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AJARAN SIFAT MELAWAN HUKUM MATERIIL SEBAGAI UPAYA HARMONISASI KETENTUAN HUKUM PIDANA PORNOGRAFI MELALUI INTERNET Christianto, Hwian
IJCLS (Indonesian Journal of Criminal Law Studies) Vol 2, No 1 (2017): Mei 2017 Indonesian Journal of Criminal Law Studies
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Semarang (UNNES)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (272.309 KB) | DOI: 10.15294/ijcls.v2i1.10813

Abstract

Ide ajaran sifat melawan hukum materiil menimbulkan problema kepastian hukum padahal di satu sisi pemberlakuan hukum yang hidup dikehendaki oleh masyarakat. Penelitian dilakukan sebagai upaya menemukan hakikat ajaran sifat melawan hukum materiil dan fungsi ajaran sifat melawan hukum materiil dalam hukum pidana nasional terkait perkembangan hukum internasional. Metode penelitian yuridis normatif dilakukan dengan mengolah bahan hukum primer berupa produk perundang-undangan terkait pornografi dan pemberlakuan ajaran sifat melawan hukum materiil. Didukung dengan bahan hukum sekunder meliputi putusan hakim yang memberlakukan sifat melawan hukum materiil. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa pemberlakuan sifat melawan hukum materiil mendapatkan dasar yuridis untuk diterapkan yaitu KUHP dan Undang-Undang Kekuasaan Kehakiman. Pemberlakuan sifat melawan hukum materiil ini bersumber pada norma kesusilaan yang merupakan sumber dari nilai kesusilaan bukan hanya bangsa Indonesia melainkan dunia. Pemberlakuan sifat melawan hukum materiil berdasarka norma kesusilaan membuka ruang bagi upaya harmonisasi pengaturan larangan pornografi melalui internet. Hal tersebut didasarkan pada pemahaman perbuatan pornografi melalui internet merupakan perbuatan yang merendahkan harkat dan martabat manusia.The idea of unlawful materiil law raises problem of legal certainty whereas on the one hand the application of living law is desired by society. The research was conducted to discover the unlawful materiil law and the function of unlawful materiil law in national criminal law related to the development of interntional law. Normative juridical research method is done by processing primary legal materials in the form of legislation products related to pornography and the enforcement of doctrine of against materiil law. Supported by secondary legal materials includes judges' rulings unlawful materiil law. The results showed that the enforcement of unlawful materiil law get the juridical basis to be applied that is the Criminal Code and the Law of Judicial Power. The enforcement of unlawful materiil law is based on the moral norm which is the source of the decency value not only the Indonesian nation but the world. The enforcement of the unlawful materiil law based on the moral norms open space for the harmonization of the regulation of the prohibition of pornography through internet. It is based on the understanding of pornography through the internet is an act that degrades human dignity.
Perlindungan Hak Anak terhadap Iklan Rokok yang Tidak Memperagakan Wujud Rokok Hwian Christianto
Jurnal Konstitusi Vol 7, No 4 (2010)
Publisher : The Constitutional Court of the Republic of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (525.818 KB) | DOI: 10.31078/jk%x

Abstract

The decision of Constitutional-Court No. 6 /PUU – VII / 2009 (about cigarette’s Promoting Limitation) to make the promotion of  cigarette more clear in action, without6  manifesting it as a legal advertisement   (46 verse (3) UU. No. 32, 2002). Although the cigarette advertisement    is not along with the cigarette’s appearance, it still has a huge effect for children. In this circumstance, an attractive debate will rise up between the economic orientation of the cigarette’s entrepreneur and the Children’s Right-Commission purpose. Both of them also get the protection as an expression of constitutional right6 (27 and 28 A, verse (2) UUD 1945). then over here there is an important meaning of Constitutional – Court’s decision No.6 /PUU – VII / 2009, which gives an answer of the law’s issue whether a cigarette advertisement without the appearance, it still also seize the children’s  constitutional  right.
Tafsir Konstitusionalitas terhadap Batas Usia Pemidanaan Anak Hwian Christianto
Jurnal Konstitusi Vol 8, No 5 (2011)
Publisher : The Constitutional Court of the Republic of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (447.792 KB) | DOI: 10.31078/jk%x

Abstract

Child’s age limit acts is an absolute requirement which shall be notified in order to avoid him or her to be a victim. Acts No. 3, 1997 about     Court of Children  states  that 8 (eight) years old as the limit and it can   be proposed to. Of course this statement brings consequence to children growth’s rights and it is considered as a threat that he/she shall experience an hard law-process. On another hand, the decision of Supreme Court No. 1/PUU-VII/2010 answers this problem, by pulling up the application and deciding 12 years old as a new limit for the accused child. The regulation definitely brings a big change into child’s criminal law concept in Acts No. 3, 1997. The objection of law’s  application as limitation for a child    in the court also said by the applicant and considered as legality and human right trafficking.
KONSEP HAK SESEORANG ATAS TUBUH DALAM TRANSPLANTASI ORGAN BERDASARKAN NILAI KEMANUSIAAN Christianto, Hwian
Jurnal Mimbar Hukum Fakultas Hukum Universitas Gadjah Mada Vol 23, No 1 (2011)
Publisher : Fakultas Hukum Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1.795 KB)

