Imam Ghozali
Sarjanawiyata Tamansiswa University

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Javanese Politeness Experience as Depicted in Its Speech Levels of the Transactional Communication Didik Rinan Sumekto; Imam Ghozali; Suhud Eko Yuwono; Gunawan Budi Santoso; Tukiyo Tukiyo
Humaniora Vol 34, No 1 (2022)
Publisher : Faculty of Cultural Sciences, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/jh.65058


Javanese interactions are bound by politeness speech levels. Ngoko, the lowest form, reflects the interactions between close equals, or persons of higher status towards those of lower status, whereas krama, the highest form, is used to address elders or those of higher status. This study aimed to disclose communication politeness as expressed by Javanese users in the public place. Twelve participants were enlisted, among them seven males and five females. Data were recorded from a smartphone and transcribed orthographically to obtain natural data, while data analysis used the interpretative approach, aiming to identify and code the transcripts. The results showed that five females consistently communicated with the krama speech level when dealing with other parties, whilst one female conveyed her ngoko speech level. On the other hand, one participant out of seven accordingly engaged in the krama speech level, whilst the other six participants consistently employed ngoko. These politeness patterns advocated both the interlocutor and hearer’s genuine interests and behavioral reflections within adaptable consequences, and expressed a sense of intimacy, respectfulness, functionality, and equality using various words, expressions, and meaningful talks that made up the existence of their social status. Females complimented others’ appearances, whereas males focused on predominance to show a sense of familiarity. This study concludes that Javanese politeness levels naturally constitute users’ daily speech habits that govern Javanese diglossia through their contextual adoption, adaptation, and reinterpretation. <w:LsdException Locked="false"
JELLT (Journal of English Language and Language Teaching) Vol 1 No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Universitas Sarjanawiyata Tamansiswa

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (533.78 KB) | DOI: 10.36597/jellt.v1i2.1869


This study is about an analysis of maxims flouting in the movie script of The Jungle Book. The aims of this study are to describe the flouted maxims and to describe the function of the maxims flouting. This study applied discourse analysis. The writers got the data from the movie script and used Grice’s theory called Cooperative Principles with the four types of maxims: maxim of quality, maxim of quantity, maxim of relation, and maxim of manner. The study presented that the most frequently fulfilled is maxim of quality, while least frequently is maxim of relation. Most frequently flouted by the characters is the flouting maxim of quantity, and then least frequent is flouting maxim of quality. The functions of flouting maxims used by the characters of flouting maxims were beneficial to avoid discomfort and to give more explanations (prolixity).
SPEECH ACTS USED BY MIA DOLAN IN “LA LA LAND” MOVIE Bernadia Lupita Wirastri; Imam Ghozali
JELLT (Journal of English Language and Language Teaching) Vol 1 No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Universitas Sarjanawiyata Tamansiswa

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (659.565 KB) | DOI: 10.36597/jellt.v1i2.1871


The research belongs to discourse analysis because the data are in the forms of words and sentences. The procedures of the research were: (1) identifying the utterances expressed by Mia Dolan by watching the movie and comparing the dialog of the movie with the movie script taken from internet, (2) classifying and analyzing data based on types and functions of speech act, presenting data in the table, and (3) describing and discussing the finding in the form of description based on the table of an analysis of speech act. The findings of this research show there are 209 utterances of speech act. From the five categories of speech acts, there are only four categories used by Mia Dolan; they are representative (99 data or 45.45%). The functions are:  stating, affirming, predicting, retelling, calling, answering, concluding, reporting, complaining and informing. There are 68 data of directives (32.53%) and the functions are: questioning, commanding, warning, suggesting and requesting. Expressive speech act reaches 34 data (16.26%) and the functions are: apologizing, thanking, expressing feeling, expressing pleasure, expressing pain, complimenting and greeting. Commisive reaches 12 data (5.74%), the functions are: promising, refusing, offering and threatening. Declarative is not used by Mia Dolan.