This research is motivated by the difficulty in determining the optimal number of human resources required. To be able to calculate HR requirements accurately, a device called a Workload Analysis (ABK) is needed. This study aims to analyze the operator's job description, an overview of the use of operator working time, and workload and needs. The method used is job description analysis, calculation of productive work time usage with work sampling method, and workload analysis using Full Time Equivalent (FTE) method based on work unit activity. The results of the workload analysis show that there are job descriptions that have not been listed in the written description of the company and there are still stations that have a written job description that does not match the work in the field. The percentage of productive working time for operators is between 42% and 77%, all of which are still low because they are below the standards set by the company, which is 85%. Calculation of the workload of the process part operator, obtained an FTE figure of 7.6 which means the optimal number of operators required by the process section is 8 people. This number is in accordance with the actual number in the process section, namely 8 people.
The Role of human resource development program on improving performance of harvesting foremans on oil palm plantation company, berau regency, east kalimantan the background of this study is because the performance of harvesting foremans on oil palm plantation hasn't been maximized notably on the influence of training and awarding their performance. This study aims to determine how far the training and awarding that has been given by the company to harvesting foremans then can affect their perception about training and awarding also to evaluates their performance. This study also exoplores about the characteristic of the harvesting foreman as object of this study. This study used quantitative method which is multiregression analysis with training (x1) and awarding (x2) as independent variables and performance (y) as dependent variable. this study used all the popullation and questioner to collect the data then processed by using SPSS program then comparing the result of the SPSS output with the field conditions.Based on the multiregression analysis result showed that there was an influence between the training and awarding on harvesting foreman' performance with a strong correlation, therefore it could be concluded that the human resource development programs toward harvesting foremans influenced their performance.
This research is motivated by the number of oil palm companies that require employees to do work according to standards companies such as harvest employees who must harvest according to quality ripe fruit and harvest ripe reach the company's target, but in the statement the harvest work does not pay attention to operational standards procedures (SOP) that have been made and implemented in the company, so it is necessary carried out observations of the application of standard operating procedures for employees to harvest fresh fruit bunches (FFB). The objectives of this research are to identify the characteristics of respondents based on age, sex, work experience, education in general and to monitor the implementation of standard operating procedures for harvest employees on the quality and quantity of harvested fresh oil palm fruit bunches and harvest rights.Collecting data related to the implementation of harvest employee SOPs was obtained through the observation method, the interview method, and the documentation method.To analyze this data, data analysis was used in this study collected from research sources using descriptive analysis methods and Likert scale.
The purpose of this study was to determine the working environment conditions for employees and to identify employees in oil palm processing factories. This research uses data analysis techniques by measuring directly in the field, observation and questionnaires and literature studies. Then the analysis used descriptive statistical methods using the data and information obtained. The results showed that of the 7 parameters of the work environment that were measured, there were 4 parameters, namely: ceiling height, ventilation holes and light intensity that met environmental quality standards and there were 3 environmental parameters, namely: temperature, dust and permits that did not meet environmental quality standards. According to the Decree of the Minister of Health of the Republic of Indonesia Number 1405 / MENKES / SK / XI / 2002 concerning health requirements for office and industrial work environments. However, this condition is still feasible because it is proven that it can still support employee performance and that employees can work based on optimal parameters. Category of respondents, namely the age factor that dominates, is the age of 20-30 years which is included in the productive age in terms of work, the average education is SMK and SLTA, most of the employees are also experienced enough 3-4 years, this is very supportive of employees to be able to carry out and be responsible for each area in the factory. Employee performance appraisal at the Likert scale calculation factory is good with a value of 71% and can be seen from the production quantity of 900 tonnes / day, the quality of CPO according to standards, namely FFA 2-3 and OER 22%, timeliness of working time to produce 20 hours and experienced employees 95%. The implementation of work is sufficient in accordance with standard operating procedures (SOPs) established by management
