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Hierarkie Lembaga Negara Di Indonesia Ahmad Rayhan; Qotrun Nida
Sultan Jurisprudence: Jurnal Riset Ilmu Hukum Vol.1 No. 1 Juni 2021
Publisher : Fakultas Hukum Universitas Sultan Ageng Tirtayasa

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.51825/sjp.v1i1.11373


ABSTRACT:Post-Reform and Amendment to the 1945 Constitution of the Republic of Indonesia in 1998-2002, gave rise to various new things in the legal and constitutional system in Indonesia, one of which is the change in State Institutions in Indonesia, the biggest change is the change in the People's Consultative Assembly which was originally an Institution. Highest State Institutions become Higher State Institutions and the emergence of New State Institutions. Therefore, this study aims to determine the meaning of state institutions and the terms of state institutions in the constitutional system in Indonesia, as well as how the classification and hierarchy of state institutions in Indonesia. The research method used in this research is Normative Juridical. The results showed that State Institutions, State Bodies and State Organs have similarities in terms of language and terms, namely organs that have certain functions in exercising power or state functions. The three terms have been used interchangeably in the Indonesian constitutional system, either in the Constitution or in other regulations. The two State Institutions can be classified based on the legal basis that underlies them, the function of the institution and their position. Meanwhile, based on the hierarchy of State Institutions, it is divided into two levels, namely the central level and the regional level, however the hierarchy does not always discuss which institution is higher and lower, as long as the State Institution is based on the 1945 Constitution and experiences disputes, then in the handling of disputes between State Institutions can be resolved through the authority of the Constitutional Court. Keyword: State Institutions, Hierarchy, classification
تولية الكافر على المسلم في ولاية الحكم عند ابن تيمية Ahmad Muqorobin; Ahmad Rayhan
Ulul Albab: Jurnal Studi dan Penelitian Hukum Islam Vol 2, No 1 (2018): Vol. 2, No. 1, Oktober 2018
Publisher : Sultang Agung Islamic University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30659/jua.v2i1.2949


Leader is a very urgent figure in our daily life. In this case a lot of questions about the ideal leader figure who is able to lead this country. The reality is very difficult to find the ideal leader figure, until finally many discourses that say that the leader is not important Muslims or infidels. The most important factor is that he should be able to lead his community fairly. Religious issues are not considered because religion and the state are different things. This led to differences of opinion among 'ulama-'ulama Islam . This research focus to know the opinion of Ibn Taymiyyah related to problems of leadership infidels against Muslims in the government. Research this using type of literature research with normative approach for more in-depth discussion and can achieve the purpose of the background of the problem . In collecting these data the author use the method of documentation to collect the works of Ibn Taimiyah . Furthermore , the author uses the method of deduction to explain the biography of Ibn Taymiyah and the general view of kafir leadership. From sight general the researchers take the essence of the kafir's leadership over a Muslim and a natural government . In order for the analysis to be accomplished more deeply, the author develops his analysis by using descriptive analysis techniques. The result of this discussion concludes that Ibn Taymiyyah forbade kafir leaders to lead a majority Muslim government , and the words of Ibn Taymiyya who said that 'justice is the absolute prerequisite of a leader, and Allah helps a state that is' just though infidels', due to the time of Ibn Taymiyah there are so many Muslim leaders who do not apply 'justly, so this can only apply in that time and circumstance. The kafir leader can not lead justly because a kafir has not been able to deal justly with himself by not believing in Allah SWT.
Perlindungan Hukum Terhadap Pekerja Anak Qotrun Nida; Ahmad Rayhan
Sultan Jurisprudence: Jurnal Riset Ilmu Hukum Vol.1 No. 1 Juni 2021
Publisher : Fakultas Hukum Universitas Sultan Ageng Tirtayasa

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.51825/sjp.v1i1.11402


Fenomena pekerja anak merupakan gambaran betapa rumitnya permasalahan anak Adanya pekerja anak berasal dari pengusaha yang ingin mendapatkan keuntungan dengan pekerjaan yang murah, atau perusahaan tersebut merupakan perusahaan kecil atau bahkan perusahaan keluarga yang menggunakan anak untuk tetap bertahan aktifitasnya dengan produktifitas rendah. Alasan ini dikategorikan benar, elain adanya sisi permintaan pasti ada sisi penawaran. Meskipun masyarakat menyediakan tenaga kerja anak, tetapi jika tidak ada perusahaan yang mempekerjakannya sudah pasti pekerja anak tidak akan muncul. Demikian pula sebaliknya, bila permintaan terhadap pekerja anak tinggi, tetapi masyarakat tidak menyediakan maka pekerja anak tidak akan adaoleh karena itu penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui bagaimana perlindungan hukum terhadap pekerja anak dan factor apasaja yang mempengaruhi adanya pekerja anak. Metode Penelitian yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah pendekatan Metode penelitian hukum normatif empiris. Hasil Penelitian menunjukan Perlindungan hukum terhadap pekerja anak tercantum pada undang-undang Ketenagakerjaan pada pasal 74 dan pasal 75 tentang bentuk pembatasan  jenis-jenis atau bentuk-bentuk pekerjaan yang dilarang untuk dikerjakan oleh anak dan penetapan persyaratan tertentu bagi pengusaha yang mempekerjakan anak. Serta terdapat pula peraturan-peraturan lainnya yang ikut mengatur tentang perlindungan hukum pekerja anak. Factor yang mempengaruhi terjadinya pekerja anak yaitu factor ekonomi, factor pendidikan, perubahan proses produksi, serta lemahnya pengawasan dan minimnya lembaga untuk rehabilitasi.
The The Role of Baduy Women in Strengthening Baduy Local Food as an Innovation for Food Security in the Banten Region: The Role of Baduy Women in Strengthening Baduy Local Food as an Innovation for Food Security in the Banten Region Muhamad Muslih; Ahmad Rayhan
Unram Law Review Vol 7 No 1 (2023): Unram Law Review(ULREV)
Publisher : Faculty of Law, University of Mataram

