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SYARI’AT ISLAM DAN PLURALITAS SOSIAL (Studi tentang Minoritas Non-Muslim dalam Qanun Syari’at Islam di Aceh) Danial, Danial
Jurnal Analisis Vol 12, No 1 (2012): VOLUME XII, NOMOR 1 TAHUN 2012
Publisher : IAIN RADEN INTAN LAMPUNG

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Abstract

AbstrakArtikel ini menfokuskan diri untuk menjawab pertanyaan tentang asas pemberlakuan Qanun syari’at Islam di Aceh dan posisi serta implikasinya terhadap minoritas non-Muslim dalam Qanun syari’at Islam. Berdasarkan kajian terhadap berbagai peraturan perundang-undangan, Qanun-qanun syari’at Islam, dan literatur relevan lainnya, penulis menemukan bahwa Qanun-qanun syari’at Islam yang diberlakukan di Aceh menganut asas personalitas semu. Di satu sisi Qanun tersebut hanya berlaku bagi setiap orang Islam yang berada di Aceh (asas personalitas), namun di sisi lain juga berlaku bagi setiap orang yang berada di wilayah Aceh (asas teritorialitas), termasuk minoritas non-Muslim; khususnya jika mereka melakukan tindak pidana yang tidak diatur dalam KUHPidana dan peraturan lainnya di luar KUHPidana, seperti tindak pidana khalwat dan ikhtilath. Pelaksanaan Qanun demikian berpotensi menimbulkan intoleransi hingga pelanggaran Hak Asasi Manusia (HAM), karena bertentangan dengan UUD 1945 yang menjamin setiap warga negara untuk memeluk dan mengamalkan ajaran agamanya. Solusinya, pembuatan Qanun-qanun dan pelaksanaan syari’at Islam di Aceh perlu menempuh beberapa langkah, antara lain penyamaan platform bersama yang menjunjung tinggi konsepsi moral tentang keadilan, kemanusiaan, dan kemaslahatan.Kata Kunci: Syari’at Islam, qanun, Aceh, minoritas, toleransi
MENGHADIRKAN TASAWUF DI TENGAH PLURALISME DAN ANCAMAN RADIKALISME Danial, Danial
Jurnal Analisis Vol 11, No 1 (2011)
Publisher : IAIN RADEN INTAN LAMPUNG

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Abstract

Fenomena kekerasan, terorisme, konflik antaragama yang melibatkan sebagian kaum muslim garis keras (radikal) melahirkan pertanyaan kritis apakah betul Islam adalah agama yang rahmatan lil‘alamin.. Keraguan masyarakat internasional, propaganda media, serta tuduhan miring berhamburan ditujukan kepada Islam dan kaum muslim. Untuk menjawabnya, dibutuhkan pembacaan baru terhadap Islam dan penggalian sumber-sumber ajarannya dengan kaca mata tasawuf yang santun, lembut, cinta damai, dan anti-kekerasan.
TEROBOSAN KREATIF KEPOLISIAN PERAIRAN POLDA BANTEN DALAM PELAKSANAAN PEMELIHARAAN KEAMANAN MASYARAKAT DAN PENEGAKAN HUKUM DI PERAIRAN SELAT SUNDA Danial, Danial
FIAT JUSTISIA Vol 9, No 2 (2015)
Publisher : Lampung University

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Abstract

Marine Police Regional Police Banten Province is breakthrough in the development of creative, aware of the importance of knowledge of the social and cultural life of the operational environment. However, the problem is: First, how the pattern of development of the concept of Creative Breakthroughs Marine Police Banten ?; Second, how the implementation of the concept of creative breakthrough Marine Police Banten?. The results showed that the First, Pattern Creative Breakthrough Development undertaken in the framework of Banten Water Police Pushing Water existence in Banten Police are doing synchronization and coordination with the Department of Maritime Province of Banten in terms of the measurement vessel, Formulation of Local Regulations related to service to the fishermen and the plan of Units waters; Secondly, optimization of local government support, Academics to Overcome situation, needs and implementing creative breakthroughs Marine Police Banten in order to protect, Protects, Serving Society, and Law Enforcement The Regional Water can be embodied through preemptive action, preventive and educative as well as ongoing collaboration with the form as a container maritime forum gathering agencies in charge of maritime waters and ports in Province of Banten.Keywords: Creative Breakthroughs, Marine Police, Security, Law Enforcement, Sunda Strait
SYARI’AT ISLAM DAN PLURALITAS SOSIAL (Studi tentang Minoritas Non-Muslim dalam Qanun Syari’at Islam di Aceh) Danial, Danial
Analisis : Jurnal Studi Keislaman Vol 12, No 1 (2012): Analisis: Jurnal Studi Keislaman
Publisher : IAIN Raden Intan Lampung

