Irma Leilani Eka Putri
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PENGARUH MEDIA SEMAI TERHADAP PERTUMBUHAN DAN HASIL SEMANGKA (Citrullus vulgaris Schard) Seftiani, Nining Sundara; Eka Putri, Irma Leilani; Meriko, Lince
Pendidikan Biologi Vol 2, No 2 (2013): Jurnal Mahasiswa Pendidikan Biologi Genap 2013-2014
Publisher : STKIP PGRI Sumbar

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ABSTRACT Watermelon (Citrullus vulgaris Schard) is one of the fruits that are very popular Indonesian society because it tastes sweet, and a lot of water content. Watermelon needs continue to increase while the results are still low. So it is necessary to increase the yield of watermelon. To improve the growth and yield of watermelon watermelon plant development at the start time of seeding. How to nursery and nursery media greatly influence the growth and yield of watermelon. For research that has been carried out from  1 December  2012 to 10February 2013 subdistrict located in Batang Kapas Puppies South Coastal District. In order to know the influence of various media seedling on growth and yield of watermelon seedlings and get a suitable media to the results of a watermelon. This research used Completely Randomized Design (CRD) consisting of 5 treatments and 5 replications. Garden soil, garden soil + river sand , rice husk ash + garden soil, garden soil + cow manure, river sand + soil + rice husk ash garden. Supervision starting at week 2, week 4, week 6 and week 8th after planting. Observation is the observed percentage of live seeds, the number of leaves (pieces), plant height (cm), weight of fruit crops (g). Data were analyzed using analysis of variance and LSD test continued at α level of 5 %. Results showed media soil + river sand is the best medium for the growth of watermelon (Citrullus vulgaris Schard). The results were analyzed with the following variance showed that the use of tangible media to be more influenced seedling crops including watermelon seed alive, number of leaves (pieces), plant height (cm), weight of fruit crops (g). From the results of the research in order to encourage the farmers to use the media in raising crops of watermelon seedlings as more economical .  
STUDI ETNOBOTANI HUTAN MANGROVE DI TELUK BUO KECAMATAN BUNGUS TELUK KABUNG KOTA PADANG Sari, Dian Marta; Eka Putri, Irma Leilani; Rizki, Rizki
Pendidikan Biologi Vol 2, No 2 (2013): Jurnal Mahasiswa Pendidikan Biologi Genap 2013-2014
Publisher : STKIP PGRI Sumbar

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ABSTRACT Ethnobotany is a study of benefit plants by the society to support life need. It has great benefit especially for the society who live around mangrove area. One of mangrove forest in West Sumatera is in Teluk Buo Kecamatan Bungus Teluk Kabung Padang city. It has many advantageous. It can be physical aspect, ecological aspect and economical aspect. The purpose of this study is to find the kinds of mangrove that was used by the people in Teluk Buo Keamatan Bungus Teluk Kabung Padang city. This research was conducted on June 2013. The method that as use is survey method through observation and directly selecting the sample in the field of the research, monitoring, collecting the note in the field. The sampling technique was using vertical and horizontal technique. Collecting of data by society with 33 respondent. The research meet 17 species mangrove plants benefit by society, 11 species benefit to medicine is Ardisia elliptica, Hibiscus tiliaceus, Melastoma candidum, Acanthus illicifolius, Bruguiera gymnorrhiza, Lumnitzera littorea, Pongamia pinnata, Scyphiphora hidrophyllaceae, Rhizophora apiculata, Ceriops tagal, and Cassia alata. 15 species mangrove plants  to benefit another is Ardisia elliptica, Hibiscus tiliaceus, Melastoma candidum, Bruguiera gymnorrhiza, Lumnitzera littorea, Pongamia pinnata, Scyphiphora hidrophyllaceae, Rhizophora apiculata, Aegiceras corniculatum, Ficus microcarpa, Dolichandrone spathacea, Pandanus odoratissima, Nypa fruticans, Ceriops tagal and Sonneratia caseolaris.  
HUBUNGAN AGIHAN JENIS TUMBUHAN DENGAN TEKSTUR TANAH DI HUTAN MANGROVE TELUK BUO KECAMATAN BUNGUS TELUK KABUNG KOTA PADANG Kumalasari, Nesya; Eka Putri, Irma Leilani; Rizki, Rizki
Pendidikan Biologi Vol 2, No 2 (2013): Jurnal Mahasiswa Pendidikan Biologi Genap 2013-2014
Publisher : STKIP PGRI Sumbar

