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PROSPEK USAHATANI TANAMAN SAYURAN DI KABUPATEN BREBES Choliq, Abdul; Ambarsari, Indrie
Jurnal Pengkajian dan Pengembangan Teknologi Pertanian Vol 12, No 2 (2009): Juli 2009
Publisher : Jurnal Pengkajian dan Pengembangan Teknologi Pertanian

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Abstract

Prospek Usahatani Tanaman Sayuran di Kabupaten Brebes. District of Brebes is more known as the centre of onion productions.  Beside that this area is also potential to vegetables farming development, whereas the vegetables farming already bunch with local society especially high land farmers.  Although it just resemble at small scale, but this farming activity attach a significant contribution in farmer income.  Vegetables that common are potato, carrot, cabbage.  The aim of this study is to see how much the contribution of vegetables cultivation to the farmer incomes.  This study was doing on early 2005 in sub district of Sirampog, district of Brebes.  Collection data do by RRA (Rapid Rural Appraisal) method through field observation and interview with key informant.  Observation of primary data including cost production, price product, and market system.  Secondary data was obtained from related institution.  Data analyzed by financial and descriptive methods.  The result shows that if cost pay cash, benefit of farming reach from Rp.8.610,- to Rp.1.747.517,- per season.  With vary asset and comprehensive land scale, the high benefit of farming was scallion, follows with potato, carrot, cabbage, and mustard green with each R/C were 1,70; 1,54; 1,25; 1,19; and 1,01. Kabupaten Brebes selama ini lebih dikenal sebagai sentra bawang merah.  Namun sebenarnya di daerah tersebut juga memiliki potensi untuk pengembangan berbagai jenis usahatani tanaman sayuran lainnya, mengingat usahatani tanaman sayuran telah menyatu dengan masyarakat setempat khususnya petani dataran tinggi.  Meski diusahakan dalam skala yang relatif kecil, namun kegiatan usahatani tersebut memberikan andil yang cukup berarti bagi pendapatan rumah tangga tani.  Tanaman sayuran yang umum diusahakan adalah kentang, wortel, kubis, bawang daun, dan sawi.  Untuk melihat seberapa besar kontribusi usahatani tanaman sayuran tersebut terhadap pendapatan petani, maka dilakukan kegiatan kajian di Kecamatan Sirampog, Kabupaten Brebes pada tahun 2005.  Pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan metode RRA (Rapid Rural Appraisal) melalui observasi lapang dan wawancara dengan informan kunci.  Data primer yang diamati antara lain meliputi biaya input produksi, harga output, dan sistem pemasaran.  Data sekunder diperoleh dari berbagai instansi terkait.  Data dianalisis secara finansial dan deskriptif.  Hasil kajian menunjukkan bahwa dengan asumsi semua biaya dikeluarkan secara tunai, keuntungan usaha yang diperoleh berkisar antara Rp.8.610 sampai dengan Rp.2.783.400,- per musim.  Dengan jumlah modal dan luas lahan garapan yang berbeda, keuntungan per musim tertinggi diperoleh dari usahatani bawang daun, kemudian diikuti oleh kentang, wortel, kubis, dan sawi dengan perbandingan output input masing-masing sebesar 1,70 ; 1,54 ; 1,25; 1,19 ; dan 1,01.
PEMBERDAYAAN PESANTREN UNTUK PENANGGULANGAN ABRASI DI PANTAI DEMAK DAN JEPARA Choliq, Abdul; Pimay, Awaludin; Anas, Ahmad
Dimas: Jurnal Pemikiran Agama untuk Pemberdayaan Vol. 15 No. 2 Tahun 2015
Publisher : LP2M of Institute for Research and Community Services - UIN Walisongo