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29303/ulrev.v7i1.247


The problem raised in this paper is the role of the Baduy indigenous women in Strengthening Baduy Local Food as an innovation for National Food Security. The purpose of this paper is to strive for the local ecological wisdom of the Baduy indigenous people can be combined with modern science and technology in order to be able to utilize in a sustainable Food Security development program based on National Food Security Innovation. The specific target to be achieved from this research is to examine the field of feminism and gender from the perspective of Baduy women in terms of their relationship to the development of Baduy Local Food Security Innovations. The methodology used is Juridical Normative and Sociological Normative. This research is a descriptive-analytical type of research using Primary and Secondary Data Sources which are analyzed using qualitative methods, applying Library Research and Field Studies data collection techniques toward Inner Baduy and Outer Baduy. Interviews and observations were conducted to obtain the necessary data. The data obtained through field research and literature study were analyzed to obtain clarity on the problems discussed. A brief summary of the results of this paper is that Baduy men and women carry out ngahuma activities and household activities together because the Baduy indigenous people have known and applied the theory of feminism and gender equality. Even in farming, there are ceremonies in which implementation can only be done by Baduy women, such as mipit, ngaseuk, ngalaksa, and nganyaran. In practice, it cannot be done by men because it is directly related to Nyi Pohaci as a symbol of the high degree and honor of women in Baduy. Nyi Pohaci is associated with the symbol of making a living from growing rice in the huma and in the fields. Until now, the Baduy people have always maintained the Baduy pikukuh to store dry unhulled rice produced from ngahuma in Leuit as typical Baduy rice barns. The facts prove that the condition of rice is still good and still very suitable for consumption even though the unhulled rice has been stored in the leuit for more than 50 years. Baduy people are very concerned about life in the future so that their food security can be maintained. If this is analyzed and researched in depth, it can produce a good system to be applied in maintaining Baduy Local Food Security as a reflection of National Food Security.
Pelatihan Kemampuan Berhitung Matematika Siswa dengan Metode Jarimatika di Kelas V SDN Pontang Legon 2 Nisa Aula Nurussalamah; Nazwa Guseynova Kamila; Cashia Anastasya; Ahmad Rayhan
ABDIKAN: Jurnal Pengabdian Masyarakat Bidang Sains dan Teknologi Vol. 2 No. 2 (2023): Mei 2023
Publisher : Yayasan Literasi Sains Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.55123/abdikan.v2i2.1728


This service activity is motivated by the large number of elementary school students who have not mastered and are able to do math easily, quickly and happily. Therefore, efforts are needed to increase students' interest and enthusiasm in calculating mathematics quickly, especially in the arithmetic operations of addition, subtraction, and multiplication. This community service activity is carried out in the form of numeracy skills training using the jarimatics method which can attract students' interest in calculating quickly and precisely and improve the concept of counting because the learning process is interesting and fun so that it can sharpen children's psychomotor skills by using their fingers. . This training activity used the lecture and demonstration method, which lasted for one day  with 25 grade V students at SDN Pontang Legon 2, Pontang Legon Village, Tirtayasa District, Serang District, Banten Province. From this training activity, students at SDN Pontang Legon 2 are able to master arithmetic using the easy, fast and fun way of learning in every learning process.
IMPLEMENTASI TERHADAP MINAMATA CONVENTION ON MERCURY DI INDONESIA (Studi Kasus Mengenai Pencemaran Merkuri Dan Arsen Di Teluk Buyat) Ahmad Rayhan; Widya Ayu Pramesty
Tirtayasa Journal of International Law Vol 2, No 1 (2023): Tirtayasa Journal of International Law Vol. 2 No. 1 Edisi Juni 2023
Publisher : Fakultas Hukum Universitas Sultan Ageng Tirtayasa

