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Morfometri Kambing Senduro Plasma Nuftah Kabupaten Lumajang, Provinsi Jawa Timur Rifa'i Rifa'i; Amam Amam; Puguh Surjowardojo; Tri Eko Susilorini
Buletin Plasma Nutfah Vol 27, No 2 (2021): DESEMBER
Publisher : Balai Besar Penelitian dan Pengembangan Bioteknologi dan Sumberdaya Genetik Pertanian

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21082/blpn.v27n2.2021.p133-140

Abstract

Salah satu upaya untuk melindungi sumber daya genetik ternak Indonesia adalah dengan melakukan penetapan rumpun ternak, seperti penetapan galur kambing Senduro yang tertuang di dalam Keputusan Menteri Pertanian Republik Indonesia Nomor 1055/Kpts/SR.120/10/2014. Tujuan penelitian adalah mengkaji sifat fenotipe kambing Senduro berdasarkan sifat kuantitatifnya, yaitu lebar telinga, lebar kepala, dan panjang kepala dan menghubungkan sifat fenotipe ini dengan bobot badan, umur ternak, dan body condition scoring (BCS). Penelitian dilakukan dengan metode observasi dan korelasional. Pengamatan dilakukan pada 101 ekor kambing Senduro betina di Kelompok Ternak Senduro Etawah. Data diolah menggunakan Microsoft Excel dan Program SPSS 26.0. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa kambing Senduro memiliki lebar telinga rata-rata 13,33 ± 1,97 cm, lebar kepala rata-rata 12,28 ± 1,23 cm, dan panjang kepala rata-rata 24,71 ± 1,62 cm. Lebar telinga kambing Senduro memiliki hubungan sangat kuat atau sangat nyata dengan BCS, memiliki hubungan kuat atau nyata dengan bobot badan, dan tidak memiliki hubungan dengan umur ternak. Lebar kepala kambing Senduro memiliki hubungan sangat kuat atau sangat nyata dengan bobot badan, memiliki hubungan kuat atau nyata dengan BCS, dan tidak memiliki hubungan dengan umur ternak. Panjang kepala kambing Senduro memiliki hubungan sangat kuat atau sangat nyata dengan bobot badan, memiliki hubungan sangat kuat atau sangat nyata dengan umur ternak, dan memiliki hubungan sangat kuat atau sangat nyata dengan BCS. Sifat kuantitatif lebar telinga, lebar kepala, dan panjang kepala kambing Senduro perlu diperhatikan sebagai variabel dalam pendugaan produksi ternak.
Model of Resources Development in Partnership System of Broiler Farming Business Amam Amam; Zaenal Fanani; Budi Hartono; Bambang Ali Nugroho
Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Veteriner Vol 24, No 3 (2019): SEPTEMBER 2019
Publisher : Indonesian Center for Animal Research and Development (ICARD)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v24i3.1927

Abstract

Accessibility of resources in theory can affected the development of broiler farming in a region. This research was conducted with the objectives of: 1) to formulate indicators of resource use on the development of partnership system of broiler farming business, and 2) to find the model of the development of resources use accessibility to partnership system of broiler farming business. The research was conducted in August 2017 up to January 2018 in Malang Regency of East Java Province, Indonesia. 100 respondents as partnership system of broiler farmer was participated in this study who was determined by total sampling. The research variables consist of: a) financial resources, b) technology resources, c) physic resources, d) economic resources, e) environmental resources, f) social resources, g) human resources, and h ) business development. The data was analyze used by SEM with SmartPLS 2.0 analysis tool. The results indicate that: 1) The development of partnership system of broiler farming business is directly influenced by the financial resources of 2.421, the physic resources is 1.821, the economic resources 2.445, and the human resources 2.904, but the development of partnership system of broiler farming business direct are not affected by technology resources, environmental resources, and social resources; 2) The development of partnership system of broiler farming business is indirect with quality of human resources is influenced by the financial resources of 2.629, technology resources of 6.092, physic resources of 2.308, and economic resources of 2.312, but the development of partnership system of broiler business is indirectly with the quality of human resources are not influenced by environmental resources and social resources.
Evaluasi Performa Kelembagaan Peternak Sapi Perah Berdasarkan Aspek Risiko Bisnis dan Pengembangan Usaha Amam Amam; Soetriono Soetriono
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Peternakan Tropis Vol 6, No 1 (2019): JITRO, Januari
Publisher : Universitas Halu Oleo