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21580/dms.2015.152.746

Abstract

karya pengabdian ini difokuskan untuk menanggulangi bencana abrasi pantai melalui pemberdayaan pesantren. Pelibatan komunitas pesantren dalam pengelolaan pesisir akan meningkatkan tingkat partisipasi masyarakat dalam pelestarian pesisir melalui pendekatan keagamaan. Pesantren sebagai lembaga pendidikan keagamaan yang mempunyai fungsi ganda, sebagai lembaga pendilikan yang mampu mengembangkan pengetahuan dan penalaran, keterampilan dan kepribadian kelompok usia muda dan merupakan sumber referensi tata-nilai Islami bagi masyarakat sekitar, sekaligus sebagai lembaga sosial di pedesaan yang memiliki peran sosial dan mampu menggerakkan swadaya dan swakarsa masyarakat, mampu melakukan perbaikan lingkungan hidup dari segi rohaniah mau pun jasmaniah.Berdasarkan hasil kegiatan pengabdian dosen ini, ada beberapa hal yang dapat penulis simpulkan yaitu: pertama, bencana abrasi yang terjadi di pantai Jepara dan Demak sudah masuk dalam tahap yang memprihatinkan; kedua, Penanganan bencana abrasi memerlukan kerjasama dari semua elemen masyarakat, baik pemerintah, pihak swasta, dan warga masyarakat; ketiga, warga masyarakat yang tinggal di sekitar pantai yang terkena abrasi perlu dibekali dengan tata cara penangan bencana; keempat, pondok pesantren memiliki peran strategis dalam penanggulangan bencana. Sistem pembelajaran yang integral dan holistic menjadi dasar pesantren untuk melestarikan lingkungan.
ESENSI PROGRAM BIMBEL MANASIK HAJI UPAYA PEMBERDAYAAN MASYARAKAT Choliq, Abdul
At-Taqaddum Volume 10, Nomor 1, Tahun 2018
Publisher : Quality Assurance Institute (LPM) State Islamic University Walisongo Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (878.261 KB) | DOI: 10.21580/at.v10i1.2540

Abstract

Hajj is the perfect worship of the pillars of Islam that became the goal of all Muslims in the world. So many hajj pilgrims who register to go to the Holy Land every year. Hajj implementation annually put aside various problems. One of them is not the optimal of the hajj manasik given by Ministry of Religion  and the long departure time of hajj, while the candidate is dominated by the elderly (elderly). The ministry has a great desire to form an independent hajj, so becomes an important issue to be observed. Writing scientific paper aims to provide a good view to the Ministry of Religious Affairs or the guidance of pilgrimage to provide hajj manasik not just a manasik in general, but really oriented to empowering prospective pilgrims to form an independent hajj. Some of things that must be done is first to use the right methods such as Affirmation and Repetition and PAIKEM, both utilizing long waiting times with useful activities.Such as training in making signs of haj pilgrimage (such as marking ribbons, masks, or slendang neck), training planting of live pharmacies, and making some goods to prepare for the departure of pilgrimage (eg small bags for storage of goods and others). Third is to grow independent congregations in a way more opportunities to meet with other congregations in order to grow optimism in prospective pilgrims. ==================================================Haji merupakan ibadah penyempurna rukun Islam yang menjadi tujuan seluruh muslim di dunia. Sehingga setiap tahun banyak jama?ah haji yang mendaftarkan diri untuk berangkat ke Tanah Suci. Pelaksanaan Haji setiap tahunnya menyisihkan problematika bermacam-macam, salah satunya ialah belum optimalnya manasik haji yang diberikan oleh Kemenag dan waktu tunggu keberangkatan haji yang lama, sedangkan calon jamaah di dominasi oleh lansia (orang lanjut usia). Kementrian sendiri memiliki keinginan besar untuk membentuk haji mandiri, maka demikian itu menjadi permsalahan yang penting untuk di teliti. Penulisan karya tulis ilmiah ini bertujuan untuk memberikan pandangan baik kepada Kemenag atau bimbel haji agar memberikan mansik haji tidak hanya sekedar manasik pada umumnya, tetapi betul-betul berorientasi pada pemberdayaan calon jamaah agar membentuk haji mandiri. Beberapa hal yang harus dilakukan ialah pertama menggunakan metode yang tepat seperti Affirmation and repetition dan PAIKEM, kedua memanfaatkan waktu tunggu yang begitu lama dengan kegiatan-kegiatan bermanfaat seperti Bersama-sama dalam pembuatan tanda-tanda perbekalan haji, seperti pembuatan tanda pita, masker, atau slendang leher, melatih penanaman tanaman apotik hidup, dan pembuatan beberapa barang untuk memepersiapkan keberangkatan haji, misalnya tas-tas kecil untuk penyimpanan barang dan lainnya. Ketiga ialah dengan menumbuhkan jamaah mandiri dengan cara lebih banyak memberikan peluang temu dengan jamaah lain agar tumbuh optimisme dalam diri calon jamaah.
KUALITAS NUTRISI ANEKA TEPUNG DAN KUE TALAM BERBASIS BAHAN PANGAN PULAU ENGGANO DENGAN PENAMBAHAN Lactobacillus plantarum B110 [Nutrition Quality of Various Flour and Talam Cake Based on Enggano Island Food Material Added with Lactobacillus plantarum B110] Khusniati, Tatik; Sulistiani, Sulistiani; Choliq, Abdul; Nanta, Dhea Loka; Wardani, Dita Kusuma; Saraswati, Dahniar
BERITA BIOLOGI Vol 15, No 3 (2016)
Publisher : Research Center for Biology-Indonesian Institute of Sciences

