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For The Many, Not the Few: Case Analysis of Bukit Duri Forced Eviction in Jakarta Arie Afriansyah
Rechtsidee Vol 4 No 2 (2018): June
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Sidoarjo

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21070/jihr.v4i2.43

Abstract

The International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights allow states to conduct forced eviction as long as it is carried out within the given boundaries. This journal will comprehensively elaborate each standards given by the two international human rights covenants as well as the implementation of those standards in the cases of Human Rights Committee and Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights. The standards will then be applied to analyze the case of forced eviction in Bukit Duri, South Jakarta, in the year of 2016. Based on the literature review and the interviews that have been conducted, it can be concluded that states can justify their action of forced eviction if it fulfills the standards of ‘lawful’ and ‘non-arbitrary’. The Bukit Duri forced eviction did not fulfill those standards.
Penanggulangan Pencemaran Sampah Plastik Di Laut Berdasarkan Hukum Internasional Gledys Deyana Wahyudin; Arie Afriansyah
Jurnal IUS Kajian Hukum dan Keadilan Vol 8, No 3: December 2020 : Jurnal IUS Kajian Hukum dan Keadilan
Publisher : Fakultas Hukum Universitas Mataram

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29303/ius.v8i3.773

Abstract

Tingginya konsumsi plastik oleh masyarakat dunia berdampak kepada lingkungan laut, diperkirakan 80% bagian dari limbah padat yang berada di laut adalah sampah plastik. Munculnya sampah plastik di lingkungan laut disebabkan oleh pembuangan sampah tidak pada tempatnya, proses pengelolaan limbah sampah yang buruk, kurangnya pengelola sampah di kota-kota besar. Keberadaan sampah plastik di laut mengancam keselamatan lingkungan laut, hal ini dikarenakan sampah plastik dapat mengancam biota laut, ekosistem laut, kesehatan dan penghidupan manusia, menyebabkan bioakumulasi polutan serta racun, dapat berpindah tempat sampai jauh, sifat plastik yang tidak dapat terurai membuat sampah plastik akan bertahan lama di laut, sulitnya sampah plastik untuk ditelusuri asalnya, dan mikroplastik yang sangat kecil serta berada di dasar laut menyebabkan sulitnya sampah laut untuk diambil. Tujuan dari penulisan ini adalah guna mengetahui regulasi pencemaran sampah di laut berdasarkan hukum internasional dan pelaksanaan pengurangan atau penanggulangan sampah plastik di laut oleh Tiongkok dan Indonesia. Untuk menjawab pertanyaan-pertanyaan tersebut, penulisan artikel ini menggunakan metode penelitian yang bersifat normatif, dengan pendekatan masalah yuridis-normatif. Solusi dari pencemaran sampah di laut yaitu pengurangan penggunaan sampah, perbaikan pengoahan sampah, komposisi sampah, produksi barang ramah lingkungan secara masal, kebijakan pencegahan dan penanganan sampah plastik di laut secara internasional dan nasional, serta pendidikan dan pelatihan mengenai penanggulangan sampah di laut. Hasil penulisan ini menunjukkan bahwa hukum internasional mempunyai peran sebagai pendorong negara-negara untuk menciptakan regulasi secara nasional untuk menangani permasalahan sampah di laut serta sebagai sumber bagi negara-negara untuk menentukan langkah-langkah yang tepat dalam menangani sampah di laut.
Perjanjian Investasi Bilateral: Self-Judging Sebagai Solusi? Sakina Fakhriah; Arie Afriansyah
Uti Possidetis: Journal of International Law Vol 3 No 3 (2022)
Publisher : Faculty of Law, Universitas Jambi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22437/up.v3i3.19436

Abstract

This article was prepared to formulate a strategy for formulating the drafting of exclusion clauses in bilateral investment treaties and legal policies that are in accordance with national security without violating international law. In its preparation, doctrinal legal research with legal objects is used which is conceptualized as a statutory rule based on the doctrine of positivism (normative juridical) schools. In the Discussion, it was found that Host Country has several options in implementing policies that put forward the national interest such as, asserting rights in agreements in good faith, including exceptions expressly, establishing definitions appropriately in agreements, mentioning special clause categories in agreements, conducting evaluations in a reasonable manner and self-judging. However, of the seven options already mentioned, self-judging is the most profitable option for host countries in implementing policies that orientate national interests. The self-judging clause is the choice of host country for two reasons. First, the clause gives the state discretion to unilaterally opt-out of international obligations and secondly, the evaluation of the elements for opt-out is not set out completely objectively from an external point of view, but only from the point of view of the state concerned.
Pelanggaran Penelitian Ilmiah Kelautan Tanpa Izin oleh Pihak Asing di Wilayah Indonesia M. Ikhsan Lapadengan; Arie Afriansyah
Uti Possidetis: Journal of International Law Vol 4 No 1 (2023)
Publisher : Faculty of Law, Universitas Jambi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22437/up.v4i1.19575

Abstract

Scientific understanding of the sea is very important for human activities on the marine environment and the biota contained therein in order to maintain marine ecosystems. It affects the marine environment and the biota contained therein. Marine scientific research refers to various disciplines, such as biology, biotechnology, geology, chemistry, physics, geophysics, hydrography, physical oceanography, and marine drilling. Nevertheless, it is necessary to regulate marine scientific research, both from international law and national law of coastal countries. Indonesia as a member of the 1982 UN Convention on the Law of the Sea, has the authority to regulate and enforce the law on marine scientific research in the jurisdiction of its country. This article will be talk about how Indonesia, as a sovereign country, regulates the jurisdiction of its country, in terms of marine scientific research, as well as how Indonesia's efforts to enforce the law against foreign parties who carry out marine scientific research in its territory. Enforcement of this law will have a major impact on the security of sovereignty and the advancement of science and technology in the marine sector for Indonesia.