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Tingkat keragaman ukuran benih ikan lele Clarias sp. yang diberi Artemia dengan periode yang berbeda Dedi Jusadi; Farida Fitriani; Julie Ekasari; Apriana Vinasyiam
Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia Vol. 15 No. 2 (2016): Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia
Publisher : Indonesian Society of Scientific Aquaculture (ISSA)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (3162.987 KB) | DOI: 10.19027/jai.15.2.156-161

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ABSTRACT This research was conducted to evaluate the effect of different Artemia feeding period on the size variation of catfish Clarias sp. larvae. One thousand two days post hatched larvae with an average body length of 0.7±0.03 cm were randomly distributed into 25 L round plastic tanks. The treatment conducted for 13 days with four treatment; without Artemia, given Artemia 1, 2, or 3 days in the first culture period. The results showed that 15 days old fish has the same survival rate in all treatments; and has two size distribution i.e. the small size (S) and medium size (M). Increasingly the period of administration of Artemia, the percentage of the amount of M-size fish increases, thereby giving Artemia were able to increase growth of larvae. Feeding catfish with Artemia for two days has shown producing better growth. Keywords: catfish, Artemia, size variation, growth performance  ABSTRAK Penelitian ini dilakukan untuk mengevaluasi pengaruh perbedaan periode pemberian pakan Artemia terhadap kinerja pertumbuhan larva ikan lele Clarias sp. Seribu ekor larva lele yang berumur dua hari dengan panjang rata-rata 0,7±0,03 cm ditebar dalam wadah dengan volume air 25 L. Budidaya ikan dilakukan selama 13 hari dengan empat perlakuan, yaitu perlakuan tanpa pemberian Artemia, pemberian Artemia selama satu, dua, atau tiga hari di awal masa budidaya. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa ikan umur 15 hari memiliki sintasan yang sama di semua perlakuan, serta memiliki dua sebaran ukuran, yakni ukuran kecil (S) dan ukuran sedang (M). Semakin lama periode pemberian Artemia, persentase jumlah ikan ukuran M meningkat, sehingga pemberian Artemia pada larva ikan lele mampu meningkatkan pertumbuhan. Pemberian Artemia selama dua hari memberikan pertumbuhan yang lebih baik. Kata kunci: ikan lele, Artemia, keragaman ukuran, kinerja pertumbuhan
The growth and physiological responses of tambaqui Colossoma macropomum fed on the high dose of clove oil-supplemented diet Andi Tiara Eka Diana Puteri; Dedi Jusadi; Sri Nuryati
Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia Vol. 15 No. 1 (2016): Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia
Publisher : Indonesian Society of Scientific Aquaculture (ISSA)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (3207.82 KB) | DOI: 10.19027/jai.15.70.79

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ABSTRACT In this study, tambaqui Colossoma macropomum juvenile were given feed supplemented with clove oil Syzygium aromaticum at a dose of 0 and 100 mg/100 g diet. This study purposed to assessment the effect of clove oil supplementation at high dose (100 mg/100 g diet) on growth performance and health status of freshwater tambaqui. As many as 25 fishes with initial body weight 7.62±0.44 g maintained in 15 aquariums for 45 days. Each treatment consisted of three replications. Data were analyzed by t-test. The results showed that tambaqui growth performance on both treatments were not significantly different. However, supplementation of high doses 100 mg clove oil/100 g diet showed reduce on the blood parameters and declining the abundant of intestinal microflora in tambaqui gut, but the types