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Tingkat Serangan dan Kehilangan Hasil Akibat Penyakit Grasserie pada Sentra Persuteraan Alam Sulawesi Selatan Sitti Nuraeni; Astuti Arif; Edwin NL
Jurnal Hutan dan Masyarakat VOLUME 10 NOMOR 2, DESEMBER 2018
Publisher : Fakultas Kehutanan, Universitas Hasanuddin

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (392.005 KB) | DOI: 10.24259/jhm.v10i2.4335

Abstract

Grasserie disease is one of the serious diseases caused by viruses. Its symptoms generally appear in the last instar of silkworm larvae or just before the formation of the cocoon. This study aimed to determine the level of attack, yield losses and dispersal patterns of grasserie at three sericulture center in South Sulawesi, Districs (Wajo, Soppeng and Enrekang). At each location 10 farmers were selected purposively as respondents. Direct observation was conducted to the farmer’s rearing rack (on farmer’s rearing bed) of silkworm using five replications. The results showed that the attack rates of grasserie were categorrised as very slight, ranging from 3.06 to 3.72 kgs of yield losses per each box with a uniform pattern of disease spread. Reared of  silkworms in accordance with standard operating procedures can reduce the rate of grasserie disease to avoid losing larger cocoon yields.
ASPEK BIOLOGIS ULATSUTERA (Bombyx mori L.) DARI DUA SUMBER BIBIT DI SULAWESI SELATAN Sitti Nuraeni; Beta Putranto
PERENNIAL Vol. 4 No. 1 (2008)
Publisher : Forestry Faculty of Universitas Hasanuddin

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24259/perennial.v4i1.177

Abstract

The purpose of this research to compared the biological aspect of silkworm seeds with two resources of seeds in South Sulawesi are Perum Perhutani (P1) and China hybrid (P2). The result of this research can be information for user of the sericulture. The observation will be done the hatchability of eggs, resistance of larva, and the characteristic of the larval. The observation of the cocoon quality such as whole fresh cocoon weight, the cocoon without pupa weight, the presentation of shell cocoon, the presentation of abnormal cocoon, and the characteristic of the cocoon. The data was analyzed with using proportion different test and t-student test. The result of this research was showed that hatchability of kind eggs as not significant. The resistance of larva as the higher from P2 and presentation of abnormal cocoon was lower. So the cocoon without pupa was not significant with the seeds from P1, but the cocoon weight and size of cocoon are bigger than from P2. Both larva motif and cocoon characteristic from P1 and from China hybrid is significant, but larva stadia from P2 was shorter than from P1. Key words : Biological aspect, silkworm (Bombyx mori), seeds resources References
SENTRA PENGEMBANGAN SUTERA, DESA PISING, KABUPATEN SOPPENG Andi Detti Yunianti; Sitti Nuraeni; Asmi Citra Malina; . Suhasman
Jurnal Dinamika Pengabdian (JDP) Vol. 5 No. 2 (2020): JURNAL DINAMIKA PENGABDIAN VOL. 5 NO. 2 MEI 2020
Publisher : Departemen Budidaya Pertanian Fakultas Pertanian UNHAS