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ABSTRACT Soil is one of important factors directly affecting growth and development of mangrove forest. The relationship between mangrove and soil is complemented by the ability of different types of mangrove to grow in different substrates. Rhizopora apiculatais distributed in all textures of soil (loam, sandy loam, clay loam, sandy clay loam, clay and loam sandy). Sonneratia caseolarisis distributed in loam, sandy loam, clay loam, sandy clay loam and clay. Aegiceras corniculatumis distributed in loam, sandy loam, sandy clay loam and loam sandy. Dolichandrone spathacea is distributed in loam, sandy loam, clay loam, and sandy clay loam. Bruguiera gymnhorrizaand Hibiscus tiliaceus are distributed in loam,sandy loam, and sandy clay loamwhile Acanthus ilicifolius is distributed in loam and sandy clay loam. This study aims to comprehend the relation between the distribution of the plant with the texture of soil in the mangrove forest of  teluk  buo in the subdistrict of bungus teluk kabung in the city of padang. This deskriptive work was performed form June to July, 2013. Samples were colected from a 10 m by 10 m study plot placed along transection line from the star of shoreline until the border between mangrove and land forest. At the study location  transections were created with the lenght of 160 m (transection 1) and 180 m (transection 2). With the distance between recorded for each plot, knows plants were recorded on the spot while the unknows were collected at mangrove forest of the teluk buo and soil textures were determined at the laboratories. The study found that there are six types of soil textures in the area consisted of loam,sandy loam, clay loam, sandy clay loam, clay and loam sandy. Distributed plants were identified as Rhizophora apiculata, Sonneratia caseolaris, Aegiceras corniculatum. Bruguiera gymnhorriza, Dolichandone spathacea, Acanthus ilicifolius, and Hibiscus tiliaceus.
STRUKTUR ANATOMI ORGAN VEGETATIF Pedada Merah (Sonneratia caseolaris (L.) Engler) DI HUTAN MANGROVE KENAGARIAN MANGGUANG KOTA PARIAMAN Niken, Niken; Eka Putri, Irma Leilani; Meriko, Lince
Pendidikan Biologi Vol 2, No 2 (2013): Jurnal Mahasiswa Pendidikan Biologi Genap 2013-2014
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ABSTRACT Sonneratia caseolaris is one mangrove plant species belonging to family Sonneratiaceae. Sonneratia caseolaris has three morphological variations are dwarf, semi-dwarf and normal. In connection with such variation has been studied to determine the anatomical structure of the vegetative organs pedada red (Sonneratia caseolaris (L.) Engler) in Mangrove Forests Kenagarian Mangguang Pariaman city. This study was conducted in January-February 2013 by using the descriptive method of making permanent preparations. Based on the results, the differences in the complexity of the tissues of the three variations Sonneratia caseolaris. At the root Sonneratia caseolaris dwarf and normal tissue there is a sklereid amplifier, whereas the semi-dwarf Sonneratia caseolaris reinforcements in the form of fiber tissues. In the third variation stems from Sonneratia caseolaris there is no difference but the similarity of the complexity of their tissues  covering cuticula thin epidermis, cortex, vascular tissue and pith while the third variation on the leaves of Sonneratia caseolaris difference is the semi-dwarf and normal Sonneratia caseolaris there is substance ergastict in the form of crystalline type drush , while the dwarf Sonneratia caseolaris not found. Another difference is in the normal Sonneratia caseolaris  the epidermis consists of 2 layers, on Sonneratia caseolaris dwarf and semi-dwarf only 1 layer and the normal Sonneratia caseolaris  palisade tissue consists of  2 layers while Sonneratia caseolaris dwarf and semi-dwarf 3 layers. 
PROFIL HUTAN MANGROVE TELUK BUO KECAMATAN BUNGUS TELUK KABUNG KOTA PADANG Elva, Novia Monika; Eka Putri, Irma Leilani; Rizki, Rizki
Pendidikan Biologi Vol 2, No 2 (2013): Jurnal Mahasiswa Pendidikan Biologi Genap 2013-2014
Publisher : STKIP PGRI Sumbar