seen more diverse. The observation of fish liver histology showed that hepatocyte cells in the treatment of 100 mg clove oil become smaller and dense compared with 0 mg clove oil treatment. The use of high doses of clove oil does not interfere with the tambaqui growth performance despite the downturn in the physiological responses were observed. Keywords: clove oil, Syzygium aromaticum, Colossoma macropomum, growth performance  ABSTRAK Di dalam penelitian ini, benih ikan bawal tawar Colossoma macropomum dipelihara dengan pemberian pakan yang ditambah minyak cengkeh Syzygium aromaticum pada kadar 0 dan 100 mg/100 g pakan. Tujuannya untuk melihat pengaruh penambahan minyak cengkeh di dalam pakan pada dosis tinggi (100 mg/100 g pakan) terhadap performa pertumbuhan dan respons fisiologis ikan bawal. Sebanyak 25 ekor ikan bawal dengan bobot individu awal 7,62 ± 0,44 g dipelihara pada 15 akuarium selama 45 hari. Data yang diperoleh dianalisis dengan uji komparasi t-test antar dua perlakuan dengan tiga ulangan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa tidak ada pengaruh dari kedua perlakuan terhadap parameter pertumbuhan. Namun, pemberian pakan yang mengandung minyak cengkeh dosis tinggi 100 mg/100 g pakan mempengaruhi respons fisiologis berupa rendahnya kisaran nilai gambaran darah serta menurunnya jumlah mikroflora di usus ikan bawal, meski jenisnya lebih beragam. Hasil pengamatan histologi hati ikan pada perlakuan 100 mg minyak cengkeh menunjukkan bahwa sel hepatosit berukuran lebih kecil dan terlihat rapat dibandingkan dengan perlakuan 0 mg minyak cengkeh. Penggunaan minyak cengkeh dosis tinggi tidak menganggu performa pertumbuhan ikan bawal meskipun terjadi penurunan pada respons fisiologis yang diamati. Kata penting: minyak cengkeh, Syzygium aromaticum, Colossoma macropomum, performa pertumbuhan
Effect of Artemia Nauplii Enriched with Different Kind of Lipid on the Growth and Brain Volume of Larval Tilapia Oreochromis niloticus Dedi Jusadi; B.A. Hasyim; Ing Mokoginta
Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia Vol. 3 No. 1 (2004): Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia
Publisher : Indonesian Society of Scientific Aquaculture (ISSA)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (186.41 KB) | DOI: 10.19027/jai.3.5-8

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Triplicate experiment was conducted using 4-day-old larval tilapia Oreochromis niloticus. Thirty fishes were cultured in aquarium contained 2 litres water for 14 days. During rearing period, fish were fed on Artemia nauplii enriched with fish oil, corn oil or coconut oil. It was found that brain volume of fish fed on Artemia enriched with corn oil was significantly larger than two other groups of fish. The brain volume of fish related with linoleic acid content in the diet, which was highest in Artemia enriched with corn oil. Key words: Fish oil. corn oil, coconut oil, brain, fatty acid, tilapia. Oreochromis niloticus.   ABSTRAK Tiga puluh ekor larva ikan nila umur 4 hari dipelihara di dalam stoples berisi 2 1 air selama 14 hari. Selama pemeliharaan. larva diberi makan Artemia yang telah diperkaya dengan minyak ikan. minyak kelapa atau minyak jagung. Di akhir penelitian, larva ikan yang diberi makan Artemia yang diperkaya dengan minyak jagung memiliki volume otak (8,33 x 105 μm3) yang lebih besar dari otak ikan di dua perlakuan lainnya. Hal ini diduga sebagai akibat tingginya kandungan asam lemak linoleat Artemia setelah diperkaya dengan minyak jagung. Namun. perbedaan komposisi asam lemak Artemia di tiga perlakuan mempunyai pengaruh yang sama terhadap pertumbuhan larva ikan nila. Kata kunci: Minyak ikan. minyak jagung, minyak kelapa, otak, asam lemak, ikan nila, Oreochromis niloticus.
