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Journal : Jurnal Silvikultur Tropika (JST)

Implementation of Hutan Tanaman Rakyat Policy in Muna District Southeast Sulawesi Province IMPLEMENTASI KEBIJAKAN HUTAN TANAMAN RAKYAT DI KABUPATEN MUNA SULAWESI TENGGARA La Ode Ifrisala; Hariadi Kartodihardjo; Bramasto Nugroho
Jurnal Silvikultur Tropika Vol. 7 No. 3 (2016): Jurnal Silvikultur Tropika
Publisher : Departemen Silvikultur, Fakultas Kehutanan dan Lingkungan, Institut Pertanian Bogor (IPB)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29244/j-siltrop.7.3.159-164

Abstract

Hutan Tanaman Rakyat (HTR) is a plantation forest in production forest built by community groups to improve the potency and quality of production by applying silvicultural systems to ensure sustainability of forest resources. Since the issuance of this policy in 2007, the development of policy implementation is not showing progress according to plan. Forest area in 2014 is targeted to reach 5.4 million ha, but until mid-2013 the Ministry of Forestry Indonesia HTR new reserve areas covering 679 400 ha and the new can assign permits covering 174 111 ha. Based on this background, it should be conducted policy research aimed to know and analyze the process of policy implementation HTR in Muna District. This research applies qualitative research methods. The method used to facilitate researchers when facing a new reality in the field. The type of data used are primary data and secondary data. Qualitative data collection was done by using a gradual-depth interviews and participatory observation. The results showed Communications, Resource, Disposition, and Structure of Bureaucracy is the deciding factor the successful implementation of the policy has not run with the maximum, so that policy implementation HTR in Muna District inhibited. The conclusion of this study, such as: 1) Understanding the policy implementers and policy subjects (Society) related HTR in Muna District is still low; 2) The resources involved for successful policy implementation HTR in Muna District both the number and qualifications are inadequate; 3) The lack of response to the policy implementers HTR in Muna District (Regent, the staff of Department of Forestry, Forestry Extension and Community policies that are the subject HTR).Key words: HTR, Communication, Resources, Disposition, Bureaucratic Structure
The Effectiveness of Policy Implementation on Forest Rehabilitation and Reclamation EFEKTIVITAS IMPLEMENTASI KEBIJAKAN REHABILITASI DAN REKLAMASI HUTAN Didid Sulastiyo; Hariadi Kartodihardjo; Sudarsono Soedomo
Jurnal Silvikultur Tropika Vol. 7 No. 3 (2016): Jurnal Silvikultur Tropika
Publisher : Departemen Silvikultur, Fakultas Kehutanan dan Lingkungan, Institut Pertanian Bogor (IPB)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29244/j-siltrop.7.3.181-187

Abstract

The policy on forest rehabilitation and reclamation have been implemented since 1950, but not effective decrease the extend of the critical forest and land yet. The objective of this research was to formulate option of effectiveness enhancement of forest rehabilitation and reclamation policy implementation. This research applied the theory that developed by Edward III and IDS’s policy process. The policy text (rule in form) of forest rehabilitation and reclamation has not been used effectively to solve the solve the problem on the ground because the lack of sufficient regulation on the pre-condition, maintenance and responsibility in regards to the asset lost, participation, empowerment and transparency. There is divergent in the implementation of forest rehabilitation and reclamation policy. The implementation of policy requires high transaction cost with limited participation and did not legitimate due to ineffective communication, structure of birocracy, disposition/attitude and resources. To increase the effectiveness implementation of policy and institution on forest rehabilitation and reclamation, the goverment have to improve the effectiveness of communication, structure of birocracy, disposition/attitude, and resources. Furthermore, the result of this research also recommends the importance of network development through social movement by using mass-media and social media, which will be usefull to provide pressure on the policy development process by addressing the counter policy narative.Key words: efectiveness, implementation, policy, rehabilitation, reclamation