Susantin Fajariyah
Jurusan Biologi, Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam, Universitas Jember

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The Diversity of Holothurioidea in the Intertidal Zone of the Pancur Shore of the Alas Purwo National Park Afrely, Riya Wulan; Rosyidi, Moh. Imron; Fajariyah, Susantin
Jurnal ILMU DASAR Vol 16 No 1 (2015)
Publisher : Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam Universitas Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (336.227 KB) | DOI: 10.19184/jid.v16i1.1390

Abstract

Holothurioidea well known as Sea Cucumber is one of the classes from the Echinodermata phylum. Sea cucumbers are benthic animals that move slowly. Currently they already identified about 1135 species. Their existence usually associated with abiotic factors such as water salinity, temperature, pH, wave motion, light intensity and the substrate. The ability of the Holothurioidea to adapt to the abiotic factors will affect species diversity. The research aims is to determine the species diversity in the intertidal zone at Pancur Shore of the Alas Purwo National Park. It includes the species composition, species diversity index and the index of equality The study was conducted on 14th-21st of June 2014, by using systematic plotting transect method. The results found: one order, one family, two generas and eight species. The Species diversity index of Holothurioidea at Pancur Shore is low (0.930) and the equality index  classified uneven (0.447).Keywords: Holothurioidea, intertidal, diversity, evennes
The Effect of Cinnamon (Cinnamomum burmanii) Aqueous Extract on Pancreas Structure of Diabetic Mice (Mus musculus) Strain Balb-C Kusumaningtyas, Ika Dewi; Fajariyah, Susantin; Utami, Eva Tyas
Jurnal ILMU DASAR Vol 15 No 2 (2014)
Publisher : Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam Universitas Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (693.837 KB) | DOI: 10.19184/jid.v15i2.813

Abstract

The objectives of this study were to observe effect and  the effective dose of cinnamon (Cinnamomum burmanii) aqueous extract on pancreas structure of strain Balb-C mice (Mus musculus) diabetic after alloxan exposure. A total of 30 strains Balb-C mice (Mus musculus L.) were divided into 5 groups. Negative control group was not induced  by alloxan and a positive control group was induced alloxan 0,15 mg/g bw intraperitoneally for 9 days. The treatment group was divided into 3 groups was induced alloxan 0,15 mg/g bw and given an aqueous  extract of cinnamon at a dose of 0,73 mg/g bw; 1,09 mg/g bw and 1,45 mg/g bw orally for 7 days. Mice were dissected pancreas histhological taken using paraffin method and Haematoxylin-eosin (HE) stain. The result showed giving aqueous extract of cinnamon gave a strong effect in the repairing of pancreas structure after giving the alloxsan and the most effective aqueouse xtract of cinnamon with dose of 0,73 mg/g bb was able to repair the structure of mice's pancreas after giving the alloxan. Keywords: Cinnamon,  pancreas structur,diabetic mice
Efek ekstrak etanol kedelai hitam (Glycine soja) terhadap ketebalan dermis mencit (Mus musculus L.) pasca unilateral ovariektomi Akyun, Isna Kurotul; Fajariyah, Susantin; Mahriani, Mahriani
Jurnal Biologi Udayana Vol 23 No 2 (2019): JURNAL BIOLOGI UDAYANA
Publisher : Program Studi Biologi, Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam, Universitas Udayana

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (525.843 KB) | DOI: 10.24843/JBIOUNUD.2019.v23.i02.p05

Abstract

Estrogen is a steroid hormone produced by the ovaries. Estrogen is a hormone that triggers collagensynthesis by fibroblast.Collagen has affects for thickness of dermis.Estrogen deficiency can lead disruptioncollagen synthesis, so has an impact on decline dermis thickness. Unilateral ovariectomy is the act ofremoval of one ovary in the female reproductive system and is a model for estrogen deficiency. Thecondition of estrogen deficiency can be overcome by giving phytoestrogens. Black soybean seed is one ofphytoestrogens source. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of black soybean extract afterovariectomy on increasing on dermis thickness (Mus musculus L.). The dosage of black soybean ethanolextract used was 0.31 g / ml / day and 0.63 g / ml / day administered orally (gavage) for 20 days. The resultsshowed a dose of 0.31 g / ml / day may and 0.63 g / ml / day increase dermis thickness of mice.
Keanekaragaman Jenis Echinoidea di Zona Intertidal Pantai Jeding Taman Nasional Baluran Ilman Huda, Muhammad Aris; Sudarmadji, S.; Fajariyah, Susantin
BERKALA SAINSTEK Vol 5 No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Universitas Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.19184/bst.v5i2.5531

