Dian Novita
Universitas Terbuka

Published : 3 Documents Claim Missing Document
Claim Missing Document
Check
Articles

Found 3 Documents
Search

PENGARUH POLA PENGASUHAN ORANGTUA DAN PROSES PEMBELAJARAN DI SEKOLAH TERHADAP TINGKAT KREATIVITAS ANAK PRASEKOLAH (4-5 TAHUN) Dian Novita; Muman Hendra Budiman
Jurnal Pendidikan Vol. 16 No. 2 (2015)
Publisher : LPPM Universitas Terbuka

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (200.896 KB) | DOI: 10.33830/jp.v16i2.338.2015

Abstract

Preschoolers are creative people, unfortunately many parents and teachers are less aware or less can appreciate the creativity of children. They would want a child who is always obedient and do the things parents want or do the same things as other children. Services to early childhood education is a fundamental influence on the development of selanjunya child to adult. Hurlock (1991) says that the early years of a child's life is the basis which tends to persist and influence the attitudes and behavior of children throughout his life. At preschool age, children have the nature of imitation or copying of anything he had seen. This study aims to determine the effect characteristic of the individual and family characteristic to the creativity and parenting parents and the learning process at school on the level of creativity of kindergarten age children. The method used in this study was a cross sectional study. Guide TK Ananda Open University with a sample of 30 children. Data obtained through observation, interviews and documentation. From the research results can be seen that the gender and birth order of the child has no correlation with parenting styles applied to the elderly at home. Family characteristics did not correlate with their parenting styles on children, as well as the characteristics of the child with the child's creativity. There is a significant relationship between education fathers with children's creativity in the face of boredom, while also shown a significant relationship between the mother opinion in answering the questions in the children's play activities that can improve creativity. There is a significant correlation between parental care provided to the ability of a child's imagination, familiar surroundings, answering questions posed from child to improve the child's ability to experiment, creating new stimuli children so that children have the ability to overcome boredom. Anak prasekolah adalah individu yang kreatif, sayangnya banyak orang tua dan guru yang kurang menyadari atau kurang dapat menghargai kreativitas anak. Mereka lebih menginginkan anak yang selalu patuh dan melakukan hal-hal yang diinginkan orang tua atau melakukan hal-hal yang sama seperti anak lain. Layanan pendidikan kepada anak usia dini merupakan dasar yang sangat berpengaruh terhadap perkembangan anak selanjunya hingga dewasa. Hurlock (1991) mengatakan bahwa tahun-tahun awal kehidupan anak merupakan dasar yang cenderung bertahan dan mempengaruhi sikap dan perilaku anak sepanjang hidupnya. Pada usia pra sekolah, anak mempunyai sifat imitasi atau meniru terhadap apapun yang telah dilihatnya. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh karakteritik individu dan karakteritik keluarga terhadap kreativitas dan pola asuh orang tua dan proses pembelajaran di sekolah terhadap tingkat kreativitas anak usia TK. Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah cross sectional studi. Dilakukan di TK Ananda Universitas Terbuka dengan jumlah sampel 30 anak. Data diperoleh melalui observasi, wawancara dan studi dokumentasi. Dari hasil penelitian dapat dilihat bahwa jenis kelamin dan urutan kelahiran anak tidak memiliki korelasi dengan gaya pengasuhan yang diterapkan orang tua di rumah. Karakteristik keluarga tidak memiliki korelasi dengan gaya pengasuhan mereka terhadap anak, begitu juga anak dengan karakteristik anak terhadap kreativitas. Terdapat hubungan yang siginifikan antara pendidikan ayah dengan kreativitas anak dalam menghadapi rasa bosan, selain itu juga terlihat hubungan signifikan antara pendapat ibu dengan dalam menjawab pertanyaan-pertanyaan anak dalam kegiatan bermain yang dapat meningkatkan kreativitas. Terdapat hubungan signifikan antara pengasuhan yang diberikan orang tua terhadap kemampuan imajinasi anak, mengenal lingkungan sekitar, menjawab pertanyaan yang dilontarkan dari anak sehingga meningkatkan kemampuan anak untuk bereksperimen, menimbulkan rangsangan-rangsangan baru anak sehingga anak memliki kemampuan dalam mengatasi rasa bosan.
FENOMENA NOMOPHOBIA PADA ANAK USIA DINI BERDASARKAN TIPOLOGI WILAYAH DAN HUBUNGANNYA TERHADAP PERILAKU PROSOSIAL DAN ANTISOSIAL Dian Novita; Kenty Martiastuti
JKKP (Jurnal Kesejahteraan Keluarga dan Pendidikan) Vol 8 No 01 (2021): JKKP (Jurnal Kesejahteraan Keluarga dan Pendidikan)
Publisher : Family Welfare Education Study Program, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Negeri Jakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21009/JKKP.081.09

