This study aims to determine the relationship between government expenditure in the education sector on the number of people who attend formal schools in West Aceh Regency in the period 2005-2015. The model used is the Vector Autoregressive (VAR) model to see if there is a causality relationship between the education expenditure variable and the number of school students in West Aceh. Based on the Granger Causality Test on the two variables namely education expenditure and number of schools shows that there is no causality relationship between the two variables during the period 2005 to 2015. This is because many other factors influence government expenditure and the number of schools both government policy variables that do not looking at the number of schools, the problem of budget compliance in allocating education costs as much as 20 to the influence of budget politics. The influence of the education budget in the short term sometimes increases also decreases its influence unstable every period sometimes negative as well as the number of schools each periodKeywords: Education Expenditures, Number of School Students and Vector Autoregressive (VAR)
Sawang Ba'u is a coastal region village located in South Aceh. There are 1069 fishermen living in this village. This village given major contribution to the production of fish in South Aceh, which amounted to 3,042 tons/year. Capital, work experience, price, and haul as a measure of the high and low fishermen revenue. Therefore, it is necessary to investigate the effect of capital, work experience, price, and haul to fishermen revenue in the Sawang Ba'u South Aceh. Descriptive quantitative approach is used in this study with multiple linear regression model. Sample of this research are 30 fishermen that are taken from total population using incidental sampling method. Sample shown there are 80% samples earn IDR 51,000 up to IDR 70,000 per day. It is also shown 73% of samples have work experience for 11 to 20 years. Everyday 45% of samples would be able to catch 6 kg of fish which reach IDR 25,000 up to IDR 35,000. The result of multiple linear regression shows that capital variable, work experience, price and haul simultaniously have effect on fishermen revenue at Sawang Ba’u village, South Aceh District. In conclusion, capital, sale price and haul of fishes effect the fishermen revenue.
Seperti yang kita ketahui bahwa pembangunan infrastruktur, terutama masalah perumahan sangat dibutuhkan oleh semua orang baik di dalam kota dan luar kota. Pembangunan perumahan ini di mulai dari jenis, desain dan spesifikasi teknis yang bervariasi, hal ini dimaksudkan agar dapat diakses oleh konsumen. permintaan rumah yang siap di sediakan di pasar ditentukan oleh faktor pendapatan masyarakat, perumahan yang yang ditawarkan siap dipakai, permintaannya umumnya lebih banyak diminati oleh pegawai negeri sipil (PNS) sementara yang bekerja sektor swasta masih sangat rendah keinginannya untuk membeli rumah yang sudah saip dibangun / keputusan untuk memiliki rumah sendiri sangat ditentukan oleh tingkat kepentingan masing-masing. Variabel yang digunakan dalam model ini terdiri dari variabel pendapatan, jumlah anggota rumah tangga, jenis kelamin, tingkat pendidikan, sektor pekerjaan, usia dan status perkawinan akan mempengaruhi probabilitas rumah tangga untuk memiliki rumah sendiri. Data yang digunakan adalah Survei Sosial Ekonomi Nasional 2011, yang berisi hasil survei yang dilakukan oleh BPS. Tesis ini berfokus pada area Banda Aceh serta menggunakan estimasi model logit. Hasil perhitungan menunjukkan bahwa proporsi rumah tangga di kota Banda Aceh yang memiliki rumah sendiri sekitar 53,83%, dengan proporsi yang tidak dimiliki sendiri sekitar 46,17%. Hasil analisis menunjukkan bahwa ukuran variabel rumah tangga dan usia secara signifikan mempengaruhi kemungkinan memiliki rumah sendiri dengan tingkat signifikansi 5%.Kata kunci: Logit Model, Pemilikan Rumah, Pendapatan dan Sektor Pekerjaan
Salt is a chemical compound that is generally derived from sea water, with the chemical name Sodium Chloride (NaCl). Salt can be obtained in three ways, namely through evaporation of seawater by sunlight, rock mining (rock salt mining) and from brine wells (brine). Lampanah Village is one of the Villages located on the coast of Kabuoaten Aceh Besar, with the majority of its residents living as salt farmers. The implementation of the training program for making beauty products made from sea salt was carried out in Lampanah Village, Aceh Besar District. The training method used in the utilization of sea salt consists of 2 stages, namely extracting information about salt and training and direct practice of processing sea-based products into spa salt, salt masks and salt face scrubs. improve the skills of salt farmers in Lampanah Village, Aceh Besar in processing salt into high-value-selling products. These products include salt masks, salt scrubs and spa salts. In addition, it is hoped that these products will become local products typical of Lampanah Village, Aceh Besar.
Catfish is a freshwater fish that is widely cultivated by fish farmers in Pasie Pinang Village. Utilization of fish is not yet optimal. Therefore, the purpose of this community service is to optimize the use of catfish through training in processed catfish products into healthy food. The training activities consist of three stages, namely preparation, implementation and evaluation. At the implementation stage, the material provided to participants consisted of ways of handling fish, types of processed catfish products, packaging and labeling, and determining the selling price. Pasie Pinang Village women's group was very enthusiastic in participating in the training activities. The achievements obtained from this activity include participants being able to develop catfish into products with high selling value, being able to process catfish products based on a household scale, being able to produce processed catfish independently, and being able to conduct marketing activities of processed catfish products.
