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Karakteristik ikan bulan-bulan (Megalops cyprinoides) dan potensinya sebagai tepung ikan Reni Tri Cahyani; Stephanie Bija; Leny Tang Nga Sugi

Publisher : Program Studi Ilmu dan Teknologi Pangan, Universitas Yudharta, Pasuruan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35891/tp.v11i2.2030

Abstract

Fish is very good for health because it contains various important nutrients such as protein, fat, and minerals. Fish flour can be added to food product to obtain physiological effects and improve the nutritional status of fortified foods. This study aims to examine the characteristics of Bulan - bulan fish (Megalops cyprinoides ) and its potential as fish flour. This research was divided into two stages, namely characterization of the fresh fish and preliminary analysis of its potentia l as fish flour. The data obtained were analyzed descriptively. The results showed that the edible portion of fresh fish was only 42.81%, whereas the remaining of 57.19% was processing waste. The fish had a high protein content of 21.43%, fat content was 1 3.32%, ash content was 12.80%, moisture content was 42.29% and carbohydrate content was 10.19%. The fish flour had powdered form; clean, normal, and bright appearance; bright brownish yellow color; quite dry and non - lumpy texture; and specific aroma. The y ield of the fish flour was 22,75%, whereas t he p r otein content of the fish flour was 55.44% wh ich comply with the protein’s requirement of quality II fish flour.
AKTIVITAS ENZIM KATEPSIN PADA IKAN LELE (Clarias sp.) PADA PERLAKUAN SUHU DAN SUBSTRAT YANG BERBEDA Anhar Rozi; Ikhsanul Khairi; Reni Tri Cahyani; Stephani Bija; Nurhikma Nurhikma; Nuring Wulansari; Deden Yusman Maulid; Siluh Putu Sri Dia Utari; Diah Anggraini Wulandari; Tati Nurhayati
JURNAL PERIKANAN TROPIS Vol 7, No 2 (2020)
Publisher : Universitas Teuku Umar

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35308/jpt.v7i2.2390

Abstract

Cathepsin was proteolytic enzyme which is found animal tissues included fish. Cathepsin found in fish muscle tissue, cathepsin and other hydrolyzing enzymes were place in subcellular organelles and divided into two places,  that was in muscle fibers and extracellular matrix. The aimed of this study was to the characterization of cathepsin enzyme especially catfish. So that in enviromental condition that can increased the activity of cathepsin enzyme an approtiate handling process can be carried out. The method of analyze enzyme activity, while the measurement of protein concentration refered to Bradford (1976). The treatments in this study was determination temperature (30oC, 40oC, 50oC, dan 60oC) and substrate (1.5% 2%, 2.5%). The result showed of enzyme activity with detrmination temperature very influential and fluctuating, the optimum temperature was 30oC where the activity reaches 0.38 U/ml. The best activity treatment of substrate was 1.5% where the activity reaches 0.42 U/ml. BSA Standard curve with regression equation y = 0.95x + 0.109.Keywords: Cathepsin, enzyme, substrate, temperature
Pengaruh Defatting, Frekuensi Pencucian dan Penyimpanan Beku Terhadap Kualitas Surimi Ikan Lele Anhar Rozi; Ikhsanul Khairi; Reni Tri Cahyani; Stephani Bija; Nurhikma Nurhikma; Nuring Wulansari; Deden Yusman Maulid; Siluh Putu Sri Dia Utari; Diah Anggraini Wulandari
Jurnal FishtecH Vol 9, No 2 (2020)
Publisher : Universitas Sriwijaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.36706/fishtech.v9i2.11955

Abstract

Catfish was a suitable alternative for the main raw material for making surimi, because it has a high protein content, easy to found and than has good prospective to be made surimi product. The aimed of this study to analyze effect of defatting, washing cycle, and frozen storage was add cryoprotectant. This research was conducted three step that is deffating, washing, and made surimi. The concentration of the selected for defatting processed was NaH2PO4 2% during 10 minutes and the result fat content was 0.15%. The best washing was one time of made kamaboko and has gel strength (510.35 g.cm), and the best quality (PLG : 0%; pH : 6.53; water content : 76.6%; folding test : 3.22; bite test : 3,77) when compared with washing cycle two times and three times. The best cryoprotectant addition was 4% trehalose and result of gel strength was 354.15 g.cm for three weeks of frozen storage.
PENGARUH KOMBINASI TWEEN 80 DAN MALTODEKSTRIN TERHADAP KARAKTERISTIK FLAVOR ENHANCER IKAN BULAN-BULAN (Megalops cyprinoides) Reni Tri Cahyani; laode Muhamad Hazairin Nadia
Jurnal Harpodon Borneo Vol 15, No 1 (2022): VOLUME 15 NO.1 APRIL 2022
Publisher : Fakultas Perikanan Dan Ilmu Kelautan Universitas Borneo Tarakan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35334/harpodon.v15i1.2502

Abstract

One method that can be applied in the production of flavor enhancers is the foam-mat drying method using Tween 80 and maltodextrin. This research aimed to examine the effect of the Tween 80 and maltodextrin combination on the characteristics of flavor enhancers from Megalops cyprinoides. This research used a factorial completely randomized design with two factors. Factor one was Tween 80 concentration of 2%, 4%, and 6%, and factor two was maltodextrin concentration of 10%, 20%, and 30%. The test parameters included yield, pH, and Maillard reaction products. The results showed that Tween 80 and maltodextrin concentration significantly affected yield, pH, and Maillard reaction products of flavor enhancers from Megalops cyprinoides (P0.05). The greater the concentration of Tween 80 and maltodextrin, the greater the yield value, while the Maillard reaction product value decreased. Increasing the concentration of maltodextrin caused the pH value to decrease. Conversely, increasing the concentration of Tween 80 caused the pH value to increase. Based on the research result, the best treatment was Tween 80 concentration of 6% and maltodextrin concentration of 10%, with the yield of 43.33%; pH of 3.78; and Maillard reaction product 0.608 AU.