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The Comparison of Bay Leaf and Celery Leaf Infusion Effect on Decreasing LDL Level in Dyslipidemic Wistar Rats Model Retnaninggalih, Anjani Putri; Efendi, Erfan; Hairrudin, Hairrudin
Journal of Agromedicine and Medical Sciences Vol 1, No 1 (2015)
Publisher : Medical Faculty of Jember University (Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Jember)

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Abstract

Coronary heart disease (CHD) is the cause of 7,3 million death globally in 2008. The main pathophysiology process that leads to CHD is atherosclerosis which is caused by high LDL cholesterol level. The aim of this study was to explore bay leaf and celery leaf infusion effect on reducing LDL cholesterol level in dyslipidemic rat model. The type of this study was true experimental research using wistar rat (Rattus novergicus) as the sample. The rats were induced by high fat diet and PTU for two weeks then each of the group were given either bay leaf infusion, celery leaf infusion, simvastatin (positive control), or aquadest (negative control) for a week. The measurement of LDL level used Friedewald formulation. Data was analyzed using paired sample t test and one way ANOVA. As the result there was a significance reduction on LDL level after treatment with bay leaf (p=0,013) and celery leaf infusion (p=0,035) but there was no significance difference between groups (p=0,293). It was concluded that bay leaf and celery leaf infusion could reduce the LDL level in dyslipidemic wistar rat but there was no difference on the capability of the two different leafs on reducing LDL level. Keywords: dyslipidemia, LDL, bay leaf, celery leaf, wistar rats  
GENDER PERSPEKTIF ETIKA PESANTREN (Studi Tentang Kepemimpinan Kiai dan Nyai Tentang Sosialisasi Gender di Lingkungan Sosial Pondok Pesantren Wahidhasyim Sleman Yogyakarta) Efendi, Erfan
An-Nisa' : Jurnal Kajian Perempuan dan Keislaman Vol. 13 No. 2 (2020)
Publisher : LP2M IAIN Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35719/annisa.v13i2.35

Abstract

Gender socialization in pesantren is a top priority because gender construction in pesantren is very dependent on how gender identity is also formed through how strong the socialization process is. The identity formed in the pesantren will then become a reference for the students to socialize or interact with the environment outside the pesantren. From that, the issue of gender or equal partnerships between men and women, which was previously known as the increase in the position of the role of women in Islam, has increasingly attracted a lot of progress and success. There are two orientations in socializing gender in pesantren, namely: first, strengthening the normativity of gender roles . This role is performed by most of the kyai, nyai, and teachers. Second, prioritizing gender role textuality. This motive is carried out by a small number of madrasah teachers and badal kyai and nyai when conducting recitation at the pesantren. The problem is the focus of this research discussion. First, what is the role of kyai and nyai leadership in gender socialization at the Wahid Hasyim Islamic boarding school, Sleman Yogyakarta. Second, how to implement gender criteria in the regulations of the Wahid Hasyim Sleman Yogyakarta Islamic boarding school. Third, how is the implementation of the santri behavior of the Wahid Hasyim Sleman Yogyakarta Islamic boarding school. Sosialisasi gender di pesantren menjadi prioritas utama sebab konstruksi gender yang ada di pesantren sangat bergantung pada bagaimana identitas gender juga dibentuk melalui seberapa kuat proses sosialisasinya. Identitas yang terbentuk di pesantren selanjutnya akan menjadi acuan para santri untuk bermasyarakat ataupun berinteraksi dengan lingkungan di luar pesantren. Dari itu, persoalan gender atau kemitra sejajaran antara laki-laki dan perempuan yang sebelumnya dikenal dengan peningkatan kedudukan peran perempuan dalam Islam semakin menarik banyak kemajuan dan keberhasilan.Terdapat dua orientasi dalam mensosialisasikan gender di pesantren, yaitu: pertama, menguatkan normativitas peran-peran gender. Peran ini dilakukan oleh sebagian besar para kyai, nyai, dan guru. Kedua, mengedepankan tekstualitas peran gender. Motif ini dilakukan oleh sebagian kecil guru madrasah dan badal kyai serta nyai ketika melakukan pengajian di pesantren. Adapun problem yang menjadi fokus pembahasan penelitian ini. Pertama, Bagaiman peran kepemimpinan kyai dan nyai dalam sosialisasi gender di pesantren Wahid Hasyim Sleman Yogyakarta. Kedua, Bagaimana implementasi kesteraan gender dalam peraturan pesantren Wahid Hasyim Sleman Yogyakarta. Ketiga, bagaimana implementasi pada perilaku santri pesantren Wahid Hasyim Sleman Yogyakarta.
Meningkatkan Perekonomian Masyarakat di Masa New Normal Melalui Kegiatan Ekonomi Kreatif Usaha dengan Memanfaatkan Media Online Efendi, Erfan; Rachmadan, Suci; Guntoro, Danang; Putri, Deby Septiani; Fadli, Ach. Marzuki; Al’ Azhmi, Arumdhani; Khoirunisa, Dita Dieni; Sintia, Iska; Hikmah, Nurul; Yulianah, Septa; Sari, Yusnita Putri
Jurnal Pembelajaran Pemberdayaan Masyarakat (JP2M) Vol 1, No 4 (2020): Jurnal Pembelajaran Pemberdayaan Masyarakat (JP2M)
Publisher : Universitas Islam Malang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33474/jp2m.v1i4.8776

