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PENERAPAN PENDEKATAN PROSES UNTUK MENINGKATKAN KETERAMPILAN MENULIS PUISI KELAS III SDN 34 PONTIANAK KOTA Ghofur, Abdul; Halidjah, Siti; kresnadi, Hery
Jurnal Pendidikan dan Pembelajaran Khatulistiwa Vol 7, No 2 (2018): Februari (2018)
Publisher : Jurnal Pendidikan dan Pembelajaran Khatulistiwa

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AbstractThis research aims to improve writing poetry skills applying process approach. The research procedure consists of planning, action, observation, and reflection. The subjects of the research were teachers and students of grade III D, which amounted to 31 consisting of 14 males and 17 females. Techniques of collecting data in the form of observation, documentation and questionnaire. Data analysis techniques by qualitative descriptive analysis used to analyze the data in the form of descriptions accompanied by simple calculations, and the presentation of data averages and percentages are then changed in the form of tables and graphs. The results showed that cycle I, the average score of 70.32 students increased in cycle II to 77.24 and increased in cycle III to 83.87 and then increased to 85.83 in the IV cycle with an increase of 14.51. Classical completeness in cycle I is 54,84% increase in cycle II become 70,42% increase in cycle III become 96,77% and become 100% in cycle IV with very high increase that is 45,16%. Based on the questionnaire obtained a total of 481 with a percentage of 87.81% (the category "agree" close to "strongly agree"). Thus it can be concluded that the application of process approach can improve the skill of writing poetry of grade III student on Public Elementary School 34 Pontianak City.Keywords: Process Approach, Writing Skills, Poetry
RESPON PERTUMBUHAN DAN HASIL KEDELAI AKIBAT PEMBERIAN KOMPOS ECENG GONDOK PADA TANAH PODSOLIK MERAH KUNING GHOFUR, ABDUL; ASTINA, ASTINA; HADIJAH, SITI
Jurnal Sains Mahasiswa Pertanian Vol 7, No 1 (2018): Februari 2018
Publisher : Jurnal Sains Mahasiswa Pertanian

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Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendapatkan dosis terbaik kompos eceng gondok untuk pertumbuhan dan hasil tanaman kedelai di tanah podsolik merah kuning (PMK). Penelitian ini menggunakan rancangan acak lengkap (RAL) yang terdiri dari 1 faktor yaitu perlakuan pemberian kompos eceng gondok terdiri dari 5 perlakuan yaitu: a1  (3 % bahan organik setara dengan 195 gram/polybag kompos eceng gondok), a2 (6 % bahan organik setara dengan 628 gram/polybag kompos eceng gondok), a3 (9 % bahan organik setara dengan 1061 gram/polybagkompos eceng gondok) a4 (12 % bahan organik setara dengan 1494 gram/polybag kompos eceng gondok), a5 (15 % bahan organik setara dengan 1927 gram/polybag kompos eceng gondok). Setiap perlakuan terdiri dari 5 ulangan dan setiap ulangan terdiri dari 4 tanaman sampel. Penelitian dilakukan di kebun  percobaan Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Tanjungpura Pontianak. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa pemberian kompos eceng gondok meningkatkan pertumbuhan dan hasil tanaman kedelai di tanah PMK. Pemberian kompos eceng gondok 1927 gram/polybag atau setara dengan 15 % bahan organik efektif meningkatkan pertumbuhan dan hasil tanaman kedelai di tanah PMK yang menghasilkan rata-rata tertinggi untuk variabel pengamatan tinggi tanaman minggu ke 3,4,5, volume akar, berat kering tanaman, dan berat biji pertanaman. Kata kunci : tanah PMK , kedelai, kompos eceng gondok.RESPON PERTUMBUHAN DAN HASIL KEDELAI  AKIBAT PEMBERIAN KOMPOS  ECENG GONDOK PADA TANAH PODSOLIK MERAH KUNING
Rancang Bangun dan Pembuatan Mobil Listrik Bertenaga Solar Cell Subagyo, Rachmat; Ghofur, Abdul; Cahyono, Gunawan Rudi; Isworo, Hajar; Saputra, M. Reynaldi Perdana
Buletin Profesi Insinyur Vol 3, No 1 (2020): Buletin Profesi Insinyur (Januari-Juni)
Publisher : Universitas Lambung Mangkurat

