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Dimensi Profetisme Pengembangan Ilmu Sosial dalam Islam Perspektif Kuntowijoyo Syamsul Arifin
Teosofi: Jurnal Tasawuf dan Pemikiran Islam Vol. 4 No. 2 (2014): December
Publisher : Department of Aqidah and Islamic Philosophy, Faculty of Ushuluddin and Philosophy, Sunan Ampel State Islamic University Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (502.947 KB) | DOI: 10.15642/teosofi.2014.4.2.477-507

Abstract

In 1980s, the development of Islam in Indonesia was characterized by “intellectual boom” as a great result of success of some Indonesian young Muslim intellectuals who accomplished their study abroad. This phenomenon has been a positive sign for the development of Islam in Indonesia as world’s largest Muslim country. One of the expected contribution of Indonesian Islam is the development of Islamic thought. One of Muslim intellectuals who had tried to respond to this expectation was Kuntowijoyo. Kuntowijoyo had produced many works in various fields, in addition to history which becomes the major of his field studies. One important thought of Kuntowijoyo’s intellectual legacies that should be appreciated and reconstructed is the idea of Prophetic Social Sciences (ISP). This article attempts to reconstruct and elaborate the ISP, which has been initiated by Kuntowijoyo, into Prophetic Sociology. In doing so, the writer refers to Kuntowijoyo’s works and other relevant sources to the issue. Keywords: prophetic social sciences, prophetic sociology.
Minority Muslims and freedom of religion: Learning from Australian Muslims’ Experiences Syamsul Arifin; Hasnan Bachtiar; Ahmad Nur Fuad; Tongat Tongat; Wahyudi Wahyudi
Indonesian Journal of Islam and Muslim Societies Vol 9, No 2 (2019): Indonesian Journal of Islam and Muslim Societies
Publisher : IAIN Salatiga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.18326/ijims.v9i2.295-326

Abstract

This article aims at diagnosing the development of Ummah while Muslims are living as minority in Australia. Through a sociological approach, qualitatively, some issues considered in understanding the development are practices of secularism, multiculturalism and protection of human rights. This academic framework in comprehending the development might be claimed as a new trajectory of sociological exploration. Accordingly, this study is proposed to become a preliminary research on Muslims’ freedom of religion living in secular country. This article finds that Australia is a state that consistently has protected its citizens’ freedom of religion and the Australian government, in dealing with social and religious issues, and law enforcement, has worked professionally. However, Muslims have faced challenging realities of cases of discrimination coming from fundamentalist Christians. The cases, indeed, can be mitigated through inter-religious dialogue and cooperation. This article argues that, so far, the development of Ummah in the country has been running well. Under the protection of a secular state, minority Muslims in Australian multicultural societies can enjoy their freedom of religion. Practices of inter-religious tolerance are stronger than the tensions and conflicts have happened.. Artikel ini bertujuan untuk mendiagnosa kondisi pembangunan umat ketika kaum Muslim hidup sebagai minoritas di Australia. Melalui pendekatan sosiologis, secara kualitatif, pelbagai isu yang dipertimbangkan adalah praktik sekularisme, multikulturalisme dan penegakan HAM. Kerangka kerja yang demikian dalam memandang pembangunan umat, dapat diklaim sebagai hal yang baru. Karena itu, studi ini diusulkan sebagai studi pendahuluan mengenai elaborasi sosiologis terhadap kebebasan beragama minoritas Muslim yang hidup di negara sekular. Artikel ini menemukan bahwa Australia adalah negara yang secara konsisten melindungi kebebasan beragama warga negaranya dan pemerintahnya bekerja secara profesional terutama dalam penegakan hukum. Tetapi, kasus-kasus diskriminasi masih terjadi, terutama oleh Kristen fundamentalis terhadap kaum Muslim. Tentu saja hal itu dapat dimitigasi melalui dialog dan kerjasama antar agama. Artikel ini berargumentasi bahwa, sejauh ini kondisi pembangunan umat berjalan dengan baik. Di bawah perlindungan negara sekular, Muslim minoritas yang hidup di tengah masyarakat multikultural dapat menikmati kebebasan beragama. Praktik-praktik toleransi yang ada, lebih kuat ketimbang tensi dan konflik antar-agama yang terjadi.
PELEMBAGAAN MULTIKULTURALISME MELALUI METODE LIVING VALUES DI MADRASAH: SEBUAH EKSPLORASI AWAL Syamsul Arifin
EDUKASI: Jurnal Penelitian Pendidikan Agama dan Keagamaan EDUKASI | VOLUME 6, NOMOR 2, JUNI 2008
Publisher : Badan Litbang dan Diklat Kementerian Agama RI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (363.637 KB) | DOI: 10.32729/edukasi.v6i2.187