POTENTIAL USE OF Ulva lactuca AS FEED INGREDIENT FOR TILAPIA Nur Hikma Mahasu; Dedi Jusadi; Mia Setiawati; I Nyoman Adi Asmara Giri
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis Vol. 8 No. 1 (2016): Elektronik Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis
Publisher : Department of Marine Science and Technology, Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Science, IPB University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (124.154 KB) | DOI: 10.29244/jitkt.v8i1.13089

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Due to the mainly imported for fish feed ingredients in Indonesia, many attemps have been made to discover local potential ingredients to reduce the utilization of imported ingredients. In this experiment, the utilization of Ulva lactuca as feed ingredient for tilapia was evaluated. Experiment 1 was conducted to determine the digestibility of Ulva for tilapia. In experiment 2 and 3, Ulva was used to substitute wheat pollard of either 0, 3, 6, 9, or 12 % in the feed formulation. In experiment 2, fish with an average body weight of 4.1±0.15 g were fed on those diets, and were cultured for 55 days. To calculate the digestibity in experiment 3, Cr2O3 was added into the diet of exeriment 2; then fed on the fish with an average body weight of 19.0±0.67 g. Results showed that apparent digestibility of dry matter and crude protein of Ulva were 66.3 and 83 %, respectively. Ash content in the diet increased of 13.5% with Ulva inclusion of 12%. On the other hand, using Ulva as a substitute for pollard up to 12% was not affected the growth performance of fish. Regardless of the Ulva level in the diet, the digestibility of the diet was the same. Therefore, Ulva is a potential source of local feed ingredient for tilapia. Keywords: Ulva lactuca, tilapia, digestibility, growth
Effects of Probiotic Bacillus sp. on Food Convertion and Growth of Catfish Pangasius hypophthalmus Dedi Jusadi; E. Gandara; Ing Mokoginta
Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia Vol. 3 No. 1 (2004): Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia
Publisher : Indonesian Society of Scientific Aquaculture (ISSA)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (298.85 KB) | DOI: 10.19027/jai.3.15-18

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A triplicate experiment was conducted to evaluate the addition of probiotic Bacillus sp. into the diet on feed convertion and growth of catfish Pangasius hypophthalmus. Twenty fish with an initial body weight of 1,85 ± 0,09 g were stocked in a 60-1 aquarium. During rearing period, fish were fed on the diet three times a day at satiation. Prior the feeding, probiotic (contained Bacillus sp. 4,2x106 CFU.ml-1) were added into the diet at a dosage of 0, 5, 15 or 25 ml.kg-1 diet. The probiotic were added once a day at the noon. The results showed that maximum protein retention, lipid retention, growth rate, and minimum feed convertion was found in the group of fish fed on the diet supplemented with 15 ml probiotic kg-1 diet. Irrespective to the dosage of probiotic, food consumption and survival rate of fish were the same among the treatments. Key words : Probiotic. Bacillus sp.. catfish Pangasius hypophthalmus.   ABSTRAK Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui dosis yang optimal dari probiotik Bacillus sp. yang ditambahkan pada pakan komersil terhadap konversi pakan dan pertumbuhan benih ikan patin Pangasius hypophthalmus. Dua puluh ekor ikan patin dengan bobot rata-rata 1.85 ± 0,09 g ditebar dalam setiap akuarium frekuensi 50x40x35 cm yang diisi air 60 1. Selama 40 had masa pemeliharaan. ikan diberi pakan buatan berkadar protein 27% dengan frekwensi tiga kali sehari, at satiation. Sebelum diberikan ke ikan, pakan tersebut ditambah produk probiotik (mengandung Bacillus sp. 4,2 x 106 CFU/ml) dengan dosis 0, 5, 15 atau 25 ml/kg pakan. Pakan yang mengandung probiotik hanya diberikan sekali setiap hari, yakni pada pukul 13.00. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa adanya penambahan probiotik dalam pakan sampai dosis 15 ml/kg pakan menyebabkan terjadinya peningkatan retensi protein, retensi lemak dan laju pertumbuhan harian ikan, serta menurunkan konversi pakan. Penambahan probiotik lebih lanjut (25 ml/kg pakan) menurunkan kinerja pertumbuhan di atas. Sementara itu. kelompok ikan di setiap perlakuan mengkonsumsi pakan dalam jumlah yang tidak berbeda nyata, yaitu antara 132,43 g sampai 137,84 g. Hasil penelitian juga menunjukkan bahwa penambahan probiotik di dalam pakan tidak memberikan adanya perbedaan yang nyata terhadap tingkat kelangsungan hidup ikan, yaitu antara 98,3% - 100%. Kata kunci: Probiotik. Bacillus sp.. ikan patin Pangasius hypophthalmus
