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KESIAPSIAGAAN KOMUNITAS PESISIR MENGHADAPI ANCAMAN BENCANA GEMPA BUMI DAN TSUNAMI (Studi Kasus di Nagari Tiku Selatan, Kecamatan Tanjung Mutiara, Kabupaten Agam) Wahyu Hamdika; Alfan Miko; Afrizal Afrizal
JISPO : Jurnal Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik Vol 9, No 2 (2019): JISPO Vol 9 No 2 2019
Publisher : Centre for Asian Social Science Research (CASSR), FISIP, UIN Bandung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15575/jispo.v9i2.6205

Abstract

As a country with high disaster risk, the Indonesian people must prepare and anticipate disasters. The success of the disaster that hit Indonesia confirms that disasters are part of the daily lives of Indonesian people that must be responded wisely. In such conditions, disaster alertness and response also makes efforts to respond to disasters not only limited to curative aspects. This article discusses the ability of coastal communities in their preparedness efforts to face the threat of earthquakes & tsunamis. The communities studied were households that lived along the coast. Using a qualitative research approach, a case study in South Tiku Nagari and using the Theory of Structure of Antony Giddens Duality between agents and structure, this article shows that the ability of coastal communities in their preparedness to face the threat of earthquakes & tsunamis consists of earthquake safety dissemination in homes, bag distribution disaster preparedness, simulation of the tsunami early warning system, earthquake & tsunami simulations, the presence of disaster preparedness savings, increasing evacuation routes regularly, and applying the sister village concept to reduce risk.
PERILAKU DAN SIKAP WARGA TERHADAP PENGELOLAAN SAMPAH DI BANTARAN CILIWUNG Dian Maulana; Afrizal Afrizal; Irsan Ryanto
SOCIUS Vol 5 No 2 (2018): Jurnal Socius: Journal of Sociology Research and Education, Universitas Negeri Pa
Publisher : Labor Jurusan Sosiologi Fakultas Ilmu Sosial Universitas Negeri Padang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24036/scs.v5i2.116

Abstract

Arus urbanisasi ke Jakarta membuat kondisi bantaran Ciliwung semakin memprihatinkan. Para pendatang yang rata-rata kurang berpendidikan dan berpenghasilan rendah, terpaksa tinggal di sepanjang Bantaran sungai yang memang masih kosong. Banyaknya permukiman kumuh di Jakarta menyebabkan bantaran Ciliwung beralih fungsi menjadi "tempat pembuangan sampah". Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengkaji hubungan antara sikap dan perilaku warga terhadap pengelolaan sampah di Bantaran Ciliwung, Manggarai-Tebet, Jakarta Selatan. Metode penelitian yang digunakan yaitu deskriptif kualitatif pada penelitian berorientasi kewilayahan pada ruang yang sempit dengan tingkat variasi yang rendah menggunakan skala Likert, Uji Koefisien Regresi Parsial (Uji t) dan Uji Koefisien Regresi Secara Bersama-Sama (Uji F). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan 1) perilaku warga terhadap pengelolaan sampah di bantaran Ciliwung termasuk kategori tidak baik dengan nilai rata-rata 1.1 NC; 2) sikap warga terhadap pengelolaan sampah di bantaran Ciliwung termasuk kategori baik dengan nilai rata-rata 3,0 NC; dan 3) koefisien korelasi antara variabel perilaku dan sikap warga dengan pengelolaan sampah rxy sebesar 0,569. Hubungan yang signifikan dan positif antara perilaku dan sikap warga dengan pengelolaan sampah dari hasil penelitian ini dapat kita artikan bahwa perilaku dan sikap warga berpengaruh terhadap pengelolaan sampah. Temuan penelitian ini berarti bahwa semakin tinggi tingkat pendidikan warga maka akan semakin baik pula dalam pengelolaan sampah di bantaran Ciliwung.
Third Party Involvement in The Settlement of Pasar Raya Conflict Post-earthquake 2009 Ikhsan Muharma Putra; Rinel Fitlayeni; Marleni Marleni; Afrizal Afrizal; Indraddin Indraddin
Jurnal Ilmu Sosial Mamangan Vol 8, No 1 (2019)
Publisher : Laboratorium Program Studi Pendidikan Sosiologi, STKIP PGRI Padang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22202/mamangan.v8i1.2950

