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Hubungan Faktor Risiko Terhadap Kejadian Sindroma Koroner Akut pada Pasien Dewasa Muda di RSUP Dr. M. Djamil Padang Anggita Tiara Pramadiaz; Muhammad Fadil; Henny Mulyani
Jurnal Kesehatan Andalas Vol 5, No 2 (2016)
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Andalas

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.25077/jka.v5i2.517

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AbstrakSumatera Barat merupakan provinsi dengan prevalensi penyakit jantung tertinggi ke-4 di Indonesia. Sindroma Koroner Akut (SKA) merupakan suatu spektrum perjalanan aterosklerosis pada Penyakit Jantung Koroner (PJK). Prevalensi penyakit ini meningkat diperkirakan karena faktor risiko seperti; jenis kelamin, riwayat keluarga, diabetes melitus, hipertensi, dislipidemia dan merokok. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah menentukan hubungan faktor risiko dengan kejadian SKA pada dewasa muda..Ini merupakan penelitian analitik observasional dengan desain potong lintang yang dilakukan di RSUP.M. Djamil Padang dari Juni 2014 sampai Oktober 2014. Populasi penelitian ini adalah seluruh pasien SKA berusia < 45 tahun yang dirawat dari 1 Januari 2011 – 31 Desember 2013 sebanyak 66 orang sebagai subjek penelitian. Data  pasien didapatkan dari rekam medik. Data dideskripsikan dengan tabel dan dianalisis dengan uji chi-square dan regresi logistik.Distribusi frekuensi terbanyak pasien SKA terdapat pada laki-laki (74,2%), riwayat merokok (63,6%) dan hipertensi (37,9%). Hasil uji chi-square menunjukan terdapat hubungan antara hipertensi dan riwayat keluarga dengan kejadian SKA pada dewasa muda.Pasien dewasa muda dengan hipertensi berisiko terkena SKA 0,301 kali lebih besar.Hipertensi merupakan faktor yang paling berpengaruh terhadap kejadian SKA pada pasien dewasa muda.Kata kunci: sindroma koroner akut, penyakit jantung koroner, faktor risiko AbstractWest Sumatra is the 4th highest province in prevalence of heart disease in Indonesia. Acute Coronary Syndromes (ACS) is a spectrum of atherosclerosis in Cardiac Heart Disease (CHD). The prevalence of this disease has increased related to risk factors,such as; gender, family history, diabetes mellitus, hypertension  and smoking. The objective of tthis study was to determine the relationship of risk factors of ACS in young adults.This was an analytic observational cross-sectional design conducted at Dr.M. Djamil Padang Hospital from June 2014 - October 2014. The populations were ACS patients age < 45 years old which hodpitalized from January 1st  2011 - December 31st  2013 to 66 samples as research subject.The data was retrieved from medical record. Data described in tables and analyzed with the chi-square test and logistic regression.The frequency distributions of most ACS patients are males (74,2%), smoking history (63,6%), and  hypertension (37,9%). Chi-square test result shows that hypertension and family history are related to ACS events in young adults. ACS events are more likely to occur 0,301 times in young adults with hypertension. Hypertension is the most influencing factor of ACS events in young adults.Keywords: acute coronary syndromes, coronary heart disease, risk factors
Pengukuran Frekuensi Alami Tanah dan Bangunan Akibat Gempabumi Dengan Menggunakan Alat Accelerometer di Kota Palu Fadil, Muhammad; Rusydi, M.; Sabhan, Sabhan
Gravitasi Vol. 15 No. 2 (2016)
Publisher : Tadulako University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22487/gravitasi.v15i2.9430

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ABSTRAK Telah di lakukan penelitian untuk mengetahui nilai frekuensi alami tanah dan bangunan serta untuk mengetahui potensi terjadinya resonansi yang di alami oleh bangunan di Kota Palu, khususnya di bagian timur Sungai Palu. Pengukuran dilakukan terhadap mikrotremor menggunakan alat Accelerometer. Pengolahan data menggunakan program Geopsy dengan analisis HVSR (Horizontal To Vertical Spectral Ratio). Nilai rata-rata frekuensi alami bangunan mempunyai nilai frekuensi alami sekitar (1,1 – 3,1) Hz. Ada 70.59% bangunan yang sisanya berpotensi mengalami resonansi.Kata Kunci: Frekuensi, Mikrotremor, Accelerometer.
Relationship Between of Lactate Clearance with Major Cardiovascular Events in Patients with Acute Decompensated Heart Failure David Ramli; Masrul Syafri; Muhammad Fadil; Ricvan Nandra Nindrea
Jurnal Kardiologi Indonesia Vol 39 No 4 (2018): Indonesian Journal of Cardiology: October-December 2018
Publisher : The Indonesian Heart Association

