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Pemanfaatan Persistent Scatterer Interferometry Synthetic Aperture Radar (PSInSAR) Untuk Mengidentifikasi Laju Deformasi Permukaan di Lapangan Panas Bumi Ulubelu I Gede Boy Darmawan; Karyanto Karyanto
Jurnal Geospasial Indonesia Vol 4, No 2 (2021): December
Publisher : Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/jgise.66896

Abstract

Lapangan panas bumi Ulubelu telah diekstraksi sejak tahun 2012 dengan menghasilkan 2 x 55 MW dari PLTP unit 1 & 2 dan meningkat menjadi 4 x 55 MW sejak tahun 2016 dengan beroperasinya unit 3 dan unit 4. Peningkatan eksploitasi energi panas bumi di Ulubelu berpotensi menimbulkan perubahan kondisi geologi dan lingkungan yang salah satunya adalah subsiden. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengidentifikasi potensi laju deformasi permukaan memanfaatkan metode Persistent Scatterer Interferometry Synthetic Aperture Radar (PSInSAR) di lapangan panas bumi Ulubelu. Sebanyak 49 data Sentinel-1 periode Oktober 2014 hingga Maret 2020 dengan mode descending telah diolah dan dianalisis menggunakan tiga software utama yaitu SNAP, StaMPS dan StaMPS-Visualizer. Pembentukan interferogram pada setiap pasangan data (image pair) antara master dengan seluruh slave dilakukan menggunakan SNAP. Seluruh data interferogram kemudian diexport sebagai input data StaMPS untuk mendapatkan nilai piksel yang memiliki koherensi terbaik dan persistent. Hasil pengolahan menunjukkan laju deformasi per titik persistent scatterer (PS) berkisar antara -7,3 hingga +7,5 mm/tahun relatif pada arah Line of Sight (LOS) tanpa validasi lapangan. Pola deformasi berupa penurunan muka tanah berada di sekitar area eksploitasi panas bumi, sedangkan kenaikan muka tanah (uplift) terdeteksi di luar area eksploitasi. Hasil analisis menunjukkan bahwa kesamaan laju deformasi pada PLTP unit 1 & 2 dengan PLTP unit 3 & 4 mengindikasikan proses subsiden di area Ulubelu didominasi oleh proses ekstraksi fluida panas bumi. Temuan ini juga memperkuat penelitian sebelumnya yang menunjukkan bahwa proses subsiden di area panas bumi Ulubelu disebabkan oleh pemadatan batuan alterasi.
PENDUGAAN PATAHAN DAERAH “Y” BERDASARKAN ANOMALI GAYABERAT DENGAN ANALISIS DERIVATIVE Yasrifa Fitri Aufia; Karyanto Karyanto; Rustadi Rustadi
Jurnal Geofisika Eksplorasi Vol 5, No 1 (2019)
Publisher : Engineering Faculty Universitas Lampung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.23960/jge.v5i1.24

Abstract

The research area "Y" is an area of gold mineralization with low sulfidation epithermal type deposit. The existence of this type of mineralization on the path marked by the presence of mineral deposits, which form the quartz veined below the surface of the deposited within the structure of the fault. In this study, analysis of gravity data using derivatives analysis, i.e. First Horizontal Derivative (FHD) to determine the boundary fault structure and Second Vertical Derivative (SVD) to determine the type of fault. The existence of the fault structure integrated with subsurface modeling results in two-dimensional and three-dimensional. The results showed three line slice made in the area of research, identified structure of down faults (normal) trending northeast - south on slice 1 with an estimated dip (slope) is 22° and expected of strike on this fault is N 158° W and thrust fault structure trending northwest - south on slice 2 also slice 3 with an estimated dip (slope) is 22° and expected of strike on this fault is N 158° E. The results of the modeling of two-dimensional and three-dimensional show fracture structure is at the density of 2 g/cc – 2,67 g/cc in the depth of around 100 m - 250 m that consists of sedimentary rocks (clay and sandstone) with a density of 2,2 g/cc – 2,3 g/cc at the age of Tertiary Pliocene, tuff rock with a density of 2,4 g/cc – 2,5 g/cc at the age of Early Miocene and bedrock (basement) in andesite form with a density of 2,67 g/cc.
PEMODELAN 3D STRUKTUR BAWAH PERMUKAAN GUNUNGAPI AGUNG PROVINSI BALI MENGGUNAKAN METODE GAYA BERAT Nasyratul Ilmi; Karyanto Karyanto
Jurnal Geofisika Eksplorasi Vol 5, No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Engineering Faculty Universitas Lampung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.23960/jge.v5i2.30

