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The Determinants of Family Support of Lung TB Patients in Consuming Anti Tuberculosis Medicine in Polonia Health Center Medan Asriwati Asriwati; Poppy Indah Tristiyana
Health Notions Vol 4, No 1 (2020): January
Publisher : Humanistic Network for Science and Technology (HNST)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (68.19 KB) | DOI: 10.33846/hn40101

Abstract

Tuberculosis treatment requires a relatively long time with two stages, namely the internship stage and the advanced stage. The number of drugs that must be taken and the toxicity and side effects of the drug can be a barrier in the completion of therapy for tuberculosis patients. Tackling tuberculosis through the provision of anti-tuberculosis drugs (OAT) in the DOTS Directly Observation Treatment Strategy (DOTS). Compliance with TB drugs is not done regularly, not according to the time of treatment, and the use of anti-tuberculosis (OAT) drugs will not adequately cause resistance to OAT or what is called Multi Drugs Resistance (MDR). This study aims to determine the factors that influence family support in patients with pulmonary TB in taking anti-tuberculosis drugs in Polonia Health Center Medan in 2019. The type of research used in this study is an analytical survey with a cross-sectional study design. The population was all Category I Lung Tuberculosis patients who were registered at the Polonia Health Center Medan from October to November 2019. The total sampling was 48 samples. In this study, bivariate and multivariate test analyses were performed using multiple logistic regression formulas. The result showed that there is an influence of patient's family support in taking anti-tuberculosis drugs, there is an influence of taking patient's medication in taking anti-tuberculosis drugs in the Polonia Health Center Medan in 2019. The family suggested involving in taking anti-tuberculosis drugs. Keywords: tuberculosis; family support; supervision of taking medication; patients
HUBUNGAN PERILAKU KELUARGA SADAR GIZI DENGAN KEJADIAN STUNTING BALITA DAN EVALUASI PROGRAM Ria Agustina; Tri Niswati Utami; Asriwati Asriwati
Jurnal Keperawatan Priority Vol. 3 No. 2 (2020)
Publisher : Universitas Prima Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.34012/jukep.v3i2.948

Abstract

The results of monitoring the nutritional status of children under five years (toddler) at the Puskesmas Sigambal Rantau Selatan Sub-District, Labuhanbatu District short prevalence is still high at 15.31% and very short 10.15% in 2017. The study aims to analyze the relationship of nutrition conscious family behavior with incidence of toddler stunting and nutrition awareness family program evaluation. The population was mothers with children aged 12-59 months, 119 people and a sample of 92 people. The sampling technique is a random table technique. Data were analyzed univariate, bivariate and multivariate using multiple logistic regression tests. Qualitative data are data reduction, presentation and conclusion drawing. The results showed that the consumption of various foods (0,000) was related to the incidence of toddler stunting and as a dominant factor. Weighing variables, iodized salt consumption, exclusive breastfeeding and nutritional supplements (vitamin A) are not related. The interview found that the evaluation of the nutrition awareness family program was not yet supported by the availability of health workers, cadre assistants, funds and infrastructure, as well as cross-sectoral implementation. Program indicators were not reached because they did not specialize in the nutrition awareness family program. It is recommended that the Public Health Office establish a special program for Nutrition Awareness Families, increase cross-sector collaboration and add cadre assistants to promote the importance of nutrition for the community.
FAKTOR YANG MEMENGARUHI PERILAKU MASYARAKAT TERHADAP PEMBERANTASAN MALARIA Fajar Hayati; Ismail Efendy; Asriwati Asriwati
Jurnal Kesmas Prima Indonesia Vol. 4 No. 1 (2020): Edisi Januari
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat Universitas Prima Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.34012/jkpi.v2i1.889