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Abstract

This article focuses on answering questions on the application of the principles of enforcement of Shari’a Qanun in Aceh,  its position and its implications for non-Muslim minorities in the Shari’a Qanun. Based on indepth reviews of various laws and regulations, local regulations of Shari’a-Qanuns,  and other relevant  literatures,  the author found that the Shari’a Qanuns imposed Islamic law in Aceh adhere to the principles of quasi personality. On one side, the Qanun is only valid for every Muslim who is in Aceh (the principles of personality), but on the other hand this also applies to any person resides in the territory of Aceh (the principle of territoriality), including those of non-Muslim minorities; in particular if they do offenses not provided in the book  of penal law or in other regulations outside the book  of penal law, such as seclusion (khalwat) and ikhtilat. Implementation of such Qanun thus potentially gives raise intolerance to human rights violations (Human Rights), as opposed to the 1945 Constitution which guarantees every citizen to profess and practice their believe and religion. The solution might be that the formulation  of the Qanuns and its implementation in Aceh need to take several steps and considerations, including identification of a common platform that upholds the moral conception of  justice, humanity and welfare.
MENGHADIRKAN TASAWUF DI TENGAH PLURALISME DAN ANCAMAN RADIKALISME Danial, Danial
Analisis : Jurnal Studi Keislaman Vol 11, No 1 (2011): Analisis : Jurnal Studi Keislaman
Publisher : IAIN Raden Intan Lampung

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Abstract

The phenomena of violence, terrorism, and interreligious conflict evolving some of  hard line muslims (radical) reveals critical question whether Islam is a real religion that is rah}matan lil‘a>lami>n. The flowing of hesitation of International society, the propaganda of mass media, and the tendentious accusation is pointed to Islam and muslims. To respond it, it is needed to read a new reading for Islam and to delve into its sources of  teachings in the view of  modest mysticism, smooth, love of peace, and anti-violence.
REVITALISASI PRINSIP PEMBEDAAN (DISTINCTION PRINCIPLE) SEBAGAI UPAYA PERLINDUNGAN KORBAN KONFLIK DALAM KONFLIK BERSENJATA MODERN Danial, Danial
Jurnal Media Hukum Vol 23, No 2 (2016): December
Publisher : Fakultas Hukum Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.18196/jmh.2016.0080.200-208

Abstract

Studi ini dimaksudkan untuk mengkaji revitalisasi prinsip pembedaan dalam hukum humaniter internasional agar dapat memberikan perlindungan efektif terhadap kombatan dan penduduk sipil dalam konflik bersenjata modern. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode yuridis normatif,dengan pendekatan asas-asas hukum dan sejarah hukum. Penelitian ini bersifat deskriptif analitis, yaitu menganalisis identifikasi masalah berdasarkan data sekunder berupa bahan hukum primer, bahan hukum sekunder dan bahan hukum tertier yang kemudian dianalisis secara yuridis kualitatif. Studi ini mengkaji revitalisasi revitalisasi konsep prinsip pembedaan hukum humaniter internasional dapat memberikan perlindungan efektif terhadap kombatan dan penduduk sipil jika pihak yang bersengketa menghormati prinsip pembedaan, prinsip proporsionaltas dan prinsip kemanusiaan dalam konflik bersenjata secara bersamaan. Selain itu, pembaharuan terhadap Hukum Humaniter Internasional dalam upaya perlindungan korban konflik bersenjata perlu di lakukan karena pada tataran konsep dan implementasi kurang memberikan perlindungan efektif terhadap kombatan dan penduduk sipil dalam konflik bersenjata modern. Hal tersebut karena dipengaruhi perkembangan bentuk konflik, yang tadinya hanya konflik bersenjata internasional kemudian muncul konflik bersenjata non internasional; adanya perbedaan norma antara Protokol Tambahan I dan II tahun 1977; dan adanya perbedaan penafsiran terhadap objek; serta Sulitnya membedakan antara kombatan dan non kombatan dalam perang modern saat ini.
Analysis of Fishermen Insurance Need Levels to increase Well-Being in Sekaya Maritim Bontoa District Maros Regency Rahmat, Awaluddin; Alwi, Muh. Jamal; Danial, Danial
AgriSains Vol 20, No 1 (2019)
Publisher : FAPETKAN UNTAD

