Irwansyah Irwansyah
Universitas Islam Negeri Sumatera Utara Medan

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Perbedaan Sikap Keberagamaan Antara Masyarakat Islam dan Kristiani di Sumatera Utara dan Frankfurt Am Main Jerman Irwansyah Irwansyah
Islamica: Jurnal Studi Keislaman Vol. 9 No. 1 (2014): September
Publisher : Postgraduate Studies of Universitas Islam Negeri Sunan Ampel Surabaya, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (363.986 KB) | DOI: 10.15642/islamica.2014.9.1.30-53

Abstract

This article seeks to reveal differences of religious attitudes between Muslim and Christian communities in North Sumatera and Frankfurt Am Main Germany. This article shows that the relation between Muslims and Christians can be understood to have taken place in two categories, positive and negative. Positive relation can be attested through integrating factors between the two religious communities, while negative relation can be attested through separating factors. In North Sumatera there exist local wisdoms which serve as adhesive factors of Muslim-Christian relation, such as the concept of ?marga? among Batakese society. Meanwhile, pig either as food or as pet is regarded as a dividing factor together with fanaticism and exclusivism. In Germany, as majority group the Christians are tolerant towards Muslims due to the rule of law in the country. This tolerance becomes an adhesive factor, while mutual suspicion among both Muslims and Christians is raeagrded as dividing factor.
ROHINGYA REFUGEES IN INDONESIA: THE DYNAMICS OF STATELESSNESS AND THE VIEWS OF LOCAL PEOPLE Irwansyah Irwansyah; Al'asyari Al'asyari; Rholand Muary
JUPIIS: JURNAL PENDIDIKAN ILMU-ILMU SOSIAL Vol 13, No 2 (2021): JUPIIS (JURNAL PENDIDIKAN ILMU ILMU SOSIAL) DECEMBER
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Medan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24114/jupiis.v13i2.28340

Abstract

Rohingya refugees who are experiencing a crisis due to the genocide in Myanmar have attracted international attention. The existence of the Rohinghya as an ethno-religious minority group was officially discriminated against which led to forced expulsion by the Myanmar government in 1982 with the issuance of the citizenship law which stated that Rohingya citizenship was denied or not recognized as one of the official ethnicities in Myanmar. So, the Rohingya were forced to flee their country to other countries, including Indonesia. This paper aims to determine the dynamics of Rohingya Muslims while in Indonesia. Using qualitative research methods by conducting observations, interviews and data analysis. The results of this study indicate that the Rohingya ethnicity in Indonesia as stateless (without citizenship) undergoes a process of acculturation, marriage with local Indonesian citizens (WNI), and developing survival strategies because some have lived in Indonesia for more than eight years. In conclusion, the Rohingya ethnicity while in Indonesia experienced conditions of uncertainty in their lives because they did not have citizenship status and hoped to be sent to a third country by UNHCR. Indonesian people accept Rohingya Muslims to stay in Indonesia temporarily because there is a common Islamic identity and in the name of humanity.
Radikalisme Agama: Dari Kasus Dunia sampai Sumatera Utara Irwansyah Irwansyah
Teosofi: Jurnal Tasawuf dan Pemikiran Islam Vol. 8 No. 1 (2018): June
Publisher : Department of Aqidah and Islamic Philosophy, Faculty of Ushuluddin and Philosophy, Sunan Ampel State Islamic University Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (303.135 KB) | DOI: 10.15642/teosofi.2018.8.1.187-208

Abstract

After the fall of the World Trade Center (WTC), radicalism has become a religious phenomenon around the world. Uniquely, the Muslims are accused of being perpetrators of such horrible terror. However, it has been unconsciously admitted that the acts and behaviors shown by the Muslims around the world, with special reference to the North Sumatera as the locus of this research, seem to ‘justify’ such accusation. First of all, the acts and behaviors have been started by the feeling of ‘pride’ and ‘happiness’ with the fall of “the twin towers” as the symbol of the USA’s supremacy. The feelings are subsequently coupled by animosity toward the USA and its allies. Such fiery hatred makes the Muslims unable to objectively identify triggering factors behind the emergence of religious radicalism, which, in fact, does not merely exist among the Muslim community but also in every religious community, especially among the Jews and Christians. Regardless of this religious phenomenon, I would argue that there must be another suspicious indicator behind the rise of religious radicalism called ‘destructive theology’. Theology believes that God will be present when humans fight and kill each other. Destruction and burning of worship houses in the North Sumatera are among obvious examples of such theology.
Analisis Nusyuz dalam Rumah Tangga (Studi Komparasi Hukum Islam An Uu Pkdrt No. 23 Tahun 2004) Fauzan Mas’ar; Zulkarnain Zulkarnain; Irwansyah Irwansyah
Al-Mashlahah: Jurnal Hukum Islam dan Pranata Sosial Vol 10, No 01 (2022): Al-Mashlahah: Jurnal Hukum Islam dan Pranata Sosial Islam
Publisher : Sekolah Tinggi Agama Islam Al Hidayah Bogor

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30868/am.v10i01.2442

Abstract

Pernikahan dalam Islam memiliki nilai ibadah dan sosial secara bersamaan. Sebagai bentuk ibadah yang panjang, bermula dari ijab dan kabul dari suami dan wali istri hingga berakhir pada pisah secara lafaz ataupun pisah karena kematian, maka diharapkan pernikahan penuh dengan kasih sayang dan kebahagiaan dalam hari-hari yang dilewati oleh pasangan suami-istri tersebut. Kendatipun realita kadang tidak seindah guratan cerita para pujangga. Selingan masalah yang timbul bisa berawal dari sikap seorang suami, ataupun dipicu oleh prilaku istri dapat menciptakan keretakan yang dapat mengakhiri tujuan dari pernikahan itu sendiri berupa sakinah, mawaddah dan rahmah. Dalam konsep keagamaan, problematika yang bermula dari sikap kedurhakaan yang menimbulkan riak-riak kecil dalam pernikahan disebut dengan nusyuz. Penilaian terhadap nusyuz yang menimbulkan konsekswensi hukuman dalam penilaian penulis sebagai upaya pencegahan dari putusnya perkawinan.Jenis penelitian yang penulis gunakan pada penelitian ini berupa penelitian yuridis normatif. Pendekatan yang digunakan berupa pendekatan perundang-undangan (statute approach), sumber data yang digunakan bersifat primer, sekunder dan tersier. Undang-undang Penghapusan Kekerasan Dalam Rumah Tangga yang tertuang dalam No. 23 Tahun 2004 serta teks-teks normatif Al-Qur’an dan Hadis yang berkenaan dengan upaya preventif nusyuz akan dianalisis dan dikomparasi karena dalam penilaian penulis terjadi pertentangan antara Undang-undang Penghapusan Kekerasan dalam Rumah Tangga dan teks-teks normatif Al-Qur’an dan Hadis.Kekerasan bersifat fisik, psikis, seksual dan penelantaran secara ekonomi menjadi kajian pembahasan undang-undang Penghapusan Kekerasan dalam Rumah Tangga dan menasehati, pisah ranjang dan memukul menjadi pokok pembahasan dalam preventifisasi nusyuz. Hal-hal tersebut yang akan menjadi objek pembahasan pada penelitian ini