instar around 0.97 days.