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.51825/tjil.v2i1.19111


ABSTRACT:The increasingly advanced industrial sector in Indonesia makes several things including the environment negatively affected. The destruction of nature by human activities is caused by over-exploration and exploitation activities. The negative impact that is usually caused by the mining sector for the surrounding environment is the occurrence of water pollution by heavy metals, especially Mercury. In this case, there is an International convention that regulates Mercury, namely the Minamata Convention on Mercury. Pollution of Buyat Bay by Mercury and Arsenic is caused by mining activities from PT. Newmont Minahasa Raya which started in 1996 using normative method research methods. This normative or literature research examines the study of relevant documents in writing this scientific paper to find out the 2013 Minamata Convention agreement and its implementation in the case of mercury and arsenic pollution in Buyat Bay. The United Nations Environmental Programme (UNEP) conducted a study in 2001 on mercury and mercury compounds related to aspects of mercury health impacts, sources, transportation, circulation and trade, and mercury prevention and control technologies. UNEP concluded that an international effort is needed to reduce the risk of mercury impacts on human health and environmental safety. The Minamata Convention was signed by 92 countries of the world at a diplomatic conference in Minamata, Kumamoto Province, Japan on October 10, 2013. In the case of Buyat Bay pollution, the government concluded that, the gold mining company PT Newmont Minahasa Raya had polluted the environment in Buyat Bay, Minahasa, North Sulawesi. As a form of implementation because Indonesia ratified the Minamata Convention, Indonesia established a special Technical Team in mercury management. This technical team was created to compile and publish a National Action Plan (RAN) based on the annex to the Minamata Convention, namely the elimination of the use of mercury in gold processing.  Keywords : Minamata Convention, Mercury, Buyat Bay, Environmental Pollution. ABSTRAK:Semakin majunya sektor Industri di Indonesia membuat beberapa hal termasuk lingkungan terkena dampak negatifnya. Kerusakan alam oleh aktivitas manusia disebabkan oleh kegiatan eksplorasi dan eksploitasi yang berlebihan. Dampak negatif yang biasanya ditimbulkan dari sektor pertambangan bagi lingkungan sekitar adalah terjadinya pencemaran air oleh logam berat Terutama Merkuri. Dalam hal ini terdapat konvensi Internasional yang mengatur mengenai Merkuri yakni Minamata Convention on Mercury. Pencemaran Teluk Buyat oleh Merkuri dan Arsen disebabkan karena aktivitas pertambangan dari PT. Newmont Minahasa Raya yang dimulai sejak tahun 1996 dengan menggunakan metode penelitian metode normatif. Penelitian normatif atau kepustakaan ini mengkaji studi dokumen yang relevan dalam penulisan karya ilmiah ini untuk mengetahui perjanjian Minamata Convention 2013 dan implementasinya dalam kasus pencemaran Merkuri dan Arsen di Teluk Buyat. United Nations Environmental Programme (UNEP) melakukan sebuah kajian pada tahun 2001 mengenai Merkuri dan senyawa Merkuri terkait dengan aspek dampak kesehatan, sumber, transportasi, peredaran dan perdagangan merkuri, serta teknologi pencegahan dan pengendalian merkuri. UNEP berdasarkan kajian tersebut menyimpulkan bahwasanya diperlukan suatu upaya internasional untuk menurunkan resiko dari dampak yang ditimbulkan merkuri bagi kesehatan manusia dan keselamatan lingkungan hidup. Konvensi Minamata ini ditandatangani oleh 92 negara dunia pada diplomatic conference di Minamata, Provinsi Kumamoto, Jepang pada 10 Oktober 2013. Dalam kasus pencemaran Teluk Buyat Pemerintah menyimpulkan bahwa, perusahaan tambang emas PT Newmont Minahasa Raya telah mencemari lingkungan di Teluk Buyat, Minahasa, Sulawesi Utara. Sebagai bentuk pelaksanaan karena Indonesia meratifikasi Konvensi Minamata, Indonesia membentuk Tim Teknis khusus dalam pengelolaan Merkuri. Tim teknis ini dibuat untuk menyusun serta menerbitkan Rencana Aksi Nasional (RAN) yang berdasarkan lampiran dalam Konvensi Minamata yakni penghapusan penggunaan Merkuri pada pengolahan emas. Kata Kunci : Konvensi Minamata, Merkuri, Teluk Buyat, Pencemaran Lingkungan.
Enhancing Community Welfare: Community Data Collection for Kwh Installation in Kandawati Village Ahmad Rayhan; Fitria Dwi Yulianty
Probono and Community Service Journal Vol 1, No 2 (2022): Development and Empowerment of Village Legal Awareness
Publisher : Faculty of Law, Universitas Sultan Ageng Tirtayasa

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.51825/pcsj.v1i2.16747


This research is motivated by a community phenomenon, specifically the residents of Kandawati Village, where until now some of them still have not used Kilo Watt Hour (Kwh) or commonly called a meter to calculate electricity bills. The main reason is that some residents are constrained by the problem of initial installation costs and future usage costs. Whereas according to Government Regulation no. 26 of 2006 concerning the Provision and Utilization of Electric Power states that electricity has an important role in the development of technology and supports the welfare of the community. Therefore, to answer this issue, the author uses the method of collecting field study data or direct observation of the residents of Kandawati Village. Then from these observations, the writer then carried out documentation, namely data collection which included information, evidence and related citizen activities based on written records.