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Journal : Jurnal Konstitusi

Perlindungan Hak Anak terhadap Iklan Rokok yang Tidak Memperagakan Wujud Rokok Hwian Christianto
Jurnal Konstitusi Vol 7, No 4 (2010)
Publisher : The Constitutional Court of the Republic of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (525.818 KB) | DOI: 10.31078/jk745

Abstract

The decision of Constitutional-Court No. 6 /PUU – VII / 2009 (about cigarette’s Promoting Limitation) to make the promotion of  cigarette more clear in action, without6  manifesting it as a legal advertisement   (46 verse (3) UU. No. 32, 2002). Although the cigarette advertisement    is not along with the cigarette’s appearance, it still has a huge effect for children. In this circumstance, an attractive debate will rise up between the economic orientation of the cigarette’s entrepreneur and the Children’s Right-Commission purpose. Both of them also get the protection as an expression of constitutional right6 (27 and 28 A, verse (2) UUD 1945). then over here there is an important meaning of Constitutional – Court’s decision No.6 /PUU – VII / 2009, which gives an answer of the law’s issue whether a cigarette advertisement without the appearance, it still also seize the children’s  constitutional  right.
Arti Penting Surat Pemberitahuan Dimulainya Penyidikan: Kajian Putusan Mahkamah Konstitusi Nomor 130/PUU-XIII/2015 Hwian Christianto
Jurnal Konstitusi Vol 16, No 1 (2019)
Publisher : The Constitutional Court of the Republic of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (413.853 KB) | DOI: 10.31078/jk1619

Abstract

Putusan Mahkamah Konstitusi Nomor 130/PUU-XIII/2015 tidak hanya sekedar memberikan perubahan kepada rumusan Pasal 109 ayat (1) KUHAP akan tetapi penekanan konsep hukum acara pidana yang berlaku. Keberadaan Putusan membawa problematika tersendiri dalam hukum acara pidana Indonesia yang berlaku selama ini sehingga kajian terhadap Surat Pemberitahuan Dimulainya Penyidikan (SPDP) penting dilakukan berdasarkan asas hukum acara pidana dan jaminan hak asasi manusia. Metode penelitian yuridis normatif menganalisis pertimbangan Mahkamah Konstitusi menurut asas hukum acara pidana, ketentuan hukum yang berlaku dan instumen hukum internsional dan nasional terkait hak asasi manusia. Hasil analisis yang diperoleh antara lain pertama, keharusan pemberitahuan SPDP kepada tersangka, korban, dan penuntut umum menunjukkan adanya pergeseran konsep Crime Control Model ke konsep Due Process Model sekaligus sebuah terobosan hukum yang didasarkan pada tujuh asas hukum acara pidana yang berlaku. Mahkamah Konstitusi menunjukkan konsistensi sistem acara pidana yang mengedepankan prinsip diferensiasi fungsional antara penyidik dan penuntut umum sebagai integrated criminal justice system; kedua Pemahaman akan arti penting penyampaian SPDP juga memenuhi hak asasi manusia yang dimiliki oleh tersangka, korban dan Negara.The Decision of Constitutional Court Number 130/PUU-XIII/2015 did not only change the formula of Article 109 paragraph (1) of the Criminal Code, but also the focus of the legal concept of the law in order. The existence of the decision has brought problems in the Criminal Code in effect, so the analysis of the Notification Letter of the Commencement of Investigation is important based on the legal base of the Criminal Code and the guarantee of human rights. A normative juridical method was used in analyzing the consideration of the Constitutional Court according to the Criminal Code, the provisions which were in effect and international and national legal instruments related to the human rights. The result of the analysis showed that, first, SPDP must be issued to the suspect, victim, and the prosecutor to show the movement of the concept of crime control model to the concept of due process model as well as a legal breakthrough based on the seven bases of the Criminal Code in effect. The Constitutional Court showed the consistency in the system of crime which put forward the principal of functional differentiation between the investigator and the prosecutor as the integrated criminal justice system; secondly, the understanding of the important meaning of issuing SPDP also fulfilled human rights of the suspect, the victim, and the country.
Tafsir Konstitusionalitas terhadap Batas Usia Pemidanaan Anak Hwian Christianto
Jurnal Konstitusi Vol 8, No 5 (2011)
Publisher : The Constitutional Court of the Republic of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (447.792 KB) | DOI: 10.31078/jk855

Abstract

Child’s age limit acts is an absolute requirement which shall be notified in order to avoid him or her to be a victim. Acts No. 3, 1997 about     Court of Children  states  that 8 (eight) years old as the limit and it can   be proposed to. Of course this statement brings consequence to children growth’s rights and it is considered as a threat that he/she shall experience an hard law-process. On another hand, the decision of Supreme Court No. 1/PUU-VII/2010 answers this problem, by pulling up the application and deciding 12 years old as a new limit for the accused child. The regulation definitely brings a big change into child’s criminal law concept in Acts No. 3, 1997. The objection of law’s  application as limitation for a child    in the court also said by the applicant and considered as legality and human right trafficking.