EFEKTIVITAS PENAMBAHAN ENZIM CAIRAN RUMEN DOMBA TERHADAP PENURUNAN SERAT KASAR BUNGKIL KELAPA SEBAGAI BAHAN BAKU PAKAN IKAN Zuraida .; Dedi Jusadi; NurBambang Priyono Utomo
Jurnal Akuakultur Rawa Indonesia Vol 1, No 2 (2013): JURNAL AKUAKULTUR RAWA INDONESIA
Publisher : Universitas Sriwijaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (275.945 KB) | DOI: 10.36706/jari.v1i2.1731

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Experiments to evalueate the hydrolysis of crude fiber in coconut cake meal (CCM) by sheep rumen liquor enzymes for basic material fish diet. In Experiment I, the sheep rumen liquor enzymes were added into the CCM at concentration of either 0, 25, 50, 75, 100, or 125 ml/kg of CCM, and incubated for the period of 0, 12, and 24 hours, respectively. The result showed that sheep rumen liquor enzymes could effectively reduced the fiber content of CCM, while its glucose concentration increased. It was found that the application of sheep rumen liquor enzymes at a dose of 125 ml in 1 kg CCM at a period of 24 hours was the most effective treatment to reduce the crude fiber content in CCM. The crude fiber content in this treatment decreased from 13.76% to 6.98%. Keywords: coconut cake meal, sheep rumen liquor, and crude fiber
Free Amino Acid Enriched Rotifer for Larval Grouper Cromileptes altivelis (Pengkayaan Rotifer dengan Asam Amino Bebas Untuk Larva Kerapu Bebek Cromileptes altivelis) Dedi Jusadi; Tulas Aprilia; Muhammad Agus Suprayudi; Deddy Yaniharto
ILMU KELAUTAN: Indonesian Journal of Marine Sciences Vol 20, No 4 (2015): Ilmu Kelautan
Publisher : Marine Science Department Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (267.353 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/ik.ijms.20.4.207-214

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Pembenihan ikan kerapu dihadapkan pada rendahnya sintasan, terutama fase awal hidupnya. Rendahnya sintasan diduga berhubungan dengan belum berkembangnya organ pencernaan larva dan tidak tersedianya pakan yang siap diserap tubuh. Pemberian asam amino bebas seperti taurin dan glutamin melalui rotifer diharapkan dapat meningkatan ketersediaan nutrien yang dapat diserap dengan cepat oleh larva, sehingga sintasan larva tinggi dan dapat tumbuh lebih cepat. Penelitian bertujuan mengukur pengaruh glutamin atau taurin terhadap sintasan dan pertumbuhan larva kerapu bebek Cromileptes altivelis. Larva umur 1 hari (10 ekor.L-1) dipelihara dalam bak fiberglass volume 500 L yang diisi air laut sampai 330 L. Larva diberi pakan rotifer diperkaya 0,5 g glutamin, 0,5 g taurin, atau tanpa glutamin dan taurin. Larva dipelihara selama 16 hari dengan pemberian pakan 2 kali  per hari. Satu jam setelah pemberian pakan dilakukan pengamatan terhadap jumlah rotifer dalam saluran pencernaan larva ikan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan jumlah rotifer dalam saluran pencernaan larva meningkat seiring dengan bertambahnya umur. Namun, jumlah rata-rata rotifer yang dikonsumsi larva pada perlakuan 0,5 g glutamin atau 0,5 g taurin lebih banyak dibanding perlakuan tanpa taurin dan glutamin. Larva yang diberi rotifer hasil pengkayaan dengan 0,5 g glutamin atau 0,5 g taurin memiliki sintasan yang tidak berbeda (P>0,05), masing-masing 19,2±2,25%, dan 24,5±1,20%, dan secara signifikan lebih banyak dibanding larva di perlakuan tanpa glutamin dan taurin yang nilainya 13,0±1,70%. Larva yang diberi rotifer hasil pengkayaan dengan 0,5 g taurin secara signifikan lebih panjang (5,5±0,18 mm) dari ikan di perlakuan 0,5 g glutamin (5,3±0,12 mm). Demikian juga, larva di perlakuan glutamin lebih panjang dari pelakuan tanpa glutamin dan taurin (5,0±0,16 mm). Pengkayaan rotifer menggunakan asam amino bebas taurin atau glutamin dapat meningkatkan sintasan dan pertumbuhan larva kerapu bebek. Namun, taurin lebih baik dibanding glutamin karena memberi efek ke pertumbuhan ikan yang lebih cepat. Kata kunci: taurin, glutamin, kerapu bebek, Cromileptes altivelis. The hatchery production of grouper faced to the problem of low surival rate, especially during the first feeding period. During this period, the digestive organ of larvae was underdeveloped, and the nutrient in live food was not readily absorbed by larvae. Feeding on free amino acids, such as taurine or glutamine, enriched rotifer would be enhanced the nutrient readily absorbed thereby resulting to the improvement