Abstract

Tujuan yang ingin dicapai dalam melaksanakan kegiatan pembelajaran pemberdayaan masyarakat ini adalah membantu meningkatkan perekonomian masyarakat Dusun Plosorejo, Desa Jatimarto, Kecamatan Ngadirojo, Kabupaten Wonogiri di masa new normal. Perekonomian masyarakat tersebut menurun saat adanya pandemic covid 19. Permasalahan tersebut terjadi karena perusahaan tempat awal masyarakat bekerja melakukan PHK (Pemutusan Hubungan Kerja). Oleh karena itu, perlu dilakukan upaya untuk mengatasi hal tersebut. Program yang diterapkan adalah membangun kegiatan ekonomi kreatif dengan memanfaatkan media online. Metode yang digunakan dalam program ini adalah metode partisipatif.  Masyarakat yang menjadi target adalah salah satu warga Dusun Plosorejo yaitu Indra Wahyu Nugroho. Mayarakat tersebut memiliki masalah penurunan ekonomi karena telah mengalami PHK (Pemutusan Hubungan Kerja) dari salah satu pabrik. Kegiatan ekonomi kreatif yang diterapkan terhadap target adalah membuat usaha penjualan layang-layang dan kemudian dipasarkan melalui media online. Masyarakat Dusun Plosorejo termasuk Indra Wahyu Nugroho diberikan pemahaman terkait kegiatan ekonomi kreatif dengan memanfaatkan media online. Hasil dari program ini adalah Indra Wahyu Nugroho memperoleh penghasilan yang bisa digunakan untuk menunjang kembali perekonomiannya serta dapat menerapkan media online sebagai alat komunikasi yang efektif dan efisien dalam aktivitas bisnis.
CHubungan Tingkat Beban Pekerjaan terhadap Kejadian Kifosis pada Buruh Panggul di Pasar Tradisional Tanjung Jember Periode Bulan Januari 2020 Sutikno, Totalenesya Reforrent; Dharmawan, Dion Krismashogi; Efendi, Erfan
Journal of Islamic Medicine Vol 6, No 1 (2022): JOURNAL OF ISLAMIC MEDICINE EDISI MARET 2022
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine and Health Science, Universitas Islam Negeri Maulana Malik Ibrahim

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.18860/jim.v6i1.11261

Abstract

Background: Kyphosis is  vertebrae disorder characterized with increased of vertebrae curve in sagital line of 40o Cobb angle. Kyphosis is caused by degenerative proces,, neuromuscular disease, tumor, trauma, congenital abnormalities and unergonomic posture at the moment of carriying weights. One of kyphosis risk factor is excessive weights on the back in long duration. The complication of kyphosis such as vertebrae compression fracture could cause pain and deformities. Objective: Purpose of this research is to describe the correlation between workload level in carrier workers towards kyphosis at Tanjung Market, Jember. Methods: This research was observational analitic, cross sectional method, and total sampling. The respondents were 32 male carrier workers and 32 controls.. Data was obtained by interview and Cobb angle measurement on 1st and 12th thoracal vertebrae using inclinometer. Statistical test was done by Spearman correlation test. Results: The data analysis showed that p value for working time, work tenure, and transport weights toward kyphosis prevalence sequentially were 0,778; 0,326; and 0,739. Male carrier workers in Tanjung Traditional Market used to carry 50-100 Kg of weights once they start to transport. The working time of the carrier workers each day were seven hours and 15 years for work tenure in average. There were two carrier workers (6,2%) suffering of kyphosis (50 years old) with working time 8 hours per day, 10 years for work tenure, and 50 Kg for transport weights.. Conclusion: This research had proven that there is no any correlation between working time, work tenure, and carried load level towards kyphosis in carrier workers of Tanjung Market Jember.