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EVALUASI ATAS PELAKSANAAN OTONOMI KHUSUS ACEH: GAGAL MENYEJAHTERAKAN RAKYAT DAN SARAT KONFLIK INTERNAL Cahyono, Heru
Jurnal Penelitian Politik Vol 9, No 2 (2012): Politik Aceh dalam Ujian?
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian Politik

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (929.493 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/jpp.v9i2.227

Abstract

Otonomi khusus Aceh diperoleh melalui Undang-Undang Nomor 11 Tahun 2006, menindaklanjuti MoUHelsinki 2005 sebagai bentuk rekonsiliasi secara bermartabat menuju pembangunan sosial, ekonomi, dan politikdi Aceh secara berkelanjutan. Akan tetapi, setelah lebih dari enam tahun berlalu kita menyaksikan bagaimanapelaksanaan otonomi khusus kurang berjalan sesuai dengan harapan. Di bidang ekonomi kita menyaksikan, danaotonomi khusus tidak terkelola dengan baik sehingga membuat kesejahteraan masyarakat Aceh secara umum tidakmengalami perbaikan. Ironisnya, peningkatan kesejahteraan justru hanya dinikmati oleh segelintir orang yang dekatdengan lingkaran kekuasaan sehingga menimbulkan fenomena orang-orang kaya baru di sana. Di bidang politik,adanya partai lokal tidak mampu meredam potensi konflik yang ada, dan bahkan justru memicu konflik internalbaru antara sesama mantan GAM. Friksi tersebut semakin memperumit dinamika konflik di bumi Aceh. Kegagalan pelaksanaan kekhususan di kedua bidang itu, politik dan ekonomi, pada gilirannya akan mempersulit untukmengeluarkan Aceh dari “lingkaran setan” konflik sekaligus masalah kemiskinan di sana.Kata kunci: Otonomi khusus, kegagalan, politik, ekonomi.
Konflik Elite Politik di Pedesaan: Relasi antara Badan Perwakilan Desa dan Pemerintah Desa Cahyono, Heru
Jurnal Penelitian Politik Vol 2, No 1 (2005): Politik Pemerintahan Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian Politik

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (457.347 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/jpp.v2i1.403

Abstract

Rurai Representative Body (Badan Perwakilan Desa) claims their institutions bring the people aspirations, but in reality BPD shows themselves as an elitist and failed to express people’s voice. Large authority that is possessed by BPD, such as suggesting the regent to dismiss the head of the village from his job, has been endorsed the grow of politicization ofBPD by its members.This new uniformity policy has caused a dilemma, because not all village in Indonesia are ready to take representative democracy model. The rule of law assumes village as an administrative units and extremely formal. It also simplificate the heterogenity or plurality of village s in Indonesia, such as ignoring the variety oflocal milieu and local condition, cultural differences, and social structure differences in society.
NEGARA DAN MASYARAKAT DALAM RESOLUSI KONFLIK DI INDONESIA (Daerah Konflik Kalimantan Barat dan Kalimantan Tengah) Cahyono, Heru
Jurnal Penelitian Politik Vol 4, No 1 (2007): Demokrasi Mati Suri
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian Politik

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (767.439 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/jpp.v4i1.451

Abstract

An explosion ofethnic conflicts in West Kalimantan 1999 andCentral Kalimantan 2001 shook the entire area Media reports ofwidespread violence often including beheadings cannibalism and ethnic cleansing In both case a single ethnic group migrants from the island of Madura was targeted and accounted for the overwhelming majority of victims State have a little role to push conflict resolution Jakarta s tardy response read clearly in both cases especially in Central Kalimantan We very shockly how can violence killed hundreds ofpeople The state s response to mass murders killed has been too little and too late National intervention is usually required But because the state lacks an national rapid response force and because state has so far been either paralyzed or unwilling to act mass killing has gone unchecked The Madurese in West and Central Kalimantan were particularly hard hit by these conflicts Most had to abandon their homes and livelihoods and seek shelter in safe areas in the Kalimantan orfarther away in Madura Recently most internally displacedpersons IDPs from the 2001 Central Kalimantan conflict have begun returning however IDPs from the West Kalimantan district ofSambas who fled during the 1999 conflict have been barred from returning to their homes Locals and returnees note an increased on physical intimidation an unwelcome situation and a general sense ofinsecurity Although years have passed since the conflicts erupted resolution is still elusive for many people The peace process in Sambas West Kalimantan still stagnant and should be re launched to enable the return ofIDPs.
Pelanggaran Pemilu Legislatif 2004 Cahyono, Heru
Jurnal Penelitian Politik Vol 1, No 1 (2004): Pemilu Legislatif 2004
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian Politik

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (709.706 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/jpp.v1i1.369