of growth and survival rate of larvae. A duplicate experiment was conducted to evaluate the effect of rotifer enriched with free amino acid of glutamine or taurine, on the growth and survival rate of larval grouper Cromileptes altivelis. One day old larvae were cultured in 500 l fiberglass containing 330 l of sea water with a density of 10 ind.L-1. Larvae were fed on rotifer enriched with either 0.5 g glutamine, 0.5 g taurine, or without glutamine nor taurine. Larvae were fed on rotifer twice a day at 08.00 and 14.00, and cultured for 16 days. One h after feeding, rotifer content in the gut of larvae were observed. Results showed that larvae fed on rotifer enriched with 0.5 g taurine or 0.5 g glutamie had higher rotifer content in the gut than that in the other group. Larvae fed on rotifer enriched with 0.5 g glutamine or 0.5 g taurine had the same survival rate (P>0.05), 19.2±2.25% and 24.5±1.20%, respectively; these values were significantly higher than that in the other group which was 13.0±1.70%.  The total length of larvae fed on rotifer enriched with 0.5 g taurine (5.5±0.18 mm) significantly was the biggest compared than others; while those fed on rotifer enriched with 0.5 g glutamine (5.3±0.12 mm) was bigger than fish fed on rotifer without glutamine nor taurine (5.0±0.16 mm). Thus, it can be concluded that survival rate and growth of larvae were improved when feeding on rotifer enriched with taurine or glutamine. Nevertheless, taurine was more efective than glutamine due to its effect resulted the highest growth performance of larval grouper. Keywords: taurine, glutamine, grouper, Cromileptes altivelis
RESPONS FISIOLOGIS DAN KINERJA PERTUMBUHAN IKAN NILA PADA MEDIA RENDAH AMONIA DAN DIBERI SUPLEMEN ASAM GLUTAMAT Titin Kurniasih; Dedi Jusadi; Muhammad Agus Suprayudi; Sri Nuryati; Muhammad Zairin Jr.; Eddy Supriyono
Jurnal Riset Akuakultur Vol 15, No 3 (2020): (September, 2020)
Publisher : Pusat Riset Perikanan, Badan Riset dan Sumber Daya Manusia Kelautan dan Perikanan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (215.117 KB) | DOI: 10.15578/jra.15.3.2020.175-183

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Ketika dipapar media tinggi amonia, ikan nila mengalami perubahan metabolisme asam amino yang cukup signifikan, dan suplementasi asam glutamat berguna untuk memperbaiki perubahan yang merugikan akibat paparan amonia. Akan tetapi informasi mengenai aspek metabolisme asam amino pada ikan nila yang dipapar amonia rendah masih sangat terbatas. Penelitian ini dilakukan untuk mengevaluasi pengaruh suplementasi asam glutamat pada ikan nila merah yang dipelihara pada media budidaya rendah amonia terhadap respons fisiologis dan kinerja pertumbuhan. Ikan nila dengan bobot rata-rata 9,97 ± 0,38 g ditebar sebanyak 20 ekor pada setiap akuarium (padat tebar 1,0 g L-1). Empat jenis pakan isoprotein (kadar protein 28%) dan isoenergi (4245 ± 22,48 kkal kg-1) disuplementasi asam glutamat masing-masing sebanyak 0% (Glu 0), 0,75% (Glu 0,75), 1,5% (Glu 1,5) dan 2,25% (Glu 2,25). Setiap perlakuan diberi empat ulangan. Penelitian ini dilakukan selama 60 hari. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa pemberian pakan yang ditambah glutamat memberi efek pada respon fisiologis ikan. Aktivitas enzim aspartate aminotransferase (AST) pada Glu 2,25 lebih rendah dibandingkan dengan perlakuan lainnya, yang menjadi indikasi penurunan beban kerja hati. Ada kecenderungan peningkatan kadar aspartat, alanin, leusin, isoleusin dan valin pada jaringan hati seiring dengan meningkatnya kadar suplementasi asam glutamat. Di dalam penelitian ini, kinerja pertumbuhan ikan tidak berbeda nyata antar perlakuan. Kesimpulannya adalah bahwa konsumsi pakan yang ditambah asam glutamat 2,25% mampu memperbaiki respons fisiologis ikan akibat menurunnya beban kerja hati yang dicirikan dengan penurunan nilai AST, serta meningkatnya kandungan beberapa asam amino hati, walau belum mampu memperbaiki kinerja pertumbuhan dan pemanfaatan pakan oleh ikan nila. Informasi ini berguna untuk pengembangan riset terkait aspek metabolisme asam amino pada ikan nila yang terpapar media tinggi amonia.When exposed to high ammonia aquatic environment, nile tilapia experienced a significant change in hepatic amino acid metabolism and glutamic acid supplementation can reduce the effects of the adverse change. However, there are no sufficient information on the amino acid metabolisme of tilapia exposed to low environmental ammonia. This research was performed to evaluate the effects of oral supplementation of glutamic acid