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30701/ijc.v39i4.860

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ABSTRACT Background: Acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF) still a major health problem with high morbidity and mortality. The risk stratification of ADHF patients is an important factor to determine the initial management. Examination of lactic acid levels is an inexpensive tool and mostly available at primary care centers. Lactate clearance, derivation of lactic acid level, is one of the modalities that can be used to assess risk stratification. The association between lactate clearance and in-hospital major cardiovascular events (MACE) of ADHF patients has not been studied yet. Method: Observational approach with cross-sectional design. Data obtained from observations during treatment in ADHF patients at Dr. RSUP M. Djamil Padang in April-July 2018. Bivariate analysis between variables lactate clearance and KKM was carried out during the treatment using the chi-square method and the Odds ratio was obtained. Result: From 44 subjects, 22 of subjects experienced MACE. From the results were found significant differences in lactate clearance in both of groups, -11,72 ± 4,25 %, vs 26,09 ± 9,36 % (p=0,000). The association between lactate clearance and in-hospital major cardiovascular events of ADHF patients in this study obtained OR 1,16 with 95% CI 1,12 - 4,102 (p = 0.000). Conclusion: Lactate clearance is a valuable modality that can be used to make a risk stratification in ADHF patients. Keywords: Lactate clearance, ADHF, risk stratification ABSTRAK Latar Belakang: Gagal jantung dekompensata akut (ADHF) masih merupakan masalah kesehatan dengan morbiditas dan mortalitas tinggi. Stratifikasi risiko pasien ADHF merupakan faktor penting untuk menentukan managemen awal. Pemeriksaan kadar asam laktat merupakan alat yang murah dan tersedia di pusat pelayanan primer, lactate clearance merupakan salah satu modalitas untuk menilai stratifikasi risiko. Hubungan antara lactate clearance dengan kejadian kardioavaskular mayor selama perawatan pada pasien ADHF belum diteliti. Metode Penelitian: Pendekatan observasional dengan desain potong lintang. Data diperoleh dari pengamatan selama perawatan pada pasien ADHF di RSUP Dr. M. Djamil Padang bulan April-Juli 2018. Dilakukan analisis bivariat antara varibel lactate clearance dengan KKM selama perawatan dengan menggunakan metode chi-square dan didapatkan nilai Odds ratio. Hasil Penelitian : Dari 44 subyek penelitian, 22 subjek dengan ADHF tidak mengalami KKM dan 22 subjek mengalami KKM. Hasil penelitian menemukan adanya perbedaan yang bermakna variabel lactate clerance pada kedua kelompok, yakni -11,72 ± 4,25 % vs 26,09 ± 9,36 %, dengan nilai p=0,000. Hubungan antara lactate clearance dengan kejadian kardioavaskular mayor selama perawatan pada pasien ADHF pada penelitian ini didapatkan nilai OR 1,16 dengan 95% CI 1,12 - 4,102 (nilai p=0,000). Kesimpulan : Lactate clearance dapat digunakan sebagai stratifikasi risiko pada pasien ADHF. Kata kunci : Lactate clearance, ADHF, stratifikasi risiko
Peranan Inotropik dan Vasopresor dalam Terapi Syok Kardiogenik Rizka Pratama, Agung; Fadil, Muhammad
Cermin Dunia Kedokteran Vol 48, No 6 (2021): Kardiologi
Publisher : PT. Kalbe Farma Tbk.

