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Transformation Typology of Arabic Meanings Muhandis Azzuhri; Muslich Shabir; Athoillah Islamy
Jurnal Alsinatuna Vol 6 No 2 (2021): June 2021
Publisher : Arabic Education Program IAIN Pekalongan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.28918/alsinatuna.v7i2.3388

Abstract

This research aims to reveal the typology of transformation of the Arabic meanings to the sex-related language in the ḥadiṡ. This library research utilizes contextual semantic theory with linguistic and historical approaches. The results show that several factors influenced the transformation of the meaning of sex-related language in the ḥadiṡs. The first is social and cultural contexts. There were several sexual behaviors in the prophetic era that were considered deviant (sexual deviation) because they were not in accordance with Arab social culture at that time. The second is emotive and psychological context by refining a word نيك / intercourse which later was translated into بُضْعُ/goods, يفضى/ irrigating and يلمس / touching. The third is linguistic context. It is not idiomatic, such as a word خاتم / sealing, which can change the compilation meaning when the word is structured with other words as in the ḥadiṡ لا تفتح الخاتم إلا بحقه. The word is a metaphor meaning of the 'virginity' term. The fourth is the context of situations and conditions. This context explains that the ‘sex term’ can transform in meaning because it was conveyed in different situations and conditions with the euphemism and kināyah (metaphor) expressions, such as يجبون, الغيلة and حولت رحلي البارحة.
Dimensi Ekonomi Politik dalam Konflik Perebutan Sumber Kekuasaan Arab Islam Khoirul Anwar; Nazar Nurdin; Muslich Shabir
Tashwirul Afkar Vol. 39 No. 2 (2020): December 2020
Publisher : Lembaga Kajian dan Pengembangan Sumberdaya Manusia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.51716/ta.v38i02.22

Abstract

Abstrak Tulisan ini menganalisis upaya Nabi Muhammad Saw. dalam mewujudkan peradaban Islam dengan merebut sumber ekonomi dan komunitas dari penguasa Arab pra-Islam. Upaya Nabi Muhammad Saw. yang berhasil melangkahi aristokrat Mekkah (Bani Umayyah) menunjukkan bahwa Nabi Muhammad SAW tidak hanya mengajarkan agama tauhid, namun mempelajari setting sosial ekonomi-politik masyarakat pra Islam. Paper ini adalah riset kualitatif yang bersumber dari data literatur yang dianalisis dengan metode sosio-historis interpretatif. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa kedatangan Islam di Jazirah Arab mengubah struktur ekonomi masyarakat Islam, khususnya Mekkah. Sumber ekonomi dari kegiatan bisnis berubah menjadi kegiatan militer. Perebutan sumber ekonomi dilakukan dengan cara peperangan. Perubahan cara dalam mengalahkan sumber ekonomi dilatarbelakangi oleh kekalahan bisnis Bani Hasyim dari Bani Umayyah. Nabi Muhammad Saw. semula dibenci kaum Arab (Mekkah) karena berpotensi mengganggu sumber ekonomi Arab pra Islam, lalu dielu-elukan karena berhasil mendatangkan sumber keuangan baru yang lebih mudah melalui jalan jajahan.   Abstract This paper examines the efforts of the prophet Muhammad Saw. in realizing Islamic civilization by way of seizing economic and community resources from pre-Islamic Arab rulers. The efforts of the Prophet that successfully bypassed the Meccan aristocracy (Bani Umayyah) indicated that he was not only teach Muslims about monotheism, but also studying the socio-economic-political setting of pre-Islamic societies. This paper employs a qualitative research. The sources of data are taken from the study of literature, then is analized through interpretative socio-historical methods. The Data analysis has been presented descriptively. This research found that the arrival of Islam in the Arabian Peninsula has changed the economic structure of Islamic societies, especially in Mecca. The economic resources of business activities have turned into the military activities.  The seizure of economic resource was carried out by war. The changes in the way of defeating economic resources, due to the defeat of Bani Hasyim’s business from Bani Umayyah. The Prophet Muhammad Saw. was initially confronted by the Arabs (in Mecca) because of his potentials to disrupt the pre-Islamic Arab economic resources, but then he was hailed for successfully bringing some new financial resources that were much easier through the colony.
Al-Ghazali’s Qur’anic Sufi Hermeneutics: Study on the Story of Abraham In Search of God Habib Habib; Muslich Shabir
KALAM Vol 15, No 2 (2021)
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Raden Intan Lampung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24042/klm.v15i2.9523

