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PERANAN KELOMPOK PETERNAK DALAM MENUNJANG KEBERHASILAN USAHA SAPI POTONG DI KABUPATEN BOALEMO Hasnawati, Hasnawati; Fariyanti, Anna; Mulatsih, Sri
Jurnal Manajemen Pembangunan Daerah Vol. 6 No. 2 (2014)
Publisher : Program Studi Manajemen Pembangunan Daerah. Fakultas Ekonomi dan Manajemen. IPB

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (378.255 KB) | DOI: 10.29244/jurnal_mpd.v6i2.25107

Abstract

ABSTRACTThis research was carried out in Wonosari District, Boalemo Regency, Gorontalo Province on April – July 2014. This research aimed : (1) to analyze the factors influencing the earnings of the cattle breeders in Boalemo Regency, (2) to analyze the performance of the cattle breeders towards the success of beef cattle business in Boalemo Regency, (3) to formulate the strategy to increase the cattle breeders’ role in supporting the business of beef cattle in Boalemo Regency. This research used the method of purposive sampling, and the criteria of breeders used were group of cattle breeders and non-group of cattle breeders (independent cattle breeders). The number of sample used in the survey was 30 members of cattle breeder group and 20 respondents from non-group of cattle breeders. The analysis instruments used were (1) the analysis of beef cattle business, (2) the analysis of Multiple Linear Regression, (3) the Importance Performance Analysis (IPA).The analysis result of the earning in 3,76 AU (animal unit) scale was Rp 3.010.849 year and non-group in 3,48 AU scale was Rp 3.983.934 year. The factor influencing farmer income are the number of bull, number of cow, and forage consumtion. The result of Importance Performance Analysis showed that the atribute in the first quadrant had the high level of importantance, but low performance, i.e. (1) getting the additional feed/beef cattle business consentrate, (2) the skill of group member, (3) the facility of means and infrastructure supporting the animal husbandary, (4) obtaining the financial for beef cattle business, and (5) the organization establishment of beef cattle group members.Key words: group role, double linear regression, importance performance analysis, policy strategy, Boalemo regency  ABSTRAKPenelitian dilaksanakan di Kecamatan Wonosari Kabupaten Boalemo Provinsi Gorontalo pada bulan April sampai Juli 2014. Penelitian ini bertujuan : (1) Menganalisis faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi pendapatan kelompok peternak sapi potong di Kabupaten Boalemo, (2) Menganalisis kinerja kelompok peternak terhadap keberhasilan usaha sapi potong di Kabupaten Boalemo, (3) Merumuskan strategi untuk meningkatkan peran kelompok peternak dalam menunjang usaha sapi potong di Kabupaten Boalemo. Pengambilan sampel secara purposive sampling,sampel dalam survey terdiri dari 30 anggota kelompok peternak dan 20 peternak non anggota kelompok. Alat analisis yang digunakan yaitu; (1) Analisis pendapatan usaha ternak, (2) Analisis Regresi Linier Berganda, (3) Importance Performance Analysis (IPA). Pendapatan usaha pembibitan sapi potong pada kelompok peternak skala 3,76 ST sebesar Rp 3.010.849 /tahun dan peternak non kelompok skala 3,48 ST sebesar Rp 3.983.934 /tahun. Factor yang mempengaruhi pendapatan peternak adalah jumlah pejantan dan induk sapi yang dimiliki serta pemberian pakan hijauan. Hasil Importance Performance Analysis menujukan bahwa atribut yang berada pada kuadran pertama memiliki tingkat kepentingan yang tinggi namun kinerjanya masih rendah, yaitu (1) memperoleh pakan konsentrat, (2) Keterampilan anggota kelompok, (3) Fasilitas sarana dan prasarana pendukung peternakan, (4) Memperoleh modal usaha beternak sapi potong, dan (5) Pembinaan Kelembagaan Peternak Sapi Potong.Kata Kunci: Peranan Kelompok, Regresi Linier Berganda, Importance Performance Analysis, Strategi Kebijakan,  Kabupaten Boalemo
Competitiveness of Beef Cattle Farming in Indonesia: Domestic Resources Cost Approach Rouf, Ari Abdul; Daryanto, Arief; Fariyanti, Anna
Indonesian Bulletin of Animal and Veterinary Sciences Vol 24, No 2 (2014)
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (220.234 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/wartazoa.v24i2.1053

