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Identifikasi Arsitektur Melayu: Rumah Tinggal Tradisional dan Masjid di Semenanjung Malaysia Zairin Zain; Najwa Amalia Uray; Silvia Christabella
EMARA: Indonesian Journal of Architecture Vol. 7 No. 1 (2021): EIJA August-October edition
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Sunan Ampel Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29080/eija.v7i1.1072

Abstract

This study aims to describe the influence of the Malay culture and customs on the Malaysian peninsula on the architectural forms of houses and mosques. The discussion is carried out on architectural elements with the object of discussion of houses and mosques. The traditional Malay house has a house topology on stilts with high poles, a layered roof, the primary material with wooden structures, and many openings (ventilations) that illustrate adaptation to the tropical climate. The type of house is determined by its roof shape, namely Bumbung Panjang, Bumbung Limas, Bumbung Perak, and Bumbung Perak Bumbung Limas. On the other hand, a mosque is a very important building for the Malay community because it is a space for congregational prayer and a formal education/teaching center for religious education, and an administrative center for communities. The overall impression of the mosque is described as a building with a flat hypostyle roof. This typology follows a religious concept of Malaysian people regarding many aspects of design on the holiness of mosques designed to develop seven architectural elements
Studi Konfigurasi Ruang Mall (Studi Kasus: Matahari Mall dan Ayani Megamall di Pontianak) Andi Andi; Zairin Zain; Uray Fery Andi
ARSITEKTURA Vol 18, No 2 (2020): Arsitektura : Jurnal Ilmiah Arsitektur dan Lingkungan Binaan
Publisher : Universitas Sebelas Maret Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20961/arst.v18i2.43471

Abstract

Mall is a commercial building that prioritizes pedestrian concept and spatial relation. The assessment of spatial relation can be analyzed by using space syntax method. There is a significant difference in the visitor rate between Matahari Mall and Ayani Megamall which gives rise to a hypothesis that the spatial configuration affects the success of the mall. The purpose of this study is to determine the problems that exist in spatial configuration of the mall. This research uses a sequential explanatory approach that combines the space syntax method (choice simulation and gate count observation) with grounded theory analysis. Grounded theory analysis is done by comparing space syntax data with the theory of the mall.  The data is analyzed with correlation analysis, to see the similitude of simulation data with field data. The result of this study is Ayani Megamall as the one with higher visitor rate has a better organized spatial configuration than Matahari Mall. This result has proven the hypothesis that spatial configuration affects the success of mall. The spatial configuration problems found are the placement of anchor, retail, and elevator which unable to support the visitor’s movement to all places.
MUSEUM SENI RUPA MODERN DI PONTIANAK Rahma Aulia; Zairin Zain; Valentinus Pebriano
JMARS: Jurnal Mosaik Arsitektur Vol 9, No 1 (2021): Maret
Publisher : Program Studi Arsitektur Fakultas Teknik Universitas Tanjungpura

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.26418/jmars.v9i1.45157

Abstract

Museums in general are used to store, maintain, secure and utilize museum collections in the form of cultural heritage objects. Fine arts museums are appreciated through visions with visible media and have a physical form or simply presented as a show. The city of Pontianak does not yet have a place to carry out the function of this fine art museum. The museum collection focuses on modern fine art with long-term loans to the museum. There are some art enthusiasts in Pontianak but there is no place to channel this interest. The design method uses three stages. The first stage, data collection by classifying data as information and facts on a problem. The second stage, the analysis aims to analyze the data that has been obtained. The third stage is systematic and systematic by using images in the form of stages with product results, namely, planning drawings and design reports. The design of the Modern Art Museum in Pontianak uses a green architectural approach, namely building planning that seeks to minimize various harmful influences on human health and the environment. This museum has two floors divided according to functions, namely manager and visitor functions. The facade used is of the 3R type (Reduce, Reuse, Recycle), so the walls use bricks and the windows will use low e-glass material and uPVC frames. The comparison composition of 60:40 for buildings and green land follows the requirements for building a museum.
PUSAT BUDAYA MELAYU KALIMANTAN BARAT Waldi Apriadi; Uray Fery Andi; Zairin Zain
JMARS: Jurnal Mosaik Arsitektur Vol 9, No 1 (2021): Maret
Publisher : Program Studi Arsitektur Fakultas Teknik Universitas Tanjungpura