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14203/beritabiologi.v15i3.2222

Abstract

Nine foodstuffs from Enggano island were processed to flour as wheat flour alternative. To increase flour quality and its derivative product, Lactobacillus-plantarum B110 was added those flour and talam cake made from such flour. They were forest cassava (Dioscorea sp.), ararut sago (Marantha arundinacea), tacca (Tacca Leontopetaloides), egg taro (Alocasia sp.), oil taro (Alocasia sp.), gadung (Dioscorea hispida), gogo rice (Oryza sativa), corn (Zea mays), and belinjo (Gnetum gnemon).  The quality assessment consisted of HCN detection (qualitative), nutrition contents (proximate analysis), acid  (titration method), glucose (GOD-POD kit), and organoleptic tests (20 panelists). The results show that acid and glucose contents of the nine flours increased after L. plantarum B110 addition. Acid content of  the flours was 0.0144-0.2475%, while  glucose was  0.056-0.449%.  Carbohydrate, energy and acid contents of L. plantarum B110 talam cake were higher than control, which those were 34.13%, 190.33 cal/100gr, 0.00082%, while protein, lipid, water, ash were 1.75%, 5.22%, 57.9 %, 1.01%, respectively. The talam cake was accepted by panelists with values: 5.50 (taste), 5.6 (colour), 4.55 (flavour), 4.00 (texture), 4.35 (homogeneous). It was concluded that the flour and talam cake quality increased with addition of L. plantarum B110. 
AKTIVITAS ENZIM PROTEASE DARI Mucorjavanicus YANG DITUMBUHKAN PADA MEDIA TEPUNG SINGKONG {Mannihot utilissima) Choliq, Abdul
BERITA BIOLOGI Vol 9, No 3 (2008)
Publisher : Research Center for Biology-Indonesian Institute of Sciences

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (265.701 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/beritabiologi.v9i3.786

Abstract

The experiment was conducted to study the activity of protease from Mucor javanicus in cassava flour media. The influence of peptone and incubation time to the production of the enzyme,and the influence of pH and temperature to the activity of protease were studied. The production of protease was conducted in the flask (100 ml) which contain 17.5 g cassava flour and SO ml aqueous media.The species of M.javanicus observed consist of 10 strains. The strain of M.javanicus which has the highest production of protease among the tenth was incubated in cassava flour media with 3 variations of incubation time (4, 7 and 10 days) and 5 variations of peptone concentration (1-5%). The pH and temperature used for protease characterization were pH 4.0-7.0 and 30-70°C, respectively. The results show that the highest protease production with the optimal incubation period 7 days (0.51 U/ml)was M. javanicus M3. The optimal concentration of peptone for protease production was 2 %. The optimal protease activity was reached in pH 5 and temperature 50°C with the value of 4.53 U/ml.
PROSES DAN MOTIF PERUBAHAN MODE BERJILBAB STANDAR KE SYAR’I PADA PELAJAR MA AL IRSYAD GAJAH DEMAK Choliq, Abdul
Islamic Communication Journal Vol 3, No 2 (2018): Edisi Juli - Desember
Publisher : Islamic Communication Journal