Abstract

Under surface structure, 3d modelling of Agung volcano in Bali had been conducted by using gravity methods. This research aims to identify the magma chamber and make a model below the surface of the Great Volcano of Bali Province by using gravity anomaly data. Data processing methods performed in this research were consists of six steps: (i) arrangement the contour map of Bouguer anomaly, (ii) spectrum analysis, (iii) anomaly regional and residual separation, (iv) Second Vertical Derivative analysis, (v) cross-section of subsurface geology construction by using 3D (inverse modelling), (vi) qualitative and quantitative interpretation. Anomaly Bougeur contour map result shows the value of Bouguer anomaly in research area around 84 mGal spreading around west-south part of research point until 279 mGal on Agung volcano body. Anomaly regional value is around 97 mGal to 253 mGal. The boundary between basement a sedimentary rock of the research area are at the depth of 0,89 km. The magma chamber of Agung volcano is in the depth of 500 to 8000 metres to a form of towing up and polluted in the middle. The density of the magma chamber is around 2,73 until 2,86 gr/cc. The magma flow in the Agung volcano of visible at the depth of 0 metres.
IDENTIFIKASI BATAS SUB-CEKUNGAN HIDROKARBON MENGGUNAKAN ANALISIS SHD (SECOND HORIZONTAL DERIVATIVE) DAN SVD (SECOND VERTICAL DERIVATIVE) BERDASARKAN KORELASI DATA GAYABERAT DAN SEISMIK Wuri Andari; Karyanto Karyanto; Riski Kurniawan
Jurnal Geofisika Eksplorasi Vol 5, No 1 (2019)
Publisher : Engineering Faculty Universitas Lampung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.23960/jge.v5i1.23

Abstract

Gravity method generally can read the difference of rock density to identify subsurface structures. This research was conducted in Riau area with the aim of knowing fault and subsurface structure, and determining sub-basin boundary. Data processing was done by using spectral analysis, SHD and SVD analysis, and 2D modeling then later correlated with seismic section to find out the subsurface structure of research area. The results showed that the bouguer anomaly value had a range of values between 5.6 mGal to 33.2 mGal with a surface density of 1.95 g / cc. High anomaly were in the eastern region and low anomaly were in the NW - SE trending region. 6 low anomalies indicated as a sub-basin pattern were separated by a relatively high altitude area of North West Southeast. The average residual anomaly depth was about 2.3 km. Based on the 2D subsurface modeling results, there was layer structure from the youngest to eldest that were alluvial deposits, Petani Formation, Sihapas group and granitic rock as the base rock. The projected subsurface section to surface showed 5 sub-basins with basin width 4-12 km located in the sub-basin and fault indication area.
Pengujian Prototipe Instrumen Pengukuran Gradien Termal di Lapangan Panas Bumi Padang Cermin Pesawaran Karyanto Karyanto; I Gede Boy Darmawan
Jurnal Teori dan Aplikasi Fisika Vol 9, No 2 (2021): Jurnal Teori dan Aplikasi Fisika
Publisher : Universitas Lampung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.23960/jtaf.v9i2.2775

Abstract

Hasil perancangan prototipe instrumen pengukuran gradien termal yang telah dilakukan sebelumnya membutuhkan pengujian lapangan. Pengujian ini bertujuan untuk melihat kemampuan instrumen prototipe dalam uji pengukuran langsung di lapangan panas bumi. Metode yang digunakan dalam pengujian adalah dengan membandingkan hasil pengukuran suhu pada instrumen prototipe dengan hasil pengukuran suhu menggunakan instrumen MAE A5000T penelitian sebelumnya di Padang Cermin. Penghitungan gradien termal dilakukan secara otomatis oleh sistem dalam prototipe menggunakan teknik kuadrat terkecil (Least Squares Method). Hasil pengukuran menunjukkan adanya keselarasan suhu khususnya pada area manifestasi. Peta sebaran suhu mengindikasikan pola klasterisasi yang menunjukkan hubungan aliran fluida panas, khususnya pada arah barat-timur. Adanya konektivitas fluida panas ini diinterpretasikan sebagai struktur geologi atau zona permeable pada area manifestasi. Hasil pengukuran gradien termal juga menunjukkan pola gradien tinggi di area manifestasi panas bumi. Selain itu, sebaran nilai suhu rendah pada ketiga layer juga mengindikasikan sumber aliran fluida air permukaan yang selaras dengan arah puncak gunung. Hal ini memperkuat indikasi bahwa sumber recharge atau resapan air meteorik didominasi oleh puncak Gunung Ratai. Temuan ini mengindikasikan bahwa prototipe instrumen pengukuran gradien termal ini mampu digunakan di lapangan panas bumi.
Peningkatan Partisipasi Masayarakat pada Studi Pemetaan Partisipatif dalam Pembuatan Jalur Evakuasi Bencana Tsunami di Desa Wisata Pagar Jaya Rahmat Catur Wibowo; Karyanto Karyanto; Ahmad Zaenudin; Muh Sarkowi
Jurnal Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat Sakai Sambayan Vol 4 No 1 (2020)
Publisher : Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian Universitas Lampung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.23960/jss.v4i1.172