This research is motivated by the company imposing a premium system on harvest employees with the aim of encouraging harvest employees to work even harder, so as to provide results in increasing the quality and quantity of harvest which will result in profits for the company. Therefore the aim of this research is to be able to evaluate the harvest premium system on the performance of oil palm harvest employees and to identify the characteristics of harvest employees in the Afdeling scope of an oil palm plantation company. The research method used is to take primary data in the form of observations and observations, field data, documentation, questionnaires and secondary data in the form of documents from the company with the sample method is the Slovin formula which is done randomly with the number of respondents 26 harvest employees then process the data using rock microsoft office. The data analysis method used is a simple descriptive statistical method using the data and information obtained and the Likert scale. The results of this study indicate that the harvest premium system implemented by PT. Sentosa Kalimantan Jaya (SKJ) is already good and has become a motivation for harvesters to work productively with results that can exceed the base or harvest target set by the company. On average, the harvester was able to harvest 255 jugs / person while the base was 135 for Afdeling 4 and the average harvester was able to harvest 245 jubils / person while the base was 135 for Afdeling 5, the difference was thought to be due to differences in the abilities of each worker. , differences in land conditions and crops harvested. Characteristics of respondents related to the performance parameters of harvest employees, from the age factor that is dominated is the productive age of 20-40 years in terms of working, the sex of harvest employees as a whole is male as many as 26 respondents, the majority of harvest employees are educated at elementary school (elementary school) Most of the existing employees also have sufficient 2-4 years of experience, this is a sufficiently supportive factor for the success of harvest employees. Harvest employee performance of PT. Sentosa Kalimantan Jaya (SKJ) has performed very well (4.76) due to quantity, quality, timeliness and attendance.
This study is motivated by how the work environment influences the performance of harvest employees with the limitation of problems in work environment activities that will affect the performance of harvest employees on oil palm plantations at PT. Dewata Sawit Nusantara. It should be understood that the expected performance of an employee is not easy because it is influenced by various compensation factors, motivation, work environment and many other factors. This study aims to determine whether the work environment influences the performance of harvest employees at PT. Dewata Sawit Nusantara. The data analysis method used was a simple linear regression statistical analysis and uses a hypothesis test to analyze the closeness of the relationship of individual variables, while testing the instrument using a validity and reliability test. Statistical test results showed that the relationship between work environment and employee performance was positive (unidirectional). Based on the results of hypothesis testing obtained a significant value of 5% then H1 was accepted or Ho was rejected. This means that the work environment influenced the performance of harvest employees at PT. Dewata Sawit Nusantara.
Background of this study is on how the right plantation management practices become the absolute provision to gain eminent yield. Thus the company must evaluates the application on the technical culture of mature plant in order to know how big is the value and influence of the technical culture application so that the company can attain the optimum production.Therefore this study aims to identify and calculate the application rate of cultivation technique factors that have been applied by the company itself also to calculate the loss rate from misapplication of cultivation techniques that have been affected oil palm production based on the cultivation technical manual and estimated loss value incurred by PPKS Medan and identify the efforts made by the company to control pests and diseases (HPT) also the development of oil palm pollinating insects (SPKS). The method used in this study was field observation method, and descriptive statistical analysis (tabulation). There were some indicators that used in field observation in this study, they are imperfect pollination in fruit development phase, oil extraction rendement (OER) and kernel extraction rendement (KER), harvesting technique and discipline on collecting loose fruits, harvesting unripe fruits, harvesting rotation >15 days, crop damage due to rat pests. The result showed that the technical culture application rate has different value in each indicator, based on the highest error rate the first was harvesting rotation > 15 days (52,75 %), second was imperfect pollination (7,05 %), third was harvesting technique and discipline on collecting loose fruits (7%), forth was crop damage due to rat pests (4,3%) and the last was harvesting unripe fruit (3,4%). The different value in application rate could be influenced by inadequate human resources, lack in controlling, facilities and infrastructure availability (like pollinating insect box, harvesting tools and good transportation access)
This research is based on the background that weeds in oil palm plantations must be controlled so that economically it does not affect production. The implementation of manual weed control on immature plants (TBM) must have used costs that must be incurred by the company.This study aims to analyze the cost of controlling weeds manually and to identify the factors that affect the cost of controlling weeds in immature plants (TBM). The implementation of this research uses quantitative methods in analyzing costs at 2 work units (Afdeling) by using data on the implementation / realization of work for February-April 2019 and descriptive methods in identifying factors that affect costs by conducting field analysis. The results of the cost analysis in 2 afdeling get results in the form of the average Afdeling cost, namely: The cost of manually controlling weeds in the gawangan at Afdeling 1 is Rp. 254,756 / ha and the gawangan at Afdeling 2 is Rp. 261,242 / ha. Meanwhile, the cost of controlling weeds manually on the plate at Afdeling 1 is Rp. 254,483 / ha and the plate at Afdeling 2 Rp. 238,787 / ha. Factors that influence the cost of controlling weeds manually in immature plants (TBM), especially in the dish and in the fields are more due to factors of land topography, weed density, and the types of weeds that are controlled.