Abstract

The idea of right to body autonomy grows more important as people are able to donate their organs. However, the two conceptions of rights currently applicable, i.e. ‘ownership’ and ‘possession’, are highly inappropriate to be applied to this case because human body is not a property. In this light, humanity purposes constitute stronger concept of bodyautonomy. Pemahaman akan hak atas tubuh menjadi semakin penting ketika seseorang dapat mendonorkan organ tubuhnya. Kedua konsep hak yang selama ini berlaku, yaitu konsep “ownership” dan “possession” ternyata jika diterapkan ke hak atas tubuh sangat tidak sesuai karena tubuh manusia bukanlah barang. Dalam kondisi inilah konsep hak dengan tujuan kemanusiaan memberikan dasar yang kuat tentang hak atas tubuh.
PENAFSIRAN HUKUM PROGRESIF DALAM PERKARA PIDANA Christianto, Hwian
Jurnal Mimbar Hukum Fakultas Hukum Universitas Gadjah Mada Vol 23, No 3 (2011)
Publisher : Fakultas Hukum Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1.795 KB)

Abstract

The progressive law perspective emphasizes discovery of law as an effort to explore the community’s living values. We hold that this perspective suits the need of Indonesian people. Pancasila shall be the absolute limit for judicial authority in interpreting law in order to ensure that discovery of law is in accordance with the ideals of Indonesian nation. Aliran hukum progresif menekankan penemuan hukum sebagai upaya menggali nilai-nilai yang hidup di masyarakat. Pemikiran ini memang sangat sesuai dengan kebutuhan hukum masyarakat Indonesia. Pancasila menjadi batasan yang mutlak bagi kekuasaan kehakiman dalam melakukan penafsiran sehingga penemuan hukum benar-benar terarah sesuai dengan cita-cita bangsa Indonesia.
EKSISTENSI HAK ATAS MATERI PORNOGRAFI BERDASARKAN NORMA KESUSILAAN Christianto, Hwian
Veritas et Justitia Vol 1, No 1 (2015)
Publisher : Faculty of Law, Parahyangan Chatolic University

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Abstract

AbstractThe elucidation of Art. 4 Act No. 44, 2008 implicitly protects a person’s right to possess pornographic materials for his own use. This article argues that this reading opens up a number of moral problems.  For one thing what is the limit of legal and illegal porn, a question which cannot be separated from our understanding of what is considered indecent behaviour. In addition, the porn industry, the source of pornographic materials, is considered immoral or against religious precepts in itself.  The right to posses pornographic materials will be discussed from this perspective. Keywords: right to own porn material, moral norm, special/general right, adat law, human right
AJARAN SIFAT MELAWAN HUKUM MATERIIL SEBAGAI UPAYA HARMONISASI KETENTUAN HUKUM PIDANA PORNOGRAFI MELALUI INTERNET Christianto, Hwian
INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF CRIMINAL LAW STUDIES Vol 2, No 1 (2017): Mei 2017
Publisher : INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF CRIMINAL LAW STUDIES