Abstract

In general, the campaign period in the legislative election has passed in a safe and orderly way. But, in the whole process o f general election, we stillfind many basic problem ofviolation. There are many violations consists of administrative violations and criminal violations. The political parties still using public funds and facilities fo r their own interests. People alleged that all big parties have been involved in someform o f vote-buying, known as money politics which included the distribution of free basic needs, free medical Services and transportation fees. Thisfact contrary to the agreement signed by the political party before the 2004 election day o f which agree to avoid any type and motives of violence in order to reach objectives and to settle problems. The Election Supervisory Committees (Panwaslu) -which is established with the main purpose o f supervising elections— failed to carn’ out an effective supervising especially in money politics violation and manipulation o f vote count result.
Pola Pengawasan Pengelolaan Dana Otonomi Khusus dan Istimewa: Perspektif Politik Aziz, Nyimas Latifah Letty; Zuhro, R. Siti; Cahyono, Heru; Suryani, Dini; Aulia, Dian; Maulana, Yusuf
Jurnal Penelitian Politik Vol 15, No 1 (2018): Turbulensi Kepemimpinan dan Konektivitas antar Negara
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian Politik

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (3460.898 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/jpp.v15i1.748

Abstract

Studi ini mengkaji pola pengawasan pengelolaan dana otsus dan istimewa dilihat dari perspektif politik.  Terdapat tiga daerah yang dikaji  yakni, Aceh, Papua, dan Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta (DIY). Ketiga daerah ini penting dikaji karena memiliki kekhususan dan keistimewaan dalam pengelolaan fiskalnya, khususnya pengelolaan dana otsus dan istimewa. Namun, pengawasan oleh pemerintah pusat terhadap pengelolaan dana otsus dan istimewa ini masih lemah. Ini dibuktikan dengan masih sangat minimnya pengawasan dalam hal sinergi, koordinasi, bimbingan dan pengawasan antarjenjang pemerintahan (provinsi-kabupaten/kota). Akibatnya, pengelolaan dana otsus dan istimewa belum berdampak signifikan terhadap peningkatan tatanan pemerintahan yang demokratis dan harmonis melalui hubungan vertikal (pusat-daerah) maupun horisontal (daerah/lokal) dan peningkatan kesejahteraan masyarakat lokal. Oleh karena itu, studi ini membuktikan pentingnya pengawasan terhadap pengelolaan dana otsus dan istimewa. Metode penelitian yang dilakukan adalah pengumpulan dokumen pendukung, wawancara mendalam, dan diskusi terbatas.Kata kunci : pengawasan, dana otsus/ istimewa, perspektif politik
The State and Society in Conflict Resolution in Indonesia (Conflict Area of West Kalimantan and Central Kalimantan) Heru Cahyono
Journal of Indonesian Social Sciences and Humanities Vol 1 (2008): Special Issue: Ten Years Reformasi
Publisher : Deputy of Social Sciences and Humanities, the Indonesia Institute of Sciences (LIPI)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (939.694 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/jissh.v1i1.10

Abstract

Several bloody communal conflicts shook some areas in Indonesia from the late 1990s to early 2000s, including widespread violent conflicts in West and Central Kalimantan. Two groups, the Dayaks and the Malays, both asserting their status as indigenous ethnic groups, fought another ethnic group, migrants from Madura (the Madurese). The disturbances began in late February 2001 in Central Kalimantan. Thousands of Dayaks attacked the Madurese. There was violence and killing in almost all villages. The disturbances began in Sampit City and spread to Kuala Kapuas, Pangkalan Bun and Palangka Raya. More than 400 Madurese died and 80 000 people were forced to leave Kalimantan.
EVALUASI ATAS PELAKSANAAN OTONOMI KHUSUS ACEH: GAGAL MENYEJAHTERAKAN RAKYAT DAN SARAT KONFLIK INTERNAL Heru Cahyono
Jurnal Penelitian Politik Vol 9, No 2 (2012): Politik Aceh dalam Ujian?
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian Politik

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14203/jpp.v9i2.227

Abstract

Otonomi khusus Aceh diperoleh melalui Undang-Undang Nomor 11 Tahun 2006, menindaklanjuti MoUHelsinki 2005 sebagai bentuk rekonsiliasi secara bermartabat menuju pembangunan sosial, ekonomi, dan politikdi Aceh secara berkelanjutan. Akan tetapi, setelah lebih dari enam tahun berlalu kita menyaksikan bagaimanapelaksanaan otonomi khusus kurang berjalan sesuai dengan harapan. Di bidang ekonomi kita menyaksikan, danaotonomi khusus tidak terkelola dengan baik sehingga membuat kesejahteraan masyarakat Aceh secara umum tidakmengalami perbaikan. Ironisnya, peningkatan kesejahteraan justru hanya dinikmati oleh segelintir orang yang dekatdengan lingkaran kekuasaan sehingga menimbulkan fenomena orang-orang kaya baru di sana. Di bidang politik,adanya partai lokal tidak mampu meredam potensi konflik yang ada, dan bahkan justru memicu konflik internalbaru antara sesama mantan GAM. Friksi tersebut semakin memperumit dinamika konflik di bumi Aceh. Kegagalan pelaksanaan kekhususan di kedua bidang itu, politik dan ekonomi, pada gilirannya akan mempersulit untukmengeluarkan Aceh dari “lingkaran setan” konflik sekaligus masalah kemiskinan di sana.Kata kunci: Otonomi khusus, kegagalan, politik, ekonomi.
ARAH PERKEMBANGAN DEMOKRASI DI PERDESAAN PASCA ORDE BARU Heru Cahyono
Masyarakat Indonesia Vol 38, No 2 (2012): Majalah Ilmu-Ilmu Sosial Indonesia
Publisher : Kedeputian Bidang Ilmu Sosial dan Kemanusiaan (IPSK-LIPI)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14203/jmi.v38i2.654