Abstract

The market is a place for socio-economic activities in the regional economic growth. The existence of the main market began to be disrupted since the September 30th, 2009 earthquake, resulting in damage to the buildings of Pasar Raya Padang. Rapid handling was made by the Padang City Government through the construction of emergency stalls in the form of stalls along Jalan Sandang Pangan. The construction of emergency kiosks was opposed by some traders because of declining income and lack of visitors. This condition triggered a prolonged conflict for five years (2009-2014). The length of this conflict process makes it important to be explored further with regard to the involvement of third parties in resolving the post-2009 earthquake market conflict. This study uses a qualitative approach with the type of descriptive research. Informants in this study were determined by intentional (purposive). Informants who contributed to this finding were 14 people with 5 women and 9 men. This research shows that the third party is the Regional Representative Council of the City of Padang and the National Commission on Human Rights (KOMNASHAM) of the Republic of Indonesia. The third party involvement carried out by the Regional House of Representatives (DPRD) was hearing to the traders of Pasar Raya Padang and involving their representatives at hearings, working meetings of DPRD which discussed issues related to commission II. The next role is the role as the guardian of the Rehabilitation and Reconstruction process and striving for the realization of the budgeting in the Regional Revenue and Expenditure Budget (APBD) in accordance with the needs of traders. Whereas the KOMNASHAM has a position and commitment not in line with the conflicting parties, but its role as a human rights guard positions it structurally as a neutral mediator.
Studi komputasi terhadap struktur, sifat antioksidan, toksisitas dan skor obat dari scopoletin dan turunannya Annisa Wulandari; Afrizal Afrizal; Emriadi Emriadi; Mai Efdi; Imelda
CHEMPUBLISH JOURNAL Vol. 5 No. 1 (2020): Chempublish Journal
Publisher : Universitas Jambi, Fakultas Sains dan Teknologi, Program Studi Kimia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22437/chp.v5i1.9023

Abstract

Studi komputasi pada struktur, sifat antioksidan dari scopoletin dan turunannya telah dipelajari melalui analisis DFT/B3LYP/6-31G dalam fase gas. Analisis toksisitas dengan OSIRIS Property Explorer online telah menunjukkan bahwa scopoletin dan turunannya tidak bersifat mutagenik, tidak menyebabkan tumor dan iritasi, akan tetapi beberapa diantaranya memiliki resiko tinggi terhadap sistem reproduksi. Scopoletin dan turunannya memiliki skor obat berkisar antara 0,270 - 0,503 yang menunjukkan bahwa senyawa tersebut memiliki kemiripan obat yang sebanding dengan obat yang ada. Sifat antioksidan scopoletin dan turunannya dapat dijelaskan dengan baik oleh mekanisme transfer atom hidrogen (TAH) dengan nilai BDE berkisar antara 69,986 - 90,510 Kkal/mol dalam fase gas. Nilai BDE sangat dipengaruhi oleh sifat substituen dan ditemukan bahwa substituen pendorong elektron menurunkan nilai BDE. Nilai BDE menurun dengan urutan dari senyawa 9>6>7>8> scopoletin >1>10>3>5>4>2 dalam fase gas, sehingga urutan kemampuan mendonasikan atom hidrogen adalah 2>4>5>3>10>1> scopoletin >8>7>6 >9. Nilai ΔBDE dari scopoletin dan turunannya pada fase gas berkisar dari -16,064 hingga 4,460 Kkal/mol. Nilai BDE fase gas yang dihitung secara signifikan lebih rendah daripada nilai SET-PT dan PA pada fase gas. Hasil ini lebih lanjut menunjukkan bahwa TAH secara termodinamika lebih disukai daripada SET-PT, PA dan ETE dalam fase gas.
The Structural Factors Facilitating Post-Earthquake Compromise between Contracting Parties Rinel Fitlayeni; Marleni Marleni; Ikhsan Muharma Putra; Afrizal Afrizal; Indraddin Indraddin
MIMBAR (Jurnal Sosial dan Pembangunan) Volume 35, No. 1, Year 2019 [Accredited Sinta 2] No 10/E/KPT/2019]
Publisher : Universitas Islam Bandung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (192.761 KB) | DOI: 10.29313/mimbar.v35i1.4238

