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ADVERSE HEALTH IMPACTS OF PESTICIDE USE ON INDONESIAN RICE PRODUCTION: AN ECONOMIC ANALYSIS ENNY SUSWATI; NUR K. AGUSTIN; JOKO MARIYONO
SOCA: Jurnal Sosial Ekonomi Pertanian Vol. 6, No. 2 Juli 2006
Publisher : Program Studi Agribisnis, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Udayana Jalan PB.Sudirman Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia. Telp: (0361) 223544 Email: soca@unud.ac.id

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (106.114 KB)

Abstract

Pestisida bak pisau bermata dua. Di satu sisi, pestisida memberikan manfaat bagi pengguna,dan di sisi lain pada waktu yang bersamaan pestisida mempunyai efek yang merusak. Olehkarena itu pelarangan penggunaan secara total tidak efisien, dan menentukan penggunaanpestisida yang optimal sangatlah diperlukan, dengan cara mempertimbangkan dampakkesehatan. Tujuan kajian ini adalah menentukan penggunaan pestisida yang optimal denganmempertimbangkan dampak kesehatan, dan mengestimasi nilai moneter kehilanganproduktivitas petani. Manfaat penggunaan pestisida dicari dengan fungsi produksi, sedangkandampak kesehatan dicari dengan fungsi biaya kesehatan. Data produksi padi selama kurunwaktu 1974-2000 digunakan untuk mencari fungsi produksi. Fungsi biaya kesehatan diperolehdari kajian sebelumnya yang telah dilakukan oleh peneliti pendahulu. Hasil kajian inimenunjukkan bahwa penggunaan pestisida yang optimal sangat rendah dan nilai ekonomikehilangan produktivitas sangat tinggi. Hal ini karena adanya perbedaan yang besar antarapenggunaan pestisida yang optimal dengan penggunaan pestisida yang aktual selama kurunwaktu tersebut. Faktor penting yang menyebabkan besarnya perbedaan tersebut adalahelastisitas produksi dari pestisida sangat rendah. Saran yang dapat disampaikan adalah petanimenggunakan pestisida secara efisient, yaitu mendekati tingkat penggunaan yang optimal.
The 35,2 kda Hemaglutinin Protein of Pili’s Proteus mirabilis P355 as Adhesin on Rabbit’s Blader Epitelial Diana Chusna Mufida; Enny Suswati
Jurnal ILMU DASAR Vol 8 No 1 (2007)
Publisher : Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam Universitas Jember

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Abstract

Urinary tract infection represent one of nosocomial infection in hospital. One of agent nosocomial urinary tract infection is Proteus mirabilis bacteria and common occur on patient with urinary catheter. Urinary tract infection with caused by P. mirabilis was persistent, very difficult to eradicated. Further more is caused some complication such as cystitis, acut and cronic pyelonephritis, kidney bladder stone, bacterimiae and sepsis. This bacteriae has same virulence factors. Fimbriae is one of it. In the adhesion test utilization of protein hemaglutinin pili 35.2 kDa resulted in the electroelusion which salluted in vesica urinaria epitelial by dose 400μl , 200μl, 100μl, 50μl, 25μl, 12,5μl and 0μl as control. Form adhesion test on vesica urinary epitelial that salluted with 35.2kDa protein pili we faund that the higher dose of protein can decrease bacteriae consentration at vesica urinary epitelial. This result was significant with r= 0.93 and p value = 0.005. This conclusion of this study is 35.2 kDa molecular weight protein pili of P. mirabilis P355 were adhesion protein.Keywords : hemaglutinin, pili, Proteus mirabilis, adhesin
The Difference of Eosinophil Amount in Tuberculosis Patients with and without Soil-Transmitted Helminths Co-infection in Panti District, Jember Yunita Armiyanti; Nisrina Salsabila Firmansyah; Angga Mardro Raharjo; Muhammad Ali Shodikin; Enny Suswati; Dini Agustina
NurseLine Journal Vol 5 No 1 (2020): May 2020
Publisher : Faculty of Nursing, Universitas Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.19184/nlj.v5i1.16729