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20527/bpi.v3i1.58

Abstract

Tujuan proyek ini adalah untuk mengaplikasikan ilmu teknik mesin khususnya konversi energi dalam memanfaatkan energi matahari dengan menggunakan solar cell. Metode yang digunakan adalah eksperimental diawali dengan perancangan mobil listrik yang kemudian dilanjutkan proses pembuatannya. Proyek ini menghasilkan mobil listrik dengan data teknis sebagai berikut: kapasitas penumpang: 6 orang, kecepatan maksimum: 25 km/jam, jarak tempuh: 80 km, kemampuan memanjat ≤ 0,30, jarak pengereman ≤ 4m, Min. Turning Radius: 5 m, Min Clearance: 150 mm, waktu isi ulang 8-10 jam, Daya solar cell: 200 WPKata kunci: teknik mesin, konversi energi, mobil listrik, solar cell
SINTESIS CETANE IMROVER DARI BIODIESEL MINYAK JARAK PAGAR DAN PENGUJIANNYA PADA MESIN DIESEL Abdullah, Abdullah; Junaidi, Ahmad Budi; Ghofur, Abdul; Wicakso, Doni Rahmat
Jurnal Sains dan Terapan Kimia Vol 6, No 1 (2012)
Publisher : Jurnal Sains dan Terapan Kimia

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Abstract

Telah dilakukan sintesis cetane improver berbahan baku biodiesel yang berasal dari minyak Jarak pagar. Sintesis dilakukan dengan cara nitrasi biodiesel menggunakan campuran pereaksi asam nitrat dan asam sulfat. Proses nitrasi dilakukan selama 4 jam pada temperatur 10-20 oC. Produk hasil nitrasi dikarakterisasi gugus fungsi, flash point dan angka setana. Selanjutnya aditif hasil nitrasi juga dikarakterisasi menggunakan mesin diesel satu silinder untuk menentukan efisiensi termal, BSFC (Brake Spesific Fuel Consumtion), dan nilai smoke.Berdasarkan hasil analisis dengan FTIR diketahui bahwa produk hasil nitrasi mengandung gugus nitro dan nitrat. Selanjutnya berdasarkan hasil pengujian pada mesin diesel secara umum dapat disimpulkan bahwa pada putaran 1200 rpm unjuk kerja mesin (efisiensi termal, BSFC, dan nilai smoke) dari formulasi S0,25% s/d S1,25% tidak lebih baik dibandingkan dengan Solar. Hal ini terjadi pada hampir semua variasi waktu injeksi. Sedangkan pada kecepatan putaran 2200 rpm unjuk kerja formulasi S0,25% s/d S1,25% relatif lebih baik jika dibandingkan dengan solar saja, terutama pada penggunaan aditif dengan konsentrasi sebesar 0,50% (v/v). Penambahan aditif sebanyak 0,10 % dan 0,50% (v/v) tidak merubah nilai flash point, sementara pada nilai angka setana terjadi peningkatan dari 46,3 menjadi 47,1 dan 48,5. Melalui uji aditif secara road test dapat diketahui bahwa penambahan aditif pada bahan bakar solar mampu memberikan penghematan pada penggunaan minyak Solar sebesar 10,4%.Kata kunci : cetane improver, minyak jarak pagar, aditif, minyak diesel
EFEKTIFITAS PEMBELAJARAN DENGAN PENDEKATAN KONTEKSTUALvDAN PENDEKATAN PEMECAHAN MASALAH DITINJAU DARI GAYA BELAJAR PADA SISWA SEKOLAH MENENGAH PERTAMA DI KABUPATEN BOJONEGORO Ghofur, Abdul; Kusmayadi, Tri Atmojo; Suyono, Suyono
Jurnal Pembelajaran Matematika Vol 1, No 3 (2013): Pembelajaran Matematika
Publisher : Jurnal Pembelajaran Matematika

