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Fiqh Al-Ikhtilaf and Science: A Discourse of Preliminary Differences of Lunation In Indonesia Jayusman, Jayusman; Dermawan, Oki
KARSA: Journal of Social and Islamic Culture Vol 26, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Institut Agama Islam Negeri Madura

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.19105/karsa.v26i2.2001

Abstract

Differences of determination lunation initial always happened in Indonesia. Indonesia actually has a lot of experts in the field of falak and Astronomy, but make inductive inferences are often done. In this paper will discuss: What lies behind the differences early lunar month in Indonesia? How Fiqh al-Ikhtilaf and Science analyze the differences in the lunation beginning? How alternative unification lunation difference in the initial determination in Indonesia? The research method used is qualitative. This study uses the approach of Fiqh al-Ikhtilaf, astronomy, and falak. The collecting data techniques are documentation and interviews. Data analysis due to collect data process. Initial determination of the lunation differences in Indonesia's background are: difference understanding in syar'i argument, certain belief, methodological issues into theological and dogmatic. The problems analysis of differences in initial of lunation in Indonesia are associated with the method and results of calculations in preliminary determination, it is an area of science, related to the selection criteria for the initial month of the lunar is a Fiqh al-Ikhtilaf field. Bids for the initial determination of the difference unification lunation in Indonesia are: agreement methods and criteria are used as guidelines in determining the beginning of lunation, as well as the existence of an authoritative department that sets the initial lunation.
ANALISIS TERHADAP HIMPUNAN PUTUSAN TARJIH TENTANG TANAWWU’ AL-IBADAH DAN PRAKTIKNYA DI KALANGAN PENGURUS MUHAMMADIYAH DI PROVINSI LAMPUNG Jayusman Jayusman
JURNAL ASAS Vol 11, No 2 (2019): : Asas, Vol. 11, No. 02 Desember 2019
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Raden Intan Lampung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (492.131 KB) | DOI: 10.24042/asas.v11i2.5599

Abstract

Dalam kehidupan di tengah-tengah masyarakat, kadang terjadi polarisasi termasuk dalam masalah amaliah ibadah. Suatu amaliah ibadah tertentu terkadang diidentifikasi sebagai amalan atau identitas dari suatu ormas. Sedangkan amaliah ibadah lainnya diidentifikasi sebagai  amalan atau identitas dari suatu ormas lainnya. Dengan demikian suatu ormas itu lebih dikenal berdasarkan amaliah dan ibadah mereka. Perbedaan-perbedaan tersebut seperti telah terpola di tengah-tengah masyarakat. Sehingga masing-masing ormas; baik Muhammadiyah, Nahdhatul Ulama, maupun ormas-ormas lainnya tidak memiliki keragaman (tanawwu’ al-ibadah) dalam amaliah dan ibadah. Dari penelusuran penulis, ternyata dalam HPT Muhammadiyah terdapat tanawwu’ al-ibadah, seperti dalam pelaksanaan salat jenazah, bacaan doa iftitah dalam salat, antara Jahr dan Sir pembacaan bismilah dalam salat Jahr (Subuh, Maghrib, dan Isya), dan banyak lagi bentuk  tanawwu’ al-ibadah lainnya. Kiranya hal ini sering luput dari pengetahuan sebagian kaum Pengurus Muhammadiyah di provinsi Lampung. Mereka dalam beribadah hanya berpatokan pada identitas persyarikatan.Kata Kunci: Himpunan Putusan Tarjih, Tanawwu’ Al-Ibadah, Pengurus Muhammadiyah, Lampung 
The decision on joint properties in Bengkulu High Religious Court Jurisdiction Jayusman Jayusman
Ijtihad : Jurnal Wacana Hukum Islam dan Kemanusiaan Vol 21, No 1 (2021)
Publisher : State Institute of Islamic Studies (IAIN) Salatiga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.18326/ijtihad.v21i1.99-118