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20956/jdp.v5i2.10238

Abstract

Sabbeta Village ', Pising Village, Soppeng Regency is a pilot village for silk development in Soppeng Regency. Service activities undertaken are Focus Group Discussion (FGD) and training. Partners of this community service activity are the Sabbeta Village Farmers Group and the Mega Sutera Farmers Group. The purpose of the FGD is to examine the debates and challenges raised by silk farmers in developing women's relations in Pising Village. From the results of the FGD chose a number of problems to make training materials as a solution for farmers. In general, topics related to farmers are silk related to marketing, low productivity and eco print on silk fabrics. Monopoly-producing marketing makes the price of yarn produced very low. Until now, silk farmers in Soppeng Regency only produce silk yarn, while silk fabric production is in Wajo District. Low productivity because it is related to the importance and the product, especially the yarn produced, is not standard. In addition, women-only societies develop eco-print techniques on silk fabrics. The FGD was closed with a visit to the houses of the people which were used as caterpillars, seed gardens, spinning and souvenir galleries. Based on a review of the FGD results, the activities carried out were training on entrepreneurship, silkworm maintenance and eco print. The business of silkworm maintenance can be optimal if carried out in accordance with the procedure so as to produce threads that meet the standards. The maintenance of silkworms by farmers is very conventional, not in accordance with standard procedures. The results of the eco print technique were not satisfactory because the coloring was not optimal. The training provided is expected to increase their knowledge, so that it becomes a solution to the problem so far.Keywords: Sabbeta Village, Pising Village, silkworm maintenance, eco print. ABSTRAKKampung Sabbeta’, Desa Pising, Kabupaten Soppeng merupakan kampung percontohan untuk pengembangan sutera di Kabupaten Soppeng. Kegiatan pengabdian yang dilakukan adalah Focus Group Discussion (FGD) dan pelatihan. Mitra dari kegiatan pengabdian ini, yaitu Kelompok Tani Kampung Sabbeta’ dan Kelompok Tani Mega Sutera. Tujuan dari FGD untuk mengkaji permasalahan dan kendala yang dihadapi para petani sutera dalam mengembang-kan persuteraan di Desa Pising. Dari hasil FGD dipilih beberapa masalah untuk dijadikan bahan pelatihan sebagai solusi dari permasalahan para petani. Secara umum, permasalahan yang dihadapi petani sutera terkait pemasaran, produktifitas yang rendah dan eco print di kain sutera. Pemasaran yang bersifat monopoli membuat harga benang yang dihasilkan sangat rendah. Sampai saat ini, petani-petani sutera di Kabupaten Soppeng hanya menghasilkan benang sutera, sedangkan produksi kain sutera ada di Kabupaten Wajo. Produktifitas yang rendah disebabkan karena ketergantungan akan bibit impor dan produk, khususnya benang yang dihasilkan, tidak standar. Selain itu, masyarakat khususnya para wanita mengem-bangkan teknik eco print di kain sutera. Kegiatan FGD ditutup dengan kunjungan ke rumah-rumah penduduk yang dijadikan tempat pemeliharaan ulat, kebun benih, pemintalan, dan galeri souvenir. Berdasarkan kajian dari hasil FGD, kegiatan yang dilakukan adalah pelatihan yaitu kewirausahaan, pemeliharaan ulat sutera dan eco print. Usaha pemeliharaan ulat sutera dapat optimal jika dilakukan sesuai dengan prosedur sehingga menghasilkan benang yang memenuhi standar. Pemeliharaan ulat sutera yang dilakukan petani sangat konvensional, tidak sesuai dengan prosedur standar. Hasil teknik eco print yang dikerjakan kurang memuaskan karena pewarnaan belum maksimal. Pelatihan yang diberikan diharapkan dapat meningkatkan pengetahuan mereka, sehingga menjadi solusi dari permasalahan selama ini. Kata kunci: Kampung Sabbeta’, Desa Pising, pemeliharaan ulat sutera, eco print.
IDENTIFIKASI JENIS JAMUR PATOGEN UNTUK PENGENDALIAN RAYAP TANAH Coptotermes sp. Astuti Arif; . Syahidah; Sitti Nuraeni
PERENNIAL Vol. 6 No. 1 (2010)
Publisher : Forestry Faculty of Universitas Hasanuddin

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24259/perennial.v6i1.195

Abstract

Fungi have a great diversity and wide distribution at the world. It can be used as the alternative technology for controlling of subterranean termite attack, particularly genus Coptotermes knowned as the wooden destructive organism, by using entomophatogenic fungi. For the purpose of the study, several isolate sources were taken from some locations. The results show that eight numbers of pathogenic fungi was founded by screening and identification of fungi taken from 19 numbers of isolate sources. The pathogenic fungi were Beauveria sp., Penicillium brevicompactum, P. rubrum, Paecilomyces fulvus, Fusarium verticolloides, Pythium sp., and Aspergillus sp. Key words: Jamur entomopatogen, Coptotermes sp.
UJI EFEKTIVITAS BAKTERI ANTAGONIS Pseudomonas flourescens DAN P. putida UNTUK MENGENDALIKAN P. solanacearum PENYEBAB PENYAKIT LAYU PADA TANAMAN MURBEI Sitti Nuraeni; Abdul Fattah
PERENNIAL Vol. 3 No. 2 (2007)
Publisher : Forestry Faculty of Universitas Hasanuddin

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24259/perennial.v3i2.170

Abstract

Pseudomonas solanacearum is a bacterial agent causing wilt disease on mulberry species and other woody plant in Indonesian. Biological control employing the antagonist bacteria such as P. fluorescens and P. Putida is a potential method. The aim of the research was to know the effectiveness of P. fluorescens and P. putida to suppress wilt diseases caused by P. solanacearum. The diseases control test with antagonist bacteria was conducted by immersion of root of seedlings in P. fluorescens and P. putida suspensions before planted in a growth medium inoculated by P. solanacearum with the all concentrations were 108 CFU/ml. The following parameters were observed: numbers of leaves, fresh and dry weights of leaves and severity of disease. The results of the effectiveness test showed that antagonist bacteria in the form of mixing of P. fluorescens and P. putida was the best, because they were capable to suppress wilt disease caused by P. solanacearum and increased productivity of mulberry leaves. keywords : antagonist bacteria, biological control, wilt disease
PERBANDINGAN KARAKTERISTIK DAN PRODUKTIVITAS ULATSUTERA (Bombyx mori L.) DARI TIGA BIBIT HIBRID Sitti Nuraeni; . Baharuddin
PERENNIAL Vol. 6 No. 1 (2010)
Publisher : Forestry Faculty of Universitas Hasanuddin