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Ide ajaran sifat melawan hukum materiil menimbulkan problema kepastian hukum padahal di satu sisi pemberlakuan hukum yang hidup dikehendaki oleh masyarakat. Penelitian dilakukan sebagai upaya menemukan hakikat ajaran sifat melawan hukum materiil dan fungsi ajaran sifat melawan hukum materiil dalam hukum pidana nasional terkait perkembangan hukum internasional. Metode penelitian yuridis normatif dilakukan dengan mengolah bahan hukum primer berupa produk perundang-undangan terkait pornografi dan pemberlakuan ajaran sifat melawan hukum materiil. Didukung dengan bahan hukum sekunder meliputi putusan hakim yang memberlakukan sifat melawan hukum materiil. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa pemberlakuan sifat melawan hukum materiil mendapatkan dasar yuridis untuk diterapkan yaitu KUHP dan Undang-Undang Kekuasaan Kehakiman. Pemberlakuan sifat melawan hukum materiil ini bersumber pada norma kesusilaan yang merupakan sumber dari nilai kesusilaan bukan hanya bangsa Indonesia melainkan dunia. Pemberlakuan sifat melawan hukum materiil berdasarka norma kesusilaan membuka ruang bagi upaya harmonisasi pengaturan larangan pornografi melalui internet. Hal tersebut didasarkan pada pemahaman perbuatan pornografi melalui internet merupakan perbuatan yang merendahkan harkat dan martabat manusia.  The idea of  unlawful materiil law raises problem of legal certainty whereas on the one hand the application of living law is desired by society. The research was conducted to discover the unlawful materiil law and the function of unlawful materiil law in national criminal law related to the development of interntional law. Normative juridical research method is done by processing primary legal materials in the form of legislation products related to pornography and the enforcement of doctrine of against materiil law. Supported by secondary legal materials includes judges rulings unlawful materiil law. The results showed that the enforcement of unlawful materiil law get the juridical basis to be applied that is the Criminal Code and the Law of Judicial Power. The enforcement of unlawful materiil law is based on the moral norm which is the source of the decency value not only the Indonesian nation but the world. The enforcement of the unlawful materiil law based on the moral norms open space for the harmonization of the regulation of the prohibition of pornography through internet. It is based on the understanding of pornography through the internet is an act that degrades human dignity.
Perlindungan Hak Anak terhadap Iklan Rokok yang Tidak Memperagakan Wujud Rokok Christianto, Hwian
Jurnal Konstitusi Vol 7, No 4 (2010)
Publisher : Mahkamah Konstitusi Republik Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (525.818 KB) | DOI: 10.31078/jk%x

Abstract

The decision of Constitutional-Court No. 6 /PUU – VII / 2009 (about cigarette’s Promoting Limitation) to make the promotion of  cigarette more clear in action, without6  manifesting it as a legal advertisement   (46 verse (3) UU. No. 32, 2002). Although the cigarette advertisement    is not along with the cigarette’s appearance, it still has a huge effect for children. In this circumstance, an attractive debate will rise up between the economic orientation of the cigarette’s entrepreneur and the Children’s Right-Commission purpose. Both of them also get the protection as an expression of constitutional right6 (27 and 28 A, verse (2) UUD 1945). then over here there is an important meaning of Constitutional – Court’s decision No.6 /PUU – VII / 2009, which gives an answer of the law’s issue whether a cigarette advertisement without the appearance, it still also seize the children’s  constitutional  right.
Tafsir Konstitusionalitas terhadap Batas Usia Pemidanaan Anak Christianto, Hwian
Jurnal Konstitusi Vol 8, No 5 (2011)
Publisher : Mahkamah Konstitusi Republik Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (447.792 KB) | DOI: 10.31078/jk%x

Abstract

Child’s age limit acts is an absolute requirement which shall be notified in order to avoid him or her to be a victim. Acts No. 3, 1997 about     Court of Children  states  that 8 (eight) years old as the limit and it can   be proposed to. Of course this statement brings consequence to children growth’s rights and it is considered as a threat that he/she shall experience an hard law-process. On another hand, the decision of Supreme Court No. 1/PUU-VII/2010 answers this problem, by pulling up the application and deciding 12 years old as a new limit for the accused child. The regulation definitely brings a big change into child’s criminal law concept in Acts No. 3, 1997. The objection of law’s  application as limitation for a child    in the court also said by the applicant and considered as legality and human right trafficking.
Revenge porn sebagai Kejahatan Kesusilaan Khusus: perspektif Sobural Christianto, Hwian
Veritas et Justitia Vol 3, No 2 (2017): Veritas et Justitia
Publisher : Faculty of Law, Parahyangan Catholic University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.25123/vej.2682

Abstract

Revenge porn is a new growing modus operandi of crime in society. Law enforcement still considers porn revenge as a pornographic crime in general as it is an activity of disseminating information that violates decency. Approach used by law enforcement in assessing revenge porn is still limited to  formal juridical approach without considering the characteristics of porn revenge that substantive justice is not fulfilled. As part of a full understanding of porn revenge, a Criminological understanding of the Sobural approach is made. Two issues to be studied are (1) what is the significance of using the Sobural approach? And  (2) Is revenge porn a decency crime based on the Sobural approach? Empirical  juridical research method is used in this study by basing on a primer in the form of legislation supported by criminal law theory related to revenge porn. Exposure from primary data is associated with secondary data in the form of Judge Judgment to see understanding of defeating of revenge porn by a judge.  The results of the study show that criminological understanding of porn revenge provides a very significant different approach in criminal law. Revenge porn is judged by the context of the community in which the perpetrators and acts of revenge porn are performed. Sobural (Social, Cultural and Structural) approach affirms contextual assessment of porn revenge based on social values, cultural values and structural factors of society. The approach of these three elements has a close correlation with the moral norms as the measure of defamation of crime of pornography as a decency crime. The integration of the Sobural approach to the understanding of moral norms in assessing porn revenge will provide an opportunity for the enforcement of living laws in society.