Abstract

Joint property disputes after divorce at the Religious Courts (PA) under the Bengkulu High Religious Court (PTA) jurisdiction are always equally settled by giving half for each ex-spouse, regardless of the domination in working to earn the properties. The decisions refer to the article 97 of the Compilation of Islamic Law (KHI). The decisions do not fulfill sense of justice regarding the ex-wife participating in earning the living. This library research would like to descriptively analyze the progressive law reviews of the decision related to joint properties with working wives set at some Religious Courts under the Bengkulu High Religious Court jurisdiction in 2016-2019 periods, in the context of reforming the Marriage Law in Indonesia. In drawing conclusions, the data are analyzed by applying progressive law theory. The study shows that Religious Courts’ decisions are not regulated in traditional Islamic law, but they are found in contemporary Islamic law by analogizing them as Shirkah with the division based on the agreement between the parties. In positive law perspective, the joint property division has been determined with each equally get half. In the meantime, from the progressive law perspective in the context of reforming the Indonesian Marriage Law, ex-wives participating in earning living should get a larger portion of joint properties than their ex-husbands, to fulfill the sense of justice. Their portions are decided amicably on the agreements of the parties
Fiqh Al-Ikhtilaf and Science: A Discourse of Preliminary Differences of Lunation In Indonesia Jayusman Jayusman; Oki Dermawan
Karsa: Journal of Social and Islamic Culture Vol. 26 No. 2 (2018)
Publisher : Institut Agama Islam Negeri Madura

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.19105/karsa.v26i2.2001

Abstract

Differences of determination lunation initial always happened in Indonesia. Indonesia actually has a lot of experts in the field of falak and Astronomy, but make inductive inferences are often done. In this paper will discuss: What lies behind the differences early lunar month in Indonesia? How Fiqh al-Ikhtilaf and Science analyze the differences in the lunation beginning? How alternative unification lunation difference in the initial determination in Indonesia? The research method used is qualitative. This study uses the approach of Fiqh al-Ikhtilaf, astronomy, and falak. The collecting data techniques are documentation and interviews. Data analysis due to collect data process. Initial determination of the lunation differences in Indonesia's background are: difference understanding in syar'i argument, certain belief, methodological issues into theological and dogmatic. The problems analysis of differences in initial of lunation in Indonesia are associated with the method and results of calculations in preliminary determination, it is an area of science, related to the selection criteria for the initial month of the lunar is a Fiqh al-Ikhtilaf field. Bids for the initial determination of the difference unification lunation in Indonesia are: agreement methods and criteria are used as guidelines in determining the beginning of lunation, as well as the existence of an authoritative department that sets the initial lunation.
AKURASI NILAI WAKTU IHTIYATH DALAM PERHITUNGAN AWAL WAKTU SALAT Jayusman Jayusman
JURNAL ASAS Vol 11, No 01 (2019): : Asas, Vol. 11, No. 01 Januari 2019
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Raden Intan Lampung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (415.237 KB) | DOI: 10.24042/asas.v11i01.4644

Abstract

Dalam perhitungan awal waktu salat secara umum biasanya ditambahkan waktu ihtiyath agar azan dikumandangkan ketika awal waktu salat itu telah benar-benar telah masuk. Misalnya ketika awal waktu salat Subuh; fajar Shadiq telah benar-benar terbit, ketika awal waktu salat Zuhur; matahari benar-benar telah tergelingir ke langit bagian barat, ketika awal waktu salat Maghri; matahari benar-benar sudah terbenam, dan ketika awal waktu Isya; syafaq benar-benar telah hilang. Adanya tambahan waktu ihtiyath berguna sebagai antisipasi agar daerah paling barat daerah tersebut dalam melaksanakan ibadah secara bersamaan dengan seluruh warga kota atau daerah tersebut. Para ulama Falak berbeda pendapat tentang nilai ihtiyath dalam perhitungan awal waktu salat. Bagaimanakan konstruksi pemikiran para ahli Falak tentang ihtiyath dalam penentuan awal waktu salat? Dan Bagaimanakah tinjauan ilmu Falak terkait efisiensi nilai ihtiyath dalam penentuan awal waktu salat? Dari  paparan sebelumnya, dapatlah  kita simpulkan sebagai berikut: Ulama Falak Tradisional dan ulama Dahulu cenderung memberikan nilai  ihtiyath dalam perhitungan awal waktu yang besar. Hal ini karena jadwal salat yang mereka hisab cenderung untuk daerah atau kota tersebut dan daerah sekitarnya. Sedang ulama Falak sekarang  memberikan nilai ihtiyath yang lebih kecil  dengan pertimbangan keutamaan salat di awal waktu.Besaran ihtiyath dalam perhitungan awal waktu salat harus mempertimbangkan: luas daerah atau kota yang dihitung awal waktu salatnya dan acuan koordinat kota atau daerah yang dijadikan patokan perhitungan.Kata Kunci: Ihtiyath, Awal Waktu Salat
ANALISIS KEPUTUSAN MUSYAWARAH NASIONAL LEMBAGA BAHTSUL MASAIL NAHDLATUL ULAMA TAHUN 2019 TENTANG HUKUM BISNIS MULTI LEVEL MARKETING Umi Latifah; Yusuf Baihaqi; Jayusman Jayusman
JURNAL ASAS Vol 13, No 2 (2021): Asas, Vol. 13, No. 02 Desember 2021
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Raden Intan Lampung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (479.103 KB) | DOI: 10.24042/asas.v13i2.11276