Abstract

Tuberculosis is one of the world's health problems even in Indonesia. The immune response that needed to deal with TB can be influenced by other infections, such as helminth infection. The helminth infections induce Th2 immune responses and eosinophilia to eliminate these pathogen. Meanwhile, the Th2 response and eosinophilia can also suppress the Th1 immune response which is very important to eliminate the bacterium M. tuberculosis and make a negative impact on the success of TB therapy. Thus, the eosinophil profile can describe the immune response in TB patients with helminth co-infection. This study aims to determine the prevalence of helminthiasis in TB patients and determine the differences in eosinophil amount in tuberculosis patients with and without helminth co-infection. This study was an observational analytic study with a cross-sectional design conducted at Puskesmas Panti in August 2019-January 2020 using fecal and blood samples from 24 research subjects. Helminth co-infection status was obtained from fecal examination with sedimentation and flotation methods while the number of eosinophils was obtained from leukocyte counts. Data analysis used the Mann Whitney U test to determine differences in the number of eosinophils in the two groups. The results showed there was no difference in the number of eosinophils in TB patients with helminth co-infection and without helminth co-infection (p> 0.05). There is no typical picture of the number of eosinophils in both groups so that eosinophils cannot describe the immune response that arose in TB patients with helminth co-infections in Panti district, Jember.
Difference of Right Ventricular Systolic Function Before and After Hemodialysis in Chronic Kidney Disease Stage V In RSD dr. Soebandi Jember Saskia Mediawati; Suryono Suryono; Enny Suswati
Journal of Agromedicine and Medical Sciences Vol 4 No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine, University of Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.19184/ams.v4i2.7873

Abstract

End stage renal disease is a clinical state with an irreversible chronic decreasing function of renal that need a hemodialysis or renal transplant as theraphy. One of the complication of End stage renal disease is cardiovascular. Cardiovascular complication is a major cause of mortality and mobility in End stage renal disease by 44% in Indonesia. Systolic function of right ventricle can be used to assess the heart function. The purpose of this study is to differentiate the systolic function of right ventricle in patient with end stage renal disease in RSD dr. Soebandi Jember. We used analytical observational approach with cross sectional method held at Dialysis and Echocardiography Unit of RSD dr. Soebandi Jember from September to November 2017. Thirty patients with end stage renal disease who routinely undergoes dialysis were observed. Shapiro-Wilk test results 0,000 significance shows that the data is not normally distribute. Wilcoxon test results significance level 0,005 which shows there is a differentiation between before and after hemodialysis of systolic function in end stage renal disease patients of RSD dr. Soebandi Jember. Keywords : End stage renal disease, systolic function on right ventricle, hemodialysis
Tetraciclyne Resistance Eschericia coli Isolated From Broiler Chicken Meat Anisa Rizca Putri; Enny Suswati; Laksmi Indreswari
Journal of Agromedicine and Medical Sciences Vol 4 No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine, University of Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.19184/ams.v4i1.6402

Abstract

Antibiotic resistance is a serious health problem that have ben uneffective therapy. The cause of antibiotic resistance 80% comes from food of animal origin such as Broiler Chicken. E. coli contamination in antibiotic resistant chicken has been shown to transfer genetic factors between bacteria in the human intestinal system. Almost all broiler breeders use commercial feed containing tetracycline antibiotics. The use of antibiotics in the feed mixture is one of the risk factors for resistance. The aim of this study was to get an information of antibiotic resistance E. coli which isolated from broiler meat. Identification test of E. coli used two phase, presumtive test and confirmed test. Sensitivity test for E. coli to antibiotic by disc diffusion Kirby Bauer method. This study used 6 sample of upper thigh broiler meat, the antibiotic use tetracycline. The data were analyzed descriptively. The results of this study show that from 6 isolate sample, there are 4 isolate identificated as E. coli and 2 isolate show resistance to the tetracycline antibiotic. The conclusion of this study showed resistance has occurred on 50% sample.
Indeks adhesi Shigella dysenteriae pada enterosit mencit galur BALB/ pasca pemaparan protein pili 42 kDa Enny Suswati; Dian H. Purnamasari; Desie D. Wisudanti; Diana C; Mufida Mufida
Jurnal Kedokteran Syiah Kuala Vol 20, No 3 (2020): Volume 20 Nomor 3 Desember 2020
Publisher : Universitas Syiah Kuala

