Yusup AMIN
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Botanical Garden including information on their physical  and   mechanical  properties,   natural  durability,   distribution, prospect and other supporting data; (2) to analyze the lesser-known wood species that could be used for  construction materials and then recommend them to be developed through Industrials Plantation Forest. The steps of the study were first collection of data on timber species from herbarium catalogue; second collection of data on the properties of wood from various sour Ika WAHYUNI; Wahyu DWIANTO; Yusup AMIN; Teguh DARMAWAN
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Hasil Hutan Vol. 1 No. 2 (2008): Jurnal Ilmu Teknologi Hasil Hutan
Publisher : Departemen Hasil Hutan, IPB

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Abstract

Botanical Garden including information on their physical  and   mechanical  properties,   natural  durability,   distribution, prospect and other supporting data; (2) to analyze the lesser-known wood species that could be used for  construction materials and then recommend them to be developed through Industrials Plantation Forest. The steps of the study were first collection of data on timber species from herbarium catalogue; second collection of data on the properties of wood from various sources; third, observation of stem morphology in the field. The result of the catalogue study showed that there were 291 timber tree species grown in Cibodas Botanical Garden which were comprised of 14 major commercial timbers, 74 minor commercial timbers, and 142 lesser known timbers. These timber species were also distributed in other parts of Indonesia. Observation in the field then generated 49 lesser-known wood species that could be used for construction materials based on their stem form and branch height. From the reference and catalogue study, it was found that there were 14 wood species belongs to strength class I to III with natural durability ranges from very durable to moderate. These woods were then evaluated based on their morphological features and prospects. Finally, it was found that only ten wood species that were suitable to be used for construction materials, i.e. Acmena acuminatissima (Blume.) Merr. & Perry (Kelat); Adenanthera microsperma Teijsm. & Binn. (Saga); Baccaurea parviflora (Muell. Arg.) (Setambun); Casuarina junghuhniana Miq. (Cemara Gunung); Garcinia parvifolia and G. beccari (Manggis Hutan); Gymnostoma sumatranum (Joogb. ex de Vriese) L.A.S. Johnson (Cemara Sumatra); Mimusops elengi L. (Tanjung); Neonauclea lanceolata and N. obtusa (Ki Anggrit). However, the result of this study needs to be supported by further study on their wood properties since the present data were mostly qualitatives. Further research concerning their silviculture, growth rate, and susceptibility to the diseases were also needed to be done.   Keywords : Lesser-known timbers, Cibodas Botanical Garden.
Pengembangan Papan Komposit dari Limbah Perkebunan Sagu (Metroxylon sago Rottb.) (Development of Composite Board made from Sago (Metroxylon sago Rottb.) Plantation Waste) Sukma S Kusuma; Ruslan Ruslan; Muhammad Daud; Ika Wahyuni; Teguh Darmawan; Yusup Amin; Muh. Y Massijaya; Bambang Subiyanto
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kayu Tropis Vol 8, No 2 (2010): Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kayu Tropis
Publisher : Masyarakat Peneliti Kayu Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (351.436 KB) | DOI: 10.51850/jitkt.v8i2.218

Abstract

Plantation waste has gained increasing attention as an alternative raw material for use in the manufacture of composite boards, i.e. waste of sago plantation. Medium density composite boards were made from zephyr of sago midrib to evaluate the effects of resin and adhesive content levels. The boards were fabricated using polyurethane (PU) and phenol formaldehyde (PF) resin with three levels of adhesive content i.e. 10%, 12%, and 14%. Physical (moisture content, density, water absorption, and thickness swelling) and mechanical (Modulus of Rupture, Modulus of Elastisity, Screw Holding, and Internal Bonding) properties of composite board were evaluated according to JIS A 5908-2003 standard. Research result showed that properties of composite board made from sago frond with 14% content level of polyurethane adhesive better than other composite board. Based on composite board properties, the board was suitable as building raw material and furniture i.e. partition, cupboard, table, and roof.
Lime Pretreatment on Jabon Wood to Improve Its Reducing Sugar Yield Yusup Amin; Wasrin Syafii; Nyoman J Wistara; Bambang Prasetya
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kayu Tropis Vol 12, No 2 (2014): Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kayu Tropis
Publisher : Masyarakat Peneliti Kayu Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (517.519 KB) | DOI: 10.51850/jitkt.v12i2.75