Abstract

ABSTRAK Penyakit malaria merupakan salah satu masalah kesehatan di hampir seluruh belahan dunia, terutama di negara–negara beriklim tropik dan sub tropik, baik sebagai penyakit endemik maupun epidemik. Adapun tujuan penelitian ini yaitu untuk menganalisis faktor yang memengaruhi perilaku masyarakat dalam pemberantasan malaria diDesa Sekerak Kanan Kecamatan Sekerak Kabupaten Aceh Tamiang Tahun 2019.Jenis penelitian yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah surveianalitik dengan rancangan cross sectional study yang bertujuan untuk menganalisis faktor yang memengaruhi perilaku masyarakat dalam pemberantasan malaria dengan model pendekatankuantitatif.Ada pengaruh pengetahuan (p=0,045), sikap (p=0,024), kemampuan ekonomi (p=0,015), lingkungan tempat tinggal (p=0,025), penyuluhan tenaga kesehatanmasyarakat (p=0,005). Adapun variabel yang paling berpengaruh dalam pemberantasan malaria di Desa Sekerak Kanan Kecamatan Sekerak Kabupaten Aceh Tamiang Tahun 2019, yaitu variabel kemampuan ekonomi (p=0,008).Adapun kesimpulan dalam penelitian ini yaitu pengetahuan, sikap, kemampuan ekonomi, lingkungan tempat tinggal, penyuluhan tenaga kesehatanmasyarakat, berpengaruh dalam pemberantasan malaria di Desa Sekerak Kanan Kecamatan Sekerak Kabupaten Aceh Tamiang Tahun 2019. Sehingga disarankan agar masyarakat dapat meningkatkan wawasan, pengetahuan, keterampilan dalam mengumpulkan, mengolah, menganalisa serta menginformasikan data temuan tentang perilaku masyarakat dalam pemberantasan malaria.
ANALISIS FAKTOR YANG MEMENGARUHI ADVERSITY QUOTIENT PERAWAT DI RUMAH SAKIT UMUM SINAR HUSNI MEDAN Meta Nofita; Thomson P Nadapdap; Asriwati -
Jurnal Kesmas Prima Indonesia Vol. 5 No. 1 (2021): Edisi Januari
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat Universitas Prima Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.34012/jkpi.v3i1.1773

Abstract

Low nurse adversity quotient will affect nursing services in a health facility. This study aims to analyze the factors that influence nurses' Adversity Quotient at Sinar Husni General Hospital, Medan. This type of research is an analytic survey with a cross sectional study design. The study was conducted at the Sinar Husni General Hospital, Medan. The sample in this study used a total sampling technique so that the sample were all nurses at Sinar Husni General Hospital, Medan, as many as 71 people. To analyze the data used the chi-square test and logistic regression. Based on the results of the study it can be concluded that there is a genetic influence on nurses' Adversity Quotient in the inpatient room of the Sinar Husni General Hospital in Medan, there is an influence of beliefs on the Adversity Quotient of nurses at the Sinar Husni General Hospital in Medan, there is an influence of talent on the Adversity Quotient of nurses at the Hospital General Sinar Husni Medan, there is an influence of willingness on nurses' Adversity Quotient at Sinar Husni General Hospital Medan, there is an environmental effect on nurses' Adversity Quotient at Sinar Husni General Hospital in Medan, there is a character effect on nurses' Adversity Quotient at Sinar Husni General Hospital, Medan. Based on the conclusions above, it is recommended that hospitals can consider developing HR by including the Adversity Quotient development program in the annual plan in addition to professional skills and knowledge training. In addition, the hospital can also review the recruitment system by including an assessment of the level of one's Adversity Quotient in a psychological test as one of the considerations of employee recruitment.
Analisis Penggunaan Obat Rasional Dalam Peresepan Pada Kasus ISPA Non Pneumonia Di Rumah Sakit Umum Dr. Pirngadi Kota Medan Hendrico H.P Simarmata; Sudiro -; Asriwati -
Jurnal Kesmas Prima Indonesia Vol. 5 No. 2 (2021): Edisi Juli
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat Universitas Prima Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.34012/jkpi.v3i2.1998

Abstract

RSUD DR Pirngadi Medan has a large number of cases of non-pneumonia ARI in Medan city and found some irrational drug prescriptions by doctors. This study aims to analyze drugs by doctors in prescribing rational drug use in cases of ARI Non Pneumonia. This research is quantitative. The study took place from July-August 2020. The research population consisted of all general practitioners, pulmonary specialists, pediatricians and internal medicine specialists totaling 79 people. The survey data were analyzed using the Chi-Square test and linear regression. Based on the results of the study, it was found that there was a relationship between prescribing drugs by doctors based on correct diagnosis (p = 0.000), there was a relationship between prescribing drugs by doctors based on appropriate indications (p = 0.000), there was a relationship between prescribing drugs by doctors based on the exact type of drug (p = 0.000) , there is a relationship between prescribing drugs by doctors based on the right dose (p = 0.000), there is a relationship between prescribing drugs by doctors based on the correct assessment of the patient's condition (p = 0.000), there is a relationship between prescribing drugs by doctors based on accurate information (p = 0.000), there is a relationship prescribing drugs by doctors based on appropriate follow-up with rational drug use (p=0.000). The conclusion in this study is that all variables in this study are related to rational drug use in cases of ARI Non Pneumonia and the most dominant variable is the correct information variable. Research suggestions are to make improvements to patient records so that patient profiles are easier to see and therapeutic decisions are easier and more accurate
Faktor Yang Memengaruhi Perilaku Perawat Terhadap Penerapan Sistem Manajemen Kesehatan Dan Keselamatan Kerja Di RSUD Langsa Rosmawar -; Asriwati -; Achmad Rifai
Jurnal Kesmas Prima Indonesia Vol. 5 No. 2 (2021): Edisi Juli
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat Universitas Prima Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.34012/jkpi.v3i2.2024