Abstract

Beef demand in Indonesian people is supplied from the domestic and import production, including Australia and New Zealand. Domestic Resources Cost (DRC) is one of the indicators in free trade that is defined as one of the competitiveness criteria. The competitiveness is determined by several factors, including resource, labor, technology and market demand. Based on the previous research results, it was obtained that: (1) The availability of abundant feed through the grazing system and crops livestock system can provide comparative advantage (DRC = 0.08-0.54); (2) The type of beef cattle kept had a good competitiveness (DRC = 0.08-0.94); (3) The labor’s wage can simultaneously create competitiveness (DRC<1); (4) The technological factor on farm level showed that the higher Average Daily Gain (ADG) will make the competitiveness increased; and (5) The number of cattle had a positive causality on the competitiveness with a coefficient of 0.510. The smallholder farmer with the average farming scale of three heads per farmer had a lower competitiveness (DRC = 0.08) compared to the cattle fattening company (DRC = 0.01-0.02). The existing research showed that the beef cattle farming in several places in Indonesia had good competitiveness (DRC<1), but in some areas, its value was close to one (less competitive). Therefore, in order to improve the competitiveness, the formulation and implementation of the farm subsector policy should be regarded as a system including upstream to downstream subsystems so it is expected that the coordination and synergy policy among stakeholder and economic actor will be better. Key words: Beef cattle, competitiveness, domestic resources cost
ANALISIS VOLATILITAS HARGA DAGING SAPI POTONG DAN DAGING AYAM BROILER DI INDONESIA Burhani, Fadila Jzuqynova; Fariyanti, Anna; Jahroh, Siti
Forum Agribisnis Vol 3, No 2 (2013): FA Vol 3 No 2 September 2013
Publisher : Forum Agribisnis

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Abstract

Beef consumption needs of Indonesian  population tends to increase with the increasing number of the population and public awareness of the importance of animal protein. Meanwhile the price of beef and broiler meat are fluctuative. The value of volatility describes how much the level of risk that will be faced in the future. Fluctuations in the price of beef and broiler meat can be caused by  the unequilibrium of supply and demand.  The objectives of this research are (1) to identify the price volatility forecasting models of beef and broiler meat in Indonesia, (2) to identify factors that affect the price volatility of beef and broiler meat in Indonesia, and (3) to identify alternative strategies related to the price volatility of beef and broiler meat in Indonesia. This research used secondary data with the  time series form in the period of February 2003 to February 2013. In this research ARCH-GARCH was used to analyze the price volatility of beef and broiler meat in Indonesia. This analysis showed that the price volatility of beef and broiler meat in Indonesia would be smaller. Factors that affect the price volatility of beef in Indonesia are the price volatility of previous period and the price variance of the previous period. While the factors that affects the price volatility of broiler meat in Indonesia is the amount of price volatility in the previous period.
ANALISIS STRUKTUR, PERILAKU, DAN KINERJA PEMASARAN KENTANG GRANOLA DI KECAMATAN PANGALENGAN, KABUPATEN BANDUNG, JAWA BARAT Sinaga, Vela Rostwentivaivi; Fariyanti, Anna; Tinaprilla, Netti
Forum Agribisnis Vol 4, No 2 (2014): FA Vol 4 No 2 September 2014
Publisher : Forum Agribisnis

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High number of production and vast planting area make Pengalengan as granola potato production center of Bandung Regency. Problems faced by potato farmers of the area are price volatility, limited market information, and middleman controlled market. The purpose of this study is to analyze granola potatoes market structure, conduct, and performance at Pangalengan. The methods used are market concentration and market entry and exit barriers to analyze market structure; marketing function (exchange, physical and facilities) to analyze market conduct; and farmer share and marketing margin to analyze market performance. The result shows granola potato market has nine marketing channel, oligopsony market, farmer position as price taker and middleman caused barrier to entry and relatively efficient market performance with an average value of 27,64 percent and an average farmer share of 72,36 percent.
PRODUKSI KEMANGI DI DESA CIARUTEUN ILIR, KECAMATAN CIBUNGBULANG, BOGOR Widhiasih, Putri Larasati; Fariyanti, Anna; Tinaprilla, Netti
Forum Agribisnis Vol 3, No 2 (2013): FA Vol 3 No 2 September 2013
Publisher : Forum Agribisnis

