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Tsunami in the Collective Memory: A Reception Study of the Visitors of Tsunami Memorials in Aceh, Indonesia Muzayin Nazaruddin; Lana Senja Indah
AJMC (Asian Journal of Media and Communication) Vol. 5 No. 1 (2021): Volume 5, Number 1, 2021
Publisher : Department of Communications, Universitas Islam Indonesia

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Abstract

Disaster tourism could be defined as tourism practices based on certain disasters, both natural and cultural, which happened in the past. It melts the enjoyment and trauma, when people come and enjoy the monument of disaster or damaged place caused by a disaster. Thus, many questions arise: why do people come as tourists to disaster artefacts? How do people make meaning of the disaster artefacts? The paper examines this question, taking the visitors of Tsunami Museum, PLTD Apung Monument, and Kapal Tsunami Lampulo as study cases. The paper aims to describe the meaning of disaster tourism activities constructed by the visitors of these three memorials. The broader purpose of the study is to understand why and how people enjoy the disaster tourism destinations. The paper is based on qualitative research done in these three memorials in Aceh, Indonesia. The fieldwork to collect primary data was conducted in three months in 2015 and another three months in 2017, optimizing in-depth interviews and observations. The study concludes that disaster tourism activities are closely related to individual and collective memory. The Acehnese or the outsider, who is deeply related to the place or has direct experience of the tsunami, construct the meaning of their activities as remembering and recreational activities, which is closely associated with their inner level of memory. While the Indonesian and foreigners who do not have firsthand experience of the disaster construct the meaning of their visits as educational and recreational activities, which is related to the collective memory of the 2004 tsunami. Thus, the study confirms some previous studies that have emphasized that disaster tourism could have different roles and change its function to suit visitors' needs. Keywords: disaster tourism, collective memory, Tsunami Museum, PLTD Apung Monument, Kapal Tsunami Lampulo
Jurnalisme Bencana di Indonesia, Setelah Sepuluh Tahun Muzayin Nazaruddin
Jurnal Komunikasi Vol. 10 No. 1 (2015): Volume 10, Nomor 1, Oktober 2015
Publisher : Program Studi Ilmu Komunikasi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20885/komunikasi.vol10.iss1.art8

Abstract

Indonesia adalah salah satu negeri rentan bencana. Ketika sebuah bencana teijadi, masyarakat selalu ingin tahu tentang berbagai hal mengenai bencana tersebut, misalnya tentang penyebab, korban, kerugian, dampaknya secara luas, penanggulangan, dan lainnya. Dalam situasi ketidakpastian yang ditimbulkan bencana, kebutuhan masyarakat terhadap berita-berita bencana akan meningkat tajam. Kebutuhan informasi seputar bencana yang meningkat tajam ini menggerakkan liputan bencana yang intensif dari media mass a. Media- media di Indonesia masih menunjukkan euforia saat memberitakan bencana. Sebagian besar media hanya mengeksploitasi bencana sebagai ‘kisah satir yang menghibur’, dengan bjerbagai praktik dramatis asi, demi kepentingan akumulasi modal semata.
Cultural Capital Apparatus: Relasi Kuasa Bisnis dan Media dalam Globalisasi Muzayin Nazaruddin
Jurnal Komunikasi Vol. 1 No. 1 (2006): Volume 1 Nomor 1, Oktober 2006
Publisher : Program Studi Ilmu Komunikasi