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to determine the performance of enzymatic hydrolysis on lime pretreated jabon wood (Anthocephalus cadamba Miq). Proceeding hydrolysis process, the morphology and crystallinity changes of pretreated jabon were also examined. In the present study, jabon wood meal was put into digester and then lime was loaded at varied lime loading, i.e. at 0.1, 0.3, and 0.5 g Ca(OH)2 g-1 of dry biomass in 90 ml of water. The slurry was then homogenized and heated in the oil bath at 100, 125 and 150 C for 2, 4 and 6 hours. Enzymatic hydrolysis was performed in accordance to the NREL procedures using a cellulase enzyme. The enzyme loading variation was 10, 20 and 40 FPU g-1 of the substrate. the RSY of pretreated jabon increased up to 9.7 folds from that of its control. The highest RSY was obtained for pretreatment with 0.5 g Ca(OH)2 g-1 dried biomass at 150 °C for 4 hours and hydrolyzed with 40 FPU of cellulase (118 mg equivalent glucose g-1 dry biomass). This yield was comparable with 14.4% More than a third of the lignin and hemicellulose content (45.83 and 65.52%) were degraded by lime pretreatment.Keywords: enzymatic hydrolysis, jabon wood, lime pretreatment, reducing sugar yield
Karakteristik LVL Lengkung dengan Proses Kempa Dingin Characteristic of LVL Bent by Cold Press Process Teguh Darmawan; Wahyu Dwianto; Yusup Amin; Kurnia Wiji Prasetyo; Bambang Subiyanto
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kayu Tropis Vol 7, No 2 (2009): Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kayu Tropis
Publisher : Masyarakat Peneliti Kayu Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (334.548 KB) | DOI: 10.51850/jitkt.v7i2.229

Abstract

Bending LVL (Laminated Veneer Lumber) is a more effisien method to manufacture bent wood components compare to other methods in raw materials point of view. The Bending LVL was made from Sengon veneers by cold press process with variation of Water Based Polymer-Isocyanate adhesive of 250, 280, 310 g/m2 and bend radius of 200,300, 400 mm. The results showed that the physical properties of Bending LVL made by using Water Based Polymer-Isocyanate adhesive and cold press process was fit with JAS 1639/1986 standard. The optimum adhesive concentration and bend radius was 250 g/m2 and 20 cm, respectively
The Physical and Mechanical Properties of Branch Wood of Schizolobium amazonicumDucke Yusup Amin; Ika Wahyuni; Teguh Darmawan; Wahyu Dwianto; Sunarko Sunarko
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kayu Tropis Vol 9, No 2 (2011): Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kayu Tropis
Publisher : Masyarakat Peneliti Kayu Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (242.144 KB) | DOI: 10.51850/jitkt.v9i2.139

Abstract

One of the efficiency use of wood resources can be done by promoting the utilization of lesser-known species. However, high demand of familiar woods such as teak, kamper, meranti, mahoni, albizia, and acacia wood has limited the utilization of lesser-known species. The main purpose of this research was to determine the physical and mechanical properties of the branch-woodof Schizolobium amazonicum Ducke, one of lesser-known and a fast-growing species, and had recomonded its utilization. The physical and mechanical properties tested on this research were wood density, dimensional stability, Modulus of Elasticity (MOE), Modulus of Rupture (MOR), and compression strength parallel to grain. The sample testing refers to British Standard (BS 373, 1957). The result shows that the branch-wood of S.amazonicum has physical and mechanical properties as well as other fast-growing species, e.g. albizia wood. According to its density and MOR values, the S. amazonicum is classified as strength class of IV-III and it is possible used for light construction, furniture and plywood raw material.Key words: lesser known species, physical and mechanical properties, Schizolobiumamazonicum, strength class.