Abstract

This paperexaminesthe directionanddevelopment ofruraldemocratizationinthe postNew Order era. There are variations inthe dynamicsandqualityof democracyfromonevillagetoanothervillage. In addition, theprospect ofdemocratizationstronglyinfluencedby theexistence of thediversityof social institutionsthat existineveryvillageTherefore, itis impossible to apply uniform democracyinIndonesia. The dynamic ofvillagedemocracyafter the New Order era is still very dependent onthe leadershipofpoliticalelite. The head ofthe villagelargely determinesthe direction ofpolitical lifeinthe village. Village leaderis animportant instrumentin changing theconsciousnessofthe community toparticipateinthe planningprogram. This in turnwill affect theavailability ofaccessandopennessof publicfacilities. In addition to villageleaders, agentsofdemocracyoccupiesa strategicpositioninpressing fordemocratizationagendainthecommunity. The socialstructure ofanegalitariansociety willnotbe usefulifcommunitiesdonotactivelyplay theroleof agent of democracy. Indonesiasruraldemocracyis stillat thelevel ofnon-participation. Insomecases, manipulation andtherapy are often usedaspaternalisticmethods. It remains a challenge to involvewider community membersduring project implementation.Keywords: rural, democracy, participation, and control.
RASIONALITAS TUNTUTAN PROVINSI KALIMANTAN TIMUR UNTUK OTONOMI KHUSUS Heru Cahyono
Masyarakat Indonesia Vol 39, No 1 (2013): Majalah Ilmu-ilmu Sosial Indonesia
Publisher : Kedeputian Bidang Ilmu Sosial dan Kemanusiaan (IPSK-LIPI)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14203/jmi.v39i1.313

Abstract

The demand for autonomy in East Kalimantan seems premature since it does not have a strong legal basis. The demand for autonomy was raised after the cancelation of Act No.33/2004 on Financial Balance between Central and Local Government. On the one hand, the demand for autonomy seems reasonably well-justified that even though Kalimantan Timur is a natural resource rich province, yet its people are still living under poverty. From environmental viewpoint, the demand also seems reasonable. With the right to manage natural resources independently, Kalimantan Timur will be able to control the extraction of its resources, so as not to cause damage to the environment. On the other hand, the demand contains fundamental weaknesses with regards to capacity for implementing a good governance and the readiness of local human resources. There are still doubts about the relative size of the budget that cannot be absorbed and the lack of transparency in the use of development funds in the province.Keywords: Local Autonomy, East Kalimantan, Rationality, Natural Resource
Pengaruh Intensitas Pengaksesan Konten Pornografi terhadap Spiritualitas Generasi Milenial Kristen Cahyono, Heru
SIKIP: Jurnal Pendidikan Agama Kristen Vol 2, No 2: Agustus 2021
Publisher : Sekolah Tinggi Teologi IKAT Jakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.52220/sikip.v2i2.98

Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menguji, mengetahui, membuktikandan memperoleh data terhadap pengaruh pornografi bagi peserta didik milenial kristen. Peneliti menganalisis data penelitian untuk mengetahui pengaruh pengaksesan konten internet yang mengandung pornografi terhadap perilaku spiritual peserta didik millennial Kristen di SMA Negeri 33 Jakarta. Metode yang digunakan adalah kuantitatif dengan analisis software SPSS. Sampel penelitian sebanyak 40 orang, diambil dengan menggunakan teknik nonprobability sampling, pendekatan validitas kontruksi dilakukan dengan interaksi sebanyak satu kali dan perhitungan koefisien reabilitasnya dilakukan dengan rumus Alpha Crombach. Instrumen yang dilakukan dalam mengumpulkan data adalah kuesioner atau angket tertutup berpolakan skala model likert, pengujian validitas instrument dengan rumus person product moment.Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa pengaruh intensitas pengaksesan konten yang mengandung pornografi  terhadap spiritual generasi Milenial Kristen di SMA Negeri 33 Jakarta Berdasarkan penghitungan koefisien korelasi dikuadratkan maka diperoleh hasil koefisien determinasi sebesar 0,754 atau 75,4%, artinya pengaruh antara pengaksesan konten internet yang mengandung pornografi (X) terhadap spiritual generasi milenial kristen (Y) berdasarkan varians (koefisien determinasi) sebesar 0,754 atau 75,4%. Hal ini menunjukkan bahwa faktor pengaksesan konten internet yang mengandung pornografi memberikan kontribusi kurang efektif atau dapat dikatakan terbilang normal 75,4%terhadap Spiritual generasi milenial dan sisanya 24,6% dipengaruhi oleh faktor lain.