Razali Daud
Clinic Laboratory Of Veterinary Medicine, Faculty Of Veterinary Medicine, Syiah Kuala University, Jln Tgk Hasan Kreung Kalee No 4, Banda Aceh, Nangroe Aceh Darusalam, Indonesia 23111

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The Use of Sour Soup (Annona murricata) Seed Powder as Acaricide on Cow and Goat Yudha Fahrimal; Razali Daud; Adi Chandra; Syauki Iqbal; Roslizawaty Roslizawaty
Jurnal Kedokteran Hewan Vol 4, No 1 (2010): March
Publisher : Universitas Syiah Kuala

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21157/j.ked.hewan.v4i1.9797

Abstract

This research was aimed to study curative effect of sour soup seed powder on cattle invested with ticks and goat infected with scabies. This study was using 12 cattle invested with ticks and 12 goats with scabies. The cattle divided into 4 groups (S1, S2, S3 and S4) while goats were divided into 3 groups (K1, K2, and K3) equally. For cattle with ticks group S1 received water (control group), while group S2, S3, and S4 received 1%, 5%, and 10% sour soup powder respectively. Ticks that fell to the ground and not engorged were collected and identified. Statistical analysis showed that all concentrations of sour soup were effective in paralyzing and or killing ticks of the genera Boophilus sp. and Dermacentor sp. but were not effective against Rhipicepalus sp. For goats with scabies, groups K1, K2, and K3 received 1, 5 and 10% sour soup powder respectively mixed with water applied to whole area of infected and uninfected skin surrounding infected area. Number of mites per cm2 before and after treatment was counted. Statistical analysis showed that 1, 5, and 10% sour soup powder effective in reducing the number of scabies mites on day 1 and 7 after treatment and were significantly different from those number of mites before treatment (P0.01). Statistical analysis also showed that no significant difference among concentration of sour soup seed powder in decreasing the number of mites (P0.05).
The Effect of Vitamin E Supplementation on the Histopathological Changes of The Hearts Mice Given High Fat Diet Razali Daud
Jurnal Kedokteran Hewan Vol 1, No 1 (2007): March
Publisher : Universitas Syiah Kuala

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21157/j.ked.hewan.v1i1.3121

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The aim of this study was to determine the protective effect of vitamin E on mice heart. Twentyfivemalemiceweighing±40gattheageof3monthswereused.Themicewereadaptedforaweekandfedbasaldiet.Themicewerefednormaldietascontrol(group1),highfat+50IUVitaminE(groupII);highfat + 100 IU Vitamin E (group III) high fat + 200 IU Vitamin E (group IV); high fat + 400 IUVitamin E (Group V). Diet was given about 10% body weight, water was given ad libitum every day. After 3 months, all animal were then killed. The hearts were collected for routine histopathologicalexamination. The result indicate that lesions in the heart consist of swollen eosinophilic hyalinization ofcytoplasm, vacuolization, and necrosis myocardium (cardiomiopathy) in all mice receiving high fat dietwith less than 400 IU Vitamin E.Keywords: high fat diet, vitamin E, cardiovascular diseases 
Effect of Vitamin E Supplementation in the Low Density Lipoprotein Consentration and Histopatologic Changes of the Wistar Rats Aorta Given High Fat Diet Razali Daud
Jurnal Medika Veterinaria Vol 8, No 1 (2014): J. Med. Vet.
Publisher : Universitas Syiah Kuala

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (119.355 KB) | DOI: 10.21157/j.med.vet..v8i1.3341

Abstract

The aims of this research were: a) to determine the protective effect of vitamin E in the low density lipoprotein concentration and aorta , b) to give information, especially in the relationship between the high fat diet and the incidence of cardiovascular diseases. Twenty five male wistarrats weighing 200–250 grams at the age of 3 months were used in this study. Completely randomized design was implemented for thisexperiment. The rats were acclimated for a week and fed with CP 521 (basal). The rats were then randomly allotted into 5 groups, 5 sampleseach. The rats were fed basal (CP 521) as control (G I), high fat diet (CP 521 + palm oil 10%) + 50 IU vitamin E (G II), high fat diet fat + 100IU vitamin E (G III), high fat diet + 200 IU vitamin E (G IV) and high fat diet + 400 IU vitamin E (G V). Diets were given about 10% of bodyweigh and it’s fed up every day. Water was given ad libitum. Based on statistically analysis showed that very significance (P0,01) between thetreatment. Result indicated that given high fat diet + 400 IU vitamin E could apparently reduce LDL concentration, Lesion in the aortaconsisting of hemorrhagic and hyperemic were found in all rats receiving high fat diet supplemented with less than 400 IU vitamin E. The ratsreceiving high fat diet + 400 IU vitamin E (G V) the aorta were normal. It was concluded that the diet containing high fat and high vitamin Esupplementation (400 IU ration) in the diet could protected the incidence of atherosclerosis.____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________Key words: atherosclerosis, high fat diet, vitamin E, 
Perbandingan Aktivitas Antelmintik Albendazole dan Levamisole terhadap Ascaridia galli secara In Vitro Ummu Balqis; Muhammad Hambal; . Darmawi; Abdul Harris; . Rasmaidar; Farida Athaillah; . Muttaqien; . Azhar; . Ismail; Razali Daud
Acta VETERINARIA Indonesiana Vol. 4 No. 2 (2016): Juli 2016
Publisher : IPB University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (220.142 KB) | DOI: 10.29244/avi.4.2.97-102

