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Kritik terhadap Teologi Proses dan Pembelaan terhadap Pandangan “Greater Good” dalam Menanggapi Masalah Kejahatan Jessica Novia Layantara
Veritas : Jurnal Teologi dan Pelayanan Vol 16 No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Sekolah Tinggi Teologi SAAT (Southeast Asia Bible Seminary)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (183.939 KB) | DOI: 10.36421/veritas.v16i2.16

Abstract

  Kata-kata kunci: Teodisi, Soft-determinism, Kompatibilisme, Kedaulatan Allah, Masalah Kejahatan, Holocaust, Auschwitz, Teologi Proses, Pembelaan Kehendak Bebas, Teodisi Pembentukan Jiwa, Greater Good Theodicy, John Calvin, John Feinberg   English: Throughout the ages Christian theologians have attempted to understand, from a philosophical vantagepoint, the problem of evil. The Church Fathers as well as theologians during the era of the Reformation have offered a solution that argues from the basis of the greater good. However, solutions of that nature seem to ring hollow when one considers the magnitude and scope of the Holocaust (Auschwitz). In light of that historical reality traditional solutions to the problem of evil seem inadequate. Process theology attempts to overcome the impasse by restricting the attributes of God. The purpose of this article is to critically evaluate contemporary solutions to the problem of evil, especially process theology, as inadequate solutions. Further, to argue for the traditional positional argument of the greater good as offering a tenable solution. Keywords: Theodicy, Soft-determinism, Compatibilism, Sovereignty of God, Problem of Evil, Holocaust, Auschwitz, Process Theology, Free Will Defense, Soul-shaping Theodicy, Greater Good Theodicy, John Calvin, John Feinberg
Beyond the Language: Sebuah Studi Analisis Dan Komparasi antara Konsep Bahasa Roh dalam Teologi Pentakosta dengan Konsep Rede dalam Filsafat Martin Heidegger Jessica Novia Layantara
DUNAMIS: Jurnal Teologi dan Pendidikan Kristiani Vol 4, No 1 (2019): Oktober 2019
Publisher : Sekolah Tinggi Teologi Intheos Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30648/dun.v4i1.207

Abstract

Abstract. This article discusses the comparison between the concepts of speaking in tongues in Pentecostal theology and the concept of Rede in the philosophy of Martin Heidegger. The thesis of this article was that the concept of speaking in tongues in Pentecostal theology had many similarities to the concept of Rede in Heidegger's philosophy. The similarities were found in the characters in both concepts, which were communicative, intelligible, revealing and both were authentic human characters (Dasein). Nevertheless, the concept of speaking in tongues in Pentecostal theology had a uniqueness over the concept of Rede in Heidegger's philosophy, because it encompassed not only the human rationality, but also the realm of faith. In this article it was shown that the two concepts influenced and enriched each other. This comparative study also yielded some conceptual contributions to both Pentecostal theology and Heidegger's philosophy, which were also useful for dealing with the criticisms raised against both.Abstrak. Artikel ini membahas komparasi antara konsep bahasa roh dalam teologi Pentakosta dengan konsep Rede dalam filsafat Martin Heidegger. Tesis dari artikel ini adalah bahwa konsep bahasa roh dalam teologi Pentakosta memiliki banyak kemiripan dengan konsep Rede dalam filsafat Heidegger. Kemiripan-kemiripan tersebut terdapat dalam karakter-karakter yang ada di dalam kedua konsep tersebut, antara lain sama-sama bersifat komunikatif, bersifat menyingkapkan, dapat dimengerti, dan keduanya merupakan karakter dari manusia yang otentik (Dasein). Walau demikian, konsep bahasa roh dalam teologi Pentakosta memiliki kekhasan dibanding konsep Rede dalam filsafat Heidegger, karena bukan hanya mencakup ranah rasionalitas manusia tetapi juga ranah iman. Di dalam artikel ini akan ditunjukkan bahwa kedua konsep tersebut dapat saling mempengaruhi dan memperkaya satu sama lain. Studi komparasi ini juga akan menghasilkan beberapa kontribusi yang bermanfaat secara konseptual baik bagi teologi Pentakosta maupun filsafat Heidegger, yang juga bermanfaat untuk menghadapi kritik-kritik yang diajukan terhadap keduanya.
Amica Censura: Pemikiran Nicholas Cusanus Tentang Agama-Agama, Sebuah Refleksi dan Aplikasi Terhadap Konflik Antaragama di Indonesia: Amica Censura: The Thoughts Of Nicholas Cusanus About Religions,A Reflection And Application Towards Interreligious Conflict In Indonesia Jessica Novia Layantara
Societas Dei: Jurnal Agama dan Masyarakat Vol 7 No 2 (2020): Virus: Sebuah Diskursus
Publisher : Reformed Center for Religion and Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33550/sd.v7i2.165

Abstract

Interreligious conflicts often occur in Indonesia, a country with various beliefs and religions. In this article, I approach these conflicts using the thoughts of Nicholas Cusanus, a medieval Catholic thinker who also faced interreligious conflict of his time, the Fall of Constantinople to Ottoman Turks. I analyze Cusanus‘ thought about religions in his works, De Pace Fidei and Cribratio Alkorani, which prove that Cusanus position on other religions is in the midst of exclusivism and pluralism. Afterwards, I will suggest reflection and application based on: 1. Interpretation of the work of Cusanus De Pace Fidei and Cribratio Alkorani, 2. Contextualizing the interpretation with interreligious conflict in Indonesia, appreciatively and critically. There are three points of reflection and application in this article: 1. A non-violent approach to other religions, 2. Sensitivity to political interests in interreligious conflict, 3. Initiates friendly and open dialogue between religions, and 4. Increase active tolerance that breaks down the dividing walls. Keywords: Nicholas Cusanus; pluralism; exclusivism; inclusivism; interreligious conflict.
Amica Censura: Pemikiran Nicholas Cusanus Tentang Agama-Agama, Sebuah Refleksi dan Aplikasi Terhadap Konflik Antaragama di Indonesia: Amica Censura: The Thoughts Of Nicholas Cusanus About Religions,A Reflection And Application Towards Interreligious Conflict In Indonesia Jessica Novia Layantara
Societas Dei: Jurnal Agama dan Masyarakat Vol 7 No 2 (2020): Virus: Sebuah Diskursus
Publisher : Reformed Center for Religion and Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33550/sd.v7i2.165

Abstract

Interreligious conflicts often occur in Indonesia, a country with various beliefs and religions. In this article, I approach these conflicts using the thoughts of Nicholas Cusanus, a medieval Catholic thinker who also faced interreligious conflict of his time, the Fall of Constantinople to Ottoman Turks. I analyze Cusanus‘ thought about religions in his works, De Pace Fidei and Cribratio Alkorani, which prove that Cusanus position on other religions is in the midst of exclusivism and pluralism. Afterwards, I will suggest reflection and application based on: 1. Interpretation of the work of Cusanus De Pace Fidei and Cribratio Alkorani, 2. Contextualizing the interpretation with interreligious conflict in Indonesia, appreciatively and critically. There are three points of reflection and application in this article: 1. A non-violent approach to other religions, 2. Sensitivity to political interests in interreligious conflict, 3. Initiates friendly and open dialogue between religions, and 4. Increase active tolerance that breaks down the dividing walls. Keywords: Nicholas Cusanus; pluralism; exclusivism; inclusivism; interreligious conflict.