on the aminotransferase enzymes activity and growth performance of red tilapia reared in low environmental ammonia (LEA) with NH4 concentration of 0.10 mg L-1. Fish with an average weight of 9.97 ± 0.38 g were stocked with an initial rearing density of 1.0 g L-1(20 fish in each aquarium). Four isonitrogenous (crude protein 28%) and isocaloric (4246 ± 22.48kcal kg-1) experimental diets were prepared with supplementation of different ratios of glutamic acid at 0% (Glu0), 0.75% (Glu0.75), 1.5%(Glu1.5) and 2.25 % (Glu2.25) to feed, respectively. All treatment groups were arranged quadruplicate. Fish were fed with the diets for 60 days. The results showed that the supplementation of glutamic acid in the diet affected the physiological response of the fish. The aspartate aminotransferase (AST) activity of Glu2.25 was significantly lower compared to that of the other treatments, which indicated a decrease in liver workload. There is a tendency of increased levels of hepatic free aspartate, alanine, leucine, isoleucine, and valine following the increase of glutamic acid supplementation level. The fish growth performance was insignificantly different between the treatments. It is concluded that a diet supplemented with 2.25% of glutamic acid could improve the physiological response of red tilapia, although no significant growth improvement should be expected. These research finding could serve as an important basic information for future research on amino acid and endogenous ammonia metabolism in nile tilapia exposed to high ammonia aquatic environment.
Aplikasi pemberian taurin pada rotifer untuk pakan larva ikan kerapu bebek Cromileptes altivelis [The application of rotifers enriched with taurine for larvae of humpback grouper Cromileptes altivelis] Dedi Jusadi; Achmad Noerkhaerin Putra; Muhammad Agus Suprayudi; Deddy Yaniharto; Yutaka Haga
Jurnal Iktiologi Indonesia Vol 12 No 1 (2012): Juni 2012
Publisher : Masyarakat Iktiologi Indonesia (Indonesian Ichthyological Society)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.32491/jii.v12i1.131

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This experiment was performed to evaluate the effect of rotifers enriched with taurine on the growth and survival rate of larval humpback grouper Cromileptes altivelis. A duplicate feeding experiment was conducted in 1000 L rectangular fiberglass tanks supplied with seawater. Hatched-larvae were stocked into the tanks at a density of 10 ind. L-1 and cultured for 16 days. Larvae were fed on rotifers either from mass culture (control), or enriched with 0 and 0.5 g taurine in 10 L culture medium, respectively. Results shows that larvae fed on rotifers enriched with 0.5 g taurine significantly had the highest survival rate (58.4%), ratio of RNA/DNA (0.2), and total length (5.86 mm). The survival rate, ratio of RNA/DNA, and total length for fish in control and 0 taurine treatments were 17.6% and 33.6%; 0.1 and 0.15; 5.43 mm and 5.70 mm, respectively. It was also found that larvae consumed more rotifers when enriched with 0.5 taurine. These results suggest that the larval growth of humpback grouper was significantly improved by the feeding of rotifers enriched with taurine. AbstrakPenelitian ini dilakukan untuk mengevaluasi pengaruh rotifera yang diperkaya dengan taurin terhadap pertumbuhan dan kelangsungan hidup larva ikan kerapu bebek Cromileptes altivelis. Percobaan pemberian pakan secara duplikasi dilakukan pada tangki fiber persegi panjang dengan kapasitas 1000 L air laut. Larva ikan yang baru menetas ditebar ke dalam tangki dengan kepadatan 10 ekor.L-1 dan dipelihara selama 16 hari. Selama masa pemeliharaan, ikan diberi pakan tiga jenis rotifera, yakni rotifera yang diambil dari kultur massal (kontrol), serta rotifera yang diperkaya dengan 0 atau 0,5 g taurin per 10 L media. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa larva ikan yang diberi rotifera yang diperkaya dengan 0,5 g taurin secara signifikan memiliki nilai kelangsungan hidup (58,4%), nisbah RNA/DNA (0,2), serta panjang total (5,86 mm) tertinggi. Nilai kelangsungan hidup, nisbah RNA/DNA, serta panjang total ikan pada perlakuan kontrol dan 0 g taurin masing-masing sebesar 17,6% dan 33,6%; 0,1 dan 0,15; 5,43 mm dan 5,70 mm. Ditemukan pula bahwa larva ikan lebih banyak mengkonsumsi rotifera yang diperkaya dengan 0,5 g taurin dibanding perlakuan lainnya. Penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa pertumbuhan larva ikan kerapu bebek secara signifikan meningkat dengan mengkonsumsi rotifer yang diperkaya dengan taurin.