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Penelitian ini meneliti aktivitas antelmintik albendazole dan levamisole terhadap hambatan motilitas, percepatan waktu paralisis, dan motilitas cacing Ascaridia galli dewasa secara in vitro. Sebanyak empat ekor cacing masing dibuat triplikat dalam NaCl 0,9% masing-masing dengan konsentrasi 15 mg/ml Albendazole, dan 0.6 mg/ml Levamisole. Motilitas cacing diamati pada interval 10, 20, 30, dan 40 jam. Paralisis dan kematian diamati pada tampilan tidak ada pergerakan badan pada bagian kepala dan ekor cacing. Hasil menunjukkan bahwa aktivitas albendazole dan levamisole terhadap mortalitas A. galli berturut-turut terjadi pada 40 dan 30 jam pasca inkubasi. Levamisole dapat menghambat motilitas A. galli pada jam ke 10 dan juga menyebabkan lebih awal paralisis pada 6,75 ± 0,50 jam pasca inkubasi. Kajian tersebut mengindikasikan bahwa aktivitas antelmintik levamisole lebih awal dibandingkan efek albendazole pada cacing A. galli.
Observasi Kesembuhan Distant Skin Flap yang dirawat dengan Dry Dressing dan Moist Dressing Erwin Erwin; Syafruddin Syafruddin; Fadrial Karmil; Sugito Sugito; Razali Daud; Roslizawaty Roslizawaty; Zainuddin Zainuddin; Roby Luksmana
Acta VETERINARIA Indonesiana Vol. 8 No. 2 (2020): Juli 2020
Publisher : IPB University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (848.855 KB)

Abstract

Distant flap adalah teknik bedah untuk merekonstruksi luka yang jauh dari sumber flaps berasal. Penelitian ini bertujuan mengetahui perbedaan kesembuhan luka distant skin flap dengan perawatan dry dressing dan moist dressing secara subjektif dan objektif. Penelitian ini menggunakan 6 ekor kucing lokal jantan berumur 1-2 tahun dengan berat badan 2-3 kg, dibagi menjadi 2 kelompok perlakuan. Semua kucing dibuat luka dengan ukuran 2x2 cm pada kulit metacarpus, luka ditangani dengan teknik distant skin flap yang berasal dari lateral thoraks sebagai sumber flaps. Distant skin flap dirawat dengan dry dressing menggunakan kasa steril (K-I) dan moist dressing menggunakan sofratulle® (K-II). Pengamatan subjektif kesembuhan distant skin flap pada hari ke-3, 6, 9 dan 12 pasca bedah, sedangkan uji pendarahan dan pengamatan objektif pada hari ke-18 pasca bedah. Data kuantitatif pengamatan subjektif dan objektif dianalisis menggunakan analisis varian multivariate dan post hoc test Duncan dengan bantuan perangkat lunak SPSS versi 25. Hasil pengamatan subjektif menunjukkan kesembuhan luka distant skin flap yang dirawat dengan moist dressing lebih baik dari pada dry dressing. Hari ke-12 warna kulit flaps kembali sama dengan kulit sekitar, respon nyeri berkurang, dan pertumbuhan rambut lebih cepat. Pengamatan objektif menunjukkan waktu absorbsi NaCl 0,9% dan efek obat lebih cepat pada kelompok moist dressing. Kesembuhan distant skin flap yang dirawat dengan moist dressing lebih cepat dibandingkan dengan dry dressing.
Motilitas Ascaridia galli Dewasa dalam Larutan Ekstrak Etanol Biji Palem Putri (Veitchia merrillii) Ummu Balqis; Darmawi Darmawi; Maryam Maryam; Muslina Muslina; Abdullah Hamzah; Razali Daud; Muhammad Hambal; Rinidar Rinidar; Abdul Harris; Muttaqien Muttaqien; Azhar Azhar; Eliawardani Eliawardani
Jurnal Agripet Vol 16, No 1 (2016): Volume 16, N0. 1, April 2016
Publisher : Agricultural Faculty