Abstract

The earthquake on September 30, 2009 occurred in West Sumatra had caused great loses and damages in several cities, including the central market known as Pasar Raya in Padang City. This condition had led to various malfunctions and local communities were unable to meet post-disaster needs. The government as the authority was not fully in line with local needs that caused the occurrence of several conflicts of interest between the Government and the traders of Pasar Raya. This research is applying the qualitative approach with descriptive types. The informants are selected through purposive sampling technique consisting of traders and the government of Padang City. The data collection techniques are in-depth interviews, document studies, and focus group discussions (FGD). The study results show that the conflicts were no longer took place openly due to the compromise among parties involved with points as follows: a) the involvement of third parties to resolve the conflict, b) personal approach to the traders, c) resolving conflicts through non-litigation by the government.
TEKNOLOGI PENANGANAN PAKAN DENGAN SILASE RANSUM KOMPLIT BERBASIS LIMBAH TEBU UNTUK MENINGKATKAN PRODUKTIVITAS TERNAK KAMBING PERAH DI KABUPATEN AGAM Montesqrit montesqrit; Rusmana Setianingrat; Afrizal Afrizal
Jurnal Pengabdian Warta Andalas Vol 24 No 3 (2017): Warta Pengabdian Andalas
Publisher : Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat (LPPM) Universitas Andalas

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Usaha peternakan kambing perah cukup berkembang di Kabupaten Agam salah satunya kelompok tani Maju Mandiri di Nagari Sungai Pua, Kecamatan Sungai Pua. Pada saat ini memiliki 11 anggota peternak kambing etawa dengan jumlah kambing 70 ekor (50 ekor betina, 3 ekor pejantan dan 20 ekor anak). Secara teknis telah banyak dibina oleh dinas Peternakan Kota Bukittinggi dan Kabupaten Agam dalam manajemen produksi dan manajemen pemasaran, akan tetapi masih kurang dalam manajemen pakan. Tujuan pengabdian masyarakat ini adalah untuk menerapkan iptek di bidang teknologi penanganan pakan dengan silase ransum komplit. Metode yang dilakukan adalah identifikasi bahan baku pakan di lokasi peternak tersebut, penyusunan formulasi ransum, pembuatan silase ransum komplit selama 3 minggu dan aplikasinya pada ternak. Hasil penelitian yang didapatkan banyak bahan pakan lokal yang berpotensi untuk dimanfaatkan seperti daun paitan (Thitonia diversifolia), terung afkir, daun kembung dan daun mikania. Hasil silase ransum komplit yang dibuat kualitasnya bagus yaitu beraroma asam, tekstur lembut, warna agak kehijauan dan tidak berjamur. Silase tersebut sangat disukai oleh ternak dan produksi susu meningkat setelah ternak mengkonsumsinya. Kesimpulannya adalah teknologi penanganan pakan dengan silase ransum komplit sangat diminati oleh kelompok tani tersebut karena teknologinya mudah, penanganan pakan lebih praktis, disukai oleh ternak dan dapat meningkatkan produktivitas.
KONSTRUKSI PEMAKNAAN SIMBOLIS SALAMAN MENCIUM TELAPAK DAN PUNGGUNG TANGAN GURU OLEH SANTRI PONPES NURUL YAQIN Ade Dasrial; Sarmiati Sarmiati; Afrizal Afrizal; Zainal Zainal
AL MUNIR : Jurnal Komunikasi dan Penyiaran Islam Volume 11 Nomor 1 Tahun 2020
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Imam Bonjol Padang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15548/amj-kpi.v0i0.1487

Abstract

This research is about hand-kissing behavior done by santri, students at traditional Muslim school, towards their teachers in Nurul Yaqin Islamic boarding school. Nurul Yaqin's santri-style greetings have their meanings. Researchers focus on discussing the ways, meanings and meanings construction process in the hand-kissing behavior. This study aims to investigate how santri do hand-kissing in detail to their teachers, as well as examine more deeply the meaning and meaning construction process of the symbolic behavior of hand-kissing. This study uses qualitative research methods with a phenomenological approach. The results showed that the hand-kissing was done by kissing the back of the hand, then inverted to then kiss the palm, the kiss is inhaled using the nose. The meaning of the hand-kissing is a symbol of the blessing of zahir and inner knowledge obtained from the teachers to Allah SWT. The construction process of meaning starts from the beginning of the santri entering the cottage. At that time the students had their own meaning to the behavior of the hands-kissing. After some time, the meanings are equated with the meanings given by Shaykh al-Ma'ad. This process of equating meaning is done by asking directly to Shaykh al-Ma'ad, their teachers and seniors.