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Kemangi is one of indigenous plants that is widely consumed in West Java. It is planted by most farmers in Ciaruteun Ilir, which is the centre of its plantations in Bogor region. The main objective of this study was to analyse the production factors of kemangi in Ciaruteun Ilir. Thirty one respondents were needed in this study, using the method of Purposive Sampling. The production factors were analysed using Maximum Likelihood methods in Cobb-Douglas model. Based on the level of significance 5%, the results showed that seeds, Urea, labours, and land size significantly affected the production.
FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI PRODUKSI SUSU SAPI PERAH DI KECAMATAN MEGAMENDUNG KABUPATEN BOGOR PROVINSI JAWA BARAT Karuniawati, Rina; Fariyanti, Anna
Forum Agribisnis Vol 3, No 1 (2013): FA Vol 3 No 1 Maret 2013
Publisher : Forum Agribisnis

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The dairy cow is one of the lifestock commodity still have potential to develop in Indonesia. The domestic milk production only cover 1/3 of domestic demand so the  most of  milk remains were still imported. Cipayung village, District Megamendung, Bogor regency is one of the central production for fresh milk. The problems that faced by the most of farmers in this region are the low productivity of milk, it’s about 8-10 litre/day so it’s can influence to the income level of farmers too. The purpose of this research are  to analyze about factors that have affected to the production of milk and to analyze income of dairy cow farm. This research used Cobb Douglas production function with the respondents were 35 dairy farmers members of Mekar Jaya Farmer Group. The respondents in this research were chosen by purposive sampling method where  leader of the farmer group has an estimation to choose the farmers that have qualification become a respondent. Based on the results of analyzed research showed that period of lactation, forages, water and labors were factors that have significantly affected to the production of dairy cows. This analyze also showed that the value of farm R/C ratio of the cash cost was1,64 and R/C ratio of the total cost was 1,25.
KELAYAKAN PENGEMBANGAN USAHA INTEGRASI PADI DENGAN SAPI POTONG PADA KONDISI RISIKO DI KELOMPOK TANI DEWI SRI Sumantri, Bayu; Fariyanti, Anna
Forum Agribisnis Vol 1, No 2 (2011): FA Vol 1 No 2 September 2011
Publisher : Forum Agribisnis

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One of the alternative solutions for meet the target achieving a sustainable self-sufficiency in rice, the meat self-sufficiency, energy security, and in order to go organic agriculture is a way to integrate the development of rice with cattle. The purpose of this study is to analyze the feasibility of developing an integrated rice business with cattle in Farmers Group Dewi Sri and analyze the feasibility of developing an integrated rice business with cattle in the presence of production risk in rice output and prices in the Farmers Group Dewi Sri. Location of research conducted at the Farmers Group Dewi Sri, District Karawang, West Java. Techniques used in making the respondents using census techniques with reaponden number as many as 23 people. All non-financial and financial aspects the normal conditions and the incremental net benefits feasible to be made. Beside that, financial feasibility analysis of business development that integrates rice with cattle the risk of conditions of production and output prices of rice feasible to be made. Business development activities that integrate rice with cattle is very sensitive to changes in rice productivity and the highest level of risk on production risk.
Struktur dan Integrasi Pasar Kopi Arabika Gayo di Kabupaten Aceh Tengah dan Bener Meriah Putri, Mega Amelia; Fariyanti, Anna; Kusnadi, Nunung
Jurnal Tanaman Industri dan Penyegar Vol 4, No 1 (2013): Buletin Riset Tanaman Rempah dan Aneka Tanaman Industri
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Perkebunan