Improvement of cocoa-pod husk using sheep rumen liquor for tilapia diet Dedi Jusadi; Julie Ekasari; Azis Kurniansyah
Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia Vol. 12 No. 1 (2013): Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia
Publisher : Indonesian Society of Scientific Aquaculture (ISSA)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (2802.845 KB) | DOI: 10.19027/jai.12.40-47

Abstract

ABSTRACT Two experiments were conducted to evaluate the effect of sheep rumen liquor enzyme addition on the reduction of cocoa-pod husk meal (CPHM) fiber content, and the digestibility of hydrolyzed CPHM for tilapia Oreochromis niloticus. In the first trial, sheep rumen liquor enzyme was added with various concentration, i.e. 0, 50, 100 and 150 mL/kg CPHM with three different incubation periods, namely 0, 12, and 24 hours. In the second trial, digestibility was determined by the addition of Cr2O3 as the indicator in both reference and experimental diets, i.e. feed with hydrolyzed CPHM and unhydrolyzed CPHM. Tilapia with an average body weight of 3.86±0.44 g were stocked at a density of 15 fish/aquarium and were maintained for 15 days. In the first trial, CPHM hydrolyzed with 150 mL/kg and incubated for 12 and 24 hour showed the lowest crude fiber content (21.38% and 21.67%). Apparent digestibility coefficient of hydrolyzed CPHM was 33.95%, which was higher than unhydrolyzed CPHM (10.97%). As conclusions sheep rumen liquor enzyme addition was effective to decrease crude fiber content of CPHM and improve the apparent digestibility coefficient of CPHM for tilapia diet. Keywords: sheep rumen liquor enzyme, cocoa-pod husk meal, digestibility, tilapia  ABSTRAK Dua tahap penelitian dilakukan untuk mengevaluasi penambahan enzim cairan rumen domba dalam menurunkan kandungan serat kasar kulit buah kakao (KBK) dan mengevaluasi ketercernaan KBK yang telah dihidrolisis dengan enzim cairan rumen domba dalam pakan ikan nila Oreochromis niloticus. Pada penelitian tahap satu, enzim cairan rumen domba ditambahkan dengan konsentrasi yang berbeda yaitu 0, 50, 100, dan 150 mL/kg KBK dengan lama inkubasi yang berbeda yaitu 0, 12, dan 24 jam. Pada penelitian tahap dua, nilai ketercernaan ditentukan dengan menggunakan indikator Cr2O3 yang ditambahkan ke dalam pakan acuan dan pakan perlakuan, yaitu pakan dengan penambahan KBK yang telah dihidrolisis dengan dosis terbaik pada penelitian tahap satu (KBKe) dan kulit buah kakao tanpa hidrolisis (KBK). Ikan nila yang digunakan mempunyai bobot rata-rata 3,86±0,44 g ditebar dengan kepadatan 15 ekor/akuarium dan dipelihara selama 15 hari. Hasil penelitian tahap satu menunjukkan hidrolisis KBK dengan menggunakan cairan rumen 150 mL/kg dan lama waktu inkubasi 12 jam dan 24 jam mempunyai nilai serat kasar KBK terendah yaitu sebesar 21,38% dan 21,67%. Pada uji ketercernaan terlihat bahwa nilai ketercernaan bahan KBKe lebih tinggi (33,95%) dibandingkan dengan KBK (10,97%). Dengan demikian dapat disimpulkan bahwa penambahan enzim cairan rumen domba dapat menurunkan kandungan serat kasar kulit buah kakao dan meningkatkan ketercernaan kulit buah kakao pada pakan ikan nila. Kata kunci: enzim cairan rumen domba, kulit buah kakao, ketercernaan, ikan nila