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Abstract: The objective in the research is to find out: (1) the learning approach giving better learning achievement, whether learning with contextual approach with problem solving approach or with direct learning; (2) the student learning style providing better learning achievement, whether visual, auditory, or kinesthetic learning styles; (3) in each learning approach, who having learning achievement better, the students with visual, auditory or kinesthetic learning style; and (4) in each learning style, which one providing better learning achievement, the learning with contextual approach with problem solving approach or with direct learning. The population of research was all IX (ninth) graders of Junior High School in Bojonegoro Regency consisting of 55 school. The sample was taken using stratified cluster random sampling. The sample of research consisted 305 students divided into experiment I, experiment II, and control groups.The conclusion of research was: (1) the learning with contextual approach giving better mathematics learning achievement than the problem solving approach and direct learning. (2) The students with visual learning style had learning achievement better than those with auditory one. But, there was no difference of learning achievement between the students with visual and those with kinesthetic learning style and there was no difference of learning achievement between the students with auditory and those with kinesthetic learning style. (3) In learning with contextual approach, all learning styles had the same learning achievement, while in the learning with problem solving approach, the students with visual learning styles had different learning achievement, the students with visual learning style had the same learning achievment with the students with kinestetic learning styleand the students with auditory learning style had the same learning achievment with the students with kinestetic learning style. Indirect learning, there was no difference of learning achievement between the students with visual, auditory and kinesthetic learning styles. (4) In the students with visual,auditory and kinesthetic learning style, there was no difference of learning achievement between the students with contextual approach,problem solving approach and direct learning.Keywords: contextual, problem solving, learning style.
Eklektisisme dalam Taqnîn Hukum Keluarga di Dunia Islam Ghofur, Abdul; Sulistiyono, Sulistiyono
ISLAMICA: Jurnal Studi Keislaman Vol 8, No 2 (2014): Islamica
Publisher : Program Pascasarjana UIN Sunan Ampel Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (337.861 KB) | DOI: 10.15642/islamica.2014.8.2.261-291

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The Qur’ân was revealed with justice and equality for human beings regardless of their sex, race, social class and ethnicity, as cardinal principles and intrinsic values in Islamic sharî‘a. If this is the case, modern Muslim society with Islamic law is necessarily of equality and justice. However, their family laws which are grounded on assumptions of past centuries and have little bearing on contemporary realities have not reflected gender relations. Inequality that occurs within the context of Muslim family laws is one of the subtle but most pervasive areas of discrimination against women. It has resulted in a different set of dynamics that help create new demands in favor of change of laws. This study explores the reform strategy through legal mobilization in the Muslim family laws around the world. The findings of the study reveal that the substantive and pluralistic legal mobilization is important to Muslims, and the reinterpretation and renewal of laws have been mobilizing debates among both proponents and opponents, framed by orientations to the modernists who advocate reinterpretation of the original sources and the traditionalists who insist on literal adherence to the received doctrinal corpus.
PERGULATAN HUKUM DAN POLITIK DALAM LEGISLASI UU NO. 21 TAHUN 2008 TENTANG PERBANKAN SYARI’AH Ghofur, Abdul
AL-AHKAM Volume 23, Nomor 1, April 2013
Publisher : AL-AHKAM