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Kopi Arabika Gayo merupakan komoditas utama di Kabupaten Aceh Tengah dan Bener Meriah. Sebagian besar (86%) produksi kopi diekspor ke pasar dunia. Selama tahun 2006-2012, pergerakan harga kopi di tingkat eksportir mengalami kenaikan sebesar 17,18%, namun di tingkat petani mengalami penurunan sebesar 1,73%. Penelitian ini bertujuan menganalisis struktur dan integrasi pasar kopi Arabika Gayo. Data yang digunakan merupakan data time series harga bulanan kopi selama tahun 2008-2012. Analisis struktur pasar ditentukan melalui rasio konsentrasi empat perusahaan terbesar (CR4) dan hambatan masuk pasar melalui nilai skala efisiensi minimum (Minimum Efficiency Scale/MES). Analisis integrasi pasar menggunakan model yang telah dikembangkan oleh Ravallion (1986). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa konsentrasi rasio empat perusahaan terbesar (CR4) di tingkat eksportir sebesar 71,12% dan terdapat hambatan masuk pasar yang ditunjukkan dengan nilai MES sebesar 28,53%. Karakteristik struktur pasar menunjukkan bahwa pasar terkonsentrasi dengan tingkat persaingan yang kecil. Struktur pasar yang terbentuk mengarah pada struktur pasar oligopsonistik dan terdapat lembaga pemasaran yang dominan dalam proses penentuan harga yaitu eksportir. Selain itu, analisis integrasi pasar menunjukkan bahwa pasar kopi di tingkat petani tidak terintegrasi dengan eksportir baik dalam jangka panjang maupun jangka pendek. Hal ini menunjukkan bahwa dalam proses penentuan harga petani cenderung sebagai penerima harga.Kata Kunci: Kopi Arabika Gayo, struktur pasar, integrasi pasar, harga, oligopsonistikArabica Gayo Coffee is the main commodity of Central Aceh and Bener Meriah regencies. Almost 86 percents of coffee bean produced from those areas is exported to the world market. Though the coffee price increased 17.18 percent at the exporter level during 2006 to 2012, but at the farm level the price of coffee decreased 1.73 percent. The purpose of this study was to analyze the structure and integration market of Arabica Gayo coffee. The data used was monthly time series of prices during 2008 to 2012. The analysis of market structure is determined by the concentration ratio of four large firms (CR4) and barriers to market entry through the Minimum Efficiency Scale (MES) value. The analysis of market integration used models that have been developed by Ravallion (1986). Research results showed that the market concentration ratio (CR4) at the exporter level was 71.12 percents and there were barriers to enter the Arabica Gayo coffee market with MES of 28.53 percents. These structural characteristics indicated that market structure is concentrated with a small level of competition. The market structure is oligopsonistic and there is a single marketing institution which determine the Arabica Gayo coffee price. This single institution is exporter. In addition, analysis of market integration showed that the coffee market at the farm level was not integrated with the exporter level in the long and short term. These analysis showed that the farmers are price taker.
Analisis Perdagangan Kakao Indonesia di Pasar Internasional Suryana, Anggita Tresliyana; Fariyanti, Anna; Rifin, Amzul
Jurnal Tanaman Industri dan Penyegar Vol 1, No 1 (2014): Jurnal Tanaman Industri dan Penyegar
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Perkebunan

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Abstract

pertumbuhan konsumsi dunia. Sejak pemerintah Indonesia menerapkan kebijakan pajak ekspor kakao biji dalam rangka untuk mengembangkan industri pengolahan kakao, ada perubahan dalam komposisi ekspor kakao. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah menganalisis faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi perdagangan kakao Indonesia di pasar internasional. Pengukuran menggunakan Gravity Model menunjukkan bahwa variabel yang berpengaruh signifikan terhadap ekspor kakao biji Indonesia adalah GDP riil per kapita negara tujuan, nilai tukar, dan bea keluar kakao biji. Variabel yang berpengaruh signifikan terhadap ekspor kakao powder Indonesia adalah GDP riil per kapita Indonesia dan negara-negara tujuan serta nilai tukar, sementara semua variabel yang signifikan dalam mempengaruhi ekspor kakao butter. Implikasi dari hasil penelitian adalah Indonesia dapat meningkatkan pangsa pasarnya dengan lebih memprioritaskan mengekspor kakao biji ke Cina. Kakao butter pangsa pasar sebaiknya ditingkatkan di Cina dan Australia, sedangkan untuk kakao powder, negara yang dapat ditingkatkan pangsa pasarnya adalah Rusia.Kata Kunci: Kakao biji, kakao butter, kakao powder, ekspor, Gravity ModelIndonesia is one of the largest cocoa producer and exporter in the world. Cocoa international market has great potential regarding world’s consumption growth. Therefore, Indonesia is expected to take advantage on existing opportunities. Since the government of Indonesia implemented export tax policy on cocoa beans in order to develop cocoa processing industry, there were changes in the composition of cocoa export. The objective of this study was to analyze factors that influence Indonesia’s cocoa trade in international market, by using Gravity Model. The result showed that variables that influence Indonesia’s cocoa beans exports significantly are real GDP per capita of destination countries, exchange rate, and cocoa beans export tax. Indonesia’s cocoa powder exports is significantly influnced by real GDP per capita of Indonesia and destination countries, and exchange rate, while all variables are significant in influencing cocoa butter export. The implications of this findings are Indonesia can increase market share by prioritizing of cocoa beans export to China. In the meantime, cocoa butter should be increasing market share in China and Australia, and cocoa powder in Rusia.
Efisiensi Produksi Kakao Fermentasi pada Perkebunan Rakyat di Bali dengan Pendekatan Stochastic Frontier Rinaldi, Jemmy; Fariyanti, Anna; Jahroh, Siti
Jurnal Tanaman Industri dan Penyegar Vol 4, No 1 (2013): Buletin Riset Tanaman Rempah dan Aneka Tanaman Industri
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Perkebunan