Abstract

Desa wisata Pagar Jaya memiliki beberapa obyek geowisata yang sangat menarik untuk dikunjungi seperti: Dinding Dasit, Pantai T. Indah, Pantai T. Hantu, dan Batu Wayang. Semua obyek geowisata tersebut berada di area pesisir dan sangat rentan terhadap ancaman bencana tsunami. Nilai penting dari proses partisipatif dalam kajian risiko bencana adalah mewadahi masyarakat dalam mengambil keputusan dan merumuskan tindakan prioritas pengurangan risiko bencana. Tujuan dari pengabdian ini adalah: memetakan kondisi eksisting obyek geowisata Dinding Dasit, Teluk Indah, Teluk Hantu, dan Batu Wayang berbasis geospasial, mengedukasi masyarakat akan prinsip-prinsip mitigasi bencana tsunami, dan mengintegrasikan data geospasial dan nonspasial dari kelompok masyarakat dalam pembuatan jalur evakuasi bencana tsunami di Desa Wisata Pagar Jaya. Kelompok masyarakat yang tergabung dalam Kelompok Sadar Wisata (Pokdarwis) Desa Wisata Pagar Jaya merupakan subjek utama dalam proses pemetaan partisipatif. Proses pemetaan melalui tahap Focus Group Discussion dan in-depth interview berkaitan dengan risiko bencana dan jalur evakuasi. Sistem Informasi Geografis kemudian mentransformasikan hasil pemetaan partsipatif dalam bentuk digital. Hasil dari penelitian ini adalah peta partisipatif jalur evakuasi untuk bencana tsunami di Desa Pagar Jaya yang secara geografis berada di pesisir selatan Pulau Sumatera.
INVERSI 2D DATA MAGNETOTELURIK UNTUK MENGETAHUI KEBERADAAN HIDROKARBON DAERAH BULA, MALUKU Elen Novia Limswipin; Syamsurijal Rasimeng; Karyanto Karyanto; Noor Muhammad Indragiri
Jurnal Geofisika Eksplorasi Vol 4, No 3 (2018)
Publisher : Engineering Faculty Universitas Lampung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.23960/jge.v4i3.38

Abstract

There had been done a regional research which tittle is “2D inversion magnetotelluric data for understanding the hidrocarbon presence in Bula, Maluku”. This study aims to determine the resistivity distribution area of research based on data Magnetotelluric, identifying the presence of hydrocarbons based on the value of the resistivity of the results of 2D inversion of data Magnetotelluric. Methods of data processing done are (i) transform raw data from the time domain into the frequency domain, (ii) reduce noise by robust processing, (iii) process combine, (iv) Selection cross power, (v) inversion 1D and 2D. 2D inversion results is sectional subsurface resistivity distribution, layer having resistivity values 7-16 Ωm along MT1 and MT7 point at a depth of 1000 meters is a clay stone which is indicated as cap rock. Layer with resistivity values 34-120 Ωm, which is between the point MT6 and MT7 at a depth of 1500 meters is indicated as the sandstone reservoir. Based on geologic information and sectional 2D inversion seen their fault based on the resistivity contrast is between the point MT2 and MT3, MT3 and MT4 and MT6 and MT7.
ANALISIS PETROFISIKA UNTUK MENENTUKAN OIL-WATER CONTACT PADA FORMASI TALANGAKAR, LAPANGAN “FBT”, CEKUNGAN SUMATRA SELATAN Febrina Bunga Tarigan; Ordas Dewanto; Karyanto Karyanto; Rahmat Catur Wibowo; Andika Widyasari
Jurnal Geofisika Eksplorasi Vol 5, No 1 (2019)
Publisher : Engineering Faculty Universitas Lampung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.23960/jge.v5i1.20