Abstract

Kegiatan ekonomi dalam pandangan Islam merupakan tuntutan kehidupan. Untuk memenuhi kebutuhan hidup yang beragam, manusia tidak mungkin sendirian, ia harus bekerjasama dengan orang lain, antara individu dengan individu lain atau antara produsen dengan konsumen. Salah satu bentuk kerjasama yang dikembangkan dewasa ini adalah sistem penjualan langsung berjenjang atau sering disebut Multi Level Marketing (MLM). Meskipun bisnis MLM berkembang cukup baik di Indonesia, namun tidak sedikit juga kejadian yang menunjukkan bahwa masyarakat dirugikan bahkan ditipu dengan bisnis MLM ini. Berbagai penafsiran hukum pun muncul dari beberapa ulama, ada yang menyatakan halal, ada juga yang menyatakan haram. Pada tahun 2019 organisasi masyarakat Nahdlatul Ulama (NU) dalam Musyawarah Nasional Lembaga Bahtsul Masail NU membahas juga mengenai hukum bisnis MLM. Penelitian ini adalah penelitian kualitatif dan termasuk jenis penelitian pustaka (library research). Metode pendekatan penelitian yang digunakan yaitu metode pendekatan yuridis, historis, dan uṣūl fiqh. Sifat dari penelitian ini adalah deskriptif-analisis, yang menggambarkan suatu keadaan atau suatu subjek, dan kemudian menganalisisnya. Hasil yang diperoleh dari penelitian ini adalah: (1) Hukum bisnis MLM dalam tinjauan Islam berdasarkan Musyawarah Nasional Lembaga Bahtsul Masail NU tahun 2019 adalah haram. Keharaman tersebut dimaksudkan untuk jenis MLM dengan skema matahari, piramida atau ponzi yang mengandung praktik money game (permainan uang) atau penipuan. (2) Hukum bisnis MLM dianalisis menggunakan teori sadd aż-żarīʻah jika dilihat dari tingkat kerusakan (kemafsadatan) yang ditimbulkan, MLM adalah bisnis yang pada dasarnya boleh dilakukan karena mengandung kemaslahatan, tetapi memungkinkan terjadinya kemafsadatan. Ada 3 (tiga) poin yang memenuhi dilarangnya bisnis Multi Level Marketing (MLM). Poin-poin tersebut, yaitu: (a) Rentan terjadi penipuan. (b) Memperdaya ummat agar tergoda dengan iming-iming, (c) Dampak-dampak lain yang ditimbulkan akibat bisnis MLM.Kata kunci: Multi Level Marketing, Sadd aż-Żarīʻah, Munas Bahtsul Masail NU.
Historiografi Mahar Hafalan Alquran Dalam Pernikahan Ibnu Irawan; Jayusman Jayusman; Agus Hermanto
Studi Multidisipliner: Jurnal Kajian Keislaman Vol 6, No 2 (2019)
Publisher : IAIN Padangsidimpuan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24952/multidisipliner.v6i2.2083