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Abstract

This study aimed to determine the level of need and mechanism of fishermen insurance in sekaya maritim, as well as to find out the impacts that arise and strategies for developing fishermen insurance, thus it can be felt by other fishing communities. Data collection were carried out by literature study and field studies through interviews, observation and documentation. Sampling was done with a purposive sampling method with total of 70 respondents. The results showed that several factors that caused the importance of fishermen's insurance needs were the number of family members, the age of the fisherman, and the working hours of fishermen. Fishermen who have fulfilled the requirements for Fishermen Premise Insurance Assistance (Bantuan Premis Asuransi Nelayan/BPAN) are given an Insurance Card and Realization Policy. A total of 8 fishermen families have received insurance, hence they can improve their economic condition. The fishermen insurance development strategy is that fishermen who have met the insurance participant requirements can enjoy the benefit of insurance every year.Keywords: Fishermen insurance, Sekaya maritim, Development strategy.
Qanun Jinayah Aceh dan Perlindungan HAM (Kajian Yuridis-Filosofis) Danial, Danial
Al-Manahij: Jurnal Kajian Hukum Islam Vol 6 No 1 (2012)
Publisher : Fakultas Syariah IAIN Purwokerto

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (3020.855 KB) | DOI: 10.24090/mnh.v6i1.590

Abstract

Terdapat perbedaan dan kesamaan antara konsep HAM Internasional dengan Islam, terutama berkaitan dengan sumber, sifat, dan orientasi. HAM Internasional bersumber pada akal, bersifat antroposentris, dan berorientasi duniawi. Semantara HAM dalam pandangan Islam bersumber dari Wahyu (Allah SWT), bersifat teo-antroposentris, dan berorientasi dunia-akhirat. Karenanya, yang pertama perwujudannya bertumpu semata-mata pada Negara (faktor pendorong eksternal), sedangkan yang kedua perwujudannya tidak hanya bersifat eksternal dan formal legalistik, melainkan bersumbu pada aspek internal manusia (batin/iman). Dalam praktiknya di lapangan bentuk hukuman cambuk dipandang efektif dalam melindungi HAM baik secara sosiologis, ekonomis, psikologis, bahkan teologis. Meskipun masih mengandung beberapa kelemahan yang potensial melanggar HAM, khususnya berkaitan dengan tindak pidana khalwat dan aspek hokum acaranya. Sementara bentuk hukuman rajam dipandang masih merupakan wilayah ijtihadiyyah yang sarat dengan perdebatan di kalangan para ulama sendiri.
EVALUATION OF THE LEARNING PROGRAM OF MATHEMATICS STUDY PROGRAM AT ISLAMIC INSTITUTE OF MUHAMMADIYAH SINJAI Danial, Danial; Nurjannah, Nurjannah; Mirna, Mirna
MATEMATIKA DAN PEMBELAJARAN Vol 7, No 1 (2019): MATEMATIKA DAN PEMBELAJARAN
Publisher : IAIN Ambon