Abstract

Abstrak Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengidentifikasi fenomena nomophobia pada anak usia dini di wilayah perdesaan dan perkotaan, menganalisis perbedaan perilaku nomophobia dan perilaku sosial antara kedua wilayah, serta menganalisis hubungan perilaku nomophobia terhadap perilaku sosial. Penelitian ini dilakukan di dua wilayah yaitu di Kabupaten Kuningan (representatif wilayah perdesaan) dan Kota Depok (representatif wilayah perkotaan) dengan responden masing-masing sebanyak 50 orang, sehingga total responden adalah 100 orang. Data yang dikumpulkan dari penelitian ini adalah perilaku nomophobia yang menggunakan instrumen NMP-Q (Yildirim,2015) dan perilaku sosial diukur berdasarkan dimensi yang dikembangkan oleh Hurlock (1978) yang terdiri atas perilaku prososial dan antisosial. Melalui uji independent sample t-test, hasil penelitian menunjukkan tidak ada perbedaan signifikan pada perilaku nomophobia antara wilayah perdesaan dan perkotaan. Skor rata-rata perilaku nomophobia di perdesaan adalah 35,61 sedangkan di perkotaan adalah 35,72 yang termasuk kategori rendah. Perilaku sosial di kedua wilayah sebagian besar menunjukkan kategori tinggi (64%) dan tidak ada perbedaan perilaku sosial secara umum baik di perdesaan maupun perkotaan. Hasil uji korelasi menunjukkan tidak adanya hubungan signifikan antara perilaku nomophobia dan perilaku sosial namun koefisien korelasi negatif yaitu -0,085 menjadi indikasi bahwa semakin tinggi perilaku nomophobia maka akan semakin rendah perilaku sosial anak usia dini. Hal ini perlu mendapat perhatian bersama, mengingat dampak buruk yang dapat ditimbulkan dari adanya fenomena nomophobia terutama pada anak usia dini. Kata Kunci: anak usia dini, nomophobia, perilaku sosial Nomophobia Phenomenons in Early Childhood based on Regional Typology and Its Relationship to Prosocial and Antisocial Behaviors Abstract This study aims to identify the phenomenon of nomophobia in early childhood in rural and urban areas, to analyze differences in nomophobic behavior and social behavior between the two regions and to analyze the relationship between nomophobic behavior and social behavior. This research was conducted in two areas, namely Kuningan District (rural area representative) and Depok City (urban area representative) with 50 respondents each, so that the total number of respondents was 100 people. The data collected from this study were nomophobic behavior using the NMP-Q instrument (Yildirim, 2015) and social behavior was measured based on the dimensions developed by Hurlock (1978) which consisted of prosocial and antisocial behavior. Through the independent samples t-test, it was found that the results of the study showed no significant difference in nomophobic behavior between rural and urban areas. The average score of nomophobic behavior in rural areas is 35,61, while in urban areas it is 35,72 which is in the low category. Most of the social behavior in the two regions shows the high category (64%) and there is no difference in social behavior in general, both in rural and urban areas. The results of the correlation test showed that there was no significant relationship between nomophobic behavior and social behavior, but the negative correlation coefficient, namely -0,085, is an indication that the higher the nomophobic behavior, the lower the social behavior of early childhood. This needs mutual attention, considering the bad effects that can be caused by the phenomenon of nomophobia, especially in early childhood. Keywords : early childhood, nomophobia, social behavior
DESIGNING KANTIN KEJUJURAN CORNER AT SMP NEGERI 1 KEMANG, BOGOR REGENCY ANDAYANI ANDAYANI; Budi HERMAINI; Dian NOVITA; Monika HANDAYANI; Siti AISYAH
Diseminasi: Jurnal Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat Vol. 1 No. 1 (2019)
Publisher : Pusat Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat- LPPM Universitas Terbuka

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (254.958 KB) | DOI: 10.33830/diseminasiabdimas.v1i1.500

Abstract

Located in Tegal Village, Kemang District, Bogor Regency, SMP Negeri 1 Kemang is the only secondary school for the children from the surrounding villages. The local government has the expectation for the school to excel in various aspects, such as to develop the school to be a Secondary School with Exemplary Character. The development of Kantin Kejujuran (lit: Honesty Canteen) is expected to raise the students’ awareness of the importance of honesty. The development began in 2017, and it focused on the development of physical facilities. Along such development, initial assessment on the perception of students and teachers towards the value of honesty was conducted using the Likert scale. Open questionnaires were distributed to get the general idea of teachers and students’ expectation towards Kantin Kejujuran. In the designing process, it was found that there are similarities between the students’ and teachers’ perceptions towards the value of honesty, in which it is considered important and needs to be developed. The procedure of using Kantin Kejujuran in accordance with the characteristics of the students needed to be developed from 2018.