Abstract

The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) was easy to give his marriage dowry in keeping with the Qur'an.The history of The Islamic Dowry preserved the Qur'an from its beginning to the present has witnessed an interesting development of the study.The dowry of the qur'an's preservation of the marriage practiced by people today is driven by the lack of conformity with the history that occurred at the time.From previous backgrounds, the author is more studying through a historical approach to discovering developments that have taken place since the beginning of the Qur'an.'The results of this study show that the payment of a dowry from the Qur'an is currently witnessing the development of the meaning of dowry on the one hand, which is actually happening and the bottom now in society today is not limited to concern with the elements of rightsonly women, but increased attention to other aspects as well as the circumstances of the interest of the rightsTherefore, islamic law in its historical review is valid for all time and place. Keywords: RightsWomen: Marriage Dowry: History: Memorizing the Qur'an. 
TINJAUAN MAQĀSID SYARĪAH TERHADAP PERKARA HARTA BERSAMA DAN KONTRIBUSINYA DALAM PEMBARUAN HUKUM KELUARGA ISLAM DI INDONESIA (Studi Kasus di Wilayah Hukum Pengadilan Tinggi Agama Bengkulu) Zuhri Imansyah; Jayusman Jayusman; Erina Pane; Efrinaldi Efrinaldi; Iim Fahimah
Ijtimaiyya: Jurnal Pengembangan Masyarakat Islam Vol 13, No 1 (2020): Ijtimaiyya: Jurnal Pengembangan Masyarakat Islam
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Raden Intan Lampung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (398.382 KB) | DOI: 10.24042/ijpmi.v13i1.6344

Abstract

The problem of joint property disputes after divorce in the jurisdiction of the Bengkulu Religious high courts, in the period 2010 to 2015 all decisions are always made up of half of the property of the ex-wife and the other half of the property of the ex-husband, regardless of who is more dominant in working to produce the property. This is based on article 97 of the Islamic Law Compilation. According to the authors the decisions did not fulfill a sense of justice, with regard to wives who participated in working for a living. The judges of the first level Religion Court in Bengkulu did not consider the role of the wife working for a living; which incidentally is the husband's obligation. How does the Maqāsid asy-Syarī'ah review the Bengkulu judges' consideration of joint property in the case of a wife participating in earning a living in the jurisdiction of the Bengkulu’s Religious high courts? and What are the implications of the judge's decision in the jurisdiction of the Bengkulu’s Religious high courts regarding joint property in the case of the wife participating in earning a living in the context of Islamic family law reform in Indonesia? The conclusions of this research are: Judges' considerations on decisions regarding joint assets in the case of wives participating in earning a living in the jurisdiction of the Bengkulu Religious high courts were not in accordance with Maqāsid asy-Syarī'ah, because the judge did not consider the position of his ex-wife who continued to work for a living besides running obligation to take care of the household. The judge's decision regarding joint property in the case of his wife helped earn a living in the jurisdiction of the Bengkulu Religious high courts in the context of reforming the Islamic Family Law in Indonesia, the judge must be progressive. The ex-wife who helped make a living should get a share of the joint property that is greater than the ex-husband. The ex-wife's portion was formulated peacefully and deliberately between the parties.Keywords: Commonwealth, Maqāsid asy-Syarī'ah, Bengkulu High Court of Religion
JUAL BELI DEBU METAL PERSPEKTIF HUKUM EKONOMI SYARI’AH (Studi di Toko Emas Pasar Talang Padang, Kabupaten Tanggamus, Provinsi Lampung) Khalifatul Azkiya; Jayusman Jayusman
Al-Maslahah : Jurnal Ilmu Syariah Vol 16, No 2 (2020)
Publisher : Fakultas Syariah (Syari'ah Faculty )

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24260/al-maslahah.v16i2.1854

