Eko Bhakti Hardiyanto
Fakultas Kehutanan Universitas Gadjah Mada Yogyakarta

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VARIASI PERTUMBUHAN TINGGI KLON HIBRID Acacia (A. mangium x A. auriculiformis) UMUR 12 BULAN DI WONOGIRI, JAWA TENGAH Sri Sunarti; Muhammad Na'iem; Eko Bhakti Hardiyanto; Sapto Indrioko
Jurnal Pemuliaan Tanaman Hutan Vol 7, No 3 (2013): Jurnal Pemuliaan Tanaman Hutan
Publisher : Center for Forest Biotechnology and Tree Improvement (CFBTI)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20886/jpth.2013.7.3.139-150

Abstract

Forty four clones of Acacia hybrid  propagated from selected stoolplants were tested together with a control of pure species seedling and clone in a clonal test established at Wonogiri, Central Java. The design of clonal test was Incomplete Block Design, which was laid-out as single treeplot of 20 replications with spacing of 3 m x 3 m. Measurements of tree height were conducted at age 12 months. There were significant differences between the clones in height growth. Eleven clones of 44 were more superior than the original population at SSO F1 (Control 4th) which superiority ranging from 1.81-35.35 % and 3 of them were more superior than the pure species (control 1th, control 2th and control 3th) which superiority ranging from 3.51 – 17.28%. Meanhile, clone repeatability for height at age 12 months was, while individual repeatability for height was 0.59 +- 0.1
Estimasi parameter genetik dan peran gen pada uji keturunan full sib kayu putih di Gunung Kidul Noor Khomsah Kartikawati; Mohammad Naiem; Eko Bhakti Hardiyanto
Jurnal Pemuliaan Tanaman Hutan Vol 7, No 1 (2013): Jurnal Pemuliaan Tanaman Hutan
Publisher : Center for Forest Biotechnology and Tree Improvement (CFBTI)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20886/jpth.2013.7.1.1-13

Abstract

Controlled pollination technique could be applied to generate gene recombinant from families in progeny test and to estimate genetic parameters. The early step in evaluation of controlled pollination is to estimate general combining ability and specific combining ability. the objectives of this research were to estimate generic parameters on full sib progeny test of melaleuca cajuputi subsp cajuputi cajuput and to identify gene action controlling growth and oil traits. The research was conducted on full sib progeny test at Gunungkidul established in an incomplete block Design with six treeplots and eight replications. Tree height and diameter stem growth were observed at seven years old. Oil yield and cineol content were examined using gas chromatography. Analysis of variance and genetic parameter were calculated for all measured variables. The result showed that individual heretabilities on growth traits (hi2 of stem diameter = 0,34 and tree height = 0,01, respectively) were lower than on oil traiths (hi2 of oil yield =0,6 and cineole = 0,4 respectively). This indicated that oil traits tend to genetically controlled. Analysis of variances on general combining ability (GCA) and Specific Combining Ability (SCA) effects from a serries of 15 sets of 5x5 half-diallel mating experiments showed that all traits (height, diameter, oil and 1,8 cineole yields) were controlled by non-aditive genes. Consequently, controlled pollination of selected plus trees should be carried out until heterosis of improved progenies could be found.
ANALISA PARAMETER GENETIK SIFAT KAYU KOMBINASI UJI PROVENANS DAN UJI KETURUNAN ACACIA MANGIUM DI KALIMANTAN SELATAN Mudji Susanto; Muhammad Na'iem; Eko Bhakti Hardiyanto; T.A. Prayitno
Jurnal Pemuliaan Tanaman Hutan Vol 6, No 3 (2012): Jurnal Pemuliaan Tanaman Hutan
Publisher : Center for Forest Biotechnology and Tree Improvement (CFBTI)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20886/jpth.2012.6.3.131-142

Abstract

Combination of provenance progeny trial of Acacia mangium from Claudie River-Queensland- Australia was established in Pelaihari, South Kalimantan. The objective of this research is to find variation on diameter, wood specific gravity and fiber lenght between provenance seedlot and family within provenance seedlot in provenance progeny trial of A. mangium on 22 months old.The results showed that the mean of wood specific gravity and was 0.40 and mean of fiber length was 0.89 mm. Variation of diameter, wood specific gravity, and fiber length were significant difference among provenance seedlot or between family within provenance seedlot in the trial. Individual heritability of diameter, wood specific gravity, and fiber length were medium (hi 2=0.49 for diameter; hi 2=0.33 for specific gravity and hi 2=0.39 for fiber length). The results of investigation from this trial indicate that diameter, wood specific gravity, and fiber length are necessary to be used for tree selection to improve growth wood quality in the combination of provenance progeny trial of A. mangium.
KARAKTER HIBRID ACACIA (Acacia mangium x A. auriculiformis) BERDASARKAN VIABILITAS BENIH, KEMAMPUAN BERTUNAS DAN BERAKAR STEK Sri Sunarti; Muhammad Na'iem; Eko Bhakti Hardiyanto; Sapto Indrioko
Jurnal Pemuliaan Tanaman Hutan Vol 6, No 2 (2012): Jurnal Pemuliaan Tanaman Hutan
Publisher : Center for Forest Biotechnology and Tree Improvement (CFBTI)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20886/jpth.2012.6.2.79-88

Abstract

The first generation of Acacia hybrid between A. mangium and A. auriculiformis potential to be developed for plantation because of its superiority. The superiority of hibrid Acacia were fast growth, straight bole, light branching, more tolerant to pest/disease attack and better wood property than the parent trees. The only way to maintain their superiority is to propagate it vegetatively. The objective of the research was to observed characteristics of hibrid Acacia based on seed viability,sprouting and rooting ability. Materials used in this study were collected seed from control pollination at breeding garden which verified by molecular marker. The result showed that the character of seed viability on hybrid Acacia was still low (48.1%) meanwhile the sprouting and rooting ability were 16.5 ± 0.7 shoots and 78,4% respectively.