Ahmad Zainul Hamdi
Universitas Islam Negeri Sunan Ampel Surabaya

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Dinamika Hubungan Islam dan Lokalitas: Perebutan Makna Keislaman di Madura Ahmad Zainul Hamdi
Teosofi: Jurnal Tasawuf dan Pemikiran Islam Vol. 8 No. 2 (2018): December
Publisher : Department of Aqidah and Islamic Philosophy, Faculty of Ushuluddin and Philosophy, Sunan Ampel State Islamic University Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (349.477 KB) | DOI: 10.15642/teosofi.2018.8.2.430-454

Abstract

The discussion about Islam and local culture has resulted in a number of monumental academic works. The relation of Islam and the Javanese culture along with its dynamics have frequently colored intellectual debates in the field. Among the din of such fascinating academic debates, Islam Madura has been nearly neglected as an uninteresting academic discourse to observe. It has been argued that Madura is viewed as a “back door” of Java. It implies that observing Java means observing Madura automatically. This study seeks to raise the issue of contestation over the meaning of Islam within the relational context between Islam and the local culture of Madura society. Based on field research conducted under the light of Beatty’s multi-vocality concept, the study finds that Islam Madura is a communal identity, but it defines nothing about the Madurese Muslim community in general. Although each group acknowledges Islam as a shared identity, every individual and group, or sub-group, will have no a common understanding about the meaning of Islam. Islam has, certainly, unified all the Madurese people within a common perspective of mankind, God, and worldly matters, but this identity represents no one and does not specifically define any conception of anyone. The meaning of Islam Madura has been, therefore, endlessly knitted within compromising and synthesis process.
Agama di Tengah Jaring-jaring Dunia Modern Ahmad Zainul Hamdi
Religió: Jurnal Studi Agama-agama Vol. 3 No. 2 (2013): September
Publisher : Department of Religious Studies, Faculty of Ushuluddin and Philosophy, Sunan Ampel State Islamic University Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (342.775 KB)

Abstract

Modernism believes that reason will eventually push over religion. Knowledge is considered capable to answer various mysteries that have enforced human to rely on religion. Modernism then is marked by the world that is more unified for the exchanging information stream and economical material. The transnational company and information technology play a pivotal role in shaping into global village. In this circumstance, religion deals with such unbelievable challenge. Religion which claims as the savior of human life is finally replaced by media. But, since 70s decade, a kind of new religious movement tries to challenge this modernization flow. This is what so called religious fundamentalism. This movement leans everything on the holy scripture as the only truth; therefore, it has exclusive and militant character. If modernism is suspected as the one that has thought out any kind of human crisis, then, does religion provide the solution? Although religion is expected to answer all crisis of modernity, its irrationality and exclusivism do not fit with modernism. Religion that is needed by modern society is religion that could be heard by modern ear and in the same time could affirm the affection to human being. Rationalism without love will drag people in a tragic humanism.
Perubahan Paradigma Studi Agama pada Program Studi Perbandingan Agama Universitas Islam Negeri (UIN) Sunan Ampel, Surabaya Ahmad Zainul Hamdi
Religió: Jurnal Studi Agama-agama Vol. 5 No. 2 (2015): September
Publisher : Department of Religious Studies, Faculty of Ushuluddin and Philosophy, Sunan Ampel State Islamic University Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (315.634 KB) | DOI: 10.15642/religio.v5i2.571

Abstract

This article is aimed to assess the progress of Islamic and religious studies at State Islamic University (UIN) Sunan Ampel Surabaya throughout the view of new paradigm on Islamic studies. It attempts to seek whether there is a shifting paradigm from parochial Islamic studies to dialogical Islamic studies that could accommodate contemporary social scientific instruments. It is based on one core question, “is the Islamic studies at UIN Sunan Ampel—especially the Department of Comparative Study of Religions—still based on normative-doctrinal studies or based on historical critics?” This paper took four undergraduate theses as a sample, starting from 2011 back to forty years before. Each thesis represents one-decade period. In order to analyze religious studies at the Department of Comparative Study of Religions will be a strategic stage to observe methodological perspective, namely insider-outsider perspective. Having examined all of these theses, this article concludes that Islamic religious studies at the Department of Comparative Study of Religions have not changed at all. It shows signs of stagnating after four decade of teaching religious studies in this department.