Abstract

The amount of risk from various potential hazards in the hospital so that efforts are needed to control and minimize the occurrence of work accidents, one of which is by implementing SMK3. This study aims to analyze the factors that influence nurses on the implementation of the occupational health and safety management system at Langsa City Hospital. The research design used an analytic survey with a cross sectional design. The sample of this study was 82 people used was simple random sampling. Data collection methods are primary data, secondary data and tertiary data. The research data were analyzed by univariate, bivariate and multivariate using logistic regression tests. The results showed that there was an effect of knowledge on the application of SMK3 (p = 0.002), there was an effect of attitude on the application of SMK3 (p = 0.010), there was an effect of action on the application of SMK3 (p = 0.005), there was an effect of perception on the application of SMK3 (p = 0.028) ), there is an effect of infrastructure on the implementation of SMK3 (p = 0.000), there is an effect of leadership support on the implementation of SMK3 (p = 0.021) and the most dominant variable is the action variable. Based on the research results, it can be concluded that there is an influence of knowledge, attitudes, actions, perceptions, infrastructure and leadership support on the implementation of SMK3 at Langsa Hospital. The suggestion in this research is that the hospital can adopt rifaskes innovation that can help the best health services for nurses.
FAKTOR YANG MEMENGARUHI KEIKUTSERTAAN IBU MENGIKUTI KELAS IBU HAMIL DI PUSKESMAS HUTARAKYAT KABUPATEN DAIRI TAHUN 2019 Nur Santi Purnama Salim; Asriwati Asriwati; Linda Hernike Napitupulu
JKM (Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat) Cendekia Utama Vol 8, No 1 (2020): JKM (Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat) Cendekia Utama
Publisher : STIKES Cendekia Utama Kudus

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31596/jkm.v8i1.570

Abstract

Sasaran Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) menjelang tahun 2030 adalah mengurangi angka kematian ibu hingga di bawah 70 per 100.000 kelahiran hidup. Sehubungan dengan hal itu, Kementerian Kesehatan melalui Direktorat Kesehatan Keluarga menyelenggarakan program kelas ibu. Salah satu program kelas ibu tersebut adalah kelas ibu hamil. Desain penelitian ini adalah penelitian kuantitatif dengan desain cross sectional. Pengambilan sampeldengan menggunakan teknik total sampling sebanyak 56 orang.Teknik pengumpulan data menggunakan kuesioner. Penelitian dilaksanakan di puskesmas Hutarakyat dari bulan Mei sampai bulan Oktober 2019. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa ada pengaruh pengetahuan  (p=0,024),dukungan suami(p=0,029),dukungan petugas kesehatan(p=0,002) dan tidak ada pengaruh pendidikan (p=1,000),pekerjaan (p=0,737),keterjangkauan fasilitas kesehatan (p=0,711) terhadap keikutsertaan ibu mengikuti kelas ibu hamil. Variabel yang paling dominan memengaruhi keikutsertaan ibu mengikuti kelas ibu hamil adalah dukungan petugas kesehatan  dengan nilai p value 0,007<0,05 dan nilai Exp (B) sebesar 14,515. Saran kepada ibu agar dapat menambah pengetahuan tentang kehamilan dengan mengikuti kelas ibu hamil yang dilaksanakan oleh  petugas kesehatan dan kepada petugas kesehatan khususnya bidan agar memberikan penyuluhan dan informasi akan pentingnya kelas ibu hamil bagi kesehatan ibu hamil. Kata Kunci:     Kelas ibu hamil, pengetahuan, dukungan suami, dukungan petugas kesehatan
ANALISIS FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI PERILAKU IBU DALAM PELAKSANAAN TES IVA DI WILAYAH KERJA PUSKESMAS HUTARAKYAT KABUPATEN DAIRI TAHUN 2019 Sry Arina Manihuruk; Asriwati Asriwati; Jitasari Tarigan Sibero
JKM (Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat) Cendekia Utama Vol 8, No 2 (2021): JKM (Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat) Cendekia Utama
Publisher : STIKES Cendekia Utama Kudus