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Abstract

Abstract               Headscarves are something that is familiar to Muslim women who function as someones Muslim identity. The change in the standard veil mode to the shariah that occurs in Madrasah Aliyah students is a new thing out of the ordinary in the Madrasah. The change in the veil style is feared to trigger a negative response from the public who often perceive as a dangerous Islamic group. This study discusses the process of change using the hijab syari on students, the motive behind it and the changing attributes after using the hijab syari. The method used in this study is a qualitative method with a phenomenological approach. Data collection is done through interview and observation techniques. The results of this study indicate that the process of change towards the headscarf is done slowly by learning the source of books and the internet without studying the scholars who understand the problem of syara about hijab. Furthermore, there are two motives behind the students decision to switch to the hijab syarI, which is first: the motive for (motive because) in the form of: religious motives, psychological motives and defense motives. Second, the goal motive (in-order-to-motive) is: the motive for receiving charity and the motive for improving worship. While aspects that change after students wear the hijab syarI, namely: first, changes in physical attributes, changes in aspects of psychology and changes in idealism in worship. 
MANAJEMEN BIMBINGAN KELUARGA BAHAGIA MENURUT AGAMA SAMAWI: Islam dan Kristen Saksi-Saksi Yehuwa Choliq, Abdul
Jurnal Ilmu Dakwah Vol 35, No 1 (2015)
Publisher : Da'wa and Communication Faculty State Islamic University Walisongo, Semarang, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21580/jid.v35.1.1253

Abstract

The purpose of this research to know point of view form two samawi religion about familly management problems. As know as, that in this life every people want to live in happy familly. Without judge about religion, clan, or their status. Because of it, many people try to raise their dream to make a happy familly with many way. One of them is implementation religion value in their daily activity. Based from survey by writer, there are many management or manner to build happy familly from religions in this world such us Islam and Kristen Witnesses Yehuwa. In Islam and Kristen Witnesses Yehuwa, there have a good management to build happy familly. Form a doctrinal value or value aplication from holly book.***Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pandangan dari dua sudut agama samawi, tentang persoalan yang berkaitan dengan manajemen keluarga. Sebagaimana di ketahui bahwa dalam kehidupan dunia ini semua orang yang hidup mengharapkan tinggal dalam sebuah keluarga yang bahagia. Tanpa memandang agama, ras, maupun status yang mereka miliki. Hal inilah yang membuat sebagian besar orang mewujudkan cita-cita mereka membangun keluarga yang bahagia dengan menempuh berbagai cara, salah satunya melalui pengamalan ajaran agama sehari-hari dalam kehidupan. Berdasarkan survey yang dilakukan oleh penulis, terdapat berbagai menajemen dalam membangun keluarga bahagia dari beberapa agama yang terdapat di dunia ini di antaranya Islam dan Kristen saksi-saksi yehuwa. Dalam agama islam dan Kristen saksi-saksi yehuwa memiliki manajemen yang bagus dalam membangun keluarga bahagia. Baik dari segi ajaran yang bersifat doktrinal maupun pengaplikasian ajaran yang terdapat dalam kitab suci kedua agama tersebut.
POTENSI PENGEMBANGAN AGROINDUSTRI JAMBU BIJI MERAH DI KABUPATEN BANJARNEGARA Choliq, Abdul; Ambarsari, Indrie; Bahri, Syamsul
Jurnal Litbang Provinsi Jawa Tengah Vol 5, No 1 (2007): Jurnal Litbang Provinsi Jawa Tengah
Publisher : Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Provinsi Jawa Tengah

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.36762/litbangjateng.v5i1.140

Abstract

Banjamegara  is one of the regency that developing of pink guava is potential.  In connection with acceleration  of increasing farmer's  income, developing of pink guava must be supporting  by manulcture di versification. One of them is processing pink guava into puree.  The aimed ofassessment were to know the fanning system and the processing manufacture on pink guava commodity and to knowthe profitable level that was returned.  Study has done on June-September  2006 at Kaliwungu village, sub district ofMandiraja.  The method was used descriptive  analysis  for each characteristic sector and the account offeasibility.  The financial result showed that manufacture  of pink guava on Banjarnegara  is worthy to develop.   NPV on interest  16%  in the amount of Rp.  I 05.319.973,IRR 81 % and B/C ratio 1,06.  Break event point reached at cost of product Rp.   13.842,-  with production capacity  38.550  kg.  
PERSEPSIPETANITERHADAPKEBIJAKANSUBSIDIPUPUK DIDESAMISKIN KABUPATEN BLORA Rusmaji, Rusmaji; Hermawan, Agus; Choliq, Abdul
Jurnal Litbang Provinsi Jawa Tengah Vol 4, No 2 (2006): Jurnal Litbang Provinsi Jawa Tengah
Publisher : Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Provinsi Jawa Tengah