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.26418/jmars.v9i1.45192

Abstract

There have been many attempts by cultural actors to promote and preserve Malay Culture in West Kalimantan, but they still face obstacles that make everything hampered. As the interest of the next generation to study and preserve Malay Culture is decreasing, cultural promotion activities are modest, marketing of typical handicrafts that are difficult to market, and the Malay Culture community does not yet have a suitable place to work. Anticipating this, a forum is needed to preserve, demonstrate, maintain and develop West Kalimantan Malay Culture. The final project of the Malay Cultural Center aims to create a center for the preservation of Malay Culture in West Kalimantan. The design method of the West Kalimantan Malay Cultural Center was carried out in several stages, namely ideas, theoretical review, data collection, analysis, synthesis, pre-design, and design. The design concept of the Malay Cultural Center is based on the design elements of the Malay settlement area. The design analysis resulted in several building functions but broadly divided into three functions, namely primary function (performance building), secondary function (training building, art gallery building), and management function (management building, souvenir kiosk). Analysis of the formation of the pattern of the area is taken from the elements of the formation of the Malay area in general and is combined with the shape of the design location. The characteristics of the building follow the form of a West Kalimantan Malay settlement in the form of a typical building on stilts and a pyramid roof / saddle with space tailored to the needs of the user.
Pengaruh Konfigurasi Ruang terhadap Jumlah Pengunjung pada Bangunan Komersial Mal di Pontianak Andi .; Zairin Zain; Uray Fery Andi
RUANG: Jurnal Lingkungan Binaan (SPACE: Journal of the Built Environment) Vol 8 No 1 (2021): April 2021
Publisher : Universitas Udayana

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (742.653 KB) | DOI: 10.24843/JRS.2021.v08.i01.p05

Abstract

Ayani Megamall has a higher number of visitors than Matahari Mall. The two malls also have different shapes of spatial configuration. This condition gives rise to a research hypothesis that Ayani Megamall has a higher number of visitors because the spatial configuration of the Ayani Megamall is better. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of the spatial configuration of the mall on the number of visitors from two case studies of malls with different conditions. Spatial configuration affects human behaviors in using space. These behaviors can be analyzed in the analysis of connectivity, integration, and intelligibility which are formulated in the space syntax method. This study used the space syntax method with a convex map representation model. The value of space syntax analysis for the two malls as compared to find out a better spatial configuration of the mall. The number of visitors between the two malls was compared based on the visitor occupancy formula which involved not only the number of visitors but also the area of the mall building. The research shows that Ayani Megamall has a better spatial configuration and thus the research hypothesis is accepted. This finding can be concluded that the spatial configuration affects the number of visitors. The better the configuration of the mall space, the smoother the mall's business will be.Keywords: spatial configuration; shopping mall; space syntax; occupancy AbstrakAyani Megamall memiliki jumlah pengunjung yang lebih banyak daripada Matahari Mall. Kedua mal ini juga memiliki bentuk konfigurasi ruang yang berbeda. Kondisi ini memunculkan hipotesis penelitian yaitu Ayani Megamall memiliki jumlah pengunjung yang lebih banyak karena konfigurasi ruang Ayani Megamall lebih baik. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk melihat pengaruh konfigurasi ruang mal terhadap jumlah pengunjungnya dari dua studi kasus mal yang memiliki kondisi yang berbeda. Secara teori, konfigurasi ruang mempengaruhi perilaku manusia dalam menggunakan ruang. Perilaku tersebut dapat dianalisis dalam analisis connectivity, integration, dan intelligibility yang dirumuskan dalam metode space syntax. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode space syntax dengan model representasi convex map. Nilai analisis space syntax kedua mal dikomparasikan untuk mengetahui konfigurasi ruang mal yang lebih baik. Jumlah pengunjung antara dua mal dikomparasi berdasarkan rumus okupansi pengunjung yang tidak hanya melibatkan faktor jumlah pengunjung tetapi juga luas bangunan mal. Hasil temuan penelitian memperlihatkan Ayani Megamall memiliki konfigurasi ruang yang lebih baik sehingga hipotesis penelitian terbukti benar. Temuan ini dapat disimpulkan bahwa konfigurasi ruang mempengaruhi jumlah pengunjung. Semakin baik konfigurasi ruang mal semakin lancar usaha mal tersebut..Kata kunci: konfigurasi ruang; mal; space syntax; okupansi
Program Pendampingan Disain Kawasan RTH dan Resapan Air di TPU Muslim Al-lkhlas Kelurahan Sungai Bangkong Kota Pontianak Zairin Zain; Irwin Irwin; Uray Fery Andi; Jawas Dwijo Putro
Dinamisia : Jurnal Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat Vol. 4 No. 3 (2020): Dinamisia: Jurnal Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat
Publisher : Universitas Lancang Kuning