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ABSTRACT Profile of vegetation is the world’s oldest methods determining the architecture of a forest canopy. Forest profile diagrams can also be used to portray the vertical structure (stratification) or horizontally from the forest. With the forest profile is also used to predict the condition of a trees of the future, trees of the present and trees of the past. The purpose of this study was to determine profile of mangrove forest and future predict environment in mangrove forest Teluk Buo Kecamatan Bungus Teluk Kabung Kota Padang. Methods used in this research is belt transect. The profile of this forest made by making transect perpendicular to the edge of the lagoon, mangrove vegetated areas cut off from the front to the back of the mangrove forest. On the belt transect made a plot continuously with size 10x10m, making the forest profile is made with the data in diameter. Profile Teluk Buo Kecamatan Bungus Teluk Kabung Kota Padang forest has one tree strata. 
STRUKTUR ANATOMI ORGAN VEGETATIF DARUJU (Acanthus spp.) DI HUTAN MANGROVE KENAGARIAN MANGGUANG KOTA PARIAMAN Safitri, Desviana; Eka Putri, Irma Leilani; Amri, Erismar
Pendidikan Biologi Vol 2, No 2 (2013): Jurnal Mahasiswa Pendidikan Biologi Genap 2013-2014
Publisher : STKIP PGRI Sumbar

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ABSTRACT A study on anatomical structure of the vegetative’s   organ was taken on Acanthus spp. based on differents leaf morphological. The samples was taken from Mangguang’s Mangrove, Pariman that has found seven leaves morphology variation of Acanthus spp. and semi permanent anatomy preparation was made in Plant Structure and Development laboratory of Andalas University. The purpose of this research was to describe anatomical structure of roots, steams, and leaves of Acanthus spp. The result has shown anatomical structure of roots, steams, and leaves from seven leaves variation of Acanthus spp. The transverse section of Acanthus  spp.  roots  composed  of  epidermis,  cortex,  aerenchyma,  and  stele (xylem and phloem with fibers), but last variation has periderm. The transverse section of all variation Acanthus spp. steams composed of epidermis, cortex, collenchyma, clorenchyma, parenchyma, endodermis, phloem’s fibers, vascular bundles (xylem and phloem) with collateral type, and empulur parenchyma. The tranverse section of Acanthus spp. leaves composed of cuticle, epidermis, salt glands, one until two layers hypodermis, palisade, spongy, and stomata. The paradermal section of all leaves variation Acanthus spp. shown stomata with diacytic type. That conclusion has shown similarly of anatomical structure altrought has differents leaf morphology.  
AGIHAN JENIS TUMBUHAN DAN HUBUNGANNYA DENGAN PASANG SURUT DI HUTAN MANGROVE TELUK BUO KECAMATAN BUNGUS TELUK KABUNG KOTA PADANG Sari, Defri Novita; Eka Putri, Irma Leilani; Rizki, Rizki
Pendidikan Biologi Vol 2, No 2 (2013): Jurnal Mahasiswa Pendidikan Biologi Genap 2013-2014
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ABSTRACT Mangrove is a typical tropical and subtropical forest plant, grows along the coast or river estuary and affected by the ebb and ride of the sea. The ebb is a factor that determines the distribution of mangrove forest. Almost all mangrove plants have floating seeds, and this results in its easy dissemination by the water to the back of the forest. The purpose of this study is to comprehend the relationship between type of the plats distribution with the tidal wave if the mangrove forest of Teluk Buo, in the district of Bungus / Teluk Kabung, in the city of Padang . This descriptive study was performed during June-July 2013. Samples were collected from two research transection. In the location two transections were created at the lengths of 160 m and 180 m perpendicular to the shore lines toward the forest. Each transection consisted of 16 and 18 observation plots with the size 10 m by 10 m each, with the distance between transections at 100 m to better represent the forests vegetation. The result shows that in the mangrove forest of Teluk Buo there are seven types of mangrove plats, those are Rhizophora apiculata, Sonneratia caseolaris, Aegiceras corniculatum, Acanthus ilicifolius, Bruguiera gymnorrhiza, Dolichandrone spathacea, dan Hibiscus tiliaceus. The height of ebb-tide waves has big influences on the distribution of the plants types. The distribution successively from the shore line to the back of the forest are Rhizophora apiculata, Sonneratia caseolaris, Aegiceras corniculatum, Bruguiera gymnorrhiza, Dolichandrone spathacea, Acanthus ilicifolius, and Hibiscus tiliaceus. The type with the broadest distribution at the highest tide is Rhizophora apiculata.