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Abstract

In front of global capitalism, the state is no longer be a main power. The sources and power relations upon the society are getting more complicated. But, one thing we have to say directly, power transition from state to business power which is run by multinational corporations is now happening. This transition brings neoliberalism ideology as the only one epistemology that reducts human as homo economicus. In this historical context, mass media and entertainment industries become a part of business power along with their orientation to accumulate the capital. Media and entertainment industries become one of capital apparatuses, cultural capital apparatus to be exact. This thesis can be proved by a main-general phenomenon: media industries are becoming more and more concentrated, and the dominant players are the huge global media conglomerates, This media conglomeration become a clarifier for the interest's bias of the stakeholders in media reporting, media content uniformity, decline of the journalistic's quality, media information commercialization, and orientation to the entertainment programs. Media content uniformity barely campaign banalitation of thought, hedonism, consumerism and commercialization in almost all parts of life. All of them is in the line with the neoliberal ideology that being carried by the media itself.
Tartu-Moscow Semiotic School and the Development of Semiotic Studies in Indonesia Muzayin Nazaruddin
AJMC (Asian Journal of Media and Communication) Vol. 3 No. 2 (2019): Volume 3, Number 2, October 2019
Publisher : Department of Communications, Universitas Islam Indonesia

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Abstract

This paper proposes the importance of the infusion of Tartu-Moscow Semiotics School (TMSS) into the development of semiotic studies in Indonesia. Semiotic studies in Indonesia have mostly departed from the ideas of Peirce, Saussure, and Barthes, while TMSS has not been recognized by Indonesian scholars. The paper proposes two concepts of TMSS, namely ‘text’ and ‘semiosphere’, which would significantly enhance semiotic studies in Indonesia. Indonesian scholars usually regard text as a concrete artefact, causing overgeneralization that every artefact is text, as well as oversimplification that every text is concrete artefact. Semiotic studies in Indonesia tend to exclude text as the object study from its cultural context and to analyse it in its individuality. While, TMSS defines text based on its meaningfulness, authority, and cultural functions. Besides its function as message carrier, TMSS proposes three functions of text, namely creative, poetic, and memory functions. These functions are connection points between a text and its wider cultural and historical contexts and its dynamic aspects. Finally, the concept of semiosphere, an abstract model in which semiosis occurs and outside of which semiosis cannot exist, would drive a holism perspective, avoiding the tendency to analyse the discrete text in its individuality.Keywords: Tartu-Moscow Semiotic School; text; text function; semiosphere; sign system. 
Blog: Menuju Virtual Public Sphere? Muzayin Nazaruddin
Jurnal Komunikasi Vol. 4 No. 1 (2009): Volume 4, Nomor 1, Oktober 2009
Publisher : Program Studi Ilmu Komunikasi

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Abstract

This article discuss the phenomenon of blog, especially in Indonesian context, through Habermas' perspective. The perspective is theory of public sphere. This article explains from the emergence of blog as a new technology, the development of new perspective in journalism, to examine the existence of blog as public sphere in society.
MENONTON SINETRON RELIGIUS, MENONTON ISLAM INDONESIA Muzayin Nazaruddin
Millah: Jurnal Studi Agama Vol. VIII, No. 2, Februari 2009 Islam dan Lokalitas Keindonesiaan
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Ilmu Agama Islam, Universitas Islam Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20885/millah.vol8.iss2.art7

Abstract

In 2005 – 2007, religious cinemas wrapped with mystique messages were distributed in Indonesian television and reached high rating. How Islam represented in these religious electronic cinemas show the understanding of Islam in Indonesian society these days. So the questions will be answered by this research is: how Islam represented in Indonesian religious electronic cinemas? The approach is semiotica, applied in exlectic ways, combine Saussurean and Peircian traditions. Some research outcomes were resulted. Basically, Islam represented as irational religion, with some signifying practices: 1. Islam looks into world extremely in black and white views, 2. Ideal moslem is a person that full of surrenderness, always (just) pray into Allah, 3. Islamic preachers and Al-Quran represented in reductive ways just as ghost buster, 4. In Islam, death is scarring, God is the cruelest, his torture is horrible, 5. Repent (asking god forgiveness) is an easy and instant process. These religious electronic cinemas reproduce Islamic popular religion, shows diffraction of urban-city views. The main factor is the commercial logic of television.
Jurnalisme Bencana: Sebuah Tinjauan Etis Muzayin Nazaruddin
Jurnal Komunikasi Vol. 1 No. 2 (2007): Volume 1,Nomor 2, April 2007
Publisher : Program Studi Ilmu Komunikasi