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31849/dinamisia.v4i3.3916

Abstract

TPU Muslim Al-lkhlas in the district of Sungai Bangkong is one of the largest burial ground in Pontianak City, with an area of ​​approximately 4 hectares. The TPU Muslim Al-lkhlas is in the city center, and it requires better management to be able to serve as a Green Open Space (RTH) and a water absorption area in Pontianak City. Regulation of Ministry of Public Works No. 5/2008 concerning Guidelines for Provision and Utilization of Green Open Space in Urban Areas is a reference in the design assistance program for TPU Muslim Al-Ikhlas in the district of Sungai Bangkong as RTH and Water Absorption Areas. The new design of the TPU Muslim Al-Ikhlas is intended to restore the ecological function of the tomb as a water absorption area, a place for the growth of various types of vegetation, generator of microclimate, a place to live birds with social functions of the surrounding community. Careful planning is part of the realization of caring to build a neat and beautiful burial ground with a service of Green Open Space for social and recreational activities and also serves as water absorption areas.
PENILAIAN KENYAMANAN TERMAL RUANGAN MENGGUNAKAN PMV (STUDI KASUS PERPUSTAKAAN SDN 27 PONTIANAK UTARA) Candra Monica; Yudi Purnomo; Zairin Zain
JMARS: Jurnal Mosaik Arsitektur Vol 10, No 2 (2022): September
Publisher : Program Studi Arsitektur Fakultas Teknik Universitas Tanjungpura

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.26418/jmars.v10i2.55652

Abstract

Pontianak city has tropical climate and crossed by the equator. This phenomenon has an impact on the level of thermal comfort in a room, especially in North Pontianak District which is close to 0˚ latitude. library of the Public Elementary School (SDN) 27 North Pontianak is one of the examples. This library is located on the equator with coordinates 0˚00˚07N 109˚20'02E which has high temperature and high humidity levels. This condition impact on bad thermal comfort. bad thermal comfort can affect the health of indoor activities. Therefore, the thermal comfort level needs to be research and provide a room's solution to achieve a neutral thermal comfort condition. This research measures the thermal comfort's variables on PMV (Predicted Mean Vote). The variables measured were air temperature, radiation temperature, humidity and wind speed, the observed variables were metabolic values and clothing insulation. The thermal comfort level will be calculated using the Center of Building Environment (CBE) Thermal Comfort Tool. The results of this research indicate that the level of thermal comfort in the library which is calculated using the CBE Thermal Comfort Tool have PMV value ranging 0,07 to 2,96. The value of thermal sensation in library is neutral to hot. thermal comfort conditions can be achieved by the application of cross ventilation.
PENDAMPINGAN DESAIN ULANG SURAU SEBAGAI WADAH BERKUMPUL MASYARAKAT MUSLIM DARI 3 RUKUN TETANGGA (RT) Zairin Zain; Jawas Dwijo Putro; M. Nurhamsyah; Irwin; Uray Fery Andi
Panrita Abdi - Jurnal Pengabdian pada Masyarakat Vol. 6 No. 2 (2022): Jurnal Panrita Abdi - April 2022
Publisher : LP2M Universitas Hasanuddin