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (268.75 KB) | DOI: 10.33772/jitro.v6i1.5391

Abstract

ABSTRAKPeranan kelembagaan peternakan bukan hanya untuk tindakan preventif bagi para peternak untuk meminimalkan risiko bisnis, tetapi juga bertujuan untuk pengembangan usaha ternak sebagai upaya dalam mendukung kesejahteraan masyarakat. Penelitian bertujuan untuk: 1) mengevaluasi performa kelembagaan peternak sapi perah berdasarkan aspek risiko bisnis, 2) mengevaluasi performa kelembagaan peternak sapi perah berdasarkan pengembangan usaha, dan 3) menemukan model hubungan performa kelembagaan, pengembangan usaha, dan aspek risiko bisnis. Penelitian dilakukan di Kecamatan Pujon, Kabupaten Malang, Provinsi Jawa Timur. Variabel yang diamati dalam penelitian post positivisme ialah: a) performa kelembagaan (X1), b) aspek risiko bisnis (Z1), dan c) pengembangan usaha ternak perah (Y1). Jumlah sampel penelitian yaitu 119 peternak sapi perah. Analisis data menggunakan SEM (Structural Equation Model) dengan SmartPLS 2.0. Hasil penelitian yaitu: 1) performa kelembagaan berpengaruh negatif terhadap risiko bisnis usaha ternak sapi perah sebesar -0,337; 2) performa kelembagaan berpengaruh positif terhadap pengembangan usaha ternak sapi perah sebesar 0,442; dan 3) aspek risiko bisnis dipengarui oleh performa kelembagaan sebesar 22,0%, sedangkan aspek risiko bisnis dipengaruhi oleh performa kelembagaan dan pengembangan usaha sebesar 19,6%. Pengembangan usaha berpengaruh negatif terhadap risiko bisnis usaha ternak sapi perah sebesar -0,210.Kata kunci: evaluasi, kelembagaan, pengembangan usaha, risiko bisnis, dan sapi perah.ABSTRACTThe role of livestock institutional is not only for preventive actions for farmers to minimize business risk, but also for the development of livestock business in an effort to support the welfare of the community. The research aims to: 1) evaluate the performance of dairy farmer based on business risk aspect, 2) evaluate the performance of dairy farmer based on business development, and 3) find the relation of business risk aspect to business development. The study was conducted in Pujon Subdistrict, Malang Regency, East Java Province. The variables observed in post positivism research are: a) institutional performance (X1), b) business risk aspect (Z1), and c) dairy business development (Y1). The number of research sample is 119 dairy farmers. Data analysis uses SEM (Structural Equation Model) with SmartPLS 2.0. The research results are: 1) the institutional performance was negative influenced by the business risk aspect by -0.337; 2) institutional performance was positive influenced bythedairy cattle business development by 0.442; and 3) aspects of business risk was influenced by the institutional performance is 22.0%, while aspects of business risk was influenced by the institutional performance and the business development is 19.6%. the dairy cattle business development was negative influenced by the business risk aspects by -0.210.Keyword: evaluation, institutional, development livestock business, risk of business, and dairy cattle.
Pengaruh Sumber Daya Manusia terhadap Aksesibilitas Sumber Daya Usaha Ternak Sapi Potong Rakyat Amam Amam; Hidayat Bambang Setyawan; Muhammad Wildan Jadmiko; Pradiptya Ayu Harsita; Supardi Rusdiana; Muchamad Luthfi
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Peternakan Tropis Vol 8, No 1 (2021): JITRO, Januari
Publisher : Universitas Halu Oleo

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (638.129 KB) | DOI: 10.33772/jitro.v8i1.14118

