Sri Sudiarti
Universitas Islam Negeri Sumatra Utara

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Peran Zakat, Infaq, Shadaqah dan Wakaf dalam Memberdayakan Ekonomi Ummat Rijal Allamah; Sri Sudiarti; Julfan Saputra
Al-Sharf: Jurnal Ekonomi Islam Vol 2, No 1 (2021)
Publisher : Al-Sharf: Jurnal Ekonomi Islam

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Abstract

The problem of poverty is always interesting to study because it is a serious problem involving the human dimension. Poverty remains a problem that cannot be considered easy to find a solution for because it has existed for a long time and has become a living reality in society. To help the poor, many financial institutions, especially Islamic financial institutions, such as amil zakat institutions provide assistance in the form of ZISWAF funds (Zakat, Infak, Shadaqah, Waqf). With regard to ziswaf funds, especially zakat funds, amil zakat institutions not only distribute consumptive zakat but also productive zakat or commonly referred to as productive zakat.Keywords: Zakat, Infaq, Sadaqah and waqf
Konsep Al-‘Ariyah, Al-Qardh dan Al-Hibah Julfan Saputra; Sri Sudiarti; Asmaul Husna
Al-Sharf: Jurnal Ekonomi Islam Vol 2, No 1 (2021)
Publisher : Al-Sharf: Jurnal Ekonomi Islam

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Abstract

The meaning of the contract in language is binding, binding. It is said that the bond (al-rabth) means to gather or collect the two ends of the rope and tie one of them to the other until the two are connected to become like a single rope. Al-ariyah (borrowing), al-qardh (debts), and al-Hibah (gifts) are forms of contracts that have always colored the development of Islamic economics in Indonesia in recent years. The purpose of this study is to analyze the concept of Al-'ariyah, Al-qardh and Al-Gift. This type of research is descriptive research with a library research approach. As for what is meant by library research, it is a research conducted by collecting books and other written sources that are needed and studying them. Sources of data used in this study is library data such as books (books), journals, and magazines. The results show that al-'ariyah (loans) is the provision of benefits of an item to others for free, whereas if it requires to be replaced with something or in return, it is no longer called al-'ariyah but is already al-qarh (debt). While al-Hibah (gift) is something that is given voluntarily without having to be replaced and returned. The three terms above are long-term investments that are useful for minimizing social risks and serve as a means of increasing awareness among human beings. Humans cannot live without the help and assistance of their brothers, there is no human being who has everything he needs in his life, al-'ariyah, al-qardh, and al-Hibah have become a part of human life in the world. Keywords: Al-'ariyah, Al-qardh, Al-Hibah