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24815/jks.v20i3.18690

Abstract

Abstrak. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah membuktikan bahwa protein pili Shigella dysenteriae  dengan berat molekul 42 kDa merupakan protein adhesi dari S. dysenteriae pada enterosit mencit galur BALB/c. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian eksperimental laboratoris yang dilaksanakan di Laboratorium Mikrobiologi Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Jember, melalui beberapa tahap yaitu isolasi dan identifikasi S. dysenteriae, kultur S. dysenteriae, isolasi pili, SDS-PAGE, pemurnian protein pili, uji hemaglutinasi,isolasi enterosit mencit galur BALB/c, dan uji adhesi. Pada penelitian ini dibentuk 6 kelompok perlakuan dan 1 kontrol negatif. Keenam kelompok perlakuan tersebut meliputi konsentrasi protein pili 1, ½, ¼, 1/8, 1/16, dan 1/32. Data dianalisis menggunakan program statistik SPSS (Statistical Product and Service Solution) versi 16, jenis regresi linier sederhana dan one way Anov. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa protein pili S. dysenteriae 42 kDa mampu menghambat perlekatan S. dysenteriae terhadap enterosit mencit galur BALB/c. Pada uji regresi linier sederhana diperoleh nilai R square 0,897 yang berarti nilai indeks adhesi dipengaruhi oleh konsentrasi protein pili sebesar 89,7%, dan 10,3% dipengaruhi oleh faktor lain. Hasil uji one way Anova menunjukkan bahwa perbedaan konsentrasi protein pili berpengaruh terhadap indeks adhesi bakteri dengan nilai Sig. = 0,000 (p value 0,05). Kesimpulan yang diperoleh dari penelitian ini sesuai dengan hipotesis, yaitu protein pili dengan berat molekul 42 kDa merupakan protein adhesi dari Shigella dysenteriae pada enterosit mencit galur BALB/c. Kata kunci: Shigella dysenteriae,  protein pili  42 kDa, indeks adhesi Abstract. The aim of this study was to prove that the protein pili Shigella dysenteriae with a molecular weight of 42 kDa is an adhesion protein from S. dysenteriae in enterocytes of BALB / c mice. This research is a laboratory experimental research carried out at the Microbiology Laboratory of the Faculty of Medicine, University of Jember, through several stages, namely the isolation and identification of S. dysenteriae, culture of S. dysenteriae, isolation of pili, SDS-PAGE, purification of pili protein, hemagglutination test, isolation of enterocyte strain mice. BALB / c, and adhesion test. In this study, 6 treatment groups and 1 negative control were formed. The six treatment groups included protein concentrations of pili 1, ½, ¼, 1/8, 1/16, and 1/32. The data obtained were analyzed using the statistical program SPSS (Statistical Product and Service Solution) version 16, simple linear regression and one way Anov. The results showed that the 42 kDa S. dysenteriae pili protein was able to inhibit the attachment of S. dysenteriae to enterocytes of the BALB / c mice. In the simple linear regression test, it was obtained that the R square value was 0.897, which means that the adhesion index value was influenced by the pili protein concentration of 89.7%, and 10.3% was influenced by other factors. The one way Anova test results showed that the difference in pili protein concentration had an effect on the bacterial adhesion index with the Sig. = 0.000 (p value 0.05). The conclusion obtained from this study is in accordance with the hypothesis, namely pili protein with a molecular weight of 42 kDa is the adhesion protein of Shigella dysenteriae in enterocytes of BALB / c mice. Key words: Shigella dysenteriae, 42 kDa pili protein, adhesion index
Hubungan perilaku hidup bersih dan sehat dengan kejadian infestasi Soil–transmitted Helminths pada pekerja perkebunan kopi Sumber Wadung Kabupaten Jember Ahmad Hasbi Al-Muzaky; Bagus Hermansyah; Enny Suswati; Yunita Armiyanti; Yudha Nurdian
JURNAL KEDOKTERAN DAN KESEHATAN Vol 6, No 1 (2019)
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Sriwijaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (293.379 KB) | DOI: 10.32539/JKK.v6i1.7233

Abstract

Infestasi Soil - Transmitted Helminths (STH) merupakan masalah kesehatan yang masih sering ditemukan di negara beriklim tropis, salah satunya di Indonesia. Hal ini dikarenakan perkembangan STH membutuhkan kondisi lingkungan yang hangat dan lembab, serta  memerlukan media tanah untuk menjadi fase infektif yang disebut soil - transmitted helminth.Kondisi ini dapat ditemukan di lingkungan perkebunan yang sangat menguntungkan bagi perkembangan STH. Hal ini menyebabkan para pekerja perkebunan sangat beresiko terinfestasi oleh STH. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah mengetahui adanya hubungan perilaku hidup bersih dan sehat (PHBS) dengan kejadian infestasi STH pada pekerja perkebunan kopi. Jenis penelitian ini adalah penelitian analisis deskriptif dengan desain cross-sectional yang dilaksanakan pada bulan Desember 2018 hingga Januari 2019. Perkebunan yang dipilih adalah Perkebunan Kopi Sumber Wadung di Kabupaten Jember dengan jumlah sampel sebanyak 100 orang responden dan diberikan kuisioer PHBS. Pemeriksaan infestasi STH dilakukan dengan dua metode yaitu flotasi dan sedimentasi. Dari 100 responden, 28 pekerja (28%) terinfestasi oleh STH. Kemudian dilakukan uji analisis chi-square antara PHBS dengan kejadian infestasi STH dan didapatkan adanya hubungan antara PHBS dengan kejadian infestasi STH pada pekerja (<0,05).
KETIMPANGAN JENDER DALAM AKSES PELAYANAN KESEHATAN RUMAH TANGGA PETANI PEDESAAN: KASUS DUA DESA DI KABUPATEN TEGAL, JAWA TENGAH JOKO MARIYONO; APRI KUNTARININGSIH; ENNY SUSWATI
SOCA: Jurnal Sosial Ekonomi Pertanian Vol. 8, No. 2 Juli 2008
Publisher : Program Studi Agribisnis, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Udayana Jalan PB.Sudirman Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia. Telp: (0361) 223544 Email: soca@unud.ac.id

