Mohammad Kamaludin
Universitas Muhammadiyah Malang

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PENELUSURAN SEJARAH PENDIKOTOMIAN ILMU PENGETAHUAN (UMUM DAN AGAMA) DI INDONESIA Mohammad Kamaludin
Journal of Urban Sociology Volume 4 No 1 Tahun 2021
Publisher : Universitas Wijaya Kusuma Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30742/jus.v4i1.1483

Abstract

General science and religion are two areas of knowledge that have always been debated. Until there are assumptions that confirm each other. Actually what is going on in the world of education so there is a dichotomy of science like this. Historical searches of both may be able to find adequate answers. This research reveals the history of the separation of science (General and Religion) through fragments made by humans and especially colonial powers who deliberately divided the position of each science for the convenience and necessity of early detection of chaos. From history can be seen how religion is the upstream of all forms of teaching and education processes that existed in Indonesia before the arrival of modern sciences as it is today. Teachers, kiai, ustad, and teachers in certain places enlighten their communities using their skilled hands through religious studies. The basic religions contained in moral knowledge, natural knowledge, counting, philosophy, and mystical science are conveyed very clearly and unequivocally.Keywords : Dichotomy, General Knowledge, Religious Knowledge
Malang City Urban Community’s Perception towards Religion and Islamic Education Mohammad Kamaludin
Progresiva : Jurnal Pemikiran dan Pendidikan Islam Vol. 10 No. 2 (2021): July-December
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Malang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22219/progresiva.v10i2.18164

Abstract

Malang is known as a city of education, industry, and tourism. With these three names and with the various problems that exist in it, Malang is certain to experience changes in its social relations quickly. Starting from the emergence of the assumption that there has been a change in urban society, especially the view of religion, this study focuses on two aspects, namely the perception of the people of Malang towards religion and how Islamic education affects their daily religious attitudes. The results of observations made by researchers show that the level of education of the urban community is very heterogeneous. However, they were at a fairly high level of ability. This is reflected in several answers to interviews asked by the researcher. None of them did not understand certain terms related to religious education and its elements, such as improving the quality of life, religious phenomena, and others. Therefore, this finding is very different from the previous assumption which states that Malang residents will leave their religion due to various external influences caused by the increasing arrival of urban communities, industry, and tourism.
PENELUSURAN SEJARAH PENDIKOTOMIAN ILMU PENGETAHUAN (UMUM DAN AGAMA) DI INDONESIA Kamaludin, Mohammad
Journal of Urban Sociology Volume 4 No 1 Tahun 2021
Publisher : Universitas Wijaya Kusuma Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30742/jus.v4i1.1483

Abstract

General science and religion are two areas of knowledge that have always been debated. Until there are assumptions that confirm each other. Actually what is going on in the world of education so there is a dichotomy of science like this. Historical searches of both may be able to find adequate answers. This research reveals the history of the separation of science (General and Religion) through fragments made by humans and especially colonial powers who deliberately divided the position of each science for the convenience and necessity of early detection of chaos. From history can be seen how religion is the upstream of all forms of teaching and education processes that existed in Indonesia before the arrival of modern sciences as it is today. Teachers, kiai, ustad, and teachers in certain places enlighten their communities using their skilled hands through religious studies. The basic religions contained in moral knowledge, natural knowledge, counting, philosophy, and mystical science are conveyed very clearly and unequivocally.Keywords : Dichotomy, General Knowledge, Religious Knowledge
The Concept of Spiritual Tourism Novi Rifa'i; Mohammad Kamaludin
Satwika : Kajian Ilmu Budaya dan Perubahan Sosial Vol. 5 No. 1 (2021): April
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Malang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22219/satwika.v5i1.15530