Abstract

Humans are social creatures who need each other so they can help. One of them is through the trade route which is carried out on the basis of benefit considerations, namely: buying and selling of metal dust. This buying and selling has been going on for a long time in several gold shops in the Talang Padang market, Tanggamus Regency, Lampung Province. Sellers and buyers do not know the gold content in the dust, so it is suspected that there is gharar. Furthermore, we will discuss how the Islamic law review about the practice of buying and selling metal dust in the gold shop, Talang Padang market, Tanggamus Regency, Lampung Province? This discussion concludes that the law of metal dust buying and selling that occurs in the Talang Padang market, Tanggamus Regency, Lampung Province is authentic. Although it is not yet known the amount of gold in the dust which causes one of the requirements of ma'qūd 'alaih not to be fulfilled, this obscurity (gharar) is gharar which is a small quantity that does not cause the seller or buyer to always lose because the seller and the buyer are the same person. have experience and expertise. So the buying and selling of metal dust is a legal buying and selling in Islam
Fatwa Contribution to the Development of Islamic Law (Study of The Fatwa Institute of Saudi Arabia) Ibnu Irawan; Jayusman Jayusman; Agus Hermanto
FITRAH: Jurnal Kajian Ilmu-ilmu Keislaman Vol 5, No 2 (2019): : 11 Articles, Pages 181-386
Publisher : IAIN Padangsidimpuan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24952/fitrah.v5i2.1979

Abstract

ملخصالهدف من البحث لانكشاف حواج المجتمع الاسلامي إلى حلول المشاكل المختلفة التي تواجهها ، ومن أحدها التي أكثر اهتماما على أحكام النوازل هي اللجنة الدائمة للبحوث العلمية والافاء. هذه المقالة تهتم بموضوعين مهمين؛ أولاً ،المنهجية المستخدمة في تجويد,وتوثيق الفتاوى الصادرة. ثانياً ، كيف تتقدم وتتفوق الفتاوى الصادرة عن اللجنة. هذا البحث يعتبر دراسة المكتبية، وتقنيات جمع البيانات مع الوثائق، وتحليل البيانات مع الوصف والتحليل، ثم الاستنتاجات. ونتائج البحث ؛ المنهجية المستخدمة: 1) الاستدلال بأدلة المتفق عليها. 2) الاستدلال بأدلة المختلفة  الملحقة عليها. 3) الاستسلام عن أحد مذاهب الفقهية. وتتفوق اللجنة:  1) فتوى الدين من أجل الصداق. 2) تحظر الفتوى عن قبول عرف بغض المجتمعات الذي تعارض بالأدلة الشرعية. 3) تحظر الفتوى إعطاء المهر جزئيًا وغيره في وقت غير معين. 4) فتوى تعاطي بعض الحبوب منع امرأة عن الحمل. 5) الفتوى المتعلقة برعاية الأطفال الصغار الذين تعمل أمهاتهم, والزوج في مقابلة فريضة الصلوات الخمس.  AbstrakPenelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengungkap ramainya kebutuhan masyarakat atas solusi dari berbagai persoalan yang di hadapinya, salah satu lembaga fatwa yang konsen merespon isu-isu nawazil adalah lembaga fatwa Arab Saudi ; Al-lajnah al-Daimah Li al-Buhus al-Ilmiyah Wa al-Ifta, dalam artikel ini penulis mengangkat tema seputar; Pertama, metodelogi yang digunakan dalam mengistinbantkan hukum dari pertanyaan yang diajukan. Kedua, bagaimana progresifitas dari fatwa-fatwa yang dikeluarkan oleh lembaga tersebut. Penelitian ini merupakan jenis penelitian pustaka, teknik pengumpulan data dengan dokumentasi, analisa data dengan deskriptif analisis, kemudian kesimpulan. Hasil analisis menunjukkan bahwa; metodelogi yang digunakan;1) Senantiasa merujuk dan berasakan dalil-dalil yang bersifat muttafaq. 2) Menjadikan dalil-dalil yang bersifat mukhtalaf sebagai bahan pertimbangan dalam memutuskan suatu persolan. 3) Tidak cenderung terhadap aliran dan mazhab tertentu. Progresifitas dari fatwa-fatwa yang dikeluarkan antara lain; 1) Fatwa pembolehan berhutang untuk keperluan pernikahan. 2) Fatwa larangan menerima tradisi yang tengah berlangsung pada masyarakat tertentu dan bertentangan dengan agama. 3) Fatwa larangan memberikan mahar sebagian saja dan sebagian lainnya di lain waktu tanpa kepastian waktu. 4) Fatwa penggunaan obat-obatan agar rahimya tidak dapat hamil lagi. 5) Fatwa terkait pengasuhan balita yang ibunya sedang bekerja.