Abstract

Zona intertidal merupakan daerah yang terletak diantara pasang tertinggi dan surut terendah, yang mewakili peralihan dari kondisi lautan ke kondisi daratan. Luas zona intertidal sangat terbatas, akan tetapi memiliki faktor lingkungan yang sangat bervariasi, sehingga memiliki keanekaragaman organisme yang tinggi salah satunya adalah kelas Echinoidea. Kelas Echinoidea termasuk dalam anggota Filum Echinodermata yang tersebar mulai dari daerah intertidal sampai laut dalam. Echinoidea umumnya menghuni ekosistem terumbu karang dan padang lamun. Pantai Jeding merupakan pantai yang terletak di wilayah Taman Nasional Baluran yang masih belum pernah dilakukan penelitian mengenai keanekaragaman Echinoidea. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui keanekaragaman dan kesamarataan jenis Echinoidea di zona intertidal Pantai Jeding Taman Nasional Baluran. Metode yang digunakan dalam pengambilan sampel adalah metode transek-plot sistematis. Hasil penelitian didapatkan 8 jenis Echinoidea yang terdiri 4 ordo, 6 famili, 8 genus dan 8 spesies. Memiliki indeks Keanekaragaman (H’) jenis yang tergolong sedang dan Indeks kesamarataan (J’) Jenis yang tergolong sedang.Kata Kunci: Zona Intertidal, Echinoidea, Keanekaragaman, Pantai jeding.
The Effect of Ethanol Extract Turmeric Rhizome (Curcuma Longa) to Histologycal Structure of Rat Rectum Induced Dextran Sodium Sulphate (DSS) Nikmah, Lidia Maziyyatun; Fajariyah, Susantin; Mahriani, M.
Jurnal ILMU DASAR Vol 20 No 1 (2019)
Publisher : Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam Universitas Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (108.158 KB) | DOI: 10.19184/jid.v20i1.7629

Abstract

Turmeric (Curcuma longa) is a plant that people use as a traditional medicine to treat some diseases such as: anti-inflammatory, antidiarrhea, antioxidants, hepatoprotector, and others. One of the main chemical compounds contained in turmeric and has a role as anti-inflammatory is curcumin. This study was conducted to determine the effect of ethanol extract of turmeric rhizome (Curcuma longa) on the histologycal structure of rat rectum induced by Dextran Sodium Sulphate (DSS). Wistar strain rats was divided into three groups: negative control group, positive control group (1% DSS), and DSS treatment group 1% + ethanol extract of turmeric rhizome dose 200mg/KgBB. DSS is given ad libitum, while ethanol extract of turmeric rhizome is given orally. We used paraffin method and Haematoxilyn Eosin staining to make the preparation organ. The data were analyzed using One Way ANOVA test, Duncan Multiple Range Test (DMRT) test, and correlation test. The result of this study is DSS administration has an effect on decreasing average of crypt, number of Goblet cell, and depletion of rectal mucous layer. While treatment of extract turmeric rhizome can increase height of crypt and number of Goblet cell in rectal mucosal layer of rat. Keywords: Extract of turmeric rhizome, DSS, rectum, Rattus norvegicus
The Effect of Synthetic Estrogen on Hepar Stucture And Level of SGOT and SGPT of Balb’C Female Mice (UMus musculus) Fajariyah, Susantin; Utami, Eva Tyas; Arisandi, Yunita
Jurnal ILMU DASAR Vol 11 No 1 (2010)
Publisher : Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam Universitas Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (255.087 KB)

Abstract

The objectives of this study were to observe the effect of synthetic estrogen (diethylstilbestrol/DES) on hepar structure and level of SGOT as well as SGPT of female mice (Mus musculus). Mice were gavage by DES dose 0.084 μg/g bb, 0.168 μg/g bb, 0.336 μg/g body weight, sesame oil and control. DES was treated by gavage for 15 days. Observation were performed liver structure contain of number of normal hepatocyte, and hepatocyte disruption (picnosis, vacuole cell, and necrosis), also SGOT-SGPT level. The result showed that DES effected to the disruption of hepatocyte particularly necrosis was relativity high in 0,168 μg/g bb DES treatment. SGOT and SGPT level on blood increased after DES treatment. 
Curcumin Effectivity on Hepar and Reproductive Organ Recovery Male Mice (Mus musculus L) after Methoxychlor Exposure Mahriani, Mahriani; Fajariyah, Susantin; Utami, Eva Tyas
Biota Vol 13 No 1 (2020)
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Mataram

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20414/jb.v13i1.196

Abstract

Methoxychlor (MXC) is an insecticide (DDT derivates) that has the potential for bioaccumulation in mammal and causes a disruptive effect on the hepar and reproductive system. This study was done to find out the benefits of curcumin as a natural ingredient to overcome the negative impact of Methoxychlor (MXC) on hepar and male reproductive organ of Balb’C mice (Mus musculus L). The study was carried out in a Completely Randomized Design (CRD) Posttest Only Control Group Design used four treatments and six replications. The curcumin treatment after administration of MXC was carried out by gavage with curcumin doses: 0.05; 0,1; and 0.2 mg/g body weight, every day for two weeks, respectively. Histological observations of the liver, and testis was performed using the paraffin method and Hematoxylin Eosin stained. The results showed that MXC exposure caused liver disruption by increasing the number of pycnotic necrotic hepatocytes and hydrophic degeneration hepatocytes. On the male reproductive organ, MXC caused testis impairment by reducing the number of Sertoli cells and Leydig cells, spermatogenic cell counts, and the diameter of seminiferous tubules. The administration of curcumin at doses of 0.1 mg/g bw in mice exposed to methoxychlor can reduce the number of hydrophic degeneration hepatocytes and tend to reduce the number of pycnotic hepatocytes; and also increase the number of Sertoli cells, the number of spermatogenic cells, and the diameter of the seminiferous tubules, and tend to reduce the amount of Leydig cells. Curcumin treatment tends to recover hepar dan testis disruption of mice that were exposed by MXC.