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Penelitian ini bermaksud untuk menganalisis latar belakang sejarah lahirnya UU No. 21 Tahun 2008 tentang Perbankan Syari’ah dalam sudut pandang relasi antara hukum dan politik kekuasaan. Kajian ini dianggap menarik dalam konteks negara Indonesia sebagai negara hukum yang mayoritas penduduknya beragama Islam, sehingga secara etis hukum Islam menjadi bagian yang penting dalam perkembangan hukumnya. Secara politis, pemerintah Indonesia juga memiliki latar belakang sejarah hubungan yang harmonis dengan kekuatan Islam. Penetapan UU No. 21 Tahun 2008 tentang Perbankan Syari’ah tidak bebas dari konstelasi dan konfigurasi politik yang terjadi pada saat itu. Namun demikian, meski dihiasi oleh konfigurasi politik yang ketat, penetapan UU No. 21 Tahun 2008 tentang Perbankan Syari’ah ini memiliki dasar yuridis, sosiologis, dan filosofis yang dapat dipertanggung­jawabkan. Penetapan undang-undang ini mem­buktikan bahwa hukum Islam telah menjadi salah satu sumber hukum Nasional dan memiliki peluang untuk berkontribusi secara maksimal dalam pembangunan hukum Nasional di masa yang akan datang.***This study intends to analyze the historical background of the enactment of Law No. 21 of 2008 concerning Islamic Banking in the perspective of relationship between law and political power. This study are considered attractive in the context of Indonesia as a state law that the majority of the population is Muslim, which is ethically Islamic law becomes an important part in the law development. Politically, the Indonesian government also has a historical background of the harmonious relationship with the Islamic forces. Determination of law No. 21 of 2008 concerning Sharia banking is not free from the constellation and political configurations that occured at that time. However, despite decorated by strict political configuration, the determination of this statue has a accountability of its juridical basis, sociological, and philosophical. Determination This law proves that Islamic law has become one of the sources of national law and has the opportunity to contribute to the development of national laws optimally in the future.***Keywords: Hukum Islam, konfigurasi politik, UU No. 21 Tahun 2008, perbankan syari’ah
Relationship Between the Concentration of Mercury (Hg) Along Kahayan Watershed Central Kalimantan with the Bioaccumulation, Morphological and Cytological Changes of Catfish (Pangasius pangasius) Savitri, Shanty; Ghofur, Abdul; Amin, Moch.
Proceeding International Conference on Global Resource Conservation Vol 4, No 1: Proceeding of 4th ICGRC 2013
Publisher : Proceeding International Conference on Global Resource Conservation

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Abstract

Kahayan River is known to be polluted by mercury due to the gold mining activities which use the mercury in the amalgamation (gold purifying) process. The water and fish in this river are consumed by most of the community live in the river basin. The fish consumed by Central Kalimantan people generally come from Kahayan River. Catfish (Pangasius pangasius) is one of the fish which is often consumed by Central Borneo people. They like the fish because of its delicious taste and its fat flesh. Besides, the fish bones are quite big and do not reach its body flesh. Generally, the yellowtail catfish is also raised by the local citizen inside baskets called karamba along the Kahayan watershed. The purposes of this research are to know: 1) the connection between the concentration of mercury along the Kahayan watershed and the mercury bioaccumulation contained in the catfish’s gill, liver, kidney, and muscles, 2) the catfish’s morphological changes related to the mercury bioaccumulation, and 3) the catfish’s cytological changes related to the mercury bioaccumulation. The results of the research are 1) there is connection between the mercury concentration along the Kahayan watershed and the mercury bioaccumulation contained in the catfish’s gill, liver, and muscles or Ho acceptance, 2) the morphological changes in the fish’s organs are: (a)the gill are experiencing colour changes from red with no spot into pink with spots, (b) the  catfish’s liver are experiencing colour changes from brownish into dark red, and shape changes from compact and not wrinkled into a little bit wrinkled, (c) the fish’s kidney are experiencing colour changes from red into dark brownish red, and shape changes from oval into wrinkled, (d) the fish’s muscles are not experiencing morphological changes either the colour or the shape, there are only some spots in the middle part of the muscle, 3) the cytological changes in the organs cells of the catfish are: (a)the changes in the gill’s cells are in the form of lamella edge swelling, lamella epithelium  cell spreading, and nucleus disappearing; these indicate that there is necrosis in the gill’s cells; (b) the necrosis in the heart cells are marked with the cells colour absorption as the consequence of cells permeability declining and oedema (cell swelling); (c) the necrosis in the kidney cells are marked with the cells colour absorption as the consequence of cells permeability declining and oedema (cell swelling); (d) the cytological changes in the muscles cells of the catfish are not clearly seen, but the blood smear of the sample fish from the villages whose river water indicated to be polluted by mercury like Tumbang Anjir village is having necrosis, indicated by a strong colour absorption as the consequence of cells permeability decliningFrom the research results, it can be concluded that the mercury bioaccumulation in the Kahayan watershed related to the catfish’s morphological and cytological changes is as the result of the toxic nature of mercuryand there is direct connection between the mercury concentration along the Kahayan watershed and the mercury bioaccumulation inside the catfish’s body. Keywords: bioaccumulation, catfish, cytological change, mercury, morphological change 
KONTRIBUSI METODE MAṢLAḤAH MURSALAH IMAM MALIK TERHADAP PENGEMBANGAN HUKUM EKONOMI SYARI’AH KONTEMPORER Asiyah, Nur; Ghofur, Abdul
Al-Ahkam Volume 27, Nomor 1, April 2017
Publisher : Faculty of Shariah and Law, State Islamic University (UIN) Walisongo