Abstract

ABSTRAK Sumber Daya Manusia (SDM) peternak merupakan salah satu faktor kunci keberhasilan usaha ternak serta berperan penting terhadap perkembangan dan keberlanjutan usaha ternak. Teori menyebutkan bahwa tinggi dan rendahnya kualitas SDM dapat mempengaruhi aksesibilitas sumber daya pada suatu sistem bisnis. Tujuan penelitian ialah mengkaji pengaruh SDM peternak terhadap aksesibilitas sumber daya usaha ternak sapi potong. Lokasi penelitian ialah Desa Purnama, Kecamatan Tegalampel, Kabupaten Bondowoso. Desa Purnama sebagai salah satu Desa Binaan Universitas Jember untuk pengembangan usaha ternak sapi potong di Kabupaten Bondowoso. Variabel penelitian meliputi SDM peternak (X), sumber daya finansial (Y1), sumber daya teknologi (Y2), dan sumber daya fisik (Y3). Pengambilan data dilakukan dengan metode Focus Group Discussion (FGD), observasi, dan survei dengan menggunakan wawancara dan pengisian kuisioner berskala likert. Analisis data dilakukan dengan metode Partial Least Square (PLS). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa SDM peternak berpengaruh positif terhadap aksesibilitas peternak pada sumber daya finansial, teknologi, dan fisik. Kesimpulan penelitian menunjukkan bahwa sumber daya finansial, teknologi, dan fisik dipengaruhi secara signifikan oleh kualitas SDM peternak masing-masing sebesar 0,359; 0,431; dan 0,372.Kata kunci: finansial, sapi potong rakyat, sumber daya, teknologi, fisikThe Effect of Human Resources on the Resources Accessibility of Beef Cattle Farming Business ABSTRACT Human Resources (HR) farmers are one of the key factors in the success of livestock farming businesses and play an important role in the development and sustainability of livestock farming businesses. The theory states that the high and low quality of HR can affect the accessibility of resources in a business system. The research objective was to examine the influence of farmer’s HR on the accessibility of beef cattle farming business resources. The research location is Purnama Village, Tegalampel District, Bondowoso Regency. Purnama Village is one of the Fostered Villages of Universitas Jember for the development of beef cattle farming business in Bondowoso Regency. The research variables are farmer HR (X), financial resources (Y1), technological resources (Y2), and physical resources (Y3). Data were collected using Focus Group Discussion (FGD) method, observation, and surveys using interviews and questionnaires on a Likert scale. Data analysis was performed using the Partial Least Square (PLS) method. The results showed that the farmers' HR had a positive effect on the accessibility of farmers to financial, technological and physical resources. The conclusion of this research shows that financial, technological, and physical resources are significantly affected by the quality of the farmers' HR by 0.359; 0.431; and 0.372 respectively.Keywords: financial, beef cattle, resources, technological, physical
Pengembangan Usaha Ternak Ayam Pedaging Sistem Kemitraan Bagi Hasil Berdasarkan Aksesibilitas Peternak Terhadap Sumber Daya Amam Amam; Zaenal Fanani; Budi Hartono; Bambang Ali Nugroho
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Peternakan Tropis Vol 6, No 2 (2019): JITRO, Mei
Publisher : Universitas Halu Oleo

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (282.964 KB) | DOI: 10.33772/jitro.v6i2.5578

Abstract

Sistem kemitraan bagi hasil adalah sistem kerjasama yang dilakukan oleh dua orang atau lebih (antar-peternak) atau peternak sebagai pelaksana yang menjalankan usaha budi daya yang dibiayai atau dimiliki oleh perusahaan peternakan dan/atau perusahaan di bidang lain. Tujuan penelitian yaitu melakukan pemetaan sumber daya yang dapat diakses peternak dan model pengembangan usaha ternak ayam pedaging sistem kemitraan bagi hasil. Penelitian dilakukan pada bulan Januari-Juni 2018. Sebanyak 44 peternak ayam pedaging sistem bagi hasil di Kabupaten Malang, Jawa Timur. Analisis data menggunakan teknik SEM (Structural Equation Model) dengan SmartPLS 2.0. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa akses peternak terhadap sumber daya dan SDM peternak berpengaruh terhadap pengembangan usaha ternak ayam pedaging sistem bagi hasil sebesar 68,3%. Kesimpulan penelitian ini yaitu sumber daya yang dapat diakses peternak ayam pedaging sistem kemitraan bagi hasil adalah sumber daya finansial, teknologi, fisik, ekonomi, lingkungan, dan sosial. Peranan sumber daya tersebut penting untuk pengembangan usaha ternak.
Quality of Imported Beef in Indonesia Amam Amam; Haryono Haryono
Jurnal Sain Peternakan Indonesia Vol 16, No 3 (2021)
Publisher : Universitas Bengkulu

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31186/jspi.id.16.3.277-282

Abstract

Imported beef cattle are cattle (not breeds) imported from abroad to Indonesia, which have superior characteristics to be kept for a certain period to produce meat. The purpose of this research is to explore the quality of imported beef cattle entering Indonesia. The object of the research is beef cattle Breed Brahman Cross, Heifers type as many as 331 heads imported from Australia. The variables observed were Arrival weight (AW), Reweigh (RW), Selling Weight (SW), Weight Difference (WD), Fattening Duration (FD), and Average Daily Gain (ADG). Data analysis used Descriptives Analysis, Bivariate Correlations, and Linear Regression methods with IBM SPSS Statistics tools. The results showed that the lowest AW was 227 kg and the highest was 480 kg; the average weight of the RW results is 354.43 kg; The lowest SW was 361 kg and the highest was 619 kg with an average SW of 481.34 kg; The lowest FD is 70 days and the highest is 109 days; The lowest ADG is 0.62 kg and the highest is 2.43 kg with an average ADG of 1.34 kg. This study concludes that the Selling Weight (SW) of imported beef cattle Breed Brahman Cross-type Heifers is positively and significantly affected by the arrival weight (AW) of 44.6%, Re-weighing (RW) of 52.6%, weight difference (DW) of 18%, and Average Daily Gain (ADG) of 38.3%.
The performance of institutional of dairy cattle farmers and their effects on financial, technological, and physical resources Soetriono Soetriono; Amam Amam
Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Peternakan (Indonesian Journal of Animal Science) Vol 30, No 2 (2020): August 2020
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Brawijaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21776/ub.jiip.2020.030.02.05

Abstract

The Performance of Institutional give influences to the development of livestock business, and influenced by farmers' access to various resources. The purpose of this study is to examine the institutional performance of dairy farmers and analyze their effects on resources. The study was conducted in May to September 2019 in Pujon Subdistrict, Malang Regency, East Java Province. Respondents are all breeders of Tirtasari Kresna Gemilang KUB (Joint Business Group) of 174 people. The method of collecting data uses FGD (Focus Group Discussion), observation, and survey. The survey was conducted by interview and questionnaire. The variables of research consisted of institutional performance (X), financial resources (Y1), technological resources (Y2), and physical resources (Y3). Data were analyzed using the PLS (Partial Least Square) method. The results showed that institutional performance affected financial, technological, and physical resources, respectively 0.414, 0.367, and 0.289. The conclusion of the research is the institutional performance of dairy farmers with a positive and significant effect on financial resources, technological resources, and physical resources.
Evaluation of Voluntary Feed Intake and Digestibility Organic Feed Ingredients for Adult Female Goats Sriwulan Cakrawati Diningrat; Mohamad Irfan; Mohammad Ismail; Mustafa Mustafa; Nirwana Nirwana; Zainal Zainal; Amam Amam
JURNAL ILMIAH PETERNAKAN TERPADU Vol 11, No 3 (2023)
Publisher : DEPARTMENT OF ANIMAL HUSBANDRY, FACULTY OF AGRICULTURE, UNIVERSITY OF LAMPUNG

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.23960/jipt.v11i3.p215-228

Abstract

Limited forage for livestock during the dry season has an impact on low livestock productivity, so a source of feed other than grass is needed as an effort to utilize local resources.The purpose of research is voluntary feed intake level and organik matter digestibility adult female goat given by 3 different feed.  It was carried out on experimental farm of Hasanuddin University for 3 months. A total of six a head of adult male goats aged around 1.5 years with preliminary weights 11-15 kg were used and place at individual pen of 100 x 50 x 100 cm with 80 cm above ground level. This research was designed using RBSL with 3 treatments and it was used 2 heads of goat replication. The feed treatment covered 3 kinds of leaves, namely mango (R1), jackfruit (R2), and banana (R3). The voluntary feed intake (kg/day) was measured based on difference between given and remained feed weights.  The measurement of feed digestibility (%) using Total Collecting Method, covering total of feed comsumption and total of goat faeces (24 hours) separeted with urine. The research result showed that the voluntary feed intake level R1 leaves was heigher than R2 and R3 leaves, whereas the level of crude fiber digestibility and crude fat of R1 higher than  R2  and R3, but digestibility of crude protein R3 higher than R1 dan R2.