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33477/mp.v7i1.835

Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendeskripsikan hasil evaluasi pelaksanaan pembelajaran matematika di Lembaga Agama Islam Muhammadiyah Sinjai, di samping penelitian ini untuk mendeskripsikan masalah yang muncul dalam pelaksanaan pembelajaran matematika di Lembaga Agama Islam Muhammadiyah Sinjai yang meliputi perencanaan pembelajaran , implementasi pembelajaran, dan penilaian pembelajaran semester. Instrumen yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah kuesioner, lembar observasi dan, dokumentasi. Subjek penelitian ini adalah dosen matematika yang mengajar di Program Studi Matematika sebanyak 3 dosen yang memiliki latar belakang pendidikan magister berbeda. Teknik analisis data yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah analisis data kualitatif. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa (1) Evaluasi Konteks, dalam aspek ini menunjukkan bahwa terdapat kesesuaian antara kesiapan sekolah, staf pengajar, dengan tujuan program pembelajaran matematika di Institut Agama Islam Muhammadiyah Sinjai, dikategorikan sangat baik, (2) Input Evaluasi, pada aspek input pembelajaran Matematika untuk mata pelajaran SY, IM dan FT berada dalam kategori baik (B), (3) Evaluasi Proses, dalam aspek proses pelaksanaan pembelajaran matematika untuk mata pelajaran SY dan IM dalam kategori baik dan untuk mata pelajaran FT dalam kategori cukup, (4) Evaluasi Produk, Penilaian pembelajaran matematika oleh guru berdasarkan kurikulum Program Studi dalam mata pelajaran SY, IM dan FT berada dalam kategori cukup. Kata kunci: Evaluasi konteks, input evaluasi, evaluasi proses, evaluasi produk This study aims to describe the results of evaluating the implementation of mathematics learning at the Islamic Institute of Muhammadiyah Sinjai, in addition to this study to describe the problems that arise in the implementation of mathematics learning at the Islamic Institute of Muhammadiyah Sinjai which includes learning planning, learning implementation, and semester learning assessment. The instruments used in this study were questionnaires, observation sheets and, documentation. The subjects of this study were mathematics lecturers who taught in the Mathematics Study Program as many as 3 lecturers who had different master's educational backgrounds. The data analysis technique used in this study is qualitative data analysis. The results showed that (1) Context Evaluation, in this aspect showed that there was a match between school readiness, teaching staff, with the aim of the mathematics learning program at the Islamic Institut of Muhammadiyah Sinjai, categorized very well, (2) Input Evaluation, on the input aspect Mathematics learning for SY, IM and FT subjects is in a good category (B), (3) Process Evaluation, in the aspects of the process of implementing mathematics learning for SY and IM subjects in the good category and for FT subjects in the sufficient category, (4) Product Evaluation, Assessment of mathematics learning by teachers based on the Study Program curriculum in SY, IM and FT subjects is in the sufficient category. Keywords: Context Evaluation, Input Evaluation, Process Evaluation, Product Evaluation
INVENTARISASI KERUSAKAN DAN STRATEGI REHABILITASI HUTAN MANGROVE DI DESA KEERA KECAMATAN KEERA KABUPATEN WAJO Mappanganro, Fadliah; Asbar, Asbar; Danial, Danial
Jurnal Pendidikan Teknologi Pertanian Vol 4 (2018): Maret Suplemen
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Makassar

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (720.844 KB) | DOI: 10.26858/jptp.v1i0.6227

Abstract

This study aims to assess the level of damage and factors causing damage to mangrove ecosystems in Keera Village Keera District Wajo and formulate rehabilitation strategies in the management of mangrove ecosystem that has not been right. The results showed that mangrovr closure conditions in coastal areas of Keera Village were in moderate category (mean percentage of highest closure type Rhizopora apiculata 62,5%). The results of image interpretation also showed a reduction of mangrove forest area by ± 28,15 Ha from year 2013-2017. Damage to mangrove ecosystem is caused by conversion of mangrove land to be used as a pond and abrasion area due to lack of public understanding on the importance of conservation of mangrove ecosystem. The direction of the mangrove forest rehabilitation strategy in Keera Village based on the SWOT analysis is determined 8 strategies, namely: 1) Restoring mangrove function in accordance with ecological space rehabilitation pattern; 2) the procurement of mangrove cultivation facilities (nurseries and seeding) that are directly managed by the community; 3) improving the quality of community human resources around the mangrove ecosystem; 4) Improving the main tasks of community groups of supervisors through operational assistance; 5) law enforcement and institutional strengthening; 6) Replanting of identified mangrove coastal areas is severely damaged by abrasion; 7) increasing community participation and other stakeholders in the rehabilitation of mangrove ecosystems; 8) development of a good pond-based system (silvofishery).