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Abstract

Kabupaten Tabanan adalah sentra produksi kakao di Bali yang sebagian besar adalah perkebunan rakyat dengan produktivitas kakaoyang dihasilkan semakin rendah. Daerah ini juga pernah menerapkan proses fermentasi biji kakao dengan harapan dapat meningkatkanpendapatannya, tetapi teknologi tersebut mulai ditinggalkan oleh petani. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah: (1) menganalisis faktorfaktoryang mempengaruhi produksi biji kakao di Bali, (2) menganalisis efisiensi produksi biji kakao yang dihasilkan petani di Balidengan menerapkan teknologi fermentasi, dan (3) menganalisis pendapatan usahatani kakao dengan menerapkan teknologi fermentasipada perkebunan rakyat di Bali. Jenis data yang dikumpulkan adalah data primer yang diperoleh dengan metode survei menggunakankuesioner. Responden dalam kajian ini sebanyak 100 orang petani kakao yang terbagi menjadi 40 orang petani kakao yang tidakmelakukan fermentasi dan 60 orang yang melakukan fermentasi. Data yang diperoleh dianalisis dengan pendekatan stochastic frontiermenggunakan alat analisis front 4.1. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa faktor yang berpengaruh positif terhadap peningkatanproduksi kakao adalah tenaga kerja, pestisida dan luas lahan, sedangkan faktor yang berpengaruh negatif adalah umur tanaman.Produksi kakao di tingkat perkebunan rakyat telah efisien dilakukan, tetapi proses pengolahan biji kakao dengan teknologi fermentasimemiliki tingkat efisiensi yang lebih kecil dibandingkan tidak difermentasi. Tingkat pendapatan usahatani kakao per hektar per tahundengan menerapkan teknologi fermentasi Rp. 5.014.877,44 lebih besar dibandingkan tidak menerapkan teknologi fermentasi, yaituRp. 4.654.809,24. Penerapan teknologi fermentasi pada proses pengolahan biji kakao dapat meningkatkan pendapatan petani.Kata Kunci: Kakao, efisiensi produksi, stochastic frontier, teknologi fermentasiTabanan District is a cocoa production center in Bali by which the crops are mostly grown in small-scale and low in productivity as well. In this areafarmers had implemented fermentation process of cocoa beans to increase their income, although the technology was left. The objectives of this studywere: (1) to analyze the factors affecting the production of cocoa beans in Bali, and (2) to analyze efficiency of cocoa production by farmers in Bali,and (3) to analyze cocoa farm income for the farmers having implemented the fermentation technology. A questionnaire survey was conducted for 100cocoa farmers consisting of 60 farmers having implemented the fermentation technology and 40 farmers did not. Front 4.1 analysis was employed inorder to estimate the stochastic frontier production. The results showed that factors like labor, pesticides and land area had positive correlation inincreasing of cocoa production. In contrast, plant age had the negative correlation. In general small-scale cocoa farmers were efficient. In addition,the farmers who implemented the fermentation technology seemed to be less efficient compared to farmers who did not implement the technology.However, the farmers who implemented the fermentation technology seemed to have higher income of Rp. 5.014.877,44 being high compared tothose who did not implement the technology of Rp 4.654.809,24. The implementation of fermentation technology in cocoa beans could increasefarmers’ income.