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Abstract

The role of woman in rural and agricultural development is very important because more thana half of work in agriculture and rural areas is carried out by woman labors. Consequently, thewomen ought to have equity in right with men to get health services. But, there is a stronghypothesis that women have less access to health services than men because of social andcultural factors in rural areas. This study aims to examine the gender disparity anddiscrimination of health. The disparity is measured using concentration curve andconcentration index, whereas the discrimination is approached using microeconomic theory ofconsumption. The results of indicate that there is a small difference in health disparitybetween women and men; even women get more portion than men. This is because womenhave specific characteristics in terms of health problem, in which men do not have.
The Role of Pili Protein 38,6 kDa Klebsiella pneumoniae as a Hemagglutinin and Adhesin Protein which Serves as a Virulence Factor Regina Finka; Dini Agustina; Dwita Aryadina Rachmawati; Enny Suswati; Diana Chusna Mufida; Ali Shodikin
Journal of Agromedicine and Medical Sciences Vol 5 No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine, University of Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.19184/ams.v5i2.9558

Abstract

Klebsiella pneumoniae is an infectious bacteria in various parts of the body. The presence of proteins in pili that will bind to cell surface receptors (adhesin proteins) and cell membrane sugar molecules (hemagglutinin proteins) is a very influential factor in the ability of K. pneumoniae to enter the human body. The purpose of this study was to determine the role of pili 38.6 kDa K. pneumoniae protein as a hemagglutinin and adhesin protein which functions as a virulence factor. This type of research is pure experimental research using the electrophoresis method (SDS-PAGE) to obtain protein. The protein obtained was then tested for hemagglutination and adhesion test using erythrocyte cells and enterocytes of BALB / C mice to determine their role as hemagglutinin and adhesin proteins. Conclusion of this study pili protein 38.6 kDa Klebsiella pneumoniae acts as a hemagglutinin and adhesion protein which functions as a virulence factor. Keywords: Klebsiella pneumonia, 38,6 kDa Protein, Hemagglutinin, Adhesin
The Effectiveness of Edamame Seed (Glycine max L. Merril) Ethanolic Extract to Fibroblast Count on Second Degree Burn Wound Healing Arifah Nur Hasanah; Ika Rahmawati Sutejo; Enny Suswati
Journal of Agromedicine and Medical Sciences Vol 5 No 3 (2019)
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine, University of Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.19184/ams.v5i3.6831

Abstract

Burn wound healing process consists of three phases of inflammation, proliferation and remodelling. The number of fibroblasts has increased during the proliferation phase. Oxidative stress in burn may disrupt proliferation through TGF-β inhibition, result in decreased number of fibroblasts and poor burn wound healing. Genistein in edamame seeds has anti-inflammatory, antibacterial and antioxidant properties. Edamame contains vitamins A, C, and E which is also have antioxidant properties. Edamame has been suggested to protect burn wound healing from oxidative stress. This study aimed to understand the effectiveness of edamame seed (Glycine max L. Merril) ethanolic extract (ED) to fibroblast count in second degree burn wound healing. This is true experimental research with post test only control group design. The study was conducted at University of Jember during November until December 2017. The sample of this research was 24 rat models of second degree burn which was made by attaching hot metal (60 ° C) for 5 seconds on the shaved back of the rats. The sample was divided into 6 groups with topical treatment, among others: positive control group (silver sulfadiazine), negative control group (Na CMC 0.5%), group with ED 20%, ED 40%, ED 60%, and ED 80%. Treatment was given for 15 days and skin sample was taken on the 16th day. Observation of the number of fibroblasts was done by taking pictures of histhologic preparations in Hematoxylin and Eosin staining under 400x magnification of light microscope. The number of fibroblast of each picture was processed using Image-J software. In one way ANOVA test, significance value of 0.011 (p≤0,05) indicated that there was at least a significant difference between 2 groups. LSD’s post hoc analysis showed that there was a significant difference in the group ED 20, 40, and 60% compared with negative control. Keyword: burn wound healing, vegetable soybean, genistein, fibroblast count, silver sulfadiazine