Rita Eka Izzaty
Department of Psychology, Faculty of Education, Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta

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Does Internalizing Disorders Predict a Decline in Friendship Quality? The Negative Impacts of Depression and Anxiety on Friendship Quality: [Apakah Permasalahan Internalisasi Memprediksi Penurunan Kualitas Persahabatan? Dampak Buruk Depresi dan Kecemasan terhadap Kualitas Persahabatan] Banyu Wicaksono; Rita Eka Izzaty; Yulia Ayriza; Fonny Dameaty Hutagalung
ANIMA Indonesian Psychological Journal Vol. 37 No. 1 (2022): ANIMA Indonesian Psychological Journal (Vol. 37, No. 1, 2022)
Publisher : Faculty of Psychology, Universitas Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24123/aipj.v37i1.3916


Friendship is one of the forms of interpersonal relationship which may be experienced by people at some point in their lives. Friendships play larger roles when people move into adolescence, when peers begin to play larger roles. However, studies concerning friendship tend greatly to be focused upon mental health benefits for adolescents and their role as factors protective against mental health problems, predominantly internalizing disorder. Nonetheless, several of the latest pieces of research indicate that friendship does not always provide protection against internalizing disorder. Experts in the field of developmental psychopathology have recommended looking at the connection between friendships and internalizing disorder from a different viewpoint. Not just viewing friendships as protection against internalizing disorder, there are guidelines asking about the effects of internalizing disorder influencing friendships. This study attempted to delve deeper into whether the internalizing disorder such as depression and anxiety, regarding two indexes of the features of friendship (the positive features of friendship and the negative features of friendship), with non-clinical adolescents in the South East Asian context, involving 400 Indonesian participants (84% female adolescents; 16% male adolescents; Mage = 16.04) and 269 Malaysian participants (73% female adolescents; 27% male adolescents; Mage = 15.86). The results of hierarchical linear regression analysis indicated that the increase in depression rates predicted lower levels of the positive features of friendships and higher levels of the negative features of friendship. Meanwhile, an increase in anxiety predicted higher levels of the negative features of friendship. Besides this, there were no significant results from regression analysis regarding anxiety and the positive features of friendship. Additional findings and practical implications are discussed comprehensively. Persahabatan merupakan salah satu bentuk relasi interpersonal yang akan dialami seseorang pada satu titik dalam kehidupannya. Persahabatan mengambil peran yang lebih besar ketika individu beranjak ke masa remaja, ketika teman sebaya mulai mengambil peran yang lebih besar. Hanya saja, studi tentang persahabatan cenderung banyak difokuskan pada manfaatnya bagi kesehatan mental remaja serta perannya sebagai faktor protektif terhadap masalah kesehatan mental, terutama masalah internalisasi. Namun, beberapa penelitian terkini menunjukkan bahwa persahabatan tidak selalu memberikan proteksi terhadap masalah internalisasi. Ahli-ahli psikopatologi perkembangan sebenarnya sudah memberi saran untuk melihat hubungan antara persahabatan dan permasalahan internalisasi dari sudut pandang yang berbeda. Alih-alih melihat persahabatan sebagai pelindung dari permasalahan internalisasi, ada arahan untuk bertanya apa efek masalah internalisasi mempengaruhi persahabatan. Studi ini mencoba untuk mendalami lebih jauh mengenai peran masalah internalisasi seperti depresi dan kecemasan kepada dua indeks fitur persahabatan (fitur persahabatan positif dan fitur persahabatan negatif) pada remaja non klinis dalam konteks Asia Tenggara, dengan melibatkan 400 partisipan Indonesia (84% remaja perempuan; 16% remaja laki-laki; Musia = 16,04) dan 269 peserta Malaysia (73% remaja perempuan; 27% remaja laki-laki; Musia = 15,86). Hasil analisis hierarchical linear regression menunjukkan bahwa naiknya depresi memprediksi fitur persahabatan positif yang lebih rendah dan memprediksi fitur persahabatan negatif yang lebih tinggi. Sedangkan naiknya kecemasan memprediksi fitur persahabatan negatif yang lebih tinggi. Selain itu, tidak ditemukan hasil yang signifikan pada hasil analisis regresi untuk kecemasan dan fitur persahabatan positif. Temuan tambahan dan implikasi praktis didiskusikan secara komprehensif.
Exploring the construct of school readiness based on child development for kindergarten children Farida Agus Setiawati; Rita Eka Izzaty; Agus Triyanto
REID (Research and Evaluation in Education) Vol 3, No 1 (2017): June
Publisher : Program Pascasarjana Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta & HEPI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21831/reid.v3i1.13663


Indonesian government has regulated that the basic age of readiness of a child to attend elementary schools is 7 years old. In fact, some children are not exactly 7 years old when they first go to school because they develop more rapidly. This study is aimed at investigating some aspects of child development which affect their readiness to attend elementary school. The subjects were 101 grade 1, 2, and 3 teachers of elementary schools in Yogyakarta, a special Region in Indonesia. The data were collected through interviews. The results of the data collection were analyzed using both descriptive quantitative and qualitative techniques. The results of the study show some aspects of child development affecting their readiness to attend elementary schools, including cognitive and language ability, social emotional skills, fine motor skills, gross motor skills, arts, religion and moral values, and some others. Beside these aspects, some problems in grades 1, 2, and 3 are also found. This study is expected to give significant indicators to create the construct of school readiness. 
No Differences of Adolescents’ Hope in Terms of Developmental Phases and Gender Yulia Ayriza; Rita Eka Izzaty
Humaniora Vol. 14 No. 2 (2023): Humaniora (In Press)
Publisher : Bina Nusantara University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21512/humaniora.v14i2.8510


The research aimed to investigate the differences in adolescents’ hope based on developmental phases (age) and gender. Hope, as one of the positive emotional resources, was essential for adolescents in performing psychosocial adaptations. There were still inconsistent results from several studies regarding differences in the level of hope in adolescence based on age and gender, which suggested the need for further investigation. This cross-sectional research involved 400 female and male adolescents who were attending junior and senior high schools with an age range between 13-20 years (M age= 16,04 years, 84% females and 16% males). Data was collected using Snyder’s Hope Scale, which was distributed to respondents through online Google Forms. The collected data were analyzed using the t-test techniques. The results show that most adolescents (45,8%) are in the very high category of hope. Further, the results also indicate that there is no significant difference in hope between early and late adolescents, as well as between girls and boys. This implies that interventions to improve adolescents’ hope can be carried out without paying attention to these demographic variables. Limitations and suggestions for future research related to the results are also discussed.