Abstract

The existence of hermeneutics in the Islamic world, especially in the interpretation of the Qur’an is quite problematic. Some Muslim scholars consider hermeneutics to be inapplicable in interpreting the Qur'an. moreover, historically hermeneutics has a close relationship with the tradition of biblical understanding. However, al-Ghazali in his book Jawāhir-ul Qur'ān has introduced hermeneutics-based ta'wil. This article aims to discuss the concept of the Qur’anic sufi hermeneutics developed by Imam Al-Ghazali. This study is a library research with deductive method. The research data were analyzed using Edward Husserl's phenomenology investigation to highlight the illumination of al-Ghazali's method to reach the essence of the text. The results of the study found that the discovery of the essence of the text can be achieved by mystical intuition rather than categorical intuition. Al-Ghazali asserts that individuals who seek the spiritual path are endowed with mystical intuitive abilities. Therefore, mystical experiences and spiritual readers help to uncover the hidden layers and meanings of the Qur'an. As indicated in his interpretation of Q.S al-An'am: 76-78 about Abraham's contemplation when seeking the essence of God. According to al-Ghazali, it shows how Ibrahim uses a higher faculty than the cognitive faculties of sensory perception, creativity and reason. His interpretation of Surah al-An'am relies solely on mystical intuition and cannot be understood by anyone who is not inclined towards such an interpretation.
Transformation Typology of Arabic Meanings Muhandis Azzuhri; Muslich Shabir; Athoillah Islamy
Jurnal Alsinatuna Vol 6 No 2 (2021): June 2021
Publisher : Arabic Education Program IAIN Pekalongan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.28918/alsinatuna.v7i2.3388

Abstract

This research aims to reveal the typology of transformation of the Arabic meanings to the sex-related language in the ḥadiṡ. This library research utilizes contextual semantic theory with linguistic and historical approaches. The results show that several factors influenced the transformation of the meaning of sex-related language in the ḥadiṡs. The first is social and cultural contexts. There were several sexual behaviors in the prophetic era that were considered deviant (sexual deviation) because they were not in accordance with Arab social culture at that time. The second is emotive and psychological context by refining a word نيك / intercourse which later was translated into بُضْعُ/goods, يفضى/ irrigating and يلمس / touching. The third is linguistic context. It is not idiomatic, such as a word خاتم / sealing, which can change the compilation meaning when the word is structured with other words as in the ḥadiṡ لا تفتح الخاتم إلا بحقه. The word is a metaphor meaning of the 'virginity' term. The fourth is the context of situations and conditions. This context explains that the ‘sex term’ can transform in meaning because it was conveyed in different situations and conditions with the euphemism and kināyah (metaphor) expressions, such as يجبون, الغيلة and حولت رحلي البارحة.
Syaikh Abdul Latief Syakur’s View on Moral Values in Tafsīr Surah Al-Mukminūn Ridhoul Wahidi; Muslich Shabir; Akhmad Arif Junaidi
ESENSIA: Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Ushuluddin Vol. 19 No. 1 (2018)
Publisher : UIN Sunan Kalijaga Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14421/esensia.v19i1.1488