Abstract

The aim of this article is to anake the institutionalization of multiculturalism by means of the method of living values in madrasah. As apart of education institution, madrasah has a moral obligation to evolve the students insights concerned with the problem of plurality in society particularly in religious aspect. Dealing with the multicultural values development, this article tries to offer the way of how to institutionalize any multicultural values as a theoretical base to develop the multicultural education in madrasah.
Interseksi Hak Asasi Manusia dan Sharī'ah di Indonesia Syamsul Arifin; Nafik Muthohirin; Tongat Tongat; Wahyudi Wahyudi
Islamica: Jurnal Studi Keislaman Vol. 12 No. 2 (2018): Maret
Publisher : Postgraduate Studies of Universitas Islam Negeri Sunan Ampel Surabaya, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (362.623 KB) | DOI: 10.15642/islamica.2018.12.2.261-287

Abstract

This article attempts to uncover the point of encounter of human rights and sharī'ah in Indonesia which often contradict with each other in light of differences in its development base, both as a concept and, furthermore, as an instrument, which ultimately leads to the human dimension. The basis of the development in question is that human rights derived from human rationality, while sharī'ah comes from revelation. Therefore, this article seeks to explore the compatibility between the two. Human rights and sharī'ah always have a point of encounter because in principle they are both fighting for humanity. The intersection between the two is often the case--and it becomes common because the basis for the development of the law originates from different sources. Human rights comes from human rationality, while sharī'ah departs from Allah's revelation. Thus, it is only natural that various debates arise as in general a discourse of knowledge. It's just that it needs to be understood that the conflict and tension that arise, should not lead to violence. On the one hand, Muslim groups who reject the principles of human rights are undoubtedly existent. However, on the other hand, many Muslims also graciously accept human rights. Accommodative people hold the view that they have a common vision of justice, peace, equality, and tolerance. Human rights need not be viewed as contradictory to Islam, in part because many Muslim-majority countries recognize and ratify human rights instruments issued by the United Nations.
The Viewpoint of Young Muhammadiyah Intellectuals towards the Religious Minority Groups in Indonesia Syamsul Arifin; Nafik Muthohirin
Teosofi: Jurnal Tasawuf dan Pemikiran Islam Vol. 9 No. 2 (2019): December
Publisher : Department of Aqidah and Islamic Philosophy, Faculty of Ushuluddin and Philosophy, Sunan Ampel State Islamic University Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (507.794 KB) | DOI: 10.15642/teosofi.2019.9.2.282-305

Abstract

Muhammadiyah strives to make a positive contribution to the progress of Indonesia. In the first century of the advent, this organization focused on advancing education, health, and compensation to the du‘af?’. Meanwhile, it issued an important point, which emphasized the minority groups through the 47th Congress in Makassar held in 2015. Hence, this article examines several issues concerning the views that underlie young Muhammadiyah intellectuals in voicing partiality towards the religious minority. It also analyzes the role or form of alignments and the implications of these views on thought upheavals within Muhammadiyah internally and nationally. The study discovered that the young intellectuals play a pivotal role in fighting for the basic rights of the religious minority, which continues to face the complicated problem of citizenship. Subsequently, this data has been focused on advocacy and intellectual works, including a literature review of attitude statements, published books, journals, research reports, and opinions in the national mainstream and alternative media.
Kepemimpinan Politik Kalangan Minoritas Agama : Kajian terhadap Tafsir Al-Azhar dan Tafsir Al-Misbah tentang Presiden Non-Muslim Syamsul Arifin; Muhammad Wahyudi; Muh. Mustakim
Al-Ulum Vol. 21 No. 1 (2021): Al-Ulum
Publisher : Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Sultan Amai Gorontalo