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (258.849 KB) | DOI: 10.55175/cdk.v48i6.1430

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Syok kardiogenik merupakan keadaan darurat medis yang mengancam jiwa dengan terjadinya hipoperfusi jaringan akibat berkurangnya curah jantung. Penyebab utama syok kardiogenik yaitu infark miokard akut dengan angka mortalitas mencapai 50%. Inotropik dan vasopresor telah menjadi landasan untuk stabilisasi gangguan hemodinamik dan curah jantung pada syok kardiogenik. Beberapa penelitian dan rekomendasi terbaru mengajukan dobutamin sebagai agen inotropik dan norepinefrin dibandingkan dopamin sebagai vasopressor lini pertama untuk tatalaksana syok kardiogenik.Cardiogenic shock is a life-threatening medical emergency because of tissue hypoperfusion due to reduced cardiac output. The main cause of cardiogenic shock is acute myocardial infarction with mortality rate reaching 50%. Inotropics and vasopressors have been the basis for stabilization of hemodynamic instability and cardiac output in cardiogenic shock. Recent studies and recommendations recommend that dobutamine and norepinephrine is preferred over dopamine as a first-line vasopressor for patients with cardiogenic shock.
GAMBARAN STATUS GIZI PENDERITA HIPERTENSI DI PUSKESMAS REJOSARI KECEMATAN TENAYAN RAYA KOTA PEKANBARU Muhammad Fadil; Safri Safri; Wasisto Utomo
Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Ilmu Keperawatan Vol 6, No 2 (2019): Edisi 2 Juli - Desember 2019
Publisher : Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Ilmu Keperawatan

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Abstract

Nutritional status is one of the risk factors that can affect hypertension. The development of hypertension is strongly influenced by many factors. Among them are body mass index, neck circumference, waist circumference and hip waist circumference ratio. The purpose of the study was to determine the nutritional status of hypertensive patients at Puskesmas Rejosari in Pekanbaru City. This study uses quantitative methods with descriptive research designs. This research was conducted in the Puskesmas Rejosari work area with a sample of 40 people. The instrument used in this study is the observation sheet. The results of data analysis found that the age distribution of the majority of the final elderly respondents was 17 respondents (42.5%). The majority of respondents' gender distribution were women with 25 respondents (62.5%). The previous distribution of work of the respondents was mostly housewives with 16 respondents (40%). The last of education of the respondents who graduated from elementary school was the number of 17 respondents (42.5%), and the majority of respondents had a nutritional status of as many as 20 respondents (50%). The results of this study are expected to be input for the Puskesmas, to improve the nutrition program at the Puskesmas to provide nutritional information about hypertensive patient Keywords: nutritional status, hypertension patients
Bentuk Pemerintahan dalam Pandangan Aristoteles Fadil, Muhammad
KYBERNAN: Jurnal Ilmiah Ilmu Pemerintahan Vol 3 No 1 (2012): Jurnal Kybernan
Publisher : Program Studi Ilmu Pemerintahan Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik Universitas Islam 45

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It’s rather difference than Plato’s political idea, Aristotle expanded his political views into more scientific models. He elaborated the ideas of democracy, oligarchy, tyranny, and more which are becoming fundamental to basic knowledge of political studies. In spite of its classiness, Aristotle had put great contributions to basic political studies. All students studying politic need to see this philosophical aspect of politic and government.
STUDENTS ATTITUDE TOWARD GOVERMENT SCIENCE AND PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION STUDIES Fadil, Muhammad
KYBERNAN: Jurnal Ilmiah Ilmu Pemerintahan Vol 7 No 1 (2016): Jurnal Kybernan
Publisher : Program Studi Ilmu Pemerintahan Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik Universitas Islam 45

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Abstract

The research purpose is to describe students’ attitudes about their major studies in social and political faculty in Universitas Islam ‘45’, which are goverment science (IP) and public administration (IAN). Attitude concern is if they regard that both major have similarities to each other since they have almost same competencies. The attitude levels are affective, cognitive, and behavior as for cognitive is the most dominant level evaluating both majors. This survey research uses descriptive method, with 27 respondents in the process of writing of final research from both major. The result shows positive tendencies from all level of students attitude (mode=4), especially cognitive. It means that both students group (government science =17 and public administration=10) has same attitude concluding that both of major studies are similar. T-test also shows no significant value (p ≥ .05) which means both students group have no differences attitude.
PERAN KEPOLISIAN DALAM MENGATASI KENAKALAN REMAJA (STUDI KASUS POLSEK MEDAN BARAT) MUHAMMAD FADIL
Jurnal Mahupiki Vol 1, No 6 (2019)
Publisher : Jurnal Mahupiki