Co-Authors , Robin , Sarmin , Sofian . Alimuddin . Syafiuddin A. Shofy Mubarak A.I. Nirwana Abidin Nur Achmad Noerkhaerin Putra Adang Saputra Ade Sunarma Agustinus Ngaddi Ahmad Ghufron Mustofa Alimuddin Alimuddin Aliyah Sakinah Andi Tiara Eka Diana Puteri Anny Hary Ayu Apriana Vinasyiam, Apriana Asda Laining Ayi Rahmat Azis Kurniansyah B.A. Hasyim Dadang Syafruddin Darina Putri Darsiani Darsiani Deddy Yaniharto Deddy Yaniharto Dedy Yaniharto Dewi Sulasingkin Diamahesa, Wastu Ayu Didi Humaedi Yusuf Dinamella Wahjuningrum Dini Harianto Dodi Hermawan E. Gandara Eddy Supriyono Enang Harris Enang Harris Enang Harris Enang Harris Enang Harris Enang Harris Enang Harris Endang Purnama Sari Farida Fitriani Febrina Rolin Febrina Rolin Hani Wijianti Hasan Abidin I Kadek Sumiana I Made Artika I MADE ARTIKA I Nyoman Adi Asmara Giri I. Mokoginta Ichsan Achmad Fauzi Ika Wahyuni Putri Imron Imron ING MOKOGINTA Ing Mokoginta Ing Mokoginta Ing Mokoginta ING MOKOGINTA Ing Mokoginta Ing Mokoginta Irzal Effendi Ismail Rahmat Ismarica Ismarica Iwan Sumantri Jefry Jefry Juli Ekasari Julie Ekasari Jullie Ekasari Ketut Sugama Ketut Sugama Kukuh Nirmala M. Zairin Junior Mas Bayu Syamsunarno Mas Tri Djoko Sunarno Mas Tri Djoko Sunarno Mas Tri Djoko Sunarno Mia Setiawati Mia Setiawati Mohammad Amin MUHAMMAD AGUS SUPRAYUDI Muhammad Zairin Jr. Muhammad Zairin Jr. MUHAMMAD ZAIRIN Jr. Muhammad Zairin Jr. Mujizat Kawaroe Munti Yuhana Nadisa Theresia Putri Neltje Nobertine Palinggi Neltje Nobertine Palinggi nFN Safratilofa nFN Yulfiperius Nina Meilisza Nina Meilisza Nur Bambang Priyo Utomo Nur Bambang Priyo Utomo Nur Bambang Priyo Utomo Nur Bambang Priyo Utomo Nur Hikma Mahasu NurBambang Priyono Utomo Nurina Pratiwi O.D. Subakti Hasan Odang Carman Rakhmawati, Rakhmawati Rasidi Rasidi Rasidi Rasidi Ria Septy Anggraini Ricky Ramadhan Ridwan Affandi Ridwan Affandi Rina Hirnawati Riska Diana Rizkan Fahmi Shella Marlinda Siti Komariyah Siti Murniasih Sri Nuryati Suardi Laheng Syarifah Ruchyani T.L. Pelawi Taufik Shidik Adi Nugroho Shidik Thoy Batun Citra Rahmadani Tira Silvianti Titin Kurniasih Toshiro Masumoto Totok Hestirianoto Triana Retno Palupi Tulas Aprilia Ucu Cahyadi Usman Usman Usman Usman Usman Usman Uttari Dewi Wahyu Pamungkas Wahyu Pamungkas Wasjan Wasjan Wasjan Widanarni Widanarni Widya Puspitasari Wiwik Hildayanti Yulintine Yulintine YULISMAN Yuni Puji Hastuti Yutaka Haga Zuraida .