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1115.37 KB) | DOI: 10.30603/au.v21i1.1838

Abstract

This article focuses on the study of non-Muslim leadership, which is mentioned in several verses in the Qur'an and often triggers debates in the public sphere, especially at the moment of electoral politics in Indonesia. Because the discussion about this often uses verses from the Qur'an as justification, it is interesting to examine the views of the commentators in Indonesia, which is focused on Surah Al-Maidah verse 51. To explore the views of the two commentators, this study uses library research by comparing (comparative analysis) between Tafsir Al-Azhar and Tafsir Al-Misbah. The study of the opinions of the two commentators finds out that the political positions of non-Muslims as leaders for Muslims have two different views. First, not. Second, the prohibition is to make non-Muslims as auliya' then Shihab explains the position of non-Muslims in three parts, one of which is that a non-Muslim who lives in peace with Muslims has the same rights and obligations as Muslims, as well as the right to be a leader.
Islamic religious education and radicalism in Indonesia: strategy of de-radicalization through strengthening the living values education Syamsul Arifin
Indonesian Journal of Islam and Muslim Societies Vol 6, No 1 (2016): Indonesian Journal of Islam and Muslim Societies
Publisher : IAIN Salatiga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.18326/ijims.v6i1.93-126

Abstract

In Indonesian national system of education, Islamic religious education is compulsory for all levels of formal education. Taking into account such a position, Islamic religious education is potentially strategic in responding to some of the main issues in religious life. One issue examined in this paper is radicalism that continues to overshadow the dynamics of religious life in In- donesia. Although numerous attempts (mainly security approach) to eradi- cate radicalism have been taken, radicalism is still a prominent problem in Indonesia. This paper argues that Islamic religious education should be em- powered in order to reduce the spread of radicalism. In order to bring these ideas into reality, this paper further offers Living Values E education (LVE) as a theoretical framework to develop Islamic religious education which is com- patible with this goal. Pendidikan agama Islam dalam sistem pendidikan nasional di Indonesia merupakan salah satu materi yang wajib diajarkan dalam institusi pendidikan formal mulai dari jenjang pendidikan dasar sampai ke jenjang pendidikan tinggi. Dengan mempertimbangkan posisinya yang demikian, pendidikan agama Is- lam memiliki potensi strategis untuk merespons beberapa persoalan utamanya dalam kehidupan agama. Salah satu persoalan yang hendak dikaji dalam tulisan ini adalah radikalisme yang terus membayangi kehidupan umat beragama di Indonesia. Meskipun telah dirancang berbagai upaya untuk membendung radikalisme terutama dengan menggunakan pendekatan keamanan, radikalisme ternyata masih eksis di Indonesia. Tulisan ini menawarkan pendidikan agama Islam sebagai salah satu institusi pendidikan yang perlu diberdayakan untuk membendung arus radikalisme. Untuk mewujudkan pemikiran tersebut, tulisan ini selanjutnya menawarkan living values education (LVE) sebagai suatu kerangka teoritik untuk mengembangkan pendidikan agama Islam.
GERAKAN KEAGAMAAN BARU DALAM INDONESIA KONTEMPORER: Tafsir Sosial Atas Hizbut Tahrir Syamsul Arifin
AL-TAHRIR Vol 14, No 1 (2014): Islam Liberalisme dan Fundamentalisme
Publisher : IAIN Ponorogo