Abstract

Komunikasi transendental dapat terlihat oleh banyak orang di objek-objek wisata yang ada di lingkungan sekitar kita, seperti upacara kehamilan, kelahiran, sunat, pertunangan, pernikahan, ucapan syukur dan kematian. Melalui penelitian ini para peneliti ingin mengeksplorasi nilai-nilai spiritual yang menjadi obyek pariwisata. Penelitian kualitatif ini akan mengungkap fokus kajian nilai spiritualitas pariwisata dalam mengembangkan konsep wisata spiritual berdasarkan kegiatan pariwisata yang telah dilakukan dengan berbagai atraksi. Jenis penelitian ini merupakan penelitian kualitatif dengan menggunakan pendekatan deskriptif-filosofis. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan deskriptif karena bertujuan untuk mengungkap  konsep wisata spiritual yang tepat untuk wisata ramah muslim. Nilai spiritual pariwisata dalam Islam adalah pendekatan yang dilakukan oleh manusia kepada Allah SWT dalam menjalankan kegiatan pariwisata. Upaya yang dilakukan adalah menjauhkan haram dan melaksanakan yang halal, baik dalam aktivitas makanan maupun pariwisata. Konsep wisata spiritual yang dihadirkan adalah dengan selalu menggabungkan 4 (empat) elemen dalam menjalankan aktivitas, keempat elemen ini adalah pelaku pariwisata, keberadaan Allah atau kekuatan SWT dalam setiap aktivitasnya, kebijaksanaan Sumber Daya Manusia penyedia layanan, dan keharmonisan, kondisi alam lingkungan yang mengarahkan kepada getaran jiwa atas kehadiran Sang Pencipta di setiap langkah.   Transcendental communication is seen by many people in tourism objects in our surroundings,  such as ceremonies of pregnancy, birth, circumcision, engagement, marriage, thanksgiving and death. Through this research, researchers want to explore spiritual values ​​in tourism. This qualitative research will reveal the focus of the study of the tourism spirituality value and develop the concept of spiritual tourism based on tourism activities that have been carried out with various attractions. Thus, the type of research is qualitative research, using descriptive-philosophical approaches. This study uses a descriptive approach because it aims to disclose the spiritual values of tourism. In the other hand this study also analyzes the right concept of spiritual tourism for Moslem friendly tourism. The spiritual value of tourism in Islam is an approach taken by humans to Allah SWT in carrying out tourism activities. The efforts taken are to avoid the haram and the conduction of the corrupt ones, both in food and tourism activities. The concept of spiritual tourism that is presented  always combines 4 (four) elements in conducting activities, these four elements are tourism actors, the existence or power of Allah SWT in each of its activities, the wisdom of service providers, harmony and the atmosphere of natural environments thrilling the tourist actors to the The Creator in each of their steps.
Tradition and Resilience of Religious Moderation at Pesantren of Karangasem Muhammadiyah, Lamongan Nafik Muthohirin; Mohammad Kamaludin
Proceedings of Annual Conference for Muslim Scholars Vol 6 No 1 (2022): AnCoMS, APRIL 2022
Publisher : Koordinatorat Perguruan Tinggi Keagamaan Islam Swasta Wilayah IV Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.36835/ancoms.v6i1.389

Abstract

Pesantren memiliki tradisi dan resiliensi moderasi Islam dari infiltrasi ideologi radikalisme agama. Tradisi moderasi itu bersumber dari pengajaran agama yang inklusif, serta kharisma dan keluasan ilmu agama dari figur kiai. Berbagai tradisi moderasi tersebut sekaligus menjadi strategi resiliensi, ditambah dengan komitmen pesantren terhadap kedaulatan negara. Secara lebih terperinci, artikel ini membahas bentuk ketahanan Pesantren Karangasem Muhammadiyah Lamongan dari ideologi ekstremisme kekerasan agama. Artikel ini mengajukan dua pertanyaan, yaitu bagaimana bentuk ketahanan Pesantren Karangasem dari ideologi ekstremisme agama dan bagaimana bentuk ketahanan tersebut dapat berimplikasi mencegah masuknya aktor-aktor Islam radikal dalam aktifitas sosial-keagamaan pesantren dan warga sekitar. Penelitian ini menyimpulkan, Pesantren Karangasem merupakan lembaga pendidikan Islam yang berkontribusi dalam mendesiminasikan moderasi beragama melalui bentuk-bentuk resiliensi yang bersumber dari karisma kiai dan tradisi intelektual Islam pesantren. Kajian ini juga menegaskan, meski infiltrasi gerakan terorisme dan radikalisme agama masif terjadi, namun praktik kosmopolitanisme Islam yang menjadi watak kehidupan beragama masyarakat pesisir Lamongan senantiasa tetap terjaga.