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (251.142 KB) | DOI: 10.17969/agripet.v16i1.3022

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ABSTRAK. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mengetahui motilitas Ascaridia galli dewasa dalam ekstrak etanol biji Veitchia merrillii. Ekstrak etanol V. merrillii dianalisis fitokimia. Sebanyak 16 ekor cacing A. galli dewasa dibagi kedalam empat kelompok. Cacing pada kelompok pertama adalah kelompok tanpa perlakuan. Cacing pada kelompok kedua diberi 0,6 mg/ml levamisole. Cacing pada masing-masing kelompok ketiga dan keempat diberi 50 dan 100 mg/ml crude ekstrak biji V. merrillii. Motilitas A. galli ditentukan dalam skor persentase setelah 12, 24, 36 jam dengan menggunakan kriteria: 3 (badan bergerak), 2 (hanya sebagian badan bergerak), 1 (tidak bergerak tetapi masih hidup), 0 (mati). Hasil fitokimia V. merrillii mengandung alkaloids, saponins, tannins, flavonoids, terpenoids. Ekstrak biji V. merrillii dosis 100 mg/ml secara in vitro dapat mempersingkat selama 12 jam waktu motilitas cacing A. galli dewasa. Penelitian ini mengindikasikan potensi anthelmintik berbasis herbal untuk pengendalian A. galli.  (Motility of Ascaridia galli adult worms in vitro in ethanolic extracts of Nuts Veitchia merrillii) ABSTRACT. The purpose of this research was to know the motility of Ascaridia galli adult worms in aqueous ethanolic extracts of nuts Veitchia merrillii. The ethanolic extract of the V. merrillii was analyzed. Amount of sixteen head A. galli adult worms were divided into four groups. The first group, worms were left as un-treated normal controls. The second group, worms were treated with concentrations of 0,6 mg/ml levamisole. The third and fourth group, worms were treated with crude aqueous ethanolic extract of 50 and 100 mg/ml concentrations nuts of the V. merrillii, respectively. Motility of A. galli were determined after 12, 24, 36 hour by mean of persentage scored using the following criteria: 3 (moving whole body), 2 (moving only parts of the body), 1 (immobile but alive), and 0 (died). The result of phytochemical V. merrillii contains alkaloids, saponins, flavonoids, tannins, and terpenoids. V. merrillii nuts extract concentrations of 100 mg/ml in vitro can shorten the time motility A. galli adult worms for 12 hours. The study indicated the potential for developing herbal-based anthelmintics to control A. galli.
RESPONS ANTIBODI AYAM PETELUR YANG DIBERIKAN PROTEIN EKSKRETORI/SEKRETORI DAN DITANTANG DENGAN TELUR INFEKTIF Ascaridia galli Darmawi D; Ummu Balqis; Risa Tiuria; Retno Damayanti Soejoedoeno; Fachriyan Hasymi Pasaribu; Muhammad Hambal; Razali Daud
Jurnal Kedokteran Hewan Vol 7, No 2 (2013): September
Publisher : Universitas Syiah Kuala

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21157/j.ked.hewan.v7i2.929

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Penelitian ini bertujuan mengetahui respons antibodi dalam serum ayam petelur terhadap ekskretori/sekretori, dan ditantang dengan telur infektif Ascaridia galli (A. galli) Sebanyak 12 ekor ayam dibagi dalam empat kelompok. Kelompok pertama adalah ayam yang tidak diimunisasi dan tidak diinfeksi (kontrol), kelompok kedua adalah ayam yang diimunisasi dengan dosis 260 µg ekskretori/sekretori larva A. galli, kelompok ketiga adalah ayam yang diinfeksi dengan dosis 1000 telur infektif A. galli, dan kelompok keempat adalah ayam yang diimunisasi dengan dosis 260 µg ekskretori/sekretori dan satu minggu kemudian ditantang dengan dosis 1000 telur infektif A. galli. Respons antibodi pada masing-masing kelompok dianalisis dengan uji enzymelinkedimmunosorbantassay (ELISA) setiap satu minggu selama 10 minggu pascainfeksi. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa imunisasi dan atau infeksi dapat memicu peningkatan titer antibodi serum secara signifikan (P0,05) selama 10 minggu pascainfeksi. Titer tertinggi adalah 2,63±1,20 OD (optical density) dicapai pada minggu ke-3 pascainfeksi dan titer terendah adalah 1,51±0,48 OD pada minggu ke-0. Ekskretori/sekretori dapat memicu respons antibodi serum ayam petelur terhadap A. galli.
35. The distribution of melanomacrophage center in liver and kidney of Tilapia fish that infected by Aeromonas hydrophilic Dian Pratiwi; Dwinna Aliza; Nazarudin Nazarudin; Zuhrawati Zuhrawati; Hamdani Budiman; Razali Daud
Jurnal Medika Veterinaria Vol 13, No 2 (2019): J. Med. Vet.
Publisher : Universitas Syiah Kuala