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24259/perennial.v6i1.196

Abstract

The purpose of this research to compared the characteristic and productivity of three silkworm seeds. The result of this research can be information for user of the sericulture. Three seeds examination from Perum Perhutani Soppeng ( P1), BS09 ( P2) and C103 ( P3) from Perum Perhutani Candiroto (Central Java).The observation will be done the hatchability of eggs, resistance of larval, and the characteristic of the larval. Result of research shows that stadium of P2 and P3 silkworm is shorter (21 days) than P1 (23 days). Larval characteristic; colored and larval pattern are equal relative except longer caterpillar P1 length from P2 and P3. Cocoon characteristic; colored, wrinkle and its hardness relative is of equal except size measure and form the cocoon, ellipse globular bigger P1 than P2 and P3 are elliptical like peanut. The result of this research was showed that examination three seeds hybrid of productivity observation (hatchability of eggs and resistance of mature larval,) P1 better than P2 and P3. Key words: Characteristic, productivity, hybrid seed, silkworm (Bombyx mori L).
STRATEGI PEMASARAN, PENGEMASAN DAN PEMANENAN PRODUK UNGGULAN DI KTH MALLAPAOWE, KECAMATAN LILI RIAJA, KABUPATEN SOPPENG, SULAWESI SELATAN Andi Detti Yunianti; Sitti Nuraeni; . Suhasman; Ira Taskirawati; . Agussalim
Jurnal Dinamika Pengabdian (JDP) Vol. 4 (2018): JURNAL DINAMIKA PENGABDIAN VOL. 4 NO. (EDISI KHUSUS) NOVEMBER 2018
Publisher : Departemen Budidaya Pertanian Fakultas Pertanian UNHAS

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20956/jdp.v4iK.5446

Abstract

Salah satu kecamatan di Kabupaten Soppeng adalah Kecamatan Lili Riaja. Kecamatan ini memiliki tujuh Kelompok Tani Hutan (KTH) yang aktif memanfaatkan sumberdaya alam di sekitar hutan. Salah satu KTH yang menjadi mitra pada kegiatan pengabdian ini adalah KTH Mallapaowe. Permasalahan yang dihadapi mitra, produk mereka memiliki daya saing dan nilai jual yang sangat rendah. Produk yang menjadi andalan KTH Mallapaowe adalah “coin kalua” dan gula semut dari pohon aren. Bentuk kegiatan yang dilakukan adalah transfer ilmu pengetahuan dan teknologi guna meningkatkan nilai jual produk para anggota KTH serta strategi pemasaran untuk meningkatkan daya saing produk dalam bentuk ceramah dan Focus Group Discussion (FGD) serta Pelatihan. Selain itu dilakukan pre test dan post test untuk mengukur tingkat keberhasilan kegiatan kami. Kegiatan ini diharapkan dapat dilaksanakan dan dikembangkan oleh anggota KTH guna meningkatkan daya jual dan daya saing produk mereka. Hasil dari kegiatan pengabdian ini adalah meningkatnya pengetahuan anggota KTH terkait cara pengemasan dan pemanenan madu dari lebah Trigona sp sebesar 37% dari sebelum hingga setelah kegiatan pengabdian ini. Bentuk kegiatan yang dilakukan adalah Ceramah dan FGD mengenai: 1). Strategi pemasaran produk; 2). Berbagai cara pemanenan madu; dan 3). Berbagai contoh kemasan produk. Pelatihan yang diberikan kepada anggota KTH antara lain pembuatan kertas daur ulang untuk bahan pengemasan, cara pengemasan dengan menggunakan mesin fortable “Seal and Vacuum”, membuat berbagai macam contoh kemasan produk yang menarik serta cara pemanenan madu lebah Trigona sp dengan Metode Sedot Madu dengan Spoit/Pipet. Kata Kunci: Kelompok Tani Hutan Mallapaowe, pengemasan, coin kalua, gula semut, Trigona sp.        
Potensi Pengembangan Budidaya Jamur Tiram Bagi Kelompok Tani Di Sekitar Hutan Pendidikan Universitas Hasanuddin Ira Taskirawati; Baharuddin Baharuddin; Syahidah Syahidah; Sitti Nuraeni; A Agussalim; Beta Putranto; S Suhasman; Andi Detti Yunianti
Repong Damar: Jurnal Pengabdian Kehutanan dan Lingkungan Vol 1, No 1 (2022): June
Publisher : Magister of Forestry,Department of Forestry, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Lampung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (916.909 KB) | DOI: 10.23960/rdj.v1i1.5946

Abstract

Guidance for community groups around the Unhas Education Forest needs to be carried out to encourage increased public awareness about the importance of preserving the forest without losing its benefits of the forest. Furthermore, the community can use the number of visits, both individually and in groups, to the Unhas educational forest for various purposes as a market opportunity to increase income. One of the commodities cultivated by the local community is the oyster mushroom (Pleurotus ostreatus). Overall, this community service activity is carried out through a series of activities, including lectures, focus group discussions, training and demonstrations, and workshops. This activity is expected to make the community feel the benefits of the forest and play an active role in conserving the forest. In addition, it can improve the welfare of the people living around the forest. The activity results showed that after participating in the training, 75 per cent of the participants were able to explain the stages of mushroom cultivation.