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21154/al-tahrir.v14i1.80

Abstract

New various religious movements in Islam have emerged in several Muslim countries, including in Indonesia. Many consider them to be a blatant manifestation of radicalism and fundamentalism of Islam although their proponents reject such a label. One of the rising movements in Indonesia is Hizbut Tahrir Indonesia (HTI).  Fundamentalism is a common and widespread religious phenomenon since it is found trans-nationally. HTI represents the form of trans-national Islamic movement. This article seeks to examine HTI as a new rising trans-Islamic movement in contemporary Indonesia. By focusing on the HTI’s religious outlooks, ideology and social movement, this article argues that HTI is representation of fundamentalist movement. Fundamentalism here is defined as a form of religious movement that attempts to preserve fundamental tenets laid down in the Scripture, and reinterprets them in contemporary socio-political realms. The feature of fundamentalism in HTI is expressed in its religious thoughts and understanding and in the ways in which it re-appropriates Islamic doctrines in modern and contemporary socio-political contexts. Keywords: Hizbut Tahrir, fundamentalism, religious movements
Pesantren dan Mobilitas Sosisal dalam Perspektif Teoretik Syamsul Arifin
EDUKASI: Jurnal Penelitian Pendidikan Agama dan Keagamaan EDUKASI | VOLUME 8, NOMOR 1, APRIL 2010
Publisher : Badan Litbang dan Diklat Kementerian Agama RI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (447.643 KB) | DOI: 10.32729/edukasi.v8i1.114

Abstract

In the last decade, we find it difficult to obtain any publication of social mobility of pesantren alumni sociologically referred to as santri community. whereas, any research of the theme can build their image where some people consider pesantren as isolated, while in fact many pesantren alumni play significant roles in the strategic institutions. this study is intended to find a theoretical perspective that can be used for making study of pesantren alumni.
REKONSTRUKSI AL-ISLAM-KEMUHAMMADIYAHAN (AIK) PERGURUAN TINGGI MUHAMMADIYAH SEBAGAI PRAKSIS PENDIDIKAN NILAI Syamsul Arifin
EDUKASI: Jurnal Penelitian Pendidikan Agama dan Keagamaan EDUKASI | VOLUME 13, NOMOR 2, AGUSTUS 2015
Publisher : Badan Litbang dan Diklat Kementerian Agama RI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (539.016 KB) | DOI: 10.32729/edukasi.v13i2.239

Abstract

AbstractOne of the peculiarities marker at the higher education of Muhammadiyah is providing the education of al Islam and Kemuhammadiyahan (AIK). In the curriculum of the higher education of Muhammadiyah there is a provision that AIK is a compulsory subject, a kind of Islamic religious education must be given in public higher education. However, AIK has a weight of credits and hours of study which is greater than the Islamic religious education at public higher education, which weighs 2 credits and given only one time in one semester, while AIK has a weight of 4-8 credits are given for four semesters. Taking into account the position of the AIK, this paper want elaborate AIK as the praxis of value education. This paper is based on a descriptive study of a number of documents relating to AIK generated by Muhammadiyah and University of Muhammadiyah Malang, one of higher education of Muhammadiyah that serve as an example the case of the development of AIK. At the end of this paper, the authors recommend about the importance of value ducation as a paradigm in developing AIK.AbstrakSalah satu penanda kekhasan di Perguruan Tinggi Muhammadiyah adalah penyelenggaraan pendidikan al Islam dan Kemuhammadiyahan (AIK). Pada kurikulum Perguruan Tinggi Mu­ham­madiyah terdapat ketentuan bahwa AIK merupakan materi wajib, semacam pendidikan agama Islam yang wajib diberikan di pendidikan tinggi umum. Namun demikian, AIK memiliki bobot kredit dan jam studi yang lebih besar dari pada pendidikan agama Islam di perguruan tinggi umum, yang berbobot 2 sks dan diberikan hanya satu kali dalam satu semester, sementara AIK memiliki bobot 4-8 sks yang diberikan selama empat semester. Dengan mempertimbangkan posisi AIK tersebut, tulisan ini hendak meng­elaborasi AIK sebagai praksis pendidikan nilai. Tulisan ini didasarkan pada riset deskriptif terhadap sejumlah dokumen yang berkaitan dengan AIK yang dihasilkan oleh Muhammadiyah dan Universitas Muhammadiyah Malang, salah satu Perguruan Tinggi Muhammadiyah yang dijadikan sebagai contoh kasus pengembangan AIK. Pada bagian akhir tulisan ini, penulis merekomendasikan tentang pentingnya pendidikan nilai sebagai paradigma dalam mengembangkan AIK.