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21157/j.med.vet..v13i2.3648

Abstract

This research aims was to determine the number of melanomacrophage center (MMC) in the liver and kidney of tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) were injected A.hydrophila. This research uses 15 tilapia fish with an average weight of 200-300 g were divided into 5 groups, the control group, and four treatment groups. All treatment groups were injected bacteria A. hydrophila 10-5 CFU dose as much as 0.01 ml intramuscularly. Kidney and liver of tilapia in the control group and K1 were collected on day 1 post-injection, K2 on day 2 post-injection, K3 on day 3 post-injection, K4 on day 4 post-injection, and K5 on day 5 post-injection. MMC Joomla Data were analyzed by ANOVA. Results of the study group K0, K1, K2, K3, K4, and K5 in the liver was 20 ± 18.19 K0, K1 55.67 ± 38.81, 69.67 ± 18.19 K2, K3 80.33 ± 6, 42, 84 ± 6 K4, K5 88.33 ± 4.9. While the results of the kidneys was 32 ± 4.0 K0, K1 57 ± 41.9, 112.3 ± 16.4 K2, K3 113.3 ± 15.3, 96.3 ± 13.5 K4, K5 119.6 ± 30.4. Conclusion The infection of the longer period the higher the number of MMC.
IDENTIFIKASI PARASIT PADA IKAN TONGKOL (Euthynnus affinis) DI TEMPAT PELELANGAN IKAN LHOKNGA ACEH BESAR (Identification of Parasites in Mackerel (Euthynnus affinis) at Fish Auction in Lhoknga Aceh Besar) Nurul Hidayati; Muttaqien Bakri; Rusli Rusli; Yudha Fahrimal; Muhammad Hambal; Razali Daud
Jurnal Medika Veterinaria Vol 10, No 1 (2016): J. Med. Vet.
Publisher : Universitas Syiah Kuala

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (209.344 KB) | DOI: 10.21157/j.med.vet..v10i1.4027

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The objective of this study was to identify parasites that infect mackerel fish (Euthynnus affinis) at fish auction in Lhoknga, Aceh Besar. Fifteen mackerel fish collected from fish auction in Lhoknga were examined at Parasitology Laboratory, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine Syiah Kuala University Banda Aceh to observe the presence of ectoparasites and endoparasites. The ectoparasite examination was conducted by observation of the external body part and then examined under microscope, while endoparasite examination conducted by observation of inner surface of digestive tract. The data showed that two types parasites infested the mackerel fish at fish auction in Lhoknga were Anisakis simplex and Neobenedia melleni. A total of 87% mackerel fish was infested with A. simplex and 7% was infested with N. melleni.
1. Diversity of Parasites on the Garing Fish (Tor tambroides) in Jorong Ikan Banyak River, Gunuang Omeh Subdistrict, Lima Puluh Kota Regency, West Sumatera Province Zulhamezi Nofila; Yudha Fahrimal; Razali Daud
Jurnal Medika Veterinaria Vol 14, No 2 (2020): J.Med.Vet
Publisher : Universitas Syiah Kuala

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21157/j.med.vet..v14i2.9933

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The study aims to determine diversity of parasites that infect garing fish and determine their prevalence. A total of 50 garing fish samples were taken from three places, 17 fishes from the forbidden pool of Lubuk Sati, 16 fishes from the forbidden pool of Batu Subalah and 17 fishes from the forbidden pool of Lubuk Pinang along the Jorong Ikan Banyak River, Gunuang Omeh Subdistricts, Lima Puluh Kota Regency West Sumatra Province. Garing fish sample were examined in the parasitology laboratory of Bukittinggi Veterinary institute for examination of ectoparasites and endoparasites, using the natif method. The result research found that five ectoparasites that infect the garing fish is Dactylogyrus sp. was found on the gills with 38.1% prevalence, Gyrodactylus sp. was found in fins and mucus with a prevalence of 14%, Ichtyopthirius multifiliis was found in gill, mucus and fins with 36.7% prevalence, Trichodina sp. was found in the fins and mucus with a prevalence of 5.9%, Argulus sp. found on fins and mucus with a prevalence of  7.% and there are two endoparasites that infect the garing fish they are Camallanus sp. in the intestine with a prevalence of 7.9%  and Capillaria sp. in intestine with  prevalence of 10.1%.