Sumarlam Sumarlam
Universitas Sebelas Maret, Surakarta

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Journal : Langkawi: Journal of The Association for Arabic and English

Riak in Dayak Maanyan Ritual Tradition (An Ethnolinguistics Study) Dwiani Septiana; Riyadi Santosa; Sumarlam Sumarlam
Langkawi: Journal of The Association for Arabic and English Vol 5, No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Kendari

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (453.314 KB) | DOI: 10.31332/lkw.v5i2.1378

Abstract

Riak is a part of the ritual language in Dayak Maanyan ritual tradition, and functioning as a notification about stages of the ritual that are being and will be conducted by the master of the ritual. This study attempted to describe the form of riak through ethnolinguistics study. This study used ethnography research method. The primary data of this study were obtained from riak delivered by wadian in the traditional rituals of the Dayak Maanyan community in Paku Beto village, Paku sub-district, East Barito district, Central Kalimantan province. They were collected through observation and interview during January and April 2019. Findings of the study indicate that each riak mostly consists of four lines, in which the first two lines aim to prepare rhyme and rhythm in order to ease audiences understanding. This first two lines, in the beginning, are an illustration of the culture and the natural or environmental conditions in which the Dayak Maanyan community lives. Meanwhile, the second two lines are the purpose or content of riak that reveal the purpose of the Wadian in the ceremony. Some forms of word use in riak are morphologically different from its usage in the daily DM language. Those differences are the use of affix -i, clitic -ni, and particle sa, in order to give senses of beauty to riak utterances.  Regarding the use of words, phrases, and sentences in riak utterances, there are found many descriptions about nature, living environment, habit, and local culture of the Dayak Maanyan community. This use clarifies that the community culture can affect language use.
Functioning Expressive Speech Acts in the 2019 Indonesian Presidential Election Debates Azwar Abbas; Djatmika Djatmika; Sumarlam Sumarlam; Joko Nurkamto
Langkawi: Journal of The Association for Arabic and English Vol 7, No 1 (2021)
Publisher : Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Kendari

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31332/lkw.v7i1.2573

Abstract

This study aimed at investigating and explaining how the expressive speech acts functioned and differed in use among the candidates. A case study research design was employed. The data were the formal forms of expressive speech acts, lingual markers, and contexts. The sources were videos of five debate programs containing utterances, conversations, or dialogs made by both candidates. Candidates 01 belonged to Jokowi-Ma’ruf Amin, while candidates 02 belonged to Prabowo-Sandiaga Uno. Non-participatory observation and documentation techniques were used to collect data, and then they were analyzed using the content analysis model. Findings show sixteen functions of the expressive speech acts, namely, thanking, greeting, apologizing, blaming, praising, regretting, complaining, criticizing, expressing hopes, agreeing, disagreeing, expressing optimism, expressing wants, insinuating, making jokes, and appreciating. Then, candidates had different tendencies in functioning these expressive speech acts. Both candidates used greeting, apologizing, praising, complaining, disagreeing, expressing optimism, expressing wants, and making jokes almost equally. Then, candidate 01 tended to express hopes and insinuate, while candidates 02 were to thanking, blaming, regretting, criticizing, thanking, agreeing, and appreciating. Finally, in the 2019 Indonesian presidential election debate, both candidates functioned the speech acts still with Indonesian norms and values.