Industrial growth of micro, small and medium enterprises (MSMEs) is able to absorb higher labors than large industry as the small industry is more labor-intensive instead of the capital intensive. Due to the changes in interest rates, inflation level, and economic growth aggregately influenced the MSME investment sector, the stability of the economic conditions also affected the MSME loan. The data used in this study was secondary data obtained from Bank Indonesia of Aceh during 2010-2015 on a quarterly basis. The dependent variable used was credit value of MSMEs, while the independent variables were interest rate, inflation and economic growth. The data was analyzed by using multiple linear regression models. The result showed that the variable of interest rates and inflation toward credit demand in Aceh has influenced significantly, however the variable of economic growth has not. The correlation coefficient of the inflation variable was amounted to -0.1494 which means that if the inflation increased 1%, the credit demand would be decreased about 0.1494 billion IDR. Besides, the correlation coefficient of interest rate was 0.7395. It means that if the interest rate increased 1%, the amount of credit demand of MSME would be increased about 0.7395 billion IDR. Based on the results of this study, the most influenced variable on credit demand was interest rate.Kata Kunci : Inflasi, Suku Bunga, Pertumbuhan Ekonomi, UMKM
The main objective of this study was to determine the factors that affect the income of fishermen in Great Aceh. This study uses primary data is data that is obtained from the distribution of questionnaires to 95 respondents. Data were tested and analyzed using Multiple Linear Regression Model (Model Regresi linier Berganda) technique with Ordinary Least Square (OLS). The results of the analysis indicate that the traditional fishermen Capital (M), The amount of labor (L) significantly affects the income of fishermen in Great Aceh, the results of the analysis showed the modern fisherman working capital (M) and the number of days at sea (J) a significant effect on the income of fishermen. From the analysis that has been carried out on several criteria that capital should be used with an increase in working capital, of course the results obtained should be greater using of working capital efficiency improvements can be done by calculating the operational cost needs better. Limitations of venture capital or investment can also complicate fisheries fishermen increase economic activity. Because the government can help the fishermen by enhancing the functions of microfinance institutions and cooperatives pro fisherman and build Business Group (KUB) for fishermen, such as through ownership of the means of collective arrests
As we know that the development of infrastructure, especially housing problems is really needed by everyone and had so much built by developers both inside the city and outside the city. This rmesidential development ranging from the type, design and technical specifications are varied, it is intended to be accessible by consumers. Although developers already provide some conveniences such as the ability to repay in accordance with the selected type, there are still plenty of civil servant (PNS) as well as those working in the private sector has not been able to buy/own their own home on the grounds of various considerations interests respectively. Explanatory variables used in this model consists of a variable income, number of household members, gender, education level, employment sector, age and marital status will affect the probability of households to own their own home.The data used is the National Socio-Economic Survey 2011, which contains the results of a survey conducted by BPS. This thesis focuses on the area of Banda Aceh as well as using the logit model estimation. The result of calculations show that the proportion of households in the city of Banda Aceh who own their own home around 53.83%, with the proportion who are not self owned approximately 46.17%. The analysis showed that the variables household size and age significantly affect the chances of having their own home with a significance level of 5%.Keywords: Home Ownership, Logit Model
Abstract Persaingan pasar tenaga kerja di Asean Economic Society akan ditentukan oleh produktivitas tenaga kerja. Usaha kecil makanan dan minuman merupakan sub sektor tertinggi yang merekrut tenaga kerja di Aceh. Pada 2010 ada 929.910 usaha kecil yang mampu merekrut 2.152.981 tenaga kerja atau sekitar 31,99%. Ada tiga variabel yang mempengaruhi penyerapan tenaga kerja, upah, produktivitas tenaga kerja dan modal. Penelitian ini menggunakan teknik regresi berganda untuk menganalisis data. Analisis teknik digunakan untuk menemukan dampak upah, produktivitas dan modal terhadap penyerapan tenaga kerja pada usaha kecil dan perusahaan. Berdasarkan temuan penelitian, keunggulan kompetitif tenaga kerja Indonesia berada pada peringkat keenam sepuluh negara di ASEAN. Penelitian ini juga menemukan bahwa produktivitas berpengaruh signifikan terhadap penyerapan tenaga kerja sementara modal dan upah tidak berpengaruh signifikan terhadap penyerapan tenaga kerja di Provinsi Aceh. Keyword: Labor Competitiveness, Productivity, Capital, Wages and AEC.
The relations of inflation and poverty can be seen from the contribution commodities of poverty contributor. Increasing prices on the commodity of poverty contributor leads to declining real incomes and income loss in households causing poverty. The commodity of poverty contributor is dominated by fuel and LPG commodities. The AIDS model is a development of the Engel curve and Marshall equations derived from the theory of satisfaction maximization. This model uses the budget share ofhousehold on a selected commodity to represent demand variables. This study is an empirical study. The data used are primary and secondary data obtained from field research and literature. The study is located in Banda Aceh and Meulaboh. By using an almost ideal model of demand or an AIDS model, it will be seen that household behavior responds to changes in the price of the commodity of poverty contributor. From observation, inflation rate of non food commodity has a big effect on the welfare of Aceh Province community, both for Banda Aceh and Meulaboh households. The on-food commodity inflation has a huge influence to reduce household welfare inMeulaboh.JEL Classification: D10, D11, D12Keywords: AIDS Model, Elasticity, Inflation, Non-food Commodity of PovertyContributor.