Abstract

In conducting petrophysics analysis, there are many methods on each property. Therefore, it is necessary to determine the exact method on each petrophysical property suitable for application in the field of research in order to avoid irregularities at the time of interpretation. The petrophysical property consists of volume shale, porosity, water saturation, etc. This research used six well data named FBT01, FBT02, FBT03, FBT04, FBT05, and FBT06 and also assisted with core data contained in FBT03. Core data used as a reference in petrophysical analysis because it was considered to have represented or closed to the actual reservoir conditions in the field. The area in this research was in Talangakar Formation, "FBT" Field, South Sumatra Basin. The most suited volume shale method for “FBT” field condition was gamma ray-neutron-density method by seeing its photo core and lithology. As for the effective porosity, the most suited method for the field was neutron-density-sonic method by its core. Oil-water contact was useful to determine the hydrocarbon reserves. Oil-water contact was obtained at a depth of 2277.5 feet on FBT01, 2226.5 feet on FBT02, 2312.5 feet on FBT03, 2331 feet on FBT04, 2296 feet on FBT05, and 2283.5 feet on FBT06. The oil-water contact depth differences at Talangakar formation in FBT field caused by structure in subsurface.
ANALISIS PETROFISIKA DAN PENYEBAB LOW RESISTIVITY RESERVOIR ZONE BERDASARKAN DATA LOG, SEM, XRD DAN PETROGRAFI PADA LAPANGAN X SUMATERA SELATAN Rita Aprilia; Ordas Dewanto; Karyanto Karyanto; Aldis Ramadhan
Jurnal Geofisika Eksplorasi Vol 4, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Engineering Faculty Universitas Lampung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.23960/jge.v4i2.13

Abstract

Hydrocarbon reservoir zone located on Low Resistivity is a typical and hidden oil and gas layer which always wrong in assessing as a water layer due to the complex geological origin and resistivity log limitation in identifying hydrocarbon. Presence of shale in a reservoir will decreasing resistivity value and increasing saturation value, so it can cause the results of the analysis to be pessimistic in the identification of hydrocarbons. In that case need to do analysis to core data on research area in order to know the cause of Low Resistivity on reservoir zone that having a probability of hydrocarbon content. Reservoir zone that has low resistivity value is at depth 1572-1577 mD. In this zone, it has a low resistivity value around 2.7- 4.4 ohm-m, with water saturation value around 47%-74% which causes on Low Resistivity reservoir zone to be between hydrocarbons and water reservoir zone. Then, on this research, Low Resistivity is also caused by Lamination Clay of shale type presence which consists of several types of Clay which can cause reservoir zone is at low resistivity value. This Clay type consist of Kaolite 20%, Illite 4%, and Chlorite 4% minerals as well as the presence of other minerals as proponent of low resistivity that is Quartz 60%, Plagioclase 9% and Calcite 3% as conductive minerals.
IDENTIFIKASI STRUKTUR BAWAH PERMUKAAN MENGGUNAKAN METODE MAGNETOTELLURIK 2D DI DAERAH CEKUNGAN BINTUNI SEBAGAI POTENSI HIDROKARBON Ririn Yulianti; Syamsurijal Rasimeng; Karyanto Karyanto; Hidayat Hidayat; Noor Muhammad Indragiri
Jurnal Geofisika Eksplorasi Vol 4, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Engineering Faculty Universitas Lampung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.23960/jge.v4i2.18

Abstract

Magnetotelluric research was done in hydrocarbon prospect area of Bintuni basin, West Papua province. The purpose of this research is to identificate hydrocarbon prospect in subsurface structure using 2D resistivity section. Data processing step for the research are; (i) Data transformation from time domain to frequency domain using Fourier transformation. (ii) Filtering process using Robust No Weight, Robust Rho Variance and Robust Ordinary Coherency. (iii) XPR selection and formatting data into EDI file. (iv) 2D resistivity section modeling using inversion. The result of this research based on 2D resistivity section in Klasafat formation have resistivity value about 1 – 20 Ωm. From 0 until 1000 meter below the surface the main lithology is claystone that identified as caprock. Kemblengan formation have resistivity value about 20 – 90 Ωm in 3500 meter under surface with main lithology lime-sandstone and identified as a reservoir. Tipuma formation have resistivity value about 0.62 – 2 Ωm in 8000 meter under surface with main lithology claystone. Kemun formation have resistivity value about 20 – 32 Ωm in 6000 meter under surface with main lithology sandstone and identified as a basement.