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Abstract

Disaster journalism is how a mass media reports about disasters. As a new genre of journalism, disaster journalism hasn’t been studied more by academicians. Whereas, this new genre of journalism is very important, because Indonesia is susceptible country of disasters, mass media always reports about disasters enthusiastically, society entrust the information of disasters from mass media, and unclear information always happen in every disaster. In the fact, many weakness of disasters journalism in Indonesia, those are: mass media enthusiasm as a collector and distributor of disaster aids, more than their role to inform disasters clearly and completely, inconsistent news report, dramatisation tendency injoumalism report, and no role of early warning system of disasters in mass media. Start from these critics, this article proposes some principles in disaster journalism, such as: accuracy, humanism, commitment to rehabilitation, and control and advocacy. Besides that, this article suggests some agendas: comprehensive research about disaster journalism, code ethic of disaster journalism building, and disaster journalismtraining for Indonesian journalists.
The Television/Audience Complexities: More than Encoding/Decoding Muzayin Nazaruddin
Jurnal Komunikasi Vol. 6 No. 1 (2011): Volume 6, Nomor 1, Oktober 2011
Publisher : Program Studi Ilmu Komunikasi

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Abstract

Hall opened the article with a critique to the classical tradition of mass communication research that looked at the communication process in a linear fashion, with a model of sender/message/receiver. This classical tradition was over concentrated on the message exchange level; excessively behavioristic, in the sense of looking at communication event as solely a stimulus and response phenomenon; and forgets the complexity of the structures that exist in the communication process itself. Hall then suggested a new understanding of the communication phenomenon, especially at the level of mass communication, which is later known as the ‘encoding/decoding perspective’, in accordance with the title of Hall’s article itself.
Communication theory teaching and the challenges of de-westernization of communication theories Muzayin Nazaruddin; Ida Nuraini Dewi Kodrat Ningsih
AJMC (Asian Journal of Media and Communication) Vol. 2 No. 1 (2018): Volume 2, Number 1, April 2018
Publisher : Department of Communications, Universitas Islam Indonesia

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Abstract

Teaching communication theory in Indonesia and another non-Western countries generally deals with two challenges, namely Western perspective biases and negative perception of students who used to look at the course as complicated and boring. The paper offers teaching strategy for the communication theory course emphasizing contextualization as the core learning message, culturally responsive as the teaching approach, and student centred as the learning method. Students learn to relate the learning process with their everyday experience, so that they could develop meaning or function of the learning process. It would increase students’ motivation, involvement, and achievement. It would also be an important point to contextualize communication theory with empirical context, as contextualization is an important process of de-westernization of communication theories. Thus, the communication theory teaching is an initial step to de-westernize communication theory, which has a simple role: to criticize the relevance of established communication theories with local context.Keywords: communication theory teaching; de-westernization; contextualization; culturally responsive teaching; student centred learning; communication theory criticism.
Sinetron Religius: Sinetron Islami? Muzayin Nazaruddin
Jurnal Komunikasi Vol. 2 No. 2 (2008): Volume 2, Nomor 2, April 2008
Publisher : Program Studi Ilmu Komunikasi

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Abstract

In 2005-2007, Indonesian electronic cinemas (soup operas) full of religious- mystique contents. This genre usually named as religious or Islamic electronic cinema. These electronic cinemas are popularly considered representing religiosity and Islam. So, the question will be answered by this study is: in these electronic cinemas, what signifying practices which considered as the representation of religiosity and Islam? Answering this question, author applied Barthes's semiotics. Some research outcomes were resulted. First, there were more than 44 titles of religious electronic cinemas during 2005-2007. Second, three categories of these cinemas: the story of sinner which being tortured, the story of the successful tough, and the story the sinner which repent. Third, four signifying practices used to show that the content of these electronic cinemas are matching with Islamic doctrine: the titles use Islamic idioms, the resource of stories claimed as fact, use popular Islamic preachers, the narrative is Islamic sermon.