Ahmad Nur Fuad
Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Sunan Ampel - Surabaya

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Interrelasi Fundamentalisme dan Orientasi Ideologi Gerakan Islam Kontemporer Fuad, Ahmad Nur
ISLAMICA: Jurnal Studi Keislaman Vol 2, No 1 (2007): Islamica
Publisher : Program Pascasarjana UIN Sunan Ampel Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (79.446 KB) | DOI: 10.15642/islamica.2007.2.1.16-26


This article deals with the interrelation between Islamic fundamentalism and other ideological orientations of contemporary Islamist movements, such as Islamism, revivalism, radicalism, salafism, and political Islam. It tries to explore the similarities in their characteristics as well as their differences in the focuses and strategies of the movements. This articles argues that these Islamist movements express their ideological aspirations in different ways: some try to build an Islamic state or even a universal Islamic caliphate (political Islam), while others emphasize much more on the implementation of shari’ah in the level of individuals and society, apart from state (salafis). However, they did not succeed yet in transforming the political landscape of the Muslim world in accordance with their ideological framework.
Islam and Human Rights in Indonesia: An Account of Muslim Intellectuals’ Views Fuad, Ahmad Nur; Arbaiyah, A.; Mughni, Syafiq; Jainuri, Achmad
Al-Jamiah: Journal of Islamic Studies Vol 45, No 2 (2007)
Publisher : Al-Jamiah Research Centre, Sunan Kalijaga State Islamic University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14421/ajis.2007.452.241-287


The issue of Islam and human rights has become important issue in Indonesia at least since the last two decades. Indonesian Muslims have developed two different approaches to human rights: in complete agreement with the declaration of universal human rights; and in resistance to that declaration and developing understanding that Islam encompasses human rights values. The article argues for its part that human rights are not absolutely universal, because they are based chiefly on Western values, structures, ethics and morality. For that, it is reasonable to question their universality. The present article focuses on how Indonesian Muslim intellectuals conceive of human rights and Islamic values as they perceive the two. Specifically, it focuses on four principal issues in human rights discourse: freedom of opinion, religious freedoms, rights of women, and criminal law. The authors reveal in the conclusion that although some Indonesian Muslim intellectuals admit that universal human rights are truly universal, they still see differences in certain cases, due to differences in socio-cultural background. They have tried to affect a synthesis between the universality and particularity of both Islamic and universal human rights in order to make both fit within the Indonesian context.
Diskursus Walāyah dalam Pemikiran Mistik Ruzbihan Baqli dan Haydar Amuli Fuad, Ahmad Nur
TEOSOFI: Jurnal Tasawuf dan Pemikiran Islam Vol 6 No 2 (2016): December
Publisher : Program Studi Filsafat Agama Fakultas Ushuluddin dan Filsafat UIN Sunan Ampel Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15642/teosofi.2016.6.2.450-470


This article seeks to explore the mystical thoughts of two influential sufis, Ruzbihan Baqli and Haydar Amuli, on sainthood (walāyah). It argues that both sufis represent a typical flavor of Sufism, in that the former placed emphasis on Persianate cultural vocabularies, while the latter was characterized by the integration of Sufism and Shiism and the incorporation of the philosophical or metaphysical views of Ibn ‘Arabī into Imāmī Shī‘ī mysticism. Although Baqli was not the first to develop the concept of walāyah, his exposition of the issue exhibits a typically Persianate symbolism of sufism. His mystical experiences, based on his spiritual visions, confirm that the wali like him occupies a special status next to the prophets, and in particular the Prophet Muhammad. Amuli asserted that the seal of universal walāyah is ‘Alī b. Abī Ṭālib, and that the twelfth imam or the Mahdi was the seal of Muhammadan walāyah. This view is different from Ibn ‘Arabī’s that the seal of universal walāyah is Jesus. Both mystics’ views on walāyah can be traced back to their predecessors and their legacies can be revealed from the following sufis after both respectively.