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PERKEMBANGAN PEREKONOMIAN MASYARAKAT NELAYAN DI DESA TAPI-TAPI KECAMATAN MAROBO KABUPATEN MUNA: 1995-2016 Meldy Aswanto; Rifai Nur
Journal Idea of History Vol 1 No 1 (2018): Volume 1 Nomor 1, Januari - Juni 2018
Publisher : Jurusan Ilmu Sejarah Fakultas Ilmu Budaya Universitas Halu Oleo

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33772/history.v1i1.416

Abstract

Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk menjelaskan perkembangan perekonomian masyarakat nelayan di Desa Tapi-Tapi Kecamatan Marobo Kabupaten Muna: 1995-2016. Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah metode sejarah menurut Kuntowijoyo yang terdiri dari lima tahap, yaitu : (1) pemilihan topik, (2) pengumpulan sumber, (3) verifikasi sumber, (4) interpretasi sumber, dan (5) penulisan sejarah. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa: (1) Perkembangan perekonomian masyarakat nelayan di Desa Tapi-Tapi terdiri dari beberapa tahap. Tahap pertama: 1995-2000, di mana masyarakat nelayan masih menggunakan alat tangkap tradisional seperti pancing, jala, jaring, pukat, bubu dan sero. Alat transportasi yang digunakan berupa perahu dan hasil tangkapannya hanya dipasarkan di wilayah Desa Tapi-Tapi. Tahap kedua: 2000-2005. Pada tahap ini nelayan sudah menggunakan alat transportasi modern untuk melaut berupa kapal motor dan katinting. Hasil tangkap yang diperoleh nelayan tidak hanya untuk dikonsumsi sehari-hari tetapi juga dipasarkan dan hasilnya digunakan untuk kebutuhan rumah tangga.Tahap ketiga: 2005-2010. Pada tahap ini, masyarakat nelayan sudah menggunakan alat tangkap modern, seperti: pancing rawe dan pukat hanyut, alat transportasi yang digunakan berupa kapal motor, dan katinting. Pada tahap ini, hasil tangkap nelayan sudah dipasarkan ke luar daerah sehingga pendapatannya juga bertambah. Tahap keempat: 2010-2016. Pada tahap ini, nelayan sudah menggunakan alat tangkap modern berupa pukat dan pancing rawe. Pendapatan nelayan mengalami peningkatan yang signifikan. 2) Dampak dari perkembangan perekonomian masyarakat nelayan di Desa Tapi-Tapi, antara lain; meningkatnya pendapatan nelayan akibat adanya kemajuan dalam penggunaan alat transportasi. Selain itu, juga terdapat kemajuandibidang pendidikan.Perubahan pola hidup masyarakat juga ditandai dengan penggunaan alat-alat modern seperti; televisi, kulkas, kompor gas, dan telepon genggam. Kata Kunci : perkembangan perekonomian, alat tangkap nelayan, alat transportasi
Mencandra To Manurung sebagai Peletak Dasar Budaya Politik Sulawesi Tenggara dan Sulawesi Selatan Rifai Nur
ETNOREFLIKA: Jurnal Sosial dan Budaya Vol 3 No 2 (2014): Volume 3 Nomor 2, Juni 2014
Publisher : Laboratorium Jurusan Antropologi, Fakultas Ilmu Budaya, Universitas Halu Oleo

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1663.771 KB) | DOI: 10.33772/etnoreflika.v3i2.76

Abstract

This journal article is lifted from the writer’s dissertation entitled “Regional Autonomy and Obstacles in Their Implementation in The South and Southeast Sulawesi, 1950-1959”. One of the chapters in the dissertation was about the political culture. That chapter was adapted in this paper with the title; Mencandra To Manurung as a foundress of political culture in Southeast Sulawesi and South Sulawesi. The issue in this article is why To Manurung as Foundress of society Cultural politics of Southeast Sulawesi and South Sulawesi. The goal is to analyze why To Manurung became the Foundress political culture Community in Southeast Sulawesi and South Sulawesi. The research method used is descriptive qualitatif strukturis type. Data collection through the study of documentation and interviews. The analysis of the data used are: (1) reduction of data, data presentation (10, (3) a false assertion and perivikasi data. The research result are: (1) political Ethics ' Sulapa Eppa ' who bequeathed the character and style of leadership: honest, defender of truth, justice enforcement, courageous in upholding truth, justice and the well-being of society at large; (2) major blood ' Takku ' white blood makes a person appear as giver of goodness, peace, harmony and prosperity with high integrity who bequeathed the behavior of giving without taking. It means taking something as a konsekuaensi term, instead of the jabatnnya exploit to get something from the State and society. Keywords: To Manurung, politic culture, social structure
Revitalization of South Sulawesi socio-cultural values relating to democracy in the era of regional autonomy Jumadi Jumadi; Rifai Nur; Patahuddin Patahuddin
Journal of Social Studies (JSS) Vol 12, No 2 (2016): Journal of Social Studies (JSS)
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21831/jss.v12i2.11638

Abstract

This research aims to understand the principles of democracy enforcement in the implementation of regional autonomy, to promote and to revitalize the South Sulawesi socio-cultural values relating to the issue of democracy in the era of regional autonomy, the development of the region potency and the diversity of community to achieve regional and national progress. South Sulawesi since the empire era has posessed socio-cultural values that are closely related to the principles of democracy enforcement. The Socio-cultural values are potential for the regional development, especially in the era of regional autonomy. Social values, one of them are embedded in the democracy principles and foundations in South Sulawesi as the legal basis for organizing the kingdom in South Sulawesi: “rusa’ taro datu, ten rusa’ taro ade’, rusa’ taro ade’ ten rusa’ taro anang, rusa’ anang  ten rusa’ taro tomaegae”.means that the decision of datu / king can be canceled by ade ' (council) but the decision of  ade' can not be canceled by the king / datu, the decision of ade' can be canceled by public figures, but the willingness of public figures can not be canceled by public figures, the willingness of public figures can be canceled by the society, but the willingness of the society can not be canceled by public figures. This means the highest decision belongs to the society. Keywords: Socio-Cultural Values and Democracy in the era of regional Autonomy.