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.36762/litbangjateng.v4i2.101

Abstract

Economic crisis forced Indonesia to ask IMF support .As a consequences, several policies which was not popular had to be taken .In1998, fertilizer subsidy was withdrawn. The policy was espected to have positive impact both on their supply and their prices infarmers level due to the healthy competitive market. However, the impacts of the policy were the price increasing of fertiliers and cost production  as well as the flooding of lower prices imported comodities. A side of farmers  term of trade were lowered, farms' productivity were also decreasing. Cut off Indonesia and IMF relationship made possible for thegovernment to resubsidize the fertilizers since in theend of 2003. Hopefully the policy will encourage farmers to intensify their farming due to the lower cost of production. To findout farmers perception on the resubsidy policy, survey was carried out in Blora District in Agustus-Nopember 2005. Results showed that since farmers pay the fertilizerin cash, thesubsidy withdrawl added their burden. Respondents stated that in the last five years, fertilizers' prices tended to increase. Most respondents hope that urea prices is not more than Rp. l.050,-/kg to make them do not loss money in paddy farming. Only part of farmers stated that urea price should range from Rp.l.100,- to Rp.l.200,-/kg. Unfortunately, most of them (43.95%) stated that less information from the agricultural extension workers caused around 41.12% of respondent did not know the fertilizer subsidy policy. Farmers were also not fully realize the policy. As much as 22.42% of respondents  stated that the fertilizer price was not differ, while 31.77% of them stated that the price even higher compare to the condition before the policy. The result of survey showed that field extension  workers (Penyuluh Pertanian Lapangan) still have significant role as a source of information either in agricultural innovation or govenunent policies. However, repositioning of their job description need to be developed further.
KONTRIBUSI USAHA TANAMAN PERKEBUNAN BAGI PETANI MISKIN DI KABUPATEN TEMANGGUNG Choliq, Abdul; Sarjana, Sarjana; Hermawan, Agus; Arianti, Forita Dyah
Jurnal Litbang Provinsi Jawa Tengah Vol 4, No 2 (2006): Jurnal Litbang Provinsi Jawa Tengah
Publisher : Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Provinsi Jawa Tengah

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.36762/litbangjateng.v4i2.104

Abstract

Since last four years, area harvested  and production  of tobacco  in Temanggung  District tended to decrease due to the low  price of tobacco.  It forces farmers to search alternative  commodities. Survey to find out the role of estate crops for poor farmers was carried  out in September-October 2004 inTernanggung District. The assessment   involved  91 farmers  who coming from three sub districts, i.e.  Pringsurat  Sub District  (medium  land), Kaloran and Kledung  Sub Districts  (both are high land). Results showed that in general agricultural sector was an important as a source of income, in which contributed 30,6 % and 45 % for medium and high land respectively. For high land farmers, estate crops contributed  the highest percentage (14%)  followed by food crops (12%). The dominant estate crops were coffee, tobacco, coconut, clove, and cacao. Tobacco showed the highest revenue (Rp. 2,505 millions/household),   even though also needed the highest production cost (Rp.  1,586 millions/household).  In medium  land, estate crops were in the fourth placed (5%) after livestock (9%), forestry  (8%), and horticulture crops (6%).  Dominant  commodities were coffee, coconut, and clove. Marketing system was not different  in both areas. Aside of coconut, estate crops was firstlyprocessed before being sold in village and sub district markets,  in which was paid in cash. For tobacco commodity, traders were the source of price information,  while for other commodities were neighbours/other   farmers. Based on the analysis, efficiency could be increased through scaling up the farm size. Fanning  consolidation   was promising  to be implemented