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (238.463 KB) | DOI: 10.21580/ahkam.2017.27.1.1349

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This paper discusses the contribution of maṣlaḥah mursalah Imam Maliki to the development of sharia economic law. Maṣlaḥah mursalah is one of the methods of determining Islamic law initiated by Imam Malik. Based on the author's search, there are at least two conclusions about the contribution of the maṣlaḥah mursalah Imam Malik method to the development of Shariah economic law. First, maṣlaḥah mursalah as one of the approach model in ijtihād becomes very vital in the development of sharia economic law and siyāsah iqtiṣādiyyah (economic policy). Because the new problems in the emerging economics in this global world continue to grow, which textually found no proposition in the Qur'an and al-Sunnah. Secondly, the need for fatwas, especially in the fatwa of DSN-MUI, which is based on maṣlaḥah mursalah (kemaslahatan) becomes very urgent. The demands of the times have required the Muslim jurists to see the complexity of the contemporary problem and choose a more convenient (taysir) and avoiding difficulties (al-ḥaraj); And the emergence of new cases requires the existence of ijtihād by considering this maṣlaḥah mursalah aspect.[]Tulisan ini membahas tentang kontribusi maṣlaḥah mursalah Imam Maliki bagi pengembangan hukum ekonomi syari’ah. Maṣlaḥah mursalah merupakan salah satu metode penetapan hukum Islam yang digagas oleh Imam Malik. Berdasarkan penelusuran penulis, setidaknya ada dua kesimpulan mengenai konstribusi metode maṣlaḥah mursalah Imam Malik terhadap pengembangan hukum ekonomi Syari’ah. Pertama, maṣlaḥah mursalah sebagai salah satu model pendekatan dalam ijtihād menjadi sangat vital dalam pengembangan hukum ekonomi syari’ah dan siyāsah iqtiṣādiyiyah (kebijakan ekonomi). Sebab persoalan baru di bidang ekonomi yang muncul dalam dunia global ini terus berkembang, yang secara tekstual tidak ditemukan dalilnya di dalam al-Qur’an dan al-Sunnah. Kedua, kebutuhan fatwa, terutama dalam fatwa DSN-MUI, yang didasarkan atas maṣlaḥah mursalah (kemaslahatan ) ini menjadi sangat urgen. Tuntutan perkembangan zaman mengharuskan para ahli hukum Islam melihat kompleksitas masalah kontemporer dan memilih pandangan yang lebih memudahkan (taysir) dan menghindari kesulitan (al-ḥaraj); dan munculnya kasus-kasus baru mengharuskan adanya ijtihād memper­timbangkan aspek maṣlaḥah mursalah ini.
Perempuan dan Narasi Kekerasan: Studi Kritis Peran Gender dalam Deradikalisasi Ghofur, Abdul; Susilo, Sulistiyono
TEOSOFI: Jurnal Tasawuf dan Pemikiran Islam Vol. 5 No. 2 (2015): December
Publisher : Program Studi Filsafat Agama Fakultas Ushuluddin dan Filsafat UIN Sunan Ampel Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (393.856 KB) | DOI: 10.15642/teosofi.2015.5.2.431-454

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Radicalism is a process initiated from the ideas and teachings that stem from individual stages. Hence, the early detection effort in deradicalization by involving women can run effectively, regarding the fact that women play a vital role in the family, particularly in shaping the character of children. Unfortunately, the role of women in preventing, or actually in promoting and participating, terrorism and political violence seems to be neglected. This qualitative study attempts to examine the role of women in preventing radicalization and at the same time promoting and participat-ing to alleviate terrorism and political violence. The findings of the study reveal that the role of women in the deradicali-zation can be done in a number of strategies, although not restricted, such as reduction of gender inequality and disparity, giving women a greater role to participate in a multi-field of social realm, strengthening the well-being to prevent radicalization, making women as leaders who hold moderate and tolerant values in education, especially within, though not limited, the family environment, and initiating peace through women?s reproductive functions.