Oil palm is one of the potential commodities whose cultivation trend began in 2003 in EastKalimantan which has the characteristics of hilly land. Oil palm itself is preferable to grow at analtitude of 400 m asl with a slope of up to 23% or at 12°.Therefore, this research is motivated todetermine the yield of oil palm plantations in certain land slope classifications. The study wasconducted on 2 afdeling which have different land classifications with an area of ± 14,000 ha.Thenfor comparison, it was taken through production data in 2019 with 2 treatments and 12 replications,which were processed using Analysis Of Variance (ANOVA) Two Way Anova. Primary data wereobtained through field observations, as well as soil sampling, which were analyzed directly for soilphysical properties and laboratory for chemical properties including pH H2O, Nitrogen (N),Phosphorus (P), Potassium (K) and Magnesium (Mg.). The results of the research on the effect ofslope on oil palm production by various methods indicate that the land slope factor does not have asignificant effect on oil palm productivity.
This research is motivated by the importance of knowledge about alternative pest control that is safe but still supports the achievement of maximum oil palm production so that the balance of the oil palm plantation ecosystem can occur. The purpose of this study is to determine the technical cultivation and benefits of the Turnera subulata flower as a host plant for predators and parasitoids that function as biological agents for caterpillars and can be a reference for controlling caterpillar pests that are safe and still support the achievement of maximum oil palm production. The method used in this research is field observation and documentation from the company. The scope of this research covers the technical aspects of the biological control of caterpillars. This research data uses primary data and secondary data obtained from field observations and literature studies in the form of company reports in the form of percentages. The realization of Turnera subulata planting reached 21,659 m on CR road and 19,914 m on MR road. The planned planting of Turnera subulata is 57,200 m on the CR road and 45,823 m on the MR road. For the realization of the planting of Turnera subulata itself using seeds that are ready for planting. To obtain the seedling, the company conducts its nurseries. The seedling technique was done using the stem cutting technique. The stems for the cutting technique were taken from the Turnera subulata plant stems that have grown large. The type of stem taken is the old Turnera subulata plant stem. For seed care, the seeds are always watered every morning and evening like other flower plants. For the natural enemy insects, been proven that there are 6 natural enemy insects associated with Turnera subulata plants, 3 predators, and 3 parasitoids, each with a large enough number of insects. The types are Eocanthecona furcellata, Cosmolestes sp., Sycannus dichotomus, Spinaria spinator, Fornicia sp., and Chaetexorista javana. The development and the implementation of a control system are by optimizing the conservation and utilization of these biological control agents is a wise step to obtain an effective, efficient and environmentally friendly technique for controlling caterpillars. The presence of Turnera subulata plants can be used to suppress the development of pests in oil palm plantations by increasing the potential for natural enemies, both predators, and parasitoids. The diversity of wild plants with flowers can increase the variety of insects so that the balance of the ecosystem occurs.