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31596/jkm.v8i2.686

Abstract

Kanker serviks merupakan penyebab utama kematian perempuan didunia. Setiap tahun, sekitar 470.000 wanita diseluruh dunia didiagnosis menderita kanker serviks, 230.000 diantaranya meninggal. Kasus baru ditemukan dalam keadaan stadium sudah lanjut, karna masih rendahnya partisipasi untuk melakukan skrining (IVA). Jenis desain penelitian ini adalah penelitian kuantitatif dengan rancangan penelitian analitik dengan desain cross sectional. Penelitian dilaksanakan bulan Agustus 2019 di wilayah kerja Puskesmas Hutarakyat Kabupaten Dairi. Populasi ibu usia 30-50 tahun sebanyak 3.249 orang. Pengambilan sampel yaitu dengan teknik Proporsional Random Sampling dan accidental sampling sebanyak 96 orang. Pengumpulan data menggunakan kuesioner. Analisis data yang digunakan adalah analisis univariat, bivariate (Chi square). Dan multivariat (uji regresi logistic). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan variabel yang paling dominan yang mempengaruhi perilaku dalam pelaksanaan tes IVA adalah sumber informasi  dengan nilai p value 0,000 dan nilai Exp (B) sebesar 548,939. Artinya responden yang tidak mendapatkan akses sumber informasi memiliki resiko untuk mempengaruhi tingkat perilaku dalam pelaksanaan tes IVA sebesar 548,939 kali lipat dari pada yang mendapatkan akses sumber informasi. Bagi petugas kesehatan lebih proaktif dalam penyuluhan dan pemberian informasi akan pentingnya pemeriksaan IVA dengan  menggunakan media yang menarik, menyediakan brosur / leaflet baik di fasilitas kesehatan/kegiatan kerohanian
Metode Dan Media Promosi Kesehatan Terhadap Perubahan Perilaku Pengobatan Penderita TB Paru Di Wilayah Puskesmas Putat Jaya Kota Surabaya Hari Kristianto; Muhammad Badira; Anto; Asriwati
NERSMID : Jurnal Keperawatan dan Kebidanan Vol. 2 No. 2 (2019): Oktober
Publisher :

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Pulmonary Tuberculosis is still a world health problem, where the World Health Organization (WHO) reports that most of the world's population is stricken with this disease, mostly in developing countries, estimated in Indonesia. Efforts to control pulmonary TB are carried out nationally with the DOTS (Directly Observed Treatment Shourt Course), this program is a direct monitoring of short-term treatment. The type and design of the research used in this study were experimental with the pattern of posttest-only control group design. The number of samples in the study were 27 people each group, so the number of respondents was 54 people. The results of the study using the Mann Whitney test showed that the knowledge variables of Tuberculosis sufferers were assessed by the average rating of 32.48 and the ranking control group an average of 22.52 with a difference in the delta value of 9.96, while the value of ρ was 0.016 . On the attitude variable of pulmonary tuberculosis patients the average treatment group is 31.48 and in the ranking control group an average of 23.52 with a difference in the value of delta 7.96, while the value of ρ value is 0.061
KEPATUHAN PERAWAT DALAM MELAKUKAN HAND HYGIENE SEBELUM DAN SESUDAH MELAKUKAN TINDAKAN DI RUANG INAP RUMAH SAKIT CUT MEUTIA LANGSA ACEH Nurrahmani Nurrahmani; Asriwati Asriwati; Anto J. Hadi
Promotif : Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol. 9 No. 1: JUNI 2019
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat, Universitas Muhammadiyah Palu

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1402.263 KB) | DOI: 10.56338/pjkm.v9i1.585

Abstract

Tingginya  angka  infeksi nosokomial  menjadi  masalah  yang  penting  disuatu rumah  sakit. Salah satu hal yang terpenting dalam mengurangi penyebaran infeksi nosokomial adalah dengan hand hygiene . Desain penelitian survei  analitik dengan  rancangan cross sectional study dengan tujuan untuk menganalisis hubungan pengetahuan, sikap, fasilitas dan peran PPI terhadap kepatuhan perawat diruang rawat inap rumah sakit Cut Meutia Langsa Aceh dengan populasi sebanyak 47 perawat dan sampel 47 perawat dengan teknik total sampling. Hasil penelitian diperoleh ada hubungan pengetahuan dengan kepatuhan perawat , ada hubungan sikap dengan kepatuhan perawat , tidak ada hubungan fasilitas dengan kepatuhan perawat, tidak ada hubungan peran tim PPI dengan kepatuhan perawat dalam melakukan Hand Hygiene. Kesimpulan ada  hubungan pengetahuan dan sikap dengan kepatuhan perawat dalam melakukan hand hygiene  dan faktor yang paling dominan dalam penelitian ini adalah variabel sikap, dimana sikap yang positif lebih meningkatkan peluang kepatuhan sebanyak 45,681 kali dibandingkan dengan sikap yang negatif. Disarankan bagi perawat agar lebih patuh dalam  melakukan hand hygiene dan meningkatkan pengetahuan dan sikap dalam melaksanakan tindakan hand hygiene.