Abstract

Akhlak (morals) is a very important part in human life, without which men will not reach the degree of a noble man. On contrary, human beings having good akhlak can distinguish between good and bad deeds to become a noble man. The issue of morality is currently experiencing acute decadence that must be quickly overcome by various circles. One of the ways is through learning the thinking of earlier muslims scholars. One of the earlier Islamic scholars is Syaikh Abdul Latief Syakur, one of the local ulamas in Minangkabau, whose academic background had a direct contact with the dynamics of Middle Eastern scholarship,and who contributed a lot of thoughts to uplift the dignity of the nation through morals. As a scholar, Syaikh Abdul Latief Syakur presented and describedseveral moral values to overcome the present moral decadence through his thoughts set forth in his work Tafsīr Surah al-Mukminūn. The application of moral values in this tafsir work contributes to the present moment by applying the values of the spirit of khusyu and khuḍhu’ which illustrates the humility and tepo seliro (tolerance) which are transcendent. Not only on its transcendent and cognitive aspects, but also on the other dimensions of humanity thoroughly and striving in winning nature (fitrah) and logics against lust.[Akhlak merupakan bagian yang sangat penting dalam kehidupan manusia. Tanpa akhlak manusia tidak akan memiliki derajat sebagai manusia mulia, sebaliknya manusia yang berakhlak dapat membedakan antara perbuatan baik dan buruk sehingga menjadi manusia mulia. Persoalan akhlak saat ini mengalami dekadensi akut yang harus cepat diatasi oleh berbagai kalangan. Salah satunya adalah melalui pemikiran ulama-ulama terdahulu. Salah satu ulama yang dimaksud adalah Syaikh Abdul Latief Syakur, salah seorang ulama lokal dari Minangkabau, dimana sisi akademisnya bersentuhan langsung dengan dinamika keilmuan Timur Tengah yang tidak sedikit memberikan warna pemikiran dalam mengangkat harkat martabat bangsa melalui akhlak. Sebagai seorang ulama, Syaikh Abdul Latief Syakur menghadirkan dan menguraikan nilai-nilai akhlak dalam mengatasi dekadensi akhlak masa kini melalui pemikiran yang dituangkan dalam tafsīr surat al- Mukminūn. Penerapan nilai-nilai akhlak dalam tafsir ini memberikan kontribusi kekinian dengan cara menerapkan nilai spirit-spirit khusyu dan khuḍhu’ yang menggambarkan kerendahan hati dan tepo seliro, dimana dari dua unsur tersebut bersifat transenden. Tidak saja yang transenden dan kognitif, tetapi lebih jauh pada dimensi kemanusiaan lainnya secara menyeluruh dan mengupayakan dalam memenangkan fitrah dan akal terhadap hawa nafsu.]
Geneology of Astronomy Science In Java Muammar Muammar; Muslich Shabir; Muhammad Falih Abdul Ghoni
Jurnal Hikmatuna Vol 6 No 2 (2020): HIKMATUNA: Journal for Integrative Islamic Studies, December 2020
Publisher : Postgraduate Program, Universitas Islam Negeri (UIN) K. H. Abdurrahman Wahid Pekalongan, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (366.464 KB) | DOI: 10.28918/hikmatuna.v6i2.2922

Abstract

This research will trace the process of transmission of falak science in Java from its inception to its current development: the geneology and the process of transmitting astronomy and developed pattern in Java. This research is a qualitative descriptive study with a historical approach. The steps taken are collecting data from the object under study (heuristic), verifying or criticizing the source, and making conclusions and interpreting existing authentic data. The analytical method used is descriptive analysis. The results showed that at the beginning of its development, the science of astronomy was studied and developed by Syekh Abdurrahman bin Ahmad al-Mishri al-Batawi who was then taught to Habib Usman al-Batawi, Sheikh Abdul Hamid al-Dumairi al-Batawi, and KH. Ahmad Dahlan as-Samarani. From here the science of astronomy developed and gave birth to a number of works including Tadzkirah al-Ikhwan, and Bulugh al-Wathar. The development of astronomy is then carried out through educational institutions both formal and informal. For formal education through tertiary institutions and informal through Islamic boarding schools.