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Muhammad Fadil. *) Liza Erwina.**) Dr.Mahmud Mulyadi.***) Penelitian ini membahas mengenai peranan kepolisian dalam mengatasi kenakalan remaja. Penelitian ini dilatarbelakangi karena semakin maraknya perbuatan pidana yang dilakukan oleh anak dibawah umur atau dilakukan oleh para remaja. Hal ini menimbulkan kekhawatiran dari berbagai pihak maupun dari masyarakat sendiri jika ini dibiarkan. Perkembangan zaman turut andil dalam perilaku remaja saat ini. Banyak remaja yang terjerumus ke perbuatan yang melawan hukum akibat mengikuti perkembangan zaman. Juga faktor sosiologi, ekonomi, maupun lingkungan juga dapat mempengaruhi perkembangan para remaja. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode yuridis normatif yaitu penelitian yang dilakukan berdasarkan bahan hukum utama dengan cara menelaah teori-teori, konsep-konsep, asas-asas hukum serta peraturan perundang-undangan yang berhubungan dengan penelitian ini.. Selain itu juga penulisan ini lebih lanjut dilakukan dengan melakukan wawancara lapangan dengan personil POLRI yang berkaitan dengan judul penelitian guna melengkapi penyelesaian penulisan skripsi ini. Hasil penelitian hukum yang berbentuk skripsi ini menunjukkan bahwa apa-apa saja kejahatan yang biasa dilakukan para remaja yang diatur didalam Kitab Undang-Undang Hukum Pidana(KUHP) seperti tawuran,maupun pencurian dengan kekerasan (begal),dan juga yang diatur diluar Kitab Undang-Undang Hukum Pidana (KUHP) seperti penggunaan narkoba . Selain itu dalam penelitian ini dijelaskan juga tentang upaya-upaya Kepolisian Sektor Medan Barat dalam mengatasi kenakalan remaja di wilayah hukum mereka sendiri. Juga dalam penelitian ini membahas tentang kendala-kendala apa sajakah yang dialami oleh para penegak hukum dalam menjalankan tugas dan kewajiban mereka.   *) Mahasiswa Fakultas Hukum Universitas Sumatera Utara **) Dosen Pembimbing I, Dosen Fakultas Hukum USU ***) Dosen Pembimbing II, Dosen Fakultas Hukum USU
KUALITAS PELAYANAN ADMINISTRASI TERPADU KECAMATAN DITINJAU DARI INDEKS KEPUASAN MASYARAKAT DI KECAMATAN TANJUNGPINANG KOTA KOTA TANJUNGPINANG PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU Marthalina marthalina88@gmail.com; Muhammad Fadil
TRANSFORMASI: Jurnal Manajemen Pemerintahan TRANSFORMASI (Jurnal Manajemen Pemerintahan)-Vol 9 No 1- Maret 2017
Publisher : Institut Pemerintahan Dalam Negeri

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (538.923 KB) | DOI: 10.33701/jt.v9i1.609

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The government has the obligation and responsibility as a provider of public services to meet the needs of the community, which is implemented by both central government agencies, in regional and State-Owned Enterprises. Services that can be provided in the form of goods or merit services. Services provided by the government to the public must be qualified. For that there is a community satisfaction index that is intended for government agencies services units where the results can be used as a reference for the agency service providers to improve and enhance the quality of services provided to the community. A quality service can make people become satisfied. The purpose of this research to determine the District Integrated Administrative Service Quality in terms of Community Satisfaction Index in the District of Tanjungpinang City Tanjungpinang City of Riau Islands province. The research design used is descriptive qualitative research with an inductive approach. The technique of collecting data through interviews, observation, documentation and triangulation. Data were analyzed using data reduction, data tabulation and conclusion. Research results obtained that the quality of the integrated administrative service districts in the District of the City Tanjungpinang already qualified, it is known after a review of the results of community satisfaction index where the value obtained is 75.575 which can be practically considered good or quality. Keywords: quality, service, government
Gagasan Dasar Mengenai Etika dan Negara Menurut Plato (Sebuah pengenalan awal filsafat politik klasik) Muhammad Fadil
PARADIGMA : JURNAL ILMU PENGETAHUAN AGAMA, DAN BUDAYA Vol 9 No 1 (2008): PARADIGMA : Jurnal Ilmu Pengetahuan, Agama dan Budaya
Publisher : Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian Masyarakat Universitas Islam 45

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To study politics and states in recent time mostly follows to what also happens empirically and has comprehensive topics such as democratization and civil society. However, to understand politic and growing 'state could not be separated from its philosophical views such as how people are just or unjust. Classical studies about state and politic offered by Plato, in spite of its great differences to modem theories, have its contribution to political studies, especially its moral and ethic to the statesman.