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20956/pa.v6i2.14458

Abstract

Surau is an essential facility in the community that plays a significant role in the Islamic life of the people in an urban area. Surau features' capacity in a re-design plan is needed to enhance the strength of togetherness as a gathering facility to develop community bonds by utilizing computer technology to produce digital images. The Project Assists the Muslims Community in 3 RTs on Jalan Parit H. Husin Pontianak to re-design Surau Darur Risalah to meet the needs of community activities and provide a construction phasing plan to obtain a fitting costs target. The communication method for design assistance is through 2 times face-to-face meetings (Focus Discussion Group) and WhatsApp social media to assimilate some figures from the community for Surau design needs. The resulting product has become the basis for the Muslim community in 3 RT to commence the construction of the Darur Risalah. In addition, the community also has a base for utilizing social potential by mobilizing togetherness through scheduled community self-help (Gotong Royong) activities. --- Surau merupakan bangunan komunitas penting yang memberi peran besar dalam kehidupan keislaman masyarakat di suatu wilayah. Perencanaan re-desain Surau dibutuhkan dengan memanfaatkan teknologi komputer untuk menghasilkan gambar digital dengan aplikasi AutoCAD dan SketchUp dengan tujuan memudahkan masyarakat dalam memahami rencana re-desain ini. Pendampingan desain surau dengan khalayak sasaran komunitas Muslim di 3 RT di Jalan Parit H. Husin Pontianak dalam re-desain surau Darur Risalah untuk memenuhi kebutuhan aktivitas masyarakat serta memberikan rencana pendanaan yang sesuai dengan pentahapan konstruksi. Metode komunikasi pendampingan desain melalui 2 kali tatap muka (Focus Discussion Group) dan media sosial WhatsApp untuk menyerap masukan kebutuhan desain surau dari masyarakat. Produk yang dihasilkan telah menjadi dasar masyarakat Muslim di 3 RT memulai konstruksi surau Darur Risalah. Selain itu, masyarakat juga memiliki dasar untuk memanfaatkan potensi sosial dengan menggerakan kebersamaan melalui kegiatan gotong royong terjadwal.
Partisipasi Masyarakat untuk Penguatan Wisata Sungai Berbasis Kewirausahaan Kreatif dalam Disain Kawasan Sungai Jawi Pontianak Zairin Zain; Affrilyno; Hamdil Khaliesh; Ivan Adiel Abednego
Dinamisia : Jurnal Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat Vol. 6 No. 4 (2022): Dinamisia: Jurnal Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat
Publisher : Universitas Lancang Kuning

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31849/dinamisia.v6i4.5657

Abstract

As part of the city of Pontianak, Sungai Jawi Village is a settlement that grows along the river flowing into the Kapuas River. The potential as a growth path in the past has caused the settlement of Sungai Jawi Village to develop quite rapidly. Physical and socio-economic problems in the Sungai Jawi Settlement Area are commonly found as urban villages. Participation in the community's contribution is actively involved in problem-solving discussions and identification of potentials in obtaining the formulation of the spatial concept of creative entrepreneurship in Sungai Jawi Village. The formulation of this spatial concept is used in the design to accommodate the economic activities of the local population. The program's sustainability in creative entrepreneurship by empowering local communities is essential through collaboration in improvement and assistance with related parties, including the Pontianak city government and the private sector. In implementing the design of the spatial concept of creative entrepreneurship, Sungai Jawi Village is expected to become a river tourism destination by offering the community's potential in creative entrepreneurship. This action can inspire people in these settlements and other areas located by the river to start a similar settlement concept. This program has produced several planning documents by turning the Jawi River into a binding element for tourism areas to foster creative entrepreneurship.
PUSAT KEBUGARAN DAN RELAKSASI KHUSUS WANITA DI KOTA PONTIANAK DENGAN PENDEKATAN ARSITEKTUR POST-PANDEMIC Retno Wulandari; Yudi Purnomo; Zairin Zain
JMARS: Jurnal Mosaik Arsitektur Vol 10, No 2 (2022): September
Publisher : Program Studi Arsitektur Fakultas Teknik Universitas Tanjungpura

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.26418/jmars.v10i2.55654

Abstract

The COVID-19 pandemic has caused many public facilities to temporarily close, including fitness facility providers. Pontianak City is one of the major cities affected by the COVID-19 pandemic. The temporary closure of fitness facilities in Pontianak City resulted in the unavailability of fitness facilities for the community. The COVID-19 pandemic has evoked a trend of healthy living, thus providing opportunities for the rise of fitness and health facilities. Generally, fitness and relaxation facilities have a mix of male and female activities. The combination of activities between the two sexes causes discomfort for women. The design is carried out with the stages of introduction, definition, preparation, analysis, synthesis, evaluation and reevaluation. The result of the design is a building that accommodates women in Pontianak City in carrying out physical and psychological fitness activities with emphasis on the comfort and health aspects of space. The aspect of space comfort in the building is realized by placing the space zone and choosing the type of circulation to create an atmosphere of private space. The design of the Women's Special Fitness and Relaxation Center in Pontianak City uses a Post-Pandemic Architecture approach aimed at creating a pandemic response room design. Efforts to create healthy spaces are carried out by using natural ventilation (openings and gardens) and artificial ventilation (bipolar purification technology). The building uses a smart technology system on touch